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Table 3 Univariate and multivariate analysis of factors associated with death

From: Risk factors in hospital deaths in severely malnourished children in Kampala, Uganda

  No of deaths/total (n = 220) Unadjusted Odds ratio (95% CI) Adjusted Odds ratio (95% CI)
Sex>    
Female 23/89 1 1
Male 29/131 0.8 (0.4 – 1.5) 1.0 (0.4 – 2.3)
Age group    
> 24 months 9/38 1 1
≤ 24 months 43/182 1.0 (0.4 – 2.3) 0.9 (0.3 – 2.4)
Oedema    
Absent 23/112 1 1
Present 29/108 1.4 (0.8 – 2.7) 2.0 (0.8 – 4.7)
Axillary temperature < 35°C    
No 44/169 1  
Yes 3/5 4.3 (0.7 – 26)  
Diarrhoea    
No 28/130 1  
Yes 24/90 1.4 (0.7 – 2.5)  
Blood glucose < 3 mmol/L)    
No 36/177 1  
Yes 7/18 2.5 (1.0 – 7.0)  
Serum K + < 3.5 mmol/L    
No 23/137 1 1
Yes 25/75 2.5 (1.0 – 4.8)* 2.4 (1.0 – 5.0)
Serum Na + < 135 mmol/L    
No 19/106 1  
Yes 29/106 1.7 (1.0 – 3.0)  
Hb < 5 g/dL    
No 46/203 1  
Yes 4/14 1.4 (0.4 – 4.6)  
Malaria parasites in blood    
No 45/186 1  
Yes 5/24 0.8 (0.3 – 2.3)  
Bacteria isolate in blood    
No 41/185   
Yes 10/32 1.6 (0.7 – 3.6)  
Total serum protein < 6 g/dL    
No 14/79 1  
Yes 34/133 1.6 (0.8 – 3.0)  
Serum albumin < 3.5 mg/dL    
No 3/42 1 1
Yes 45/170 4.7 (1.4 – 16) 4.3 (1.0 – 18)
HIV Status    
Negative 30/149 1 1
Positve 20/64 1.8 (0.9 – 3.5) 1.9 (0.8 – 4.4)
Blood transfusion    
No 28/142 1 1
Yes 24/52 3.5 (1.8 – 6.9)** 5.1 (2.2 – 12)***
Intravenous fluid infusion    
No 25/131 1 1
Yes 26/62 3.1 (1.6 – 6.0)* 4.8 (2.0 – 12)***
  1. *p-value < 0.05; ***p-value < 0.001