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Table 2 Comparison of statistically significant items in the Iowa Infant Feeding Attitude Scale (IIFAS) between mothers who exclusively breastfed to 6 months and those who did not: Alberta Pregnancy Outcomes and Nutrition (APrON) study 1,2

From: Predictors of exclusive breastfeeding: observations from the Alberta pregnancy outcomes and nutrition (APrON) study

IIFAS items Exclusive breastfeeding for 6 months Difference mean ± SD
No Yes
Mean ± SD Mean ± SD
n = 254 n = 46
Formula feeding is more convenient than breastfeeding (R)3 4.03 ± 0.97 4.36 ± 0.82 −0.32 ± 0.16
Formula feeding is the better choice if the mother plans to go back to work (R)3 3.74 ± 0.89 4.07 ± 0.78 −0.33 ± 0.15
Mothers who formula feed miss one of the great joys of motherhood 3.29 ± 1.08 3.76 ± 1.03 −0.48 ± 0.18
Women should not breastfeed in public places such as restaurants (R)3 4.30 ± 0.83 4.64 ± 0.58 −0.34 ± 0.11
Formula is as healthy for an infant as breast milk (R)3 3.43 ± 1.00 3.81 ± 0.80 −0.38 ± 0.14
Breastfeeding is more convenient than formula 3.97 ± 0.96 4.33 ± 0.79 −0.37 ± 0.16
  1. SD: Standard deviation.
  2. 1Of total 17 IIFAS items, only statistically significant scale items (n = 6) are shown due to copy-right restrictions (Independent sample t-test, 2-sided p-value < 0.05).
  3. 2IIFAS is comprised of 17 items and responses are on a 5-point Likert scale ranging from “strongly disagree” to “strongly agree”. Total score ranges from 17-85, with higher scores indicating more positive attitudes toward breastfeeding.
  4. 3(R) indicates reverse-coded items.