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Table 4 Longitudinal analyses of ear infection and hearing problems in subsequent waves by indigenous status (excluding hearing impairment at baseline)

From: Longitudinal analysis of ear infection and hearing impairment: findings from 6-year prospective cohorts of Australian children

  Non-indigenous children - AOR [95% CI] ear infections and hearing problems*
4/5 years 6/7 years 8/9 years 10/11 years
B cohort     
0/1 No ref ref   
  Yes 2.3 [0.9-6.0] 2.6 [1.2-5.7]   
2/3 No ref ref   
  Yes 2.5 [1.2-5.1] 3.9 [2.1-7.6]   
4/5 No   ref   
  Yes   5.2 [2.9-9.4]   
K cohort     
4/5 No    ref ref
  Yes    4.0 [2.2-7.3] 3.9 [2.1-7.4]
6/7 No    ref ref
  Yes    9.8 [5.6-17.1] 10.2 [5.4-19.2]
  Indigenous children - AOR [95% CI] ear infections and hearing problems*
4/5 years 6/7 years 8/9 years 10/11 years
B cohort     
0/1 No   ref   
  Yes (no observation) 2.0 [0.2-20.7]   
2/3 No   ref   
  Yes (no observation) (no observation)   
4/5 No   ref   
  Yes   6.1 [0.8-46.9]   
K cohort     
4/5 No    ref ref
  Yes    7.7 [1.0-59.4] 15.7 [1.3-186.0]
6/7 No     
  Yes    (no observation) (no observation)
  1. * Adjusted Odds Ratios (AOR) and 95% Confidence Interval [95% CI]; Confounder variables were sex, employment and school completion of parents, remoteness, and SEIFA economic resource (shown in Table 1).