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  1. The implications of congenital Zika Virus (ZIKV) infections for pediatric neurodevelopment and behavior remain inadequately studied. The aim of this study is to investigate patterns of neurodevelopment and beh...

    Authors: Paula Fabiana Sobral da Silva, Sophie Helena Eickmann, Ricardo Arraes de Alencar Ximenes, Ulisses Ramos Montarroyos, Marilia de Carvalho Lima, Celina M. Turchi Martelli, Thalia Velho Barreto de Araújo, Elizabeth B. Brickley, Laura Cunha Rodrigues, Fabiana Cristina Lima da Silva Pastich Gonçalves, Maria Durce Costa Gomes Carvalho, Wayner Vieira de Souza and Demócrito de Barros Miranda-Filho

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:472

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Rosai- Dorfman Disease (RDD) is a benign condition of unknown aetiology which is characterized by non-neoplastic proliferation of histiocytes. Pathophysiology and natural history remain obscure due to the low ...

    Authors: Tharmini Danisious, Mathula Hettiarachchi, Chanuka Dharmadasa and Heshan Jayaweera

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:470

    Content type: Case report

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  3. The hospital patient pathway for having treatment procedures can be daunting for younger patients and their family members, especially when they are about to undergo a complex intervention. Opportunities to me...

    Authors: Lisa Aufegger, Khánh Hà Bùi, Colin Bicknell and Ara Darzi

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:469

    Content type: Research article

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  4. With increased use of telehealth, interventions to improve infant sleep environments have not been explored. This study sought to assess the feasibility and efficacy of using electronic health record patient p...

    Authors: Ethan A. Canty, Benjamin N. Fogel, Erich K. Batra, Eric W. Schaefer, Jessica S. Beiler and Ian M. Paul

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:468

    Content type: Research article

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    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:493

  5. Suicide is the leading cause of death among Japanese adolescents. However, knowledge gaps regarding contemporary demographics and factors associated with suicidality among Japanese adolescents are a major conc...

    Authors: Shinichiro Nagamitsu, Masakazu Mimaki, Kenshi Koyanagi, Natsuko Tokita, Yoriko Kobayashi, Ritsuko Hattori, Ryuta Ishii, Michiko Matsuoka, Yushiro Yamashita, Zentaro Yamagata, Takashi Igarashi and Paul E. Croarkin

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:467

    Content type: Research article

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  6. The high proportion of birth weight in Ethiopia is hypothesized to be due to inadequate maternal diet which is associated with poor nutrition education during pregnancy. There was no study that evaluated the e...

    Authors: Yeshalem Mulugeta Demilew, Getu Degu Alene and Tefera Belachew

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:466

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Congenital nasolacrimal duct obstruction (CNLDO) is one of the main causes of epiphora in infants, and antibiotics are usually used as a conservative therapy in the first year. Yet, little is known about the b...

    Authors: Xiao-Yu Zheng, Bonnie Nga Kwan Choy, Ming-Ming Zhou, Cai-Ping Shi and Zheng-Yan Zhao

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:465

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Globally, millions of children attend Outside School Hours Care. Children’s activity in this setting is critical to meeting daily physical activity recommendations. Guidelines are evidence-based statements int...

    Authors: Rosa Virgara, Lucy Lewis, Anna Phillips, Mandy Richardson and Carol Maher

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:463

    Content type: Research article

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  9. The objective of the study was to identify areas of risk for the appearance of tuberculosis in children and their association with social inequalities in a municipality in southeastern Brazil.

    Authors: Yan Mathias Alves, Thaís Zamboni Berra, Luana Seles Alves, Ivaneliza Simionato de Assis, Marcos Augusto Moraes Arcoverde, Antonio Carlos Vieira Ramos, Luiz Henrique Arroyo, Laura Terenciani Campoy, Alexandre Tadashi Inomata Bruce, Felipe Lima dos Santos, Ludmilla Leidianne Limirio Souza, Juliane de Almeida Crispim and Ricardo Alexandre Arcêncio

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:462

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Renal abscess in children is a rare and severe form of infectious kidney disease that is responsible for several serious complications. In this report, we describe a previously healthy 5-year-old girl with a r...

    Authors: Hiroki Kitaoka, Jun Inatomi, Hayato Chikai, Keiko Watanabe, Tadayuki Kumagai, Ayako Masui and Nobutaka Shimizu

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:461

    Content type: Case report

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  11. Transcobalamin (TC) transports vitamin B12 from blood into cells. TC II deficiency is a rare autosomal recessive disorder. It is characterized by failure to thrive, diarrhoea, pallor, anaemia, pancytopenia or ...

    Authors: Shihong Zhan, Fangfang Cheng, Hailong He, Shaoyan Hu and Xing Feng

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:460

    Content type: Case report

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  12. The emergence and spread of multidrug-resistant gram-negative bacteria (MDR) has become a major public health concern worldwide. This resistance is caused by enzymes-mediated genes (i.e., extended spectrum bet...

    Authors: René Dembélé, Ali Konaté, Oumar Traoré, Wendpoulomdé A. D. Kaboré, Issiaka Soulama, Assèta Kagambèga, Alfred S. Traoré, Nathalie K. Guessennd, Awa Aidara-Kane, Amy Gassama-Sow and Nicolas Barro

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:459

    Content type: Research article

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  13. There is growing concern as regards the emergence of metabolic disorders among children living with the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) worldwide. However, there is paucity of data on the correlates of meta...

    Authors: Ijeoma Onyinye Ohuche, Ugo Nnenna Chikani, Elizabeth Eberechi Oyenusi, Justus Uchenna Onu and Abiola Oduwole

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:458

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Hirschsprung-associated enterocolitis (HAEC) is the most severe and potentially lethal complication of Hirschsprung disease (HSCR) which might occur following definitive surgery. Our objectives were: 1) to com...

    Authors: Gunadi, Afnandito Valeno Risky Sukarelawanto, Azmi Ritana, Naisya Balela, Wayan Julita Krisnanti Putri, Dian Nirmala Sirait, Vincentia Meta Widya Paramita, Andika Purba Sasmita, Andi Dwihantoro and Akhmad Makhmudi

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:457

    Content type: Research article

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  15. X-linked lymphoproliferative disease (XLP) is a rare inherited X-linked primary immunodeficiency diseases (PID). One such disease, X-linked inhibitor of apoptosis protein (XIAP) deficiency, is characterized by...

    Authors: Ru-Yue Chen, Xiao-Zhong Li, Qiang Lin, Yun Zhu, Yun-Yan Shen, Qin-Ying Xu, Xue-Ming Zhu, Zhen-Jiang Bai and Ying Li

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:456

    Content type: Case report

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  16. Childhood obesity represents a serious global health crisis. Apelin and its receptor system are widely distributed throughout the central nervous system and have been demonstrated to serve a role modulating fe...

    Authors: Kanjana Suriyaprom, Banchamaphon Pheungruang, Rungsunn Tungtrongchitr and Orn-uma Y. Sroijit

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:455

    Content type: Research article

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  17. The Global Trigger Tool (GTT),which is a method using “triggers” to review medical record retrospectively to identify possible adverse events. Several studies showed that the GTT was effective. However, there ...

    Authors: Yi Liu, Junfeng Yan, Yunfei Xie and Yuan Bian

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:454

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Body mass index (BMI) and skeletal age (SA) are important indicators of individual growth and maturation. Although the results have not been unified, most studies indicated that accelerated skeletal maturation...

    Authors: Dandan Ke, Dajiang Lu, Guang Cai, Jing Zhang, Xiaofei Wang and Koya Suzuki

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:452

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Effects of zinc with and without iron co-supplementation on child development are uncertain therefore the aims of this systematic review were to explore whether supplementation with zinc alone and zinc with ir...

    Authors: Firoozeh Sajedi, Soheila Shahshahani, Hesam Ghiasvand, Zahra Mosallanezhad and Shiva Fatollahierad

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:451

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Young children and those with chronic medical conditions are at risk for complications of influenza including cardiopulmonary compromise. Here we aim to examine risks of mortality, clinical complications in ch...

    Authors: Laxmi V. Ghimire, Fu-Sheng Chou and Anita J. Moon-Grady

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:450

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is becoming increasingly prevalent of late. Methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) has a significant role in folate metabolism. Owing to the inconsistencies and inconclusive...

    Authors: Yan Li, Shuang Qiu, Jikang Shi, Yanbo Guo, Zhijun Li, Yi Cheng and Yawen Liu

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:449

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Haemoptysis is an uncommon presenting symptom in children and is usually caused by acute lower respiratory tract infection or foreign body aspiration. We report a rare case of right unilateral pulmonary vein a...

    Authors: Martin Ngie Liong Wong, Ing Ping Tang, Yek Kee Chor, Kiew Siong Lau, Anne Rachel John, King Ching Hii, Olive Pei Yi Lee, Wooi Kok Lim and Hannah Pei Koon Tan

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:448

    Content type: Case report

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  23. In order to achieve improved weight status, behavioral pediatric obesity treatment is resource intensive. Mobile Health (mHealth) is more accessible than standard care but effective approaches are scarce. Ther...

    Authors: Linnea Johansson, Emilia Hagman and Pernilla Danielsson

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:447

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Type 1 diabetes (T1D) is caused by immune-mediated destruction of the β-cells. After initiation of insulin therapy many patients experience a period of improved residual β-cell function leading to partial dise...

    Authors: Anne Julie Overgaard, Jens Otto Broby Madsen, Flemming Pociot, Jesper Johannesen and Joachim Størling

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:446

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Extravasation injury resulting from intravenous therapies delivered via peripheral intravenous catheters or umbilical and peripherally inserted central venous catheters is a common iatrogenic complication occu...

    Authors: Kam Ming Chan, Janita Pak Chun Chau, Kai Chow Choi, Genevieve Po Gee Fung, Wai Wa Lui, Meme Suk Ying Chan and Suzanne Hoi Shan Lo

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:445

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Citrin deficiency (CD) is a recessive metabolic disease caused by biallelic pathogenic variants in SLC25A13. Although previous studies have reported ketosis in CD, it was observed at the time of euglycemia or mil...

    Authors: Yoichi Wada, Natsuko Arai-Ichinoi, Atsuo Kikuchi, Osamu Sakamoto and Shigeo Kure

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:444

    Content type: Case report

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  27. Biting objects was a parafunctional oral habit among children with special care needs. Chewing or biting toothbrushes could expedite the process of toothbrush wear. However, few studies evaluated the deteriora...

    Authors: Ni Zhou, Hai Ming Wong and Colman McGrath

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:443

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Strong evidence for a causal role of environmental factors in a congenital anomaly is still difficult to produce. The collection of statistical data is crucial for gaining a better understanding of the epidemi...

    Authors: Arthur Lauriot Dit Prevost, Michael Genin, Florent Occelli, René-Hilaire Priso, Remi Besson, Caroline Lanier and Dyuti Sharma

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:442

    Content type: Research article

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  29. In populations above 3,000 meters above sea level (m.a.s.l.) normal values of oxygen saturation (SpO2) above 90% have been reported. Few studies have been conducted in cities of moderate altitude (between 2,50...

    Authors: Vinicio Andrade, Felipe Andrade, Pablo Riofrio, Fúlvio B. Nedel, Miguel Martin and Natalia Romero-Sandoval

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:440

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Managing children with minor head trauma remains challenging for physicians who evaluate for the need for computed tomography (CT) imaging for clinically important traumatic brain injury (ciTBI) identification...

    Authors: Rasha D. Sawaya, Cynthia Wakil, Adonis Wazir, Sami Shayya, Iskandar Berbari, Rawan Safa, Maha Makki, Mahdi Hamade and Hani Tamim

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:439

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Drooling is common in children with neurological disorders, but its management is very challenging, Scopolamine transdermal patch (STP) appears to be useful in controlling drooling, although it is not approved...

    Authors: Majed Al Jeraisy, Maissa AlFuraih, Raghad AlSaif, Bushra AlKhalifah, Hazza AlOtaibi and Mostafa A. Abolfotouh

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:437

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Lead is a toxic metal that affects almost every organ in the body. Children are more susceptible to lead toxicity because they ingest non-food items (pica), have oral exploratory habits, absorb more substantia...

    Authors: Mahmoud Zardast, Seyedeh Samira Khorashadi-Zadeh, Samaneh Nakhaee, Alireza Amirabadizadeh and Omid Mehrpour

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:435

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Inhaled hypertonic saline (HS) has shown benefit in decreasing airway edema in acute bronchiolitis which is the most common lower respiratory infection resulting in dyspnea among infants under 2 years old. The...

    Authors: Chia-Wen Hsieh, Chiehfeng Chen, Hui-Chuan Su and Kee-Hsin Chen

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:434

    Content type: Research article

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  34. A commonly held public belief is that cow’s milk products increase mucus production and respiratory symptoms. Dietary milk elimination is often attempted despite lack of evidence. Our objective was to investig...

    Authors: Yael Koren, Keren Armoni Domany, Guy Gut, Amir Hadanny, Shira Benor, Oren Tavor and Yakov Sivan

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:433

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Infants in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) are particularly susceptible to healthcare-associated infections (HAIs). NICUs in low- and middle income countries face additional challenges to HAI preventio...

    Authors: Carter Cowden, Lawrence Mwananyanda, Davidson H. Hamer, Susan E. Coffin, Monica L. Kapasa, Sylvia Machona and Julia E. Szymczak

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:432

    Content type: Research article

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  36. The aim of this study was to investigate the differences in objectively measured physical activity and in self-reported physical activity between overweight and normal-weight children.

    Authors: Janneke van Leeuwen, Bart W. Koes, Winifred D. Paulis, Patrick J. E. Bindels and Marienke van Middelkoop

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:431

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Ultrasonography is commonly used to diagnose left ventricular noncompaction (LVNC). A ratio of noncompacted to compacted myocardium (NC/C ratio) > >2 is often used to diagnose LVNC. However, a large proportion...

    Authors: Yi Gan, Li Luo, Jie Tian, Lingjuan Liu and Tiewei Lu

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:430

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Central and peripheral nervous system symptoms and complications are being increasingly recognized among individuals with pandemic SARS-CoV-2 infections, but actual detection of the virus or its RNA in the cen...

    Authors: Bishara J. Freij, Bassam M. Gebara, Rabail Tariq, Ay-Ming Wang, John Gibson, Nidal El-Wiher, Graham Krasan, Paul M. Patek, Kelly A. Levasseur, Mitual Amin and Joseph M. Fullmer

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:429

    Content type: Case report

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  39. In order for infants and toddlers to meet recommended movement guidelines, their caregivers need to encourage play daily. This study used a qualitative approach to understand how mothers perceive and promote p...

    Authors: Alessandra Prioreschi, Stephanie Victoria Wrottesley, Wiedaad Slemming, Emmanuel Cohen and Shane Anthony Norris

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:428

    Content type: Research article

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  40. The COVID-19 pandemic has disrupted healthcare systems worldwide. In addition to the direct impact of the virus on patient morbidity and mortality, the effect of lockdown strategies on health and healthcare ut...

    Authors: Christian Dopfer, Martin Wetzke, Anna Zychlinsky Scharff, Frank Mueller, Frank Dressler, Ulrich Baumann, Michael Sasse, Gesine Hansen, Alexandra Jablonka and Christine Happle

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:427

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Micronutrient deficiencies are identified among obese individuals. Vitamin D deficiency (VDD) is prevalent in obese children, and is hypothesized to cause insulin resistance and metabolic abnormalities. This s...

    Authors: D. B. D. L. Samaranayake, S. G. S. Adikaram, N. Atapattu, K. M. D. L. D. Kendaragama, J. T. N. Senevirathne, H. D. Jayasekera and V. P. Wickramasinghe

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:426

    Content type: Research article

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  42. To date, the gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) stimulation test is still the gold standard for precocious puberty (PP) diagnosis. However, it has many disadvantages, including low sensitivity, high cost, a...

    Authors: Su Wu, Yan Yang, Yujiao Wang, Qianqi Liu, Ziyang Zhu and Wei Gu

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:425

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Fluid therapy is a cornerstone of pediatric intensive care medicine. We aimed at quantifying the load of water, sodium and chloride due to different fluid indications in our pediatric intensive care unit (PICU...

    Authors: Thomas Langer, Veronica D’Oria, Giulia C. I. Spolidoro, Giovanna Chidini, Stefano Scalia Catenacci, Tiziana Marchesi, Marta Guerrini, Andrea Cislaghi, Carlo Agostoni, Antonio Pesenti and Edoardo Calderini

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:424

    Content type: Research article

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  44. The presence of low or hypo glycaemia in children upon admission to hospital in low income countries is a marker for poor outcome. Fasting during illness may contribute to low blood glucose and caretakers’ fee...

    Authors: Fatsani Ngwalangwa, Chawanangwa Mahebere Chirambo, Cecilia Lindsjö, Queen Dube, Josephine Langton, Tim Baker and Helena Hildenwall

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:423

    Content type: Research article

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  45. Diaphragmatic dysfunction (DD) has a great negative impact on clinical outcomes, and it is a well-recognized complication in adult patients with critical illness. However, DD is largely unexplored in the critical...

    Authors: Yang Xue, Chun-Feng Yang, Yu Ao, Ji Qi and Fei-Yong Jia

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:422

    Content type: Research article

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  46. Accurate anthropometric measurements are essential for assessing nutritional status, monitoring child growth, and informing clinical care. We aimed to improve height measurements of hospitalized pediatrics pat...

    Authors: Priya M. Gupta, Emily Wieck, Joel Conkle, Kristina A. Betters, Anthony Cooley, Selena Yamasaki, Natasha Laibhen-Parkes and Parminder S. Suchdev

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:419

    Content type: Research article

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