Skip to main content

Table 2 Socio-demographic and behavioural sample characteristics of German boys according to quartiles of dietary pattern scores

From: Dietary patterns of adolescents in Germany - Associations with nutrient intake and other health related lifestyle characteristics

Dietary patterns

Western

 

Healthy

 

Traditional

 
  

Q1

Q2

Q3

Q4

p

Q1

Q2

Q3

Q4

p

Q1

Q2

Q3

Q4

p

n

155

156

156

155

 

155

156

156

155

 

155

156

156

155

 

Age (mean)

14.0

14.0

14.5

15.5

<.0001

15.0

14.3

14.5

14.5

0.1218

14.1

14.1

15.0

15.2

<.0001

Community size (number of subjects, %)

               

   < 5000 inhabitants

28.0

30.8

18.1

23.1

 

29.7

33.1

21.1

16.2

 

17.9

23.8

25.4

32.9

 

   5000 - < 100000 inhabitants

18.9

23.9

25.9

31.3

 

27.3

25.5

24.0

23.2

 

25.1

28.0

25.5

21.4

 

   > 100000 inhabitants

24.2

22.1

25.2

28.6

0.1931

20.1

19.9

26.8

33.2

0.033

38.2

20.7

23.6

17.6

0.0079

Socioeconomic status (3-21) §†

12.7

11.5

12.4

11.4

0.0341

11.2

12.0

12.4

12.4

0.0226

12.1

12.4

12.1

11.2

0.0988

Education (number of subjects %)

 

   Grammar school

33.5

21.7

25.9

18.9

 

12.1

24.0

33.7

30.2

 

30.2

28.9

22.1

18.7

 

   Secondary school||

15.7

32.0

22.3

30.0

 

33.1

26.2

18.4

22.3

 

30.3

23.4

21.5

24.8

 

   Others

21.4

22.3

30.8

25.5

0.0008

28.1

27.0

16.1

28.7

0.0001

22.6

28.6

30.1

18.7

0.4305

Dietary supplement user (number of subjects, %) ‡¶

16.4

23.4

26.7

33.6

0.4234

17.1

19.7

26.6

36.6

0.0109

24.7

23.8

24.5

27.0

0.6456

Joint family meals (number of subjects, %)

               

breakfast

at least three or five times a week

29.2

30.8

21.2

18.8

 

23.2

27.4

23.5

26.0

 

23.3

24.2

24.4

28.2

 
 

more seldom or never

19.0

21.2

25.8

33.9

0.0004

26.1

24.4

24.8

24.7

0.8159

29.8

25.6

25.7

18.9

0.1033

lunch

at least three or five times a week

24.9

27.1

23.8

24.2

 

23.7

26.1

23.7

26.4

 

28.4

23.1

26.2

22.3

 
 

more seldom or never

19.6

21.4

24.7

34.4

0.0678

27.0

24.5

25.0

23.5

0.7651

26.9

27.4

24.1

21.6

0.7472

dinner

at least three or five times a week

24.3

25.3

24.0

26.5

 

19.9

25.0

25.8

29.3

 

28.5

25.2

22.8

23.5

 
 

more seldom or never

18.2

22.8

24.9

34.0

0.2888

38.4

26.4

20.4

14.8

<.0001

26.2

24.8

30.5

18.5

<.0001

Lunch at school (number of subjects, %)

               
 

Five times a week

7.8

7.1

10.6

6.8

 

7.3

8.0

7.4

9.7

 

1.9

13.3

7.2

9.0

 
 

at least one or two times a week

24.8

24.5

18.6

36.2

 

23.1

23.3

21.5

35.3

 

26.0

24.7

26.3

26.8

 
 

more seldom or never

67.5

68.4

70.8

57.1

0.3754

69.6

68.7

71.1

55.0

0.4794

72.1

62.0

66.5

64.2

0.2698

Cooking skills (number of subjects, %)

                
 

very good

23.6

17.4

27.0

32.0

 

28.6

27.2

21.5

22.7

 

24.0

20.1

32.2

23.7

 
 

good

21.6

26.8

22.9

28.7

 

24.6

21.9

26.5

27.0

 

27.7

25.0

20.1

27.2

 
 

worse

21.4

28.5

23.8

26.3

0.4909

24.1

30.4

22.9

22.6

0.2706

31.7

31.4

27.1

9.8

0.1468

Physical activity (hours per week)

6.0

5.8

4.2

5.2

0.08

5.0

4.8

5.5

6.0

0.0398

4.7

5.6

4.7

6.4

0.042

 

Time spent watching TV a day

                
 

0 to 30 minutes

25.7

26.1

22.6

25.7

 

24.9

25.3

20.1

29.8

 

30.3

29.3

23.3

17.1

 
 

1 to 2 hour

24.8

23.4

24.3

27.6

 

23.0

26.9

26.3

23.8

 

28.0

23.8

25.9

22.3

 
 

3 to 4 hour or more

13.2

26.5

25.3

35.1

0.2590

31.9

21.7

23.4

23.1

0.4584

24.4

24.7

24.1

26.8

0.7075

Overweight adolescents (number of subjects, %)

21.3

22.5

29.9

26.3

0.7168

28.0

22.9

17.3

31.7

0.3934

36.6

19.6

20.4

23.4

0.2774

 
  1. test for trends
  2. Χ² statistics
  3. § Index according to Winkler [33]
  4. Haupt- oder Realschule
  5. at least one time supplement use within a reference period of 4 weeks