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Table 5 Variables significantly associated with asthma, probable asthma,i and asthma morbidity/control.ii

From: The state of pediatric asthma in Chicago's Humboldt Park: a community-based study in two local elementary schools

Variable Prevalence Ratio (PR) 95% Confidence Interval (CI)
Risk of asthma diagnosis   
   Black vs. all other races/ethnicities 1.51 1.11-2.04
   Puerto Rican vs. all other races/ethnicities 1.39 1.03-1.89
   Mexican vs. all other races/ethnicities 0.56 0.38-0.82
Risk of probable asthma   
   High vs. low vehicle idling 1.80 1.18-2.74
   Caregiver stressed by community crime 1.73 1.07-2.79
Risk of wheeze during the day (diagnosed asthma only)   
   Caregiver felt unable to cope 2.39 1.17-4.88
   Caregiver stressed by community crime 2.07 1.05-4.88
Risk of wheeze at night (diagnosed asthma only)   
   Caregiver felt unable to cope 2.24 1.09-4.58
Risk of wheeze during exercise (diagnosed asthma only)   
   Caregiver felt unable to cope 1.68 1.03-2.74
   Caregiver reported general stress 2.05 1.03-4.07
Risk of missed school days (diagnosed asthma only)   
   Caregiver felt unable to cope 2.45 1.21-4.96
  1. iProbable asthma defined as 1 or more affirmative response to the Brief Pediatric Asthma Screen Plus[19] without having a formal diagnosis of asthma.
  2. iiPrevalence ratios for all variables listed in Table 4 were estimated; only statistically significant associations are shown here.