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Table 3 Under-five mortality rate and annual per cent reduction (AAPC) by maternal education level and time period in León (urban and rural) and Cuatro Santos (rural), Nicaragua, 1990 to 2008

From: Comparing progress toward the millennium development goal for under-five mortality in León and Cuatro Santos, Nicaragua, 1990–2008

  Completed primary education or more   Less than primary education   
  Births Deaths Rate (95%CI) AAPC (%) Births Deaths Rate (95%CI) AAPC (%) Rate ratio (95%CI) Difference (95%CI)
Urban-León           
1990–1994 3,628 101 27.8 (22.5, 33.2)   3,389 176 51.9 (44.5, 59.4)   1.8 (1.4, 2.3) 24.1 (14.7, 33.5)
1995–1999 3,361 45 13.4 (9.5, 17.3)   1,014 34 33.5 (22.5, 44.6)   2.5 (1.6, 3.9) 20.1 (8.2, 32.0)
2000–2005 4,299 87 20.2 (16.0, 24.4) 6.6 944 32 33.9 (22.4, 45.4) 11.6 1.6 (1.1, 2.5) 13.7 (1.1, 26.1)
Progress     On track     On track   
Rural-León           
1990–1994 554 23 41.5 (24.9, 58.1)   2,328 125 53.7 (44.5, 62.9)   1.3 (0.8, 2.1) 12.1 (-7.2, 31.5)
1995–1999 617 16 25.9 (13.4, 38.5)   1,583 63 39.8 (30.2, 49.4)   1.5 (0.8, 2.6) 13.8 (-2.1, 29.9)
2000–2005 1,002 17 17.0 (9.0, 25.0) 9.6 1,616 68 42.1 (32.3, 51.9) -0.2 6.4 (3.7, 10.9) 57.3 (40.4, 74.2)
Progress     On track     No progress   
Cuatro Santos           
1990–1994 1191 34 28.5 (19.1, 38.0)   2380 89 37.4 (29.8, 45.0)   1.3 (0.8, 1.9) 8.8 (-3.2, 21.0)
1995–1999 1268 40 31.5 (21.9, 41.2)   2316 106 45.8 (37.3, 54.3)   1.4 (1.01, 2.0) 14.2 (1.4, 27.0)
2000–2005 1797 40 22.3 (15.4, 29.1)   2202 56 25.4 (18.9, 32.0)   1.1 (0.7, 1.6) 3.2 (-6.3, 12.5)
2006–2008 961 18 18.7 (10.2, 27.3) 3.4/4.8 1 764 17 22.3 (11.8, 32.7) 2.1/5.21 1.2 (0.6, 2.2) 3.5 (-9.9, 17.1)
Progress     On track     On track   
  1. 1Decline from 1990 to 2005/1990 to 2008.