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Table 2 Outcome at age 24 months in children of mothers with normal (<13) or high (≥13) scores on the Edinburgh postnatal depression scale (EPDS).

From: Maternal postnatal depression and child growth: a European cohort study

EPDS <13 ≥13   
  N = 827 N = 102 Estimated difference in z-score
  mean (SD) mean (SD) Baseline adjusted Fully adjusted*
Age at exam (Months) 24.2 (0.6) 24.2 (0.5)   
Weight (kg) 12.4 (1.4) 12.4 (1.4)   
z-score 0.34 (0.91) 0.35 (0.93) 0.08 (-0.10, 0.26) 0.01 (-0.18, 0.19)
Length (cm) 88.0 (3.3) 87.8 (3.1)   
z-score 0.22 (1.01) 0.17 (0.99) 0.03 (-0.16, 0.23) -0.10 (-0.29, 0.10)
Triceps skinfold thickness (mm) 8.9 (2.1) 9.1 (2.2)   
z-score 0.52 (1.11) 0.62 (1.14) 0.05 (-0.23, 0.33) 0.09 (-0.21, 0.39)
Subscap skinfold thickness (mm) 6.6 (1.6) 6.9 (1.8)   
z-score 0.29 (1.13) 0.48 (1.11) 0.13 (-0.14, 0.41) 0.14 (-0.16, 0.44)
Weight-for length     
z-score 0.25 (0.91) 0.30 (0.91) 0.08 (-0.10, 0.26) 0.01 (-0.18, 0.19)
  1. * adjusted by country, feeding type, single mother, mother's age, birthorder, bmi of mother, stress in pregnancy, caesarean section, pregnancy not wished, and respective anthropometric measurement at baseline, smoking