Skip to main content

Table 2 Agreement among adults about the simultaneous presence of pain and distress in the observed newborn infants

From: Perception of pain and distress in intubated and mechanically ventilated newborn infants by parents and health professionals

  Pain + Pain + Pain - Pain - p-value*
Distress + Distress - Distress + Distress -
Parents 12 (23%) 4 (8%) 23 (44%) 13 (25%) 0.001
Nurse technicians 16 (31%) 4 (8%) 24 (46%) 8 (15%) 0.001
Pediatricians 13 (25%) 6 (11%) 17 (33%) 16 (31%) 0.003
Total 41 (26%) 14 (9%) 64 (41%) 37 (24%)  
  1. * Test of marginal homogeneity.