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  1. Research article

    Foot length, chest and head circumference measurements in detection of Low birth weight neonates in Mekelle, Ethiopia: a hospital based cross sectional study

    Low birth weight (Birth weight < 2500 g) is a leading cause of prenatal and neonatal deaths. The early identification of Low birth weight (LBW) neonates is essential for any comprehensive initiative to improve...

    Marta Yemane Hadush, Amanuel Hadgu Berhe and Araya Abrha Medhanyie

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:111

    Published on: 21 April 2017

  2. Research article

    Emotional and behavioural problems in Swedish preschool children rated by preschool teachers with the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ)

    There is a high risk that young children who show early signs of mental health problems develop symptoms in the same or overlapping areas some years later. The Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) is...

    Berit M. Gustafsson, Marie Proczkowska-Björklund and Per A. Gustafsson

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:110

    Published on: 21 April 2017

  3. Research article

    Assessment of cardiac function in children with congenital adrenal hyperplasia: a case control study in Cameroon

    High level of androgens found in congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) seems to have a deleterious effect on heart function. We therefore evaluate cardiac function of children with CAH in comparison with a heal...

    J . Tony Nengom, S. Sap Ngo Um, D. Chelo, R. Mbono Betoko, J. Boombhi, F. Mouafo Tambo, A. Chiabi, S. Kingue and P. Koki Ndombo

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:109

    Published on: 20 April 2017

  4. Research article

    Insight into human pubertal growth by applying the QEPS growth model

    Computerized mathematical models describing absolute and relative individual growth during puberty in both cm and standard deviation (SD)-scores are lacking. The present study aimed to fill this gap, by applyi...

    Anton Holmgren, Aimon Niklasson, Lars Gelander, A. Stefan Aronson, Andreas F.M. Nierop and Kerstin Albertsson-Wikland

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:107

    Published on: 19 April 2017

  5. Research article

    Comparison of three different methods for risk adjustment in neonatal medicine

    Quality improvement in health care requires identification of areas in need of improvement by comparing processes and patient outcomes within and between health care providers. It is critical to adjust for dif...

    Mark Adams, Julia Braun, Hans Ulrich Bucher, Milo Alan Puhan, Dirk Bassler and Viktor Von Wyl

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:106

    Published on: 17 April 2017

  6. Research article

    Evaluation of Helping Babies Breathe Quality Improvement Cycle (HBB-QIC) on retention of neonatal resuscitation skills six months after training in Nepal

    Each year 700,000 infants die due to intrapartum-related complications. Implementation of Helping Babies Breathe (HBB)-a simplified neonatal resuscitation protocol in low-resource clinical settings has shown t...

    Ashish KC, Johan Wrammert, Viktoria Nelin, Robert B. Clark, Uwe Ewald, Stefan Peterson and Mats Målqvist

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:103

    Published on: 11 April 2017

  7. Research article

    Molecular epidemiology of Rotavirus causing diarrhea among children less than five years of age visiting national level children hospitals, Nepal

    Rotaviruses are the major cause of diarrhea among the infants and young children all over the world causing over 500,000 deaths and 2.4 million hospitalizations each year. In Nepal Rotavirus infection positivi...

    Subhash Dhital, Jeevan Bahadur Sherchand, Bharat Mani Pokhrel, Keshab Parajuli, Niranjan Shah, Shyam Kumar Mishra, Sangita Sharma, Hari Prasad Kattel, Sundar Khadka, Sulochana Khatiwada, Narayan Parajuli and Basistha Rijal

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:101

    Published on: 7 April 2017

  8. Research article

    Assessing health-related quality of life in young Japanese children with chronic conditions: Preliminary validation of the DISABKIDS smiley measure

    Although there is an increasing need to investigate the health-related quality of life (HRQOL) of children and adolescents with chronic conditions in Japan, there is currently no standardized measure in which ...

    Hatoko Sasaki, Naoko Kakee, Naho Morisaki, Rintaro Mori, Ulrike Ravens-Sieberer and Monika Bullinger

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:100

    Published on: 5 April 2017

  9. Research article

    Variation in and risk factors for paediatric inpatient all-cause mortality in a low income setting: data from an emerging clinical information network

    Hospital mortality data can inform planning for health interventions and may help optimize resource allocation if they are reliable and appropriately interpreted. However such data are often not available in l...

    David Gathara, Lucas Malla, Philip Ayieko, Stella Karuri, Rachel Nyamai, Grace Irimu, Michael Boele van Hensbroek, Elizabeth Allen and Mike English

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:99

    Published on: 5 April 2017

  10. Research article

    Prevention of neonatal late-onset sepsis: a randomised controlled trial

    Late-onset sepsis (LOS), defined as sepsis occurring after 48 h of age causes substantial mortality and morbidity in very low birth weight infants. Risk factors for LOS include immaturity, intravascular cathet...

    Gary Alcock, Helen G. Liley, Lucy Cooke and Peter H. Gray

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:98

    Published on: 4 April 2017

  11. Study protocol

    The Preschool Activity, Technology, Health, Adiposity, Behaviour and Cognition (PATH-ABC) cohort study: rationale and design

    Prevalence estimates internationally suggest that many preschool-aged children (3–5 years) are insufficiently physically active and engage in high levels of screen-based entertainment. Early childhood is the d...

    Dylan P. Cliff, Jade McNeill, Stewart Vella, Steven J Howard, Megan A. Kelly, Douglas J. Angus, Ian M. Wright, Rute Santos, Marijka Batterham, Edward Melhuish, Anthony D. Okely and Marc de Rosnay

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:95

    Published on: 4 April 2017

  12. Research article

    Improving feeding and growth of HIV-positive children through nutrition training of frontline health workers in Tanga, Tanzania

    Nutrition training can boost competence of health workers to improve children’s feeding practices. In this way, child undernutrition can be ameliorated in general populations. However, evidence is lacking on e...

    Bruno F. Sunguya, Linda B. Mlunde, David P. Urassa, Krishna C. Poudel, Omary S. Ubuguyu, Namala P. Mkopi, Germana H. Leyna, Anna T. Kessy, Keiko Nanishi, Akira Shibanuma, Junko Yasuoka and Masamine Jimba

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:94

    Published on: 4 April 2017

  13. Study protocol

    Long-term effects of vitamin D supplementation in vitamin D deficient obese children participating in an integrated weight-loss programme (a double-blind placebo-controlled study) – rationale for the study design

    Obesity is associated not only with an array of metabolic disorders (e.g. insulin resistance, hiperinsulinemia, impaired tolerance of glucose, lipid disorders) but also skeletal and joint abnormalities. Recent...

    Agnieszka Szlagatys-Sidorkiewicz, Michał Brzeziński, Agnieszka Jankowska, Paulina Metelska, Magdalena Słomińska-Frączek and Piotr Socha

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:97

    Published on: 4 April 2017

  14. Research article

    Stunting, wasting and associated factors among children aged 6–24 months in Dabat health and demographic surveillance system site: A community based cross-sectional study in Ethiopia

    Though there is a marked decline in burden of undernutrition, about 44 and 10% of children under five are stunted and wasted, respectively in Ethiopia. The highest prevalence of wasting occurs in young childre...

    Terefe Derso, Amare Tariku, Gashaw Andargie Biks and Molla Mesele Wassie

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:96

    Published on: 4 April 2017

  15. Research article

    The quality of health services provided to remote dwelling aboriginal infants in the top end of northern Australia following health system changes: a qualitative analysis

    In Australia the health outcomes of remote dwelling Aboriginal infants are comparable to infants in developing countries. This research investigates service quality, from the clinicians’ perspective and as obs...

    Cathryn M. Josif, Sue Kruske, Sue V. Kildea and Lesley M. Barclay

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:93

    Published on: 31 March 2017

  16. Study protocol

    Towards evidence-based vitamin D supplementation in infants: vitamin D intervention in infants (VIDI) — study design and methods of a randomised controlled double-blinded intervention study

    Vitamin D is important for bone mass accrual during growth. Additionally, it is considered a requirement for a multitude of processes associated with, for example, the development of immunity. Many countries a...

    Otto Helve, Heli Viljakainen, Elisa Holmlund-Suila, Jenni Rosendahl, Helena Hauta-alus, Maria Enlund-Cerullo, Saara Valkama, Kati Heinonen, Katri Räikkönen, Timo Hytinantti, Outi Mäkitie and Sture Andersson

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:91

    Published on: 29 March 2017

  17. Research article

    Melatonin alleviates brain and peripheral tissue edema in a neonatal rat model of hypoxic-ischemic brain damage: the involvement of edema related proteins

    Previous studies have indicated edema may be involved in the pathophysiology following hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE), and melatonin may exhibit neuro-protection against brain insults. However, little i...

    Li-Xiao Xu, Yuan Lv, Yan-Hong Li, Xin Ding, Ying Wang, Xing Han, Ming-Hua Liu, Bin Sun and Xing Feng

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:90

    Published on: 28 March 2017

  18. Technical advance

    Simultaneous detection of respiratory syncytial virus and human metapneumovirus by one-step multiplex real-time RT-PCR in patients with respiratory symptoms

    Both respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) and human metapneumovirus (hMPV) are important viral pathogens causing respiratory tract infection (RTI) in the pediatric population. However, the clinical manifestations...

    Huey-Ling You, Shun-Jen Chang, Hong-Ren Yu, Chia-Chin Li, Chang-Han Chen and Wei-Ting Liao

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:89

    Published on: 27 March 2017

  19. Research article

    Factors associated with anemia among Sri Lankan primary school children in rural North Central Province

    Despite interventions, childhood anemia is still a major public health problem in low and middle income countries. Purpose of the present study is to determine factors associated with anemia among rural primar...

    Gayani Shashikala Amarasinghe, Naotunna Palliya Guruge Chamidri Randika Naottunna, Thilini Chanchala Agampodi and Suneth Buddhika Agampodi

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:87

    Published on: 27 March 2017

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