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Table 2 Comparison Of Physicians and Non- Physicians Regarding General Beliefs about Autism.

From: A survey of Autism knowledge and attitudes among the healthcare professionals in Lahore, Pakistan

Sr # Beliefs Physicians
N = 154
Positive Responses (%)
Non -Physicians
N = 93
Positive Responses (%)
P -Value
1 Autism can occur in mild as well as extreme form 84.8 93.4 .004*
2 Children with autism usually grow up to be schizophrenic adults 24 17.4 0.306
3 Autism is an emotional disorder 40.4 23.9 .001*
4 Most children with autism are also mentally retarded 34.9 46.7 0.17
5 It is difficult to distinguish between autism and childhood schizophrenia 37.9 28.6 0.077
6 Autism occurs more commonly among higher socio economic and educational levels 25.7 20.7 0.667
7 Autistic children's withdrawal is mostly due to cold, rejecting parents 42.5 35.6 0.424
8 Most children with autism have special talents or abilities 55.9 69.2 0.061
9 Autism is a rare condition in this country as compared with the West 33.6 36.4 0.852
10 Autism is under-recognized and often missed in general practice 85.5 70.1 .003*
11 There is a lack of awareness regarding autism among professionals in Pakistan 86.7 76.1 0.072
12 Autism is a communication disorder 56 46.7 .022*
13 Children with autism do not show social attachments, even to parents 57.8 74.2 .009*
14 It is impossible to tell if a child has autism before four years of age 23.1 27.2 .001*
15 Autism exists only in childhood 43.1 50.5 .028*
16 Even with early intervention, the prognosis for independent community functioning of individuals with autism is poor 32.9 46.7 .028*
17 Autism is a developmental disorder 51 71 .009*
18 With the proper treatment, most children with autism eventually "outgrow" autism. 49.3 44 0.469
19 Autism is a lifelong condition 44.6 51.6 0.561
20 Children with autism are "untestable." 34 20.2 .003*
21 Parental counseling on training techniques is one effective treatment of autism. 76.2 96.8 .001*
22 Dietary intervention is one of treatment options 35.6 50 0.038
  1. (% given are the respondents answering in affirmative)