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Table 1 Case reports of Granulicatella spp. Endocarditis described in the literature

From: Granulicatella bacteraemia in children: two cases and review of the literature

Author Age (years) Etiology Sex Underlyng condition Blood Culture Ecocardiography Vegetations Peripheral Stigmate of Endocarditis Surgery Regimen Duration Outcome
Roggenkamp O. et al. (1997) 38 G. adiacens / None Positive / Yes Yes Pi + T and G then added V / No Relapse
Heath et al. (1998) 45 G. adiacens M None Positive Positive (Transesophageal) No / P + G(4 weeks) then P (2 weeks) then oral Cl (2 weeks) 4weeks + 2weeks + 2weeks /
Heath et al. (1998) 50 G. adiacens M None Positive Positive No / P + G(2 weeks) followed by Ce (2 weeks) 2weeks + 2weeks /
Christensen J. et al. (1999) 71 G. adiacens F Artificial aortic valve with ascending aorta prosthesis Positive / No No P + G 6 weeks Recurrence 2 months later needing valve replacement
Rosenthal O. et al. (2002) 68 G. adiacens M Pacemaker,Bypass grafting,Carotid endoarterectomy, Prosthetic replacement of the intrarenal aorta, Diabetes Positive Positive (transesophageal) No No P + R + G the latter discontinued due to low level resistance / No relapse
Casalta J.P. et al. (2002) 29 G. elegans M Bicuspit aortic valve Negative Positive (both transthoracic and transesophageal) Yes Yes Ax + G 5 weeks No relapse
Wijetunga et al. 2002 31 A. adiacens M None Positive Positive Yes No Ce + G 4 weeks No relapse
Perkins A. et al. (2003) 57 G. adiacens M Mitral regurgitation Positive Negative (transthoracic) Yes No Ap + G Ap (4 weeks) G (2 weeks) No relapse
Ohara-Nemoto Y. et al. (2005) 53 G. elegans F None Positive / Yes Yes P + G 4 weeks No relapse
Jeng A. et al. (2005) 18 G. adiacens M Congenital heart disease Positive Positive (both transthoracic and transesophageal) Yes No V + G + R 6 weeks No relapse
Al-Tawfiq JA. et al. (2006) 47 G. elegans M Mitral valve prolapse Positive Positive (both transthoracic and transesophageal No Yes P + Cx 6 weeks No relapse
Hernando Real S. et al. (2007) 77 G. adiacens F Aortic stenosis and mitralic insufficiency Positive Positive (transesophageal) No No Ap + G 4 weeks No relapse
Schwede I. et al. (2007) 41 G. adiacens M Connatal aortic stenosis Positive Negative / / Ce then P + G 6 weeks Relapse 6 weeks later
Chang S. et al. (2008) 31 G. adiacens M None Positive Positive (transthoracic) Yes No Ox + G / No relapse
Vandana K. Et al. (2010) 71 G. adiacens M None Positive Positive Yes No B + G 4 weeks No relapse
Lin CH et al. 2007 18 G. adiacens F None Positive Positive / Yes P + G / No relapse
Lin CH et al. 2007 61 G. adiacens M None Positive Positive / Yes P + G / No relapse
Lin CH et al. 2007 30 G. adiacens M None Positive Positive / Yes P + G + Cx / No relapse
Lin CH et al. 2007 28 G. adiacens F None Positive Positive / Yes P + G then V and then Te / No relapse
Laho D et al. 2011 81 G. adiacens M Aortic disease and mitralic insufficiency Postivie Positive (transesophageal) No No Ap + G Ap (4 weeks) G (2 weeks) No relapse
  1. M: male; F: female;/: unknown; Pi: piperacillin; T: tazobactam; G: gentamicin; V: vancomicin; P: penicillin; Cl: clindamycin; R: rifampin; Ax: amoxicillin; Ap: ampicillin; Cx: cefotaxime; Ce: ceftriaxone; B: beta-lactam; Ox: oxacillin; Te: teicoplanin.