Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 5 Minerals: The average levels of minerals measured in the Neurotypical group and the Arizona Autism Treatment and Arizona Autism Placebo groups (pre and post) who completed the study are reported below, along with their standard deviations.

From: Effect of a vitamin/mineral supplement on children and adults with autism

Essential Minerals + other minerals Neuro-typicals
(n = 44)
Treatment Group
(n = 19)
Placebo Group
(n = 20)
   Pre Post % change p-value Pre Post % change p-value
Calcium-WB
(mg/dL)
5.8
+/- 0.3
5.9
+/- 0.4
6.0
+/0.4
+1% n.s. 5.8
+/- 0.3
5.6
+/- 0.5
-2% n.s.
Calcium-RBC
(ug/g)
22.4
+/- 6
19.2
+/- 7.9
27.4
+/- 3.6
+43% 0.001 19.5
+/- 7.5
25.2
+/- 4.3
+30% 0.02
Calcium-Serum
(mg/dL)
9.60
+/- 0.2
9.65
+/- 0.4
9.51
+/- 0.3
-1% 0.07 9.59
+/- 0.4
9.53
+/- 0.3
0% n.s.
Chromium-RBC
(ng/g)
0.80
+/- 0.4
1.02
+/- 0.50
0.81
+/- 0.6
-21% n.s. 0.77
+/- 0.44
0.70
+/- 0.3
-9% n.s.
Copper-WB
(ug/dL)
89
+/- 14
91.2
+/- 13
95.9
+/- 17
+5% 0.09 93.9
+/- 10
95.5
+/- 13
+2% n.s.
Copper-RBC
(ug/g)
0.72
+/- 0.09
0.75
+/- 0.08
0.78
+/- 0.08
+4% 0.06 0.74
+/- 0.08
0.77
+/- 0.08
+4% n.s.
Iodine-Urine
(ug/mg creatinine)
0.26
+/- 0.2
0.28
+/- 0.26
0.43
+/- 0.27
+54% 0.03* 0.23
+/- 0.15
0.22
+/- 0.15
-5% n.s.
Iron-RBC
(ug/g)
833
+/- 64
887
+/- 101
806
+/- 54
-9% 0.006 883
+/- 80
826
+/- 51
-7% 0.02
Iron-Serum
(ug/dL)
87
+/- 35
91
+/- 34
88
+/- 46
-3% n.s. 80
+/- 33
81
+/- 25
+2% n.s.
   Serum Ferritin 36.9
+/- 17
42.1
+/- 23
37.3
+/- 23
-11% n.s. 41.3
+/- 25.1
33.4
+/- 22
-19% 0.004
Lithium-WB
(ug/L)
3.6
+/- 6
1.82
+/- 0.8
10.6
+/-5.1
+485% .000001 1.60
+/- 0.7
1.47
+/- 0.7
-8% n.s.
Magnesium-WB
(mg/dL)
3.64
+/- 0.26
3.44
+/- 0.19
3.62
+/- 0.25
+5% 0.00007 3.65
+/- 0.41
3.81
+/-0.42
+4% 0.03
Magnesium-RBC (ug/g) 47.5
+/- 5
48.6
+/- 7.5
44.9
+/- 4.0
-8% 0.03 49.4
+/- 5.8
47.9
+/- 6.0
-3% n.s.
Magnesium-Serum
(mg/dL)
2.03
+/- 0.15
1.90
+/- 0.13
1.95
+/- 0.15
+2% n.s. 1.93
+/- 0.14
1.97
+/- 0.15
+2% n.s.
Manganese-WB
(ug/L)
11.6
+/- 3
11.0
+/- 3.3
13.6
+/- 4.4
+23% 0.0006 12.0
+/- 4.7
14.5
+/- 5.0
+21% 0.00002
Manganese-RBC (ug/g) 0.018
+/- 0.005
0.019
+/- 0.007
0.019
+/- 0.006
+1% n.s. 0.020
+/- 0.006
0.019
+/- 0.007
-4% n.s.
Molybdenum-WB (ug/L) 1.39
+/- 0.3
1.27
+/- 0.23
1.88
+/- 0.9
+48% 0.007* 1.34
+/- 0.3
1.37
+/- 0.3
+3% n.s.
Molybdenum-RBC (ng/g) 0.98 +/- 0.2 1.01
+/- 0.3
1.32
+/- 0.0007
+31% 0.06* 0.87
+/- 0.26
0.93
+/- 0.2
+7% n.s.
Phosphorus-RBC (ug/g) 567
+/- 43
587
+/- 73
546
+/- 39
-7% 0.01 598
+/- 48
564
+/-37
-6% 0.002
Phosphorus-Serum
(mg/dL)
4.58
+/- 0.5
4.52
+/- 0.5
4.47
+/- 0.6
-1% n.s. 4.57
+/- 0.5
4.68
+/- 0.7
+2% n.s.
Potassium -RBC-mEq/L 76.9
+/- 4.1
78.1
+/- 6.2
75.5
+/- 4.4
-3% n.s. 81.1
+/- 5.1
77.2
+/- 5.1
-5% 0.01
Potassium-Serum
mEq/L
4.17
+/- 0.3
4.12
+/- 0.3
4.21
+/- 0.3
+2% n.s. 4.01
+/- 0.3
4.04
+/- 0.3
1% n.s.
Selenium-WB
(ug/L)
210
+/- 20
209
+/- 25
223
+/- 28
+7% 0.001 211
+/- 39
218
+/- 44
+3% 0.05
Selenium-RBC
(ug/g)
0.23
+/- 0.03
0.251
+/- 0.025
0.235
+/- 0.03
-6% 0.007 0.244
+/- 0.052
0.221
+/- 0.04
-10% 0.002
Sodium-Serum
mEq/L
137
+/- 1
137
+/- 2
137
+/- 1
0% n.s. 138
+/- 3
138
+/- 2
0% n.s.
Vanadium-RBC
(ng/g)
0. 22 +/- 0.07 0. 22
+/- 0.09
0. 21
+/- 0.05
-5% n.s. 0.21
+/- 0.04
0.23
+/- 0.09
+10% n.s.
Zinc-WB
(ug/dL)
555
+/- 74
546
+/- 70
556
+/- 68
+2% n.s. 559
+/- 59
567
+/-59
+1% n.s.
Zinc-RBC
(ug/g)
8.9
+/- 1.4
9.1
+/- 1.5
8.6
+/- 1.2
-5% n.s. 9.1
+/- 1.1
8.8 +/- 1.2 -3% n.s.
Non-essential minerals          
Boron-RBC
(ug/g)
0.025
+/- 0.007
0.031
+/- 0.015
0.022
+/- 0.008
-30% 0.004 0.025
+/- 0.013
0.019 +/- 0.010 -24% n.s.
Strontium-WB
(ug/L)
24
+/- 6
21.6
+/- 3.7
22.8
+/-4.5
+6% n.s. 29.1
+/- 10
28.6
+/-10
-2% n.s.
  1. Biomarker data was obtained only for the Arizona autism group. The p-value for a t-test comparison of the change in the level is reported. If the p-value is below 0.05, then the result is highlighted.
  2. * The ttest for urinary iodine and WB & RBC Molybdenum was done after a square root transformation of the data, since the initial data was not close to a Gaussian distribution.