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Table 1 Socio – demographic and economic characteristics of the study participants by nutritional status, Kersa district, east Ethiopia, 2011

From: Predictors of acute undernutrition among children aged 6 to 36 months in east rural Ethiopia: a community based nested case - control study

Characteristics Nutritional status  
  Cases (%) Controls (%)
Sex of household head   
 Female 5(2.1) 25(1.3)
 Male 236(97.9) 1933(98.7)
Relationship with a child   
 Biological mother 240(99.6) 1944(99.3)
 Care giver 1(0.4)( 14(0.7)
Maternal age (years)   
 15–34 55(22.9) 407 (20.9)
 35- 49 185(77.1) 1537(79.1)
 Mean age (± standard deviation) 30.15(± 6.02) 29.37(5.42)
Residence   
 Rural 214(89.2) 1715(88.2)
 Urban 26(10.8) 229(11.8)
Ethnicity   
 Oromo 236( 98.3) 1907(98.1)
 Amhara 4(1.7) (36.1)
 Tigray -(−) 1(0.1)
Religion   
 Muslim 236(98.3) 1908(98.1)
 Orthodox christian 4(1.7) 35(1.8)
 Protestant -(−) 1(0.1)
Maternal education   
 Illiterate 223(92.9%) 1687(86.8%)
 Literate 17(7.1%) 257(13.2%)
Marital status   
 Single 1(0.4) 5(0.3)
 Married 236(97.9) 1921(98.1)
 Others 4(1.7) 32(1.6)
Maternal occupation   
 Farmers 236(98.3) 1888(97.1)
 Others 4(1.7) 56(2.9)
Paternal education   
 Illiterate 172(72.9%) 1194(62.2%)
 literate 64(27.1%) 727(37.8%)
Paternal occupation   
 Farmers 231(97.9) 1850(96.3)
 Others 5(2.1) 71(3.7)
Decision - making strategy of the sick child   1
 Individual 149(61.8%) 424(72.7)
 Jointly/common 92(38.2%) 534(27.3%)
Household’s socio-economic position (SEP)   
 Poor 96(39.8%) 637(32.5%)
 Middle 84(34.9%) 649(33.1%)
 Rich 61(25.3%) 672(33.1%)
Child’s gender   
 Male 130(53.9%) 959(49.0%)
 Female 111(46.1%) 999(51.0%)
Child’s age (months)(N   
 6–23 68(28.2) 544(27.8)
 24–35 107(44.4) (799 40.8)
 36- 48 66(27.4) 615(31.4)
Mean age (± standard deviation) 29.02(±9.05) 29.26(± 9.28)