This study was supported by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, via cooperative agreement UR6/CCU117611 and contract 200-2002-00732 (the Vaccine Safety Datalink Project) with America's Health Insurance Plans. Dr. Lin's effort was supported in part by the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, National Research Service Award, grant number HS000028-19. Dr. Lin is currently an AHRQ Trainee at the Center for Health Policy, Stanford University, Stanford, California.
We gratefully acknowledge our colleagues at the Department of Ambulatory Care and Prevention, especially Megan O'Brien, MPH, for local coordination of the VSD project, Richard Fox, MA, for his management of the automated analytic databases, Jyotsna Dhall, MPH, for initial dataset preparation for this work, and Richard Platt, MD, MPH, for his senior leadership of the project. We appreciate the contributions of Nicolle Mode, MPH (HealthPartners Research Foundation), Karen Riedlinger, MPH (Kaiser Permanente Northwest), and Renae Smith-Ray (Kaiser Permanente Colorado) who prepared the analytic databases at each of the health plans in this study. We thank Robert Davis, MD, MPH, for thoughtful advice, and we appreciate the guidance of our other collaborators at the National Immunization Program, including Robert Chen, MD, David Shay, MD, MPH, and Frank DeStefano, MD.
The Vaccine Safety Datalink Team at the time of this study included Frank DeStefano, MD, MPH, Robert T Chen, MD, David Shay, MD, MPH, Philip H Rhodes, PhD, Margarette Kolzcak, PhD, Julianne Gee, MPH, Robert L Davis, MD, MPH, William Thompson, PhD, James Baggs, PhD, Brooke Barry, Carolyn Bridges, MD, Scott Campbell, Chris Casey, Jufu Chen, PhD, Charissa Denson, David Elswich, Gary Euler, Paul Gargiullo, Rafael Harpaz, Beth Hibbs, Aisha Jumaan, David King, Katrin S Kohl, MD, MPH, Piotr Kramarz, MD, Gina Mootrey, John Moran, Pekka Nuorti, Vitali Pool, MD, James Singleton, Eric Weintraub, Bruce Weniger, MD, MPH, Melinda Wharton, Fujie Xu, and Weigong Zhou, MD, PhD (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA); M Miles Braun, MD, MPH, Robert P Wise, MD, MPH, Robert Ball, MD, MPH, Dale Burwen MD, MPH, David Davis, Hector Izurieta, Ann W McMahon, MD, MS, Fred Varricchio MD, PhD, and Jane Woo MD, MPH (Food and Drug Administration, Bethesda, MD); Lisa Jackson, MD, MPH, Patti Benson, MPH, Kari Bohlke, ScD, Barbara Carste, MPH, John Dunn, MD, MPH, Christi Hanson, BA, Mike Jackson, Darren Malais, BS, Jennifer Nelson, PhD, Kathleen Neuzil, MD, MPH, Troy J Scott, Neil Vora, Onchee Yu, MS, and Ann Zavitkovsky, MPH (Group Health Cooperative, Seattle, WA); Tracy Lieu, MD, MPH, Richard Platt, MD, MS, Emily Cain, Jyotsna Dhall, MS, Jonathan Finkelstein, MD, MPH, Richard Fox, MSW, Charlene Gay, Katherine Hohman, Ken Kleinman, PhD, Martin Kulldorff, PhD, Grace Lee, MD, Nancy Lin, MS, Megan O'Brien, MPH, Lisa Prosser, PhD, Virginia Rego, MS, MPH, Katherine Yih, PhD, and Xian-Jie Yu, MS (Harvard Pilgrim Health Care/Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA); Mike Goodman, PhD, Jim Nordin, MD, Feifei Wei, PhD, Susan Adlis, Jerry Amundson, Renner Anderson, Amy Butani, Kelly Fillbrandt, Olga Godlevsky, Peter Harper, Leslie Kuckler, A. Marshall McBean, MD, MS, Maribet McCarty, Beth Molitor, Andrew Nelson, MPH, Kristin Nichol, MD, MPH, MBA, Eugene Sesonga, and Lynn Taliaferro (HealthPartners Research Foundation, Minneapolis, MN); Vito Caserta, MD, MPH and Geoffrey Evans, MD (Division of Vaccine Injury Compensation, Health Resources and Services Administration, Rockville, MD); Eric France, MD, Marcia Blake MA, MSPH, Jason Glanz, MS, Simon Hambidge, MD, PhD, James Kaferly, David L McClure, MS, Ronald Norman, Marsha Raebel, PharmD, Debra P Ritzwoller, PhD, Renae Smith-Ray, MA, Stanley Xu, PhD, and Kristi Yamasaki, PharmD (Kaiser Permanente Colorado, Denver, CO); Edward Belongia, MD, Nicholas Berger, Carol Beyer, James Donahue, DVM, PhD, Robert Greenlee, PhD, Juanita Herr, Burney Kieke, MS, Katherine Konitzer, Jordon Ott, Peggy Peissig, MS (Marshfield Clinic Research Foundation, Marshfield, WI); Steven B Black, MD, Laura Bracken, Diane Carpenter, Lisa Croen, Robert Davis, MD, MPH, Ajit Gemunu de Silva, Bruce H Fireman, MA, Patti Hallam, John Hansen, BA, Ned Lewis, MPH, Regina L Mason, Roxana Odouli, Paula Ray, MPH, Pat Ross, Joan Schwalbe, Henry R Shinefield, MD, Stanley Watson, Cathleen Yoshida, and Lea Q Zhang (Kaiser Permanente of Northern California, Oakland, CA); John P Mullooly, PhD, Allison Naleway PhD, Steven L Balch, Michael Barrett, MD, Alan Bauck, BS, Cathy Briggs, Marina Britsky, Andrea Brown, Colleen Chun, MD, Brad Crane, MS, Lois Drew, BA, Shannon Edie, Terri Haswell, Benjamin Drew Horning, Weiming Hu, Jill Mesa, John A Pearson, MD, Karen Riedlinger, MPH, Roberleigh Schuler, MS, Jerry Slepack, MD, Loie Drew, Gayle Thomas-Monk, Mike Thornton, Kathryn Torvik, Amy Triebwasser, and Sheila Weinmann, PhD (Kaiser Permanente Northwest Region, Portland, OR); Joel I Ward, MD, Constance M Vadheim, PhD, Ken Zangwill, MD, Eileen Eriksen, MPH, Jennifer Lee, MS, Jennie Jing, MA, and Nancy Goff (Center for Vaccine Research, Harbor-UCLA Medical Center, Torrance, CA); S. Michael Marcy, MD, Marlene M Lugg, DrPH, Jag Batra, MD, Monique Bryher, MSPH, Susan Butler, Frederico Canton, Chung-Yin Chiu, MS, and Martin Lee, PhD (Southern California Kaiser Permanente, Los Angeles, CA).