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Table 1 Sociodemographic factors of caregiver and children, and their association with adherence

From: Caregiver-reported adherence to antiretroviral therapy among HIV infected children in Mekelle, Ethiopia

Characteristics n(%) Adherence status, n(%) Crude OR (95% CI) p value
   Adherent Non adherent   
Age of child      
 <3 11(5.7) 10(90.9) 1(9.1) 2.62(0.31-21.87) 0.375
 3-5 40(20.7) 34(85.0) 6(15.0) 1.48(0.54-4.12) 0.449
 6-8 60(31.1) 52(86.7) 8(13.3) 1.70(0.68-4.25) 0.256
 >8 82(42.5) 65(79.3) 17(20.7) 1  
Gender of child      
 Male 120(62.2) 102(85.0) 18(15.0) 1.35(0.62-2.90) 0.450
 Female 73(37.8) 59(80.8) 14(19.2) 1  
Gender of caregiver      
 Male 32(16.6) 29 (90.6) 3 (9.4) 2.12(0.61-7.45) 0.239
 Female 161(83.4) 132 (82) 29 (18) 1  
Age of caregiver      
 16-24 18(9.3) 14(77.8) 4(22.2) 1.02(0.25-4.12) 0.977
 25-34 69(35.8) 62(89.9) 7(10.1) 2.58(0.82-8.15) 0.105
 35-44 75(38.9) 61(81.3) 14(18.7) 1.27(0.46-3.53) 0.646
 >44 31(16.1) 24(77.4) 7(22.6) 1  
Ethnic group      
 Tigre 176(91.2) 146(83.0) 30(17.0) 1  
 Amara 17(8.8) 15(88.2) 2(11.8) 1.54(0.34-7.09) 0.579
Employment status      
 Farmer 7(3.6) 6(85.7) 1(14.3) 2.00(0.14-28.42) 0.609
 Merchant 22(11.4) 19(86.4) 3(13.6) 2.11(0.28-15.77) 0.466
 Student 7(3.6) 6(85.7) 1(14.3) 2.00(0.14-28.42) 0.609
 Gov’t employee 29(15.0) 24(82.8) 5(17.2) 1.60(0.25-10.36) 0.622
 NGO 21(10.9) 15(71.4) 6(28.6) 1.60(0.13-5.35) 0.848
 Unemployed 99(51.3) 85(85.9) 14(14.1) 0.83(0.37-11.04) 0.416
 Other 8(4.1) 6(75.0) 2(25.0) 1  
Marital status      
 Unmarried 58(30.1) 53(91.4) 5(8.6) 6.70(2.08-21.52) 0.001
 Married 104(53.9) 89(85.6) 15(14.4) 3.75(1.51-9.28) 0.004
 Divorced/Separated 31(16.1) 19(61.3) 12(38.7) 1  
Educational status      
 Illiterate 63(32.6) 52(82.6) 11(17.4) 1.24(0.38-4.05) 0.717
 Read and write 14(7.3) 13(92.9) 1(7.1) 3.42(0.36-32.78) 0.286
 Elementary 56(29.0) 50(89.3) 6(10.7) 2.19(0.60-8.04) 0.236
 High school 36(18.7) 27(75.0) 9(25.0) 0.79(0.23-2.73) 0.709
 Collage/university 24(12.4) 19(79.2) 5(20.8) 1  
Religion of caregiver      
 Orthodox 177(91.7) 151(85.3) 26(14.7) 4.15(1.22-14.06) 0.022
 Catholic 4(2.1) 3(75.0) 1(25.0) 2.14(0.17-27.10) 0.556
 Muslim 12(6.2) 7(58.3) 5(41.7) 1  
Monthly income in ETB      
 <500 115(59.6) 97(84.4) 18(15.6) 1.03(0.41-2.55) 0.955
 500-1000 28(14.5) 22(78.6) 6(21.4) 0.70(0.22-2.27) 0.550
 >1000 50(25.9) 42(84.0) 8(16.0) 1  
Family size      
 <5 100(51.8) 83(83.0) 17(17.0) 1  
 ≥5 93(48.2) 78(83.9) 15(16.1) 1.07(0.50-2.28) 0.871
Relation with child      
 Biological parent 147(76.2) 119(81.0) 28(19.0) 1  
 Non biological parent 46(23.8) 42(91.3) 4(8.7) 2.47(0.82-7.46) 0.109
  1. OR = Odds Ratio, CI = Confidence Interval, Gov’t = Government, Exchange rate: 1 USD = 18.8 Ethiopian Birr (ETB).