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Table 3 Reporting rates for foetal alcohol spectrum disorder and related conditions, and hospital admission rates for alcohol related conditions in women aged 15-44 years, England 2002/03 to 2007/08 (by person admitted*)

From: Under-reporting of foetal alcohol spectrum disorders: an analysis of hospital episode statistics

Government Office region of residence Q86.0: Foetal alcohol syndrome (dysmorphic), children aged under 15 years P04.3: Foetus and newborn affected by maternal use of alcohol O35.4: Maternal care for (suspected) damage to foetus from alcohol Women aged 15-44 years, admitted to hospital with alcohol related conditions**
  n Rate per 100,000 pop (95%CI) n Rate per 100,000 live births (95%CI) n Rate per 100,000 live births (95%CI) n Rate per 100,000 pop (95%CI)
North East 11 0.41 (0.21-0.74) 3 1.8 (0.4-5.2) 4 2.4 (0.6-6.1) 23,561 757 (747-767)
North West 125 1.67 (1.39-1.99) 21 4.3 (2.7-6.6) 18 3.7 (2.2-5.9) 59,963 715 (709-721)
Yorkshire and Humber 30 0.54 (0.37-0.77) 19 5.3 (3.2-8.2) 12 3.3 (1.7-5.8) 35,990 571 (566-577)
East Midlands 32 0.69 (0.47-0.98) 17 5.8 (3.4-9.3) 21 7.2 (4.4-11) 27,029 516 (510-522)
West Midlands 32 0.54 (0.37-0.76) 9 2.3 (1.0-4.3) 25 6.3 (4.1-9.4) 34,186 529 (523-534)
East of England 46 0.76 (0.56-1.01) 20 5.2 (3.1-8.0) 11 2.8 (1.4-5.1) 26,637 402 (397-407)
London 68 0.83 (0.65-1.06) 17 2.5 (1.4-3.9) 12 1.7 (0.9-3.0) 40,894 375 (372-379)
South East 41 0.46 (0.33-0.63) 27 4.8 (3.1-6.9) 30 5.3 (3.6-7.5) 42,612 431 (427-435)
South West 31 0.60 (0.41-0.85) 17 5.4 (3.1-8.6) 23 7.2 (4.6-10.9) 29,840 517 (511-522)
England*** 457 0.84 (0.76-0.92) 285 7.8 (6.9-8.7) 157 4.3 (3.6-5.0) 322,161 514 (512-516)
Correlation coefficient (p-value)**** 0.26 (0.50) -0.26 (0.50) -0.08 (0.83) --
Test for heterogeneity Χ2(8 d.f.) = 88.62, p < 0.0001 Χ2(8 d.f.) = 17.56, p = 0.025 Χ2(8 d.f.) = 33.43, p = 0.0001 Χ2(8 d.f.) = 17044, p < 0.0001
  1. *The Hospital Episodes Statistics identification (HESID) field was used to link episodes relating to the same individual within a given HES year (running April to March). Percentages may not sum to 100% due to rounding. ** See Jones et al. (2008) for details of attributable fractions applied. *** Figures for England include reports where region of residence was not recorded, and so the numbers provided are not the sum of the regional numbers. ****Pearson's correlation co-efficient was used to assess correlations between the prevalence of alcohol related hospital admission (for women aged 15-44) and FAS or related conditions across regions.