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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of participants by randomised group. Values are numbers (percentages) unless stated otherwise

From: Effect on skin hydration of using baby wipes to clean the napkin area of newborn babies: assessor-blinded randomised controlled equivalence trial

Characteristic Details Wipes Water
(n = 124) (n = 130)
Family history of atopic eczema Yes 44 (35.2) 49 (37.7)
Maternal age Mean (SD) 28.6 (5.5) 29.5 (5.5)
Maternal ethnicity White British 64 (51.6) 64 (49.2)
White other 7 (5.6) 7 (5.4)
Asian 25 (20.2) 25 (19.2)
Black 24 (19.4) 21 (16.2)
Other 4 (3.2) 13 (10.1)
Parity Primiparous 55 (44.4) 68 (52.3)
Multiparous 69 (55.6) 62 (47.7)
Birth mode Normal vaginal 84 (67.7) 88 (67.7)
Instrumental 25 (20.1) 22 (16.9)
Caesarean section 15 (12.1) 20 (15.4)
Baby’s gender Male 76 (61.3) 75 (57.7)
Female 48 (38.7) 55 (42.3)
Birth weight Mean (SD) 3.404 (0.5) 3.462 (0.5)
Feeding method Breast 91 (73.4) 95 (73.1)
  Bottle 20 (16.1) 23 (17.7)
  Mixed 13 (10.5) 12 (9.2)