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Table 5 Mean daily energy and nutrient density* according to quartiles of the dietary pattern scores identified among German girls

From: Dietary patterns of adolescents in Germany - Associations with nutrient intake and other health related lifestyle characteristics

  Healthy pattern   Traditional and western pattern  
  Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 P for trend Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 P for trend
Energy intake (MJ) 9.2 8.9 9.6 11.0 <.0001 7.3 8.5 10.0 13.3 <.0001
% of energy           
   Total fat 32.4 32.3 31.8 32.2 0.864 30.2 31.2 32.9 34.6 <.0001
   Saturated fatty acids (SFA) 14.2 14.0 13.8 13.3 0.031 12.6 13.6 14.3 14.8 <.0001
   Unsaturated fatty acids 11.4 11.1 10.8 10.7 0.0309 10.0 10.6 11.3 12.2 <.0001
   Polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) 4.4 4.7 4.8 5.7 0.0026 5.3 4.6 4.8 4.9 0.5288
   Protein 12.4 13.0 13.0 13.6 0.001 13.3 12.8 12.8 13.1 0.593
   Total Carbohydrates 53.4 53.3 53.4 52.5 0.319 54.6 54.2 52.6 50.8 <.0001
   Monosaccharide 13.4 12.1 12.2 12.5 0.4261 13.7 12.6 12.0 11.9 0.0251
   Disaccharide 16.6 17.2 15.6 15.8 0.0674 15.1 17.2 16.5 16.5 0.1092
   Polysaccharide (absorbable) 23.5 23.9 25.2 24.0 0.4346 25.1 24.4 24.0 22.9 0.0126
   Alcohol 0.9 0.5 0.8 0.6 0.293 0.9 0.7 0.7 0.5 0.011
Energy and nutrient density           
   Energy (kJ/100 g) 695.2 630.3 589.8 540.2 <.0001 547.3 601.9 635.4 673.8 <.0001
   Fibre (not absorbable) (g/MJ) 2.2 2.6 3.0 3.1 <.0001 3.4 2.7 2.4 2.2 <.0001
   Vitamin A (μg/MJ) 138.7 147.7 165.9 180.8 <.0001 191.0 148.6 146.2 145.8 0.0003
   Beta-Carotene (μg/MJ) 402.9 500.6 603.4 702.5 <.0001 747.3 532.3 461.8 459.0 <.0001
   Vitamin C (mg/MJ) 18.0 20.1 22.5 23.9 0.0002 26.4 21.7 17.6 18.4 <.0001
   Vitamin D (μg/MJ) 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.001 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.735
   Vitamin E (μg/MJ) 1573.8 1683.0 1674.1 1893.1 0.078 2078.0 1618.9 1543.4 1573.0 0.008
   Vitamin K (μg/MJ) 25.3 31.2 38.8 46.0 <.0001 41.7 35.7 32.6 31.3 <.0001
   Vitamin B1 (μg/MJ) 191.5 193.8 179.0 176.3 0.229 206.3 176.0 171.8 185.0 0.386
   Vitamin B2 (μg/MJ) 225.3 232.0 212.9 209.0 0.222 246.0 211.5 208.9 210.7 0.203
   Niacin (μg/MJ) 3200.0 3373.0 3249.8 3366.4 0.547 3653.4 3142.5 3075.1 3305.5 0.280
   Vitamin B5 (μg/MJ) 728.6 758.2 727.6 731.8 0.905 855.9 705.1 673.1 703.8 0.129
   Vitamin B6 (μg/MJ) 244.6 254.5 247.4 248.8 0.956 288.1 236.8 225.3 242.6 0.177
   Biotin (μg/MJ) 9.1 9.4 8.3 7.8 0.251 10.7 7.9 7.6 8.3 0.284
   Folate (μg/MJ) 31.3 34.1 34.3 36.6 0.040 40.6 33.3 31.3 30.8 0.0028
   Vitamin B12 (μg/MJ) 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.002 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.275
   Calcium (mg/MJ) 123.2 136.7 145.0 141.4 0.006 173.0 133.3 130.5 105.7 <.0001
   Magnesium (mg/MJ) 41.4 46.4 50.9 52.0 <.0001 60.9 46.5 44.3 37.7 <.0001
   Iron (μg/MJ) 1427.2 1518.7 1584.1 1675.0 <.0001 1713.9 1560.2 1482.6 1440.4 <.0001
  1. *Does not include nutrient intake from dietary supplements
  2. Foods without beverages
  3. Niacin equivalent