Skip to main content

Table 3 Distribution of Baseline Characteristics in the Intervention and Control Groups Included in the Mortality Analysis

From: The effect of systematic pediatric care on neonatal mortality and hospitalizations of infants born with oral clefts

  Overall Isolated Associated
Variable Intervention
N = 543
Control
N = 372
Intervention N = 394 Control
N = 305
Intervention
N = 149
Control
N = 67
Maternal Age 26.23
(6.83)
25.50
(6.67)
25.88 (6.58) 25.40 (6.53) 27.14 (7.39) 25.92 (7.30)
Number of prenatal visits 4.74***
(3.54)
5.87
(2.91)
4.47*** (3.56) 5.95 (2.87) 5.47 (3.39) 5.51
(3.09)
Maternal chronic illness
   No (%) 425 (78.7) 291(82.4) 315 (80.6) 237(82.6) 110 (73.8) 54(81.8)
   Yes (%) 115 (21.3) 62 (17.6) 76 (19.4) 50 (17.4) 39 (26.2) 12(18.2)
Ethnic Ancestry       
   Black (%) 57(10.7) 31 (8.8) 41 (10.5) 26 (9.1) 16 (11.0) 5 (7.7)
   Native American (%) 407 (76.3) 262(74.4) 296 (76.1) 209(72.8) 111 (76.6) 53(71.5)
   Other (%) 70 (13.1) 59 (16.8) 52 (13.4) 52 (18.1) 18 (12.4) 7 (10.7)
Birth weight (grams) 2,976.7*
(648.6)
3,046.6
(670.3)
(797.75)
3,031.9** (618.1) 3,123.8 (631.0) 2,831.0 (704.8) 2,694.8 (733.5)
Gestational age (weeks) 38.75
(2.86)
38.92
(2.74)
38.89* (2.80) 39.19 (2.51) 38.38 (2.97) 37.71 (3.37)
Time of cleft diagnosis
   Prenatal (%) 116
(21.6) ***
38 (10.3) 64 (16.4)*** 24 (7.9) 52
(35.4)**
14(21.2)
   Other (%) 421 (78.4) 332(89.7) 326 (83.6) 280(92.1) 95 (64.6) 52 (78.8)
Sex       
   Male (%) 307 (57.3) 213(57.3) 222 (56.4) 178(58.4) 85 (57.1) 35(52.2)
   Female (%) 236 (43.5) 159(42.7) 172 (43.7) 127(41.6) 64 (43.0) 32(47.8)
Multiple birth       
   No (%) 529 (97.4) 361(97.3) 381(96.7) 295(97.0) 148 (99.3) 66 (98.5)
   Yes (%) 14 ( 2.6) 10 (2.7) 13 (3.3) 9 (3.0) 1 (0.7) 1 (1.5)
Associated Status
   Isolated (%) 394 (72.6) 305(82.0) - - - -
   Associated (%) 149 (27.4) 67 (18.0) - - - -
Type of Cleft       
   Palate only (%) 142 (26.2) 92 (24.7) 83 (21.1) 66 (21.6) 59 (39.6) 26(38.8)
   Lip only (%) 96 (17.7) 67 (18.0) 88 (22.3) 60 (19.7) 8 (5.4) 7 (10.5)
   Lip and Palate (%) 305 (56.2) 213(57.3) 223 (56.6) 179(58.7) 82 (55.0) 34(50.8)
Type of Delivery
   Cesarean (%) 202 (37.2) 127(34.5) 132 (33.5) 94 (31.2) 70 (47.0) 33(49.3)
   Other 341(62.8) 241(65.5) 262(66.5) 207(68.8) 79 (53.0) 34(50.8)
  1. The Table includes the distribution of study variables in the study intervention and control groups that are included in the mortality analysis. Means and standard deviations (in parentheses) are reported for continuous variables. Counts of observations and percentages (in parentheses) are reported for categorical variables. Significant differences between intervention and control groups are indicated with * at p < 0.1, ** at p < 0.05 and *** at p < 0.01.