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Table 2 Child Demographics

From: One third of middle ear effusions from children undergoing tympanostomy tube placement had multiple bacterial pathogens

  Total Purulent Effusions Nonpurulent Effusions  
  No. of Children (column %) (n = 207) No. of Children (column %) (n = 38) No. of Children (column %) (n = 169) p-value
Age
  <1 33 (16) 5 (13) 28 (17) 0.03
  1–3 103 (50) 25 (66) 78 (46)  
  >3 69 (33) 7 (18) 62 (37)  
Gender
  Male 139 (67) 21 (55) 118 (70) 0.09
  Female 68 (33) 17 (45) 51 (30)  
Race
  White 123 (60) 29 (76) 94 (56) 0.09
  Black 44 (21) 5 (13) 39 (23)  
  Hispanic 36 (17) 3 (8) 33 (20)  
  Other 2 (1) 0 (0) 2 (1)  
Currently on Antibioticsa
  Yes 26 (13) 7 (18) 19 (11) 0.27
  No 179 (86) 30 (79) 149 (88)  
Currently on Allergy Medicinesb
  Yes 44 (21) 8 (21) 36 (21) 1.00
  No 160 (77) 30 (79) 130 (77)  
Previous Ear Infections
  Yes 145 (70) 33 (87) 112 (66) 0.008
  No 57 (28) 4 (11) 53 (31)  
Previously on Antibioticsc
  Yes 100 (48) 26 (68) 74 (44) 0.007
  No 107 (52) 12 (32) 95 (56)  
Adenoidectomy
  Yes 16 (8) 0 (0) 16 (9) 0.046
  No 186 (90) 38 (100) 148 (88)  
Previous Ear Tubes
  Yes 49 (24) 6 (16) 43 (25) 0.21
  No 153 (74) 32 (84) 121 (72)  
Cleft Palate
  Yes 9 (4) 1 (3) 8 (5) 1.00
  No 189 (91) 37 (97) 152 (90)  
  1. aCurrent antibiotics include: Amoxicillin, Amoxicillin + Clavulanic Acid, Azithromycin, Cefdinir, Cefpodoxime, Cefprozil, Sulfamethoxazole.
  2. bCurrent allergy medicines include: Budesonide, Cetirizine, Clemastine, Diphenhydramine, Fexofenadine, Fluticasone, Levocetirizine, Loratadine, Mometasone, Montelukast, Olopatadine.
  3. cPrevious antibiotics include: Amoxicillin, Amoxicillin + Clavulanic Acid, Azithromycin, Cefdinir, Cefpodoxime, Cefprozil, Ceftriaxone, Cefuroxime, Ciprofloxacin, Clindamycin, Sulfamethoxazole.