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Table 5 Mean daily energy and nutrient density* according to quartiles of the dietary pattern scores identified among German girls

From: Dietary patterns of adolescents in Germany - Associations with nutrient intake and other health related lifestyle characteristics

 

Healthy pattern

 

Traditional and western pattern

 
 

Q1

Q2

Q3

Q4

P for trend

Q1

Q2

Q3

Q4

P for trend

Energy intake (MJ)

9.2

8.9

9.6

11.0

<.0001

7.3

8.5

10.0

13.3

<.0001

% of energy

          

   Total fat

32.4

32.3

31.8

32.2

0.864

30.2

31.2

32.9

34.6

<.0001

   Saturated fatty acids (SFA)

14.2

14.0

13.8

13.3

0.031

12.6

13.6

14.3

14.8

<.0001

   Unsaturated fatty acids

11.4

11.1

10.8

10.7

0.0309

10.0

10.6

11.3

12.2

<.0001

   Polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA)

4.4

4.7

4.8

5.7

0.0026

5.3

4.6

4.8

4.9

0.5288

   Protein

12.4

13.0

13.0

13.6

0.001

13.3

12.8

12.8

13.1

0.593

   Total Carbohydrates

53.4

53.3

53.4

52.5

0.319

54.6

54.2

52.6

50.8

<.0001

   Monosaccharide

13.4

12.1

12.2

12.5

0.4261

13.7

12.6

12.0

11.9

0.0251

   Disaccharide

16.6

17.2

15.6

15.8

0.0674

15.1

17.2

16.5

16.5

0.1092

   Polysaccharide (absorbable)

23.5

23.9

25.2

24.0

0.4346

25.1

24.4

24.0

22.9

0.0126

   Alcohol

0.9

0.5

0.8

0.6

0.293

0.9

0.7

0.7

0.5

0.011

Energy and nutrient density

          

   Energy (kJ/100 g)

695.2

630.3

589.8

540.2

<.0001

547.3

601.9

635.4

673.8

<.0001

   Fibre (not absorbable) (g/MJ)

2.2

2.6

3.0

3.1

<.0001

3.4

2.7

2.4

2.2

<.0001

   Vitamin A (μg/MJ)

138.7

147.7

165.9

180.8

<.0001

191.0

148.6

146.2

145.8

0.0003

   Beta-Carotene (μg/MJ)

402.9

500.6

603.4

702.5

<.0001

747.3

532.3

461.8

459.0

<.0001

   Vitamin C (mg/MJ)

18.0

20.1

22.5

23.9

0.0002

26.4

21.7

17.6

18.4

<.0001

   Vitamin D (μg/MJ)

0.2

0.2

0.2

0.3

0.001

0.2

0.2

0.2

0.2

0.735

   Vitamin E (μg/MJ)

1573.8

1683.0

1674.1

1893.1

0.078

2078.0

1618.9

1543.4

1573.0

0.008

   Vitamin K (μg/MJ)

25.3

31.2

38.8

46.0

<.0001

41.7

35.7

32.6

31.3

<.0001

   Vitamin B1 (μg/MJ)

191.5

193.8

179.0

176.3

0.229

206.3

176.0

171.8

185.0

0.386

   Vitamin B2 (μg/MJ)

225.3

232.0

212.9

209.0

0.222

246.0

211.5

208.9

210.7

0.203

   Niacin (μg/MJ)

3200.0

3373.0

3249.8

3366.4

0.547

3653.4

3142.5

3075.1

3305.5

0.280

   Vitamin B5 (μg/MJ)

728.6

758.2

727.6

731.8

0.905

855.9

705.1

673.1

703.8

0.129

   Vitamin B6 (μg/MJ)

244.6

254.5

247.4

248.8

0.956

288.1

236.8

225.3

242.6

0.177

   Biotin (μg/MJ)

9.1

9.4

8.3

7.8

0.251

10.7

7.9

7.6

8.3

0.284

   Folate (μg/MJ)

31.3

34.1

34.3

36.6

0.040

40.6

33.3

31.3

30.8

0.0028

   Vitamin B12 (μg/MJ)

0.5

0.5

0.5

0.5

0.002

0.5

0.5

0.5

0.5

0.275

   Calcium (mg/MJ)

123.2

136.7

145.0

141.4

0.006

173.0

133.3

130.5

105.7

<.0001

   Magnesium (mg/MJ)

41.4

46.4

50.9

52.0

<.0001

60.9

46.5

44.3

37.7

<.0001

   Iron (μg/MJ)

1427.2

1518.7

1584.1

1675.0

<.0001

1713.9

1560.2

1482.6

1440.4

<.0001

  1. *Does not include nutrient intake from dietary supplements
  2. Foods without beverages
  3. Niacin equivalent