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Table 3 Selected results, including all that were significant, from the scores to the questionnaires. FE = Fisher's exact test; SEM = Standard Error of Mean; † indicates P values less than 0.05 * indicates which control groups differed significantly (P < 0.05) from the KD group (see text for p values)

From: Behaviour sequelae following acute Kawasaki disease

Category (mean, SEM) KD Group Hospital Controls Sibling controls Significance (ANOVA unless indicated)
CBCL/4–18     
Internalising score in clinical or borderline range 40.0% 18.2% 12.5% 0.04 † (FE)
Externalising score in clinical or borderline range 26.2% 9.1% 25% 0.27 (FE)
Thought Problems 57.0 (1.06) 52.8 (1.19) 50.2 (1.74) * 0.03 †
Withdrawn 55.9 (0.96) 52.8 (1.19) 51.2 (0.82) * 0.02 †
Somatic 61.0 (1.27) 57.3 (1.63) 54.1 (1.81) * 0.02 †
Sex Problems 54.0 (1.10) 52.9 (1.57) 47.3 (1.28) * 0.01 †
Aggressive 56.5 (1.19) 52.0 (0.71) 52.6 (2.07) 0.05
Internal T score 53.4 (2.0) 48.5 (2.38) 44.1 (2.81) 0.05
Total T score 53.4 (1.73) 48.4 (2.45) 45.6 (3.36) 0.07
Strengths + Difficulties     
Prosocial 6.7 (0.31) 8.3 (0.48) * 7.4 (0.63) 0.04 †
Conduct 3.3 (0.38) 1.4 (0.34) * 2.8 (0.73) 0.04 †
Total Difficulties 13.7 (1.08) 8.6 (1.44) * 8.9 (1.93) 0.02 †
Parenting Stress Index     
Difficult child (raw) 30.3 (1.52) 24.2 (1.47) 26.5 (2.80) 0.07