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Table 1 Anthropometry, physical fitness and blood lipids of Ecuadorian adolescents stratified by gender and by residential location

From: Physical fitness among urban and rural Ecuadorian adolescents and its association with blood lipids: a cross sectional study

  Boys Girls Pa Urban Rural Pb
  n Mean (SD) n Mean (SD)   n Mean (SD) n Mean (SD)  
Age 334 13.6 (1.2) 306 13.6 (1.2) 0.36 487 13.7 (1.1) 153 13.5 (1.5) 0.48
Body mass index (kg/m^2) 334 19.9 (3.1) 306 20.5 (3.0) 0.02 482 20.3 (3.1) 158 20.0 (2.9) 0.39
Weight (kg) 336 45.9 (10.3) 307 45.3 (8.3) 0.76 485 46.7 (9.5) 158 42.3 (8.3) <0.01
Height (cm) 336 151.6 (10.3) 307 149.1 (6.9) <0.01 485 151.9 (8.7) 158 145.9 (7.9) <0.01
Physical fitness           
Cardiopulmonary fitness           
20 m shuttle test (laps) 313 3.6 (1.4) 285 2.8 (0.9) <0.01 442 3.4 (1.3) 156 2.7 (0.9) 0.01
20 m shuttle test (ml/kg/min) 303 43.0 (5.0) 279 35.4 (3.9) <0.01 431 40.2 (6.0) 151 37.1 (5.0) 0.02
FITNESSGRAM (% who are on the Healthy Fitness Zone) 303 63.4 (48.3) 279 15.1 (35.8) <0.01 431 45.0 (49.8) 151 26.5 (44.3) 0.19
Speed-agility           
Speed shuttle run (s) 338 23.3(2.0) 309 26.6 (2.7) <0.01 489 24.4 (2.6) 158 26.3 (3.2) <0.01
Plate tapping (s) 339 14.6 (2.1) 309 17.0 (2.5) <0.01 490 15.3 (2.2) 158 17.2 (3.0) <0.01
Flexibility           
Sit and reach (cm) 338 19.0 (6.6) 309 20.4 (7.0) <0.01 489 19.4 (6.8) 158 20.5 (6.7) 0.52
Muscle strength and endurance           
Sit-up (number/30 s) 337 16.1 (3.7) 308 11.4 (3.9) <0.01 488 14.7 (4.2) 157 11.4 (4.3) <0.01
Vertical jump (cm) 337 29.1 (6.8) 308 23.6 (5.7) <0.01 487 27.9 (6.5) 158 22.4 (6.2) <0.01
Bent arm hang (s) 332 10.0 (9.1) 308 3.2 (3.0) <0.01 483 7.3 (7.8) 157 7.1 (8.4) 0.21
Handgrip (kgf) 338 24.7 (8.0) 309 20.4 (4.8) <0.01 489 23.2 (7.1) 158 21.2 (6.3) 0.35
Balance           
Flamingo (trying/1 min) 322 13.8 (5.4) 285 15.4 (5.2) 0.02 464 14.5 (5.3) 143 14.7 (5.5) 0.99
Blood lipid profile           
Cholesterol (mg/dL) 142 144.8 (32.7) 159 147.8 (31.7) 0.65 211 144.5 (31.3) 90 159.7 (33.8) 0.53
HDL (mg/dL) 142 51.1 (12.8) 159 48.6 (11.5) 0.24 211 51.1 (11.9) 90 46.6 (12.4) <0.01
LDL (mg/dL) 142 75.3 (30.9) 159 78.4 (26.8) 0.66 211 74.7 (28.1) 90 82.1 (30.0) 0.42
Triglyceride 142 91.9 (48.0) 159 104.2 (58.4) 0.04 211 93.6 (54.3) 90 109.5 (52.0) 0.02
  1. ap-value adjusted for BMI and clustering, bp-value adjusted for gender and clustering.