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Table 2 Anthropometric measurements in children with and without visually obvious lipoatrophy, adjusted for age and sex

From: High prevalence of lipoatrophy in pre-pubertal South African children on antiretroviral therapy: a cross-sectional study

  Children with lipoatrophy, N=36 Children without lipoatrophy, N=64 HIV-uninfected local population norms, N=57 p-value, adjusted for age and sex (two-tailed)*
Biceps skin-fold thickness (SFT), mm, mean with 95% confidence interval (95% CI) 4.2 (3.6 – 4.7) 5.3 (4.9 – 5.7) 5.5 (5.0 – 5.9) 0.002
Triceps SFT, mm, mean (95% CI) 7.1 (6.2 – 7.9) 8.9 (8.3 – 9.6) 8.7 (8.1 – 9.4) <0.001
Torso-to-arm SFT ratio: mean (95% CI)** 1.05 (0.96 – 1.14) 0.88 (0.81 – 0.94) 0.84 (0.78 – 0.91) 0.002
Waist-to-hip circumference ratio: mean (95% CI) 0.97 (0.96 – 0.99) 0.95 (0.93 – 0.96) 0.91 (0.90 – 0.93) 0.009
  1. * p-value compares HIV-infected children with and without lipoatrophy.
  2. ** Torso to arm SFT ratio = (subscapular + iliac crest SFT) / (biceps + triceps SFT).