Skip to main content

Table 2 Bivariate analysis of selected characteristics of the study participants, Kersa district, east Ethiopia, 2011

From: Predictors of acute undernutrition among children aged 6 to 36 months in east rural Ethiopia: a community based nested case - control study

Characteristics Nutritional status   COR (95% CI) P -value
  Cases (%) Controls (%)   
Maternal education     
 Illiterate 223(92.9%) 1687(86.8%) 1.99(1.20, 3.33) 0.008
 Literate 17(7.1%) 257(13.2%) 1  
Paternal education     
 Illiterate 172(72.9%) 1194(62.2%) 1.64(1.21, 2.21) 0.001
 literate 64(27.1%) 727(37.8%) 1  
Decision - making strategy of the sick child     
 Individual based 92(38.2%) 534(27.3%) 1.65(1.25, 2.17) 0.000
 Jointly/common 149(61.8%) 1424(72.7) 1  
Household’s wealth index     
 Poor 96(39.8%) 637(32.5%) 1.66(1.18, 2.33) 0.003
 Middle 84(34.9%) 649(33.1%) 1.43(1.008, 2.02) 0.045
 Rich 61(25.3%) 672(33.1%) 1  
Households’ food security     
 Food insecure 29(12.0%) 180(9.2%) 1.35(0.89, 2.05) 0.157
 Food secure 212(88.0%) 1778(90.8%) 1  
Maternal access to health facility     
 No 100(41.5%) 568(29.0%) 1.74(1.32, 2.28) 0.000
 Yes 141(58.5%) 1390(71.0%) 1  
Maternal TT vaccination     
 No 142(58.9%) 993(50.7%) 1.39(1.06, 1.83) 0.017
 Yes 99(41.1%) 965(49.3%) 1  
Exclusive breast feeding     
 No 87(36.1%) 651(33.2%) 1.13(0.86, 1.49) 0.377
 Yes 154(63.9%) 1307(66.8%) 1  
Birth interval     
 < 2 years 155(64.3%) 1041(53.2%) 1.59(1.20, 2.09) 0.001
 ≥ 2 years 86(35.7%) 917(46.8%) 1  
Child had separate feeding plate     
 No 184(76.3%) 1371(70.0%) 1.38(1.01, 1.89) 0.042
 Yes 57(23.7%) 587(30.0%) 1  
MDD 24 hours before the survey     
 < 4 food items 123(51.0%) 793(40.5%) 1.53(1.17, 2.00) 0.002
 ≥ 4 food items 118(49.0%) 1165(59.5%) 1  
Child’s gender     
 Male 130(53.9%) 959(49.0%) 1.22(0.93, 1.59) 0.146
 Female 111(46.1%) 999(51.0%) 1  
Child’s age (months)     
 6- 23 68(28.2) 544(27.8) 1.17(0.81, 1.67) 0.403
 24-35 107(44.4) 799(40.8) 1.25(0.90, 1.73) 0.181
 36- 59 66(27.4) 615(31.4) 1  
  1. COR = crude odds ratio, CI = confidence interval, MDD = Minimum Dietary Diversity, P - values are based on results from logistic regression.