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Table 3 Joint ranges of motion wrist, elbow and shoulder range of motion (in degrees)

From: Arm trajectories and writing strategy in healthy children

  ERROR condition FASTER condition
Class Joint Mean S.D. Mean S.D.
I Wrist 9.69 5.60 10.23 6.02
  Elbow 10.01 4.42 13.35 10.94
  Shoulder 6.43 4.47 6.64 3.41
II Wrist 9.50 0.95 9.77 5.23
  Elbow 9.01 3.90 9.66 5.07
  Shoulder 4.16 2.78 4.07 2.29
III Wrist 10.67 5.43 10.53 5.30
  Elbow 7.12 3.26 7.72 3.74
  Shoulder 3.43 1.77 4.31 2.37
IV Wrist 10.09 5.11 10.86 4.86
  Elbow 9.28 5.12 11.54 10.05
  Shoulder 4.00 2.61 4.95 3.13
V Wrist 12.18 4.58 11.57 6.03
  Elbow 8.19 4.40 9.17 6.39
  Shoulder 3.42 1.81 4.39 2.79