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Table 2 Adjusted prevalence ratios (PR) of behavioral risk factors for cardiovascular health and correlates among Brazilian adolescents

From: The prevalence and correlates of behavioral risk factors for cardiovascular health among Southern Brazil adolescents: a cross-sectional study

   Behavioral risk factors for cardiovascular health
Variables n Insufficiently active Excessive TV watching Current alcohol use Current tobacco use Daily soft drinks consumption Inadequate fruit and vegetable consumption
Gender
 Boys 773 Reference Reference Reference Reference Reference Reference
 Girls 855 1.60 (1.42- 1.81) ** 0.96 (0.83-1.11) 1.06 (0.91-1.24) 1.41 (0.92-2.15) 0.84 (0.74-0.96) ** 1.06 (0.92-1.21)
Age groups        
 11-12.9 years 446 Reference Reference Reference Reference Reference Reference
 13-14.9 years 618 1.11 (0.98-1.26) 1.00 (0.83-1.21) 2.08 (1.57-2.77) ** 4.25 (2.40-7.54) ** 1.12 (0.96-1.30) 1.15 (0.96-1.37)
 15-17.9 years 564 1.08 (0.95-1.23) 0.91 (0.74-1.13) 2.37 (1.74-3.23) ** 4.96 (2.44-10.06) ** 1.07 (0.92-1.25) 1.10 (0.89-1.37)
Economic class        
 A1 + A2 (best condition) 93 Reference Reference Reference Reference Reference Reference
 B1 + B2 1011 1.30 (0.98-1.72) 0.74 (0.59-0.93) * 0.56 (0.43-0.72) ** 0.64 (0.37-1.11) 0.89 (0.76-1.03) 0.90 (0.69-1.19)
 C + D + E (worst condition) 524 1.15 (0.88-1.51) 0.73 (0.56-0.95) * 0.54 (0.39-0.75) ** 0.62 (0.31-1.21) 0.73 (0.59-0.89) ** 0.90 (0.68-1.20)
Head of household’s schooling        
 ≤ 4 years 158 Reference Reference Reference Reference Reference Reference
 4-8 years 438 1.00 (0.83-1.20) 1.21 (0.88-1.66) 0.91 (0.71-1.15) 0.98 (0.45-2.14) 1.00 (0.82-1.23) 0.92 (0.72-1.18)
 9-11 years 649 0.99 (0.82-1.20) 1.32 (0.95-1.83) 0.90 (0.72-1.11) 1.17 (0.58-2.35) 0.90 (0.72-1.11) 0.96 (0.75-1.24)
 ≥ 12 years 383 1.09 (0.89-1.33) 1.16 (0.82-1.64) 0.75 (0.56-1.00) 1.02 (0.49-2.14) 0.92 (0.74-1.14) 0.97 (0.76-1.25)
Employment status
 No 1340 Reference Reference Reference Reference Reference Reference
 Yes 288 0.95 (0.83-1.09) 0.77 (0.61-0.97) * 1.36 (1.15-1.62) ** 2.05 (1.44-2.91) ** 1.12 (0.98-1.28) 0.92 (0.76-1.11)
Weekly PE class        
 3 classes 890 Reference Reference Reference Reference Reference Reference
 1-2 classes 554 1.07 (0.97-1.20) 0.98 (0.82-1.17) 0.97 (0.81-1.16) 0.85 (0.53-1.35) 0.96 (0.87-1.06) 0.89 (0.74-1.07)
 No class/dispensed 184 1.17 (0.93-2.00) 0.93 (0.63-1.36) 1.02 (0.76-1.37) 0.96 (0.38-2.45) 0.85 (0.64-1.14) 1.18 (0.81-1.72)
Active time during a PE class        
30 or more minutes 715 Reference Reference Reference Reference Reference Reference
Until 30 minutes 647 1.13 (0.98-1.29) 1.01 (0.88-1.17) 1.17 (0.98-1.39) 1.76 (1.14-2.72) * 1.02 (0.90-1.14) 1.04 (0.87-1.25)
Did not participate/dispensed 266 1.03 (0.98-1.29) 1.21 (0.87-1.69) 1.12 (0.81-1.55) 1.21 (0.49-3.00) 0.95 (0.76-1.20) 0.92 (0.65-1.31)
Organized physical activity        
 Yes 559 Reference Reference Reference Reference Reference Reference
 No 1069 1.99 (1.74-2.27) ** 1.04 (0.89-1.21) 1.05 (0.90-1.22) 0.79 (0.57-1.10) 0.95 (0.86-1.05) 1.40 (1.18-1.67) **
Use of computer/video games daily during leisure        
 No 531 Reference Reference Reference Reference Reference Reference
 Yes 1097 1.10 (1.02-1.18) * 15.25 (8.94-26.01)** 1.20 (0.99-1.46) 1.22 (0.81-1.86) 1.24 (1.09-1.40) ** 1.06 (0.89-1.26)
  1. PR = Prevalence ratio adjusted for all other variables contained in the regression model. PE = physical education. 95% CI = 95% confidence interval.
  2. * P < 0.05 (Wald test).
  3. ** P < 0.01 (Wald test).