Skip to main content

Table 4 Multivariate analysis of determinant factors of childhood diarrhea in Benishangul Gumuz Region, Ethiopia in 2013

From: Determinants of childhood diarrhea among underfive children in Benishangul Gumuz Regional State, North West Ethiopia

Characteristics Diarrhea Crude OR (95% CI) Adjusted OR (95% CI) P-value
Yes No
Maternal education      
   No education 149 392 2.27 (1.62,3.20) 1.81 (1.12,2.76)* 0.027
   Primary and above 55 329 1.00 1.00  
Occupation of mother      
   Not working 76 372 1.00 1.00 0.035
   Working 124 344 1.76 (1.28, 2.43) 1.62 (1.10, 2.38)  
Father’s education      
   No education 100 409 1.381 (1.011,1.86)*   
   Primary and above 104 308 1.00   
No. of under five in the house      0.043
   3+ 172 584 1.00 1.00  
   2 or less 32 137 0.79 (0.52,1.21) 0.58 (0.34, 0.98)*  
Source of drinking water      
   Improved 109 518 1.00   
   Not improved 95 203 2.22 (1.62, 3.06)* -  
Type of toilet facility      
   Pit or flush toilet 47 482 1.00 1.00 0.000
   No facility 157 239 6.74 (4.70,9.67)* 5.90 (3.93, 8.86)*  
Main floor material      
   Dirt 197 679 1.74 (0.77,3.94) -  
   Non dirt 7 42 1.00   
Child stool disposal      0.003
   Safe 148 361 0.38 (0.268,0.532)* 0.49 (0.34,0.78)*  
   Not safe 55 355 1.00 1.00  
Age of child in months      
   < 6 22 83 1.000 1.00 0.052
   6-11 31 58 2.02 (1.06,3.83)* 1.41 (0.65,3.07)  
   12-23 62 106 2.21 (1.25,3.88)* 1.94 (1.43,3.78)*  
   24 and above 87 141 1.10 (0.61,1.97) 0.76 (0.32,1.47)  
Birth order      
   1 16 192 1.00 1.00 0.001
   2-3 54 230 2.82 (1.56,5.08)* 3.70 (1.87,7.31)*  
   4-5 69 167 4.96 (2.77,8.87)* 6.68 (3.35,13.30)*  
   6+ 65 132 5.91 (3.28,10.66)* 6.72 (3.33,13.54)*  
  1. *Statistically significant at p-value < 0.05.