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Table 3 Recommended Australian criteria for referral and their correspondence with published criteria

From: Fetal alcohol spectrum disorder: development of consensus referral criteria for specialist diagnostic assessment in Australia

Recommended Australian criteria for referral   Equivalent Criteria  
  Chudley [12] Loock [29] CDC [14] Astley [15]
1. Confirmed significant prenatal alcohol exposure Yes Yes Yes -
2. 3 Characteristic FAS facial anomalies Yes -# Yes Yes
3. 1 Facial anomaly and growth deficit and 1 or more CNS abnormalities - Yes Yes -
4. Microcephaly and any confirmed prenatal alcohol exposure - Yes* - -
5. 2 or more CNS abnormalities and any confirmed prenatal alcohol exposure - Yes* - -
  1. CDC – United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention criteria for referral for Fetal Alcohol Syndrome.
  2. CNS – central nervous system.
  3. significant exposure was defined as exposure to: 7+ standard drinks per week, or 5+ standard drinks on any one occasion.
  4. Characteristic FAS facial anomalies - smooth philtrum, thin vermillion border and small palpebral fissures.
  5. #guideline also requires evidence of significant prenatal exposure to alcohol.
  6. *equivalent original criteria includes CNS deficits and known or probable significant PAE [29].