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  1. Aboriginal children in remote Australia have high rates of complicated middle ear disease associated with Streptococcus pneumoniae and other pathogens. We assessed the effectiveness of pneumococcal vaccination...

    Authors: Grant Austin Mackenzie, Jonathan Rhys Carapetis, Amanda Jane Leach and Peter Stanley Morris

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2009 9:14

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Near term infants are a main part of preterms. They are at higher risk for mortality and morbidity than term infants and could show a quite different development of tone and reflexes from them. The aim of the ...

    Authors: Domenico MM Romeo, Matteo Cioni, Mariacristina Scoto, Filippo Palermo, Alessandra Pizzardi, Anna Sorge and Mario G Romeo

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2009 9:13

    Content type: Research article

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  3. In designing programs to raise the community level of awareness about childhood autism in sub-Saharan Africa, it is logical to use the primary healthcare workers as contact point for education of the general p...

    Authors: Muideen O Bakare, Peter O Ebigbo, Ahamefule O Agomoh, Julian Eaton, Gabriel M Onyeama, Kevin O Okonkwo, Jojo U Onwukwe, Monday N Igwe, Andrew O Orovwigho and Chinyere M Aguocha

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2009 9:12

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Rotavirus is the leading cause of severe diarrhea in young children and causes substantial morbidity and mortality. Although the clinical aspects have been well described, little information is available regar...

    Authors: T Christopher Mast, Carla DeMuro-Mercon, Claudia M Kelly, Leigh Ellen Floyd and Emmanuel B Walter

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2009 9:11

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Infantile colic is a self-limiting condition that is distributed worldwide. It is often misdiagnosed as an organic disease for which an infant is admitted to the hospital. Many studies have described the aetio...

    Authors: Kazeem A Oshikoya, Idowu O Senbanjo and Olisamedua F Njokanma

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2009 9:9

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Children with congenital heart defects (CHD) requiring open-heart surgery are a group at high risk for health-related sequelae. Little consensus exists regarding their long-term psychological adjustment (PA) a...

    Authors: Beatrice Latal, Susanne Helfricht, Joachim E Fischer, Urs Bauersfeld and Markus A Landolt

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2009 9:6

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Early onset bacterial sepsis is a feared complication of the newborn. A large proportion of infants admitted to the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) for suspected sepsis receive treatment with potent system...

    Authors: Tonje Reier-Nilsen, Teresa Farstad, Britt Nakstad, Vigdis Lauvrak and Martin Steinbakk

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2009 9:5

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Rapamycin is an effective immunosuppressant widely used to maintain the renal allograft in pediatric patients. Linear growth may be adversely affected in young children since rapamycin has potent anti-prolifer...

    Authors: Cheryl P Sanchez and Yu-Zhu He

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2009 9:3

    Content type: Research article

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  9. The choice of infant feeding method is important for HIV-positive mothers in order to optimise the chance of survival of their infants and to minimise the risk of HIV transmission. The aim of this study was to...

    Authors: Lars T Fadnes, Ingunn MS Engebretsen, Henry Wamani, Jonathan Wangisi, James K Tumwine and Thorkild Tylleskär

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2009 9:2

    Content type: Research article

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  10. This paper reports the findings of a South Australian qualitative, exploratory study of children and young people living with a chronic disease, and their perceptions and experiences of physical activity. The ...

    Authors: Jennifer Fereday, Colin MacDougall, Marianne Spizzo, Philip Darbyshire and Wendy Schiller

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2009 9:1

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Selective dorsal rhizotomy (SDR) is a well accepted neurosurgical procedure performed for the relief of spasticity interfering with motor function in children with spastic cerebral palsy (CP). The goal is to i...

    Authors: Eva Nordmark, Annika Lundkvist Josenby, Jan Lagergren, Gert Andersson, Lars-Göran Strömblad and Lena Westbom

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2008 8:54

    Content type: Research article

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  12. The introduction of combination antiretroviral therapy (ART) has resulted in striking reductions in HIV-related mortality. Despite increased availability of ART, children remain a neglected population. This ma...

    Authors: Sibhatu Biadgilign, Amare Deribew, Alemayehu Amberbir and Kebede Deribe

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2008 8:53

    Content type: Research article

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  13. To achieve good clinical outcomes with HAART, patient adherence to treatment and care is a key factor. Since the literature on how to care for pediatric HIV patients is limited, we describe here adherence inte...

    Authors: Joelle Van Winghem, Barbara Telfer, Tony Reid, Judith Ouko, Angela Mutunga, Zaina Jama and Shobha Vakil

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2008 8:52

    Content type: Correspondence

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  14. Kangaroo care (KC) has been widely using to improve the care of low birth weight infants. However, very little is known about cerebral hemodynamics responses in low birth weight infants during KC intervention....

    Authors: Esmot Ara Begum, Motoki Bonno, Noriko Ohtani, Shigeko Yamashita, Shigeki Tanaka, Hatsumi Yamamoto, Masatoshi Kawai and Yoshihiro Komada

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2008 8:51

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Cerebral palsy (CP) is the most common cause of physical disability in children but its impact on quality of life is not well understood. This study examined participation in everyday activities among children...

    Authors: Vicki Mc Manus, Paul Corcoran and Ivan J Perry

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2008 8:50

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Methamphetamine (MA) is a potent stimulant that is readily available. Its effects are similar to cocaine, but the drug has a profile associated with increased acute and chronic toxicities. The objective of thi...

    Authors: Kelly Russell, Donna M Dryden, Yuanyuan Liang, Carol Friesen, Kathleen O'Gorman, Tamara Durec, T Cameron Wild and Terry P Klassen

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2008 8:48

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Life at altitude depends on adaptation to ambient hypoxia. In the Andes, susceptibility to chronic mountain sickness (CMS), a clinical condition that occurs to native highlanders or to sea level natives with p...

    Authors: Luis Huicho, Guoqiang Xing, Clifford Qualls, María Rivera-Ch, Jorge L Gamboa, Ajay Verma and Otto Appenzeller

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2008 8:47

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Prevention of serious infections in preterm infants is a challenge, since prematurity and low birth weight often requires many interventions and high utility of devices. Furthermore, the possibility to adminis...

    Authors: Elisabeth AM Westerbeek, Ruurd M van Elburg, Anemone van den Berg, Jolice van den Berg, Jos WR Twisk, Willem PF Fetter and Harrie N Lafeber

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2008 8:46

    Content type: Study protocol

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  19. Osteomyelitis can be difficult to diagnose and there has previously not been a prospective approach to identify all children in a defined geographic area. The aim of this study was to assess the annual inciden...

    Authors: Øystein Rolandsen Riise, Eva Kirkhus, Kai Samson Handeland, Berit Flatø, Tor Reiseter, Milada Cvancarova, Britt Nakstad and Karl-Olaf Wathne

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2008 8:45

    Content type: Research article

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  20. An increasing prevalence of overweight and obesity has been documented in preschool children in Ho Chi Minh City (HCMC), Vietnam. However, little is known about what preschool children in HCMC eat or how well ...

    Authors: Dieu TT Huynh, Michael J Dibley, David W Sibbritt and Hanh TM Tran

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2008 8:44

    Content type: Research article

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  21. The hemorrhagic shock and encephalopathy syndrome (HSES) is a devastating disease that affects young children. The outcomes of HSES patients are often fatal or manifesting severe neurological sequelae. We revi...

    Authors: Hiroshi Rinka, Takeshi Yoshida, Tetsushi Kubota, Miho Tsuruwa, Akihiro Fuke, Akira Yoshimoto, Masanori Kan, Dai Miyazaki, Hideki Arimoto, Toshinori Miyaichi, Arito Kaji, Satoru Miyamoto, Ichiro Kuki and Masashi Shiomi

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2008 8:43

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Overweight and obesity are increasing among children all over the world. Socio-economic factors may influence the development of overweight and obesity in childhood, and it has been proposed that breastfeeding...

    Authors: Karina Huus, Jonas F Ludvigsson, Karin Enskär and Johnny Ludvigsson

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2008 8:42

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Until recently, strength training in children with cerebral palsy (CP) was considered to be inappropriate, because it could lead to increased spasticity or abnormal movement patterns. However, the results of r...

    Authors: Vanessa A Scholtes, Annet J Dallmeijer, Eugene A Rameckers, Olaf Verschuren, Els Tempelaars, Maartje Hensen and Jules G Becher

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2008 8:41

    Content type: Study protocol

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  24. Although a number of studies have shown good results in treating children with antiretroviral drugs (ARVs) in hospital settings, there is limited published information on results in pediatric programs that are...

    Authors: Johan van Griensven, Ludwig De Naeyer, Jeanine Uwera, Anita Asiimwe, Claire Gazille and Tony Reid

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2008 8:39

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Very low birthweight infants are at risk for deficits in cognitive and language development, as well as attention and behaviour problems. Maternal sensitive behaviour (i.e. awareness of infant cues and appropr...

    Authors: Phyllis Zelkowitz, Nancy Feeley, Ian Shrier, Robyn Stremler, Ruta Westreich, David Dunkley, Russell Steele, Zeev Rosberger, Francine Lefebvre and Apostolos Papageorgiou

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2008 8:38

    Content type: Study protocol

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  26. The diagnosis of infantile hypertrophic pyloric stenosis (IHPS), although traditionally clinical, is now increasingly dependent on radiological corroboration. The rate of negative exploration in IHPS has been ...

    Authors: Dhanya Mullassery, Sreelakshmi Mallappa, Raheel Shariff, Ross J Craigie, Paul D Losty, Simon E Kenny, David Pilling and Colin T Baillie

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2008 8:37

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Food allergy prevalence is increasing in US children. Presently, the primary means of preventing potentially fatal reactions are avoidance of allergens, prompt recognition of food allergy reactions, and knowle...

    Authors: Ruchi S Gupta, Jennifer S Kim, Julia A Barnathan, Laura B Amsden, Lakshmi S Tummala and Jane L Holl

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2008 8:36

    Content type: Research article

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  28. It is generally assumed that most patients with celiac disease (CD) have a slowed growth in terms of length (or height) and weight. However, the effectiveness of slowed growth as a tool for identifying childre...

    Authors: Paula van Dommelen, Floor K Grote, Wilma Oostdijk, Sabine MPF de Muinck Keizer-Schrama, Bart Boersma, Gerard M Damen, Cassandra G Csizmadia, Paul H Verkerk, Jan M Wit and Stef van Buuren

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2008 8:35

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Antiretroviral therapy (ART) dramatically improves outcomes for children in Africa; however excellent adherence is required for treatment success. This study describes the utility of different measures of adhe...

    Authors: Mary-Ann Davies, Andrew Boulle, Tanzeem Fakir, James Nuttall and Brian Eley

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2008 8:34

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Henoch Schonlein purpura (HSP) is a common vasculitis of small vessels whereas endothelin-1 (ET-1) is usually reported elevated in vasculities and systematic inflammation. The aim of the present study was to i...

    Authors: S Fessatou, P Nicolaidou, D Gourgiotis, H Georgouli, K Douros, M Moustaki and A Fretzayas

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2008 8:33

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Otitis media (OM) is the most common paediatric illness for which antibiotics are prescribed. In Australian Aboriginal children OM is frequently asymptomatic and starts at a younger age, is more common and mor...

    Authors: Deborah Lehmann, Sharon Weeks, Peter Jacoby, Dimity Elsbury, Janine Finucane, Annette Stokes, Ruth Monck and Harvey Coates

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2008 8:32

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Obesity is a one of the most common nutritional disorder worldwide, clearly associated with the metabolic syndrome, condition with implications for the development of many chronic diseases.

    Authors: Margoth Caceres, Carlos G Teran, Susana Rodriguez and Marcos Medina

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2008 8:31

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Assessment of 'potential intellectual ability' of children with severe intellectual disability (ID) is limited, as current tests designed for normal children do not maintain their interest. Thus a manual puzzle v...

    Authors: Katrina D Bello, Nahal Goharpey, Sheila G Crewther and David P Crewther

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2008 8:30

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Numerous short-statured children are evaluated for growth hormone (GH) deficiency (GHD). In most patients, GH provocative tests are normal and are thus in retrospect unnecessary.

    Authors: Laëtitia Duché, Christine Trivin, Wassim Chemaitilly, Jean Claude Souberbielle, Gérard Bréart, Raja Brauner and Martin Chalumeau

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2008 8:29

    Content type: Research article

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  35. It is sometimes difficult to distinguish between premature thelarche and precocious puberty in girls who develop breasts before the age of 8 years. We evaluated the frequencies of the signs associated with bre...

    Authors: Géraldine Prété, Ana-Claudia Couto-Silva, Christine Trivin and Raja Brauner

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2008 8:27

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Infants born at extreme prematurity are at high risk of developmental disability. A major risk factor for disability is having a low level of thyroid hormone described as hypothyroxinaemia, which is recognised...

    Authors: Sze M Ng, Mark A Turner, Carrol Gamble, Mohammed Didi, Suresh Victor, Christina Malamateniou, Laura M Parkes, Anna Tietze, Lloyd Gregory, Vanessa Sluming, Laurence Abernethy and Alan M Weindling

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2008 8:26

    Content type: Study protocol

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  37. To reduce the risk of brain damage children with acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL) are nowadays mainly treated with intrathecal chemotherapy (ITC) instead of central nervous system (CNS) radiation therapy (C...

    Authors: Jaap Huisman, Eline J Aukema, Jan Berend Deijen, Silvia CCM van Coeverden, Gertjan JL Kaspers, Heleen JH van der Pal and Henriette A Delemarre-van de Waal

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2008 8:25

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Changes and relationships of components of the cytokine and IGF systems have been shown in placenta and cord serum of fetal growth restricted (FGR) compared with normal newborns (AGA). This study aimed to anal...

    Authors: Maria E Street, Enzo Grossi, Cecilia Volta, Elena Faleschini and Sergio Bernasconi

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2008 8:24

    Content type: Research article

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  39. For children at high risk of chronic suppurative otitis media (CSOM), strategies to prevent acute otitis media with perforation (AOMwiP) may reduce progression to CSOM.

    Authors: Amanda J Leach, Peter S Morris and John D Mathews

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2008 8:23

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Severe malnutrition in childhood associated with HIV infection presents a serious humanitarian and public health challenge in Southern Africa. The aim of this study was to collect country wide data on HIV infe...

    Authors: Susan Thurstans, Marko Kerac, Kenneth Maleta, Theresa Banda and Anne Nesbitt

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2008 8:22

    Content type: Research article

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  41. As abnormal growth might be the first manifestation of undetected diseases, it is important to have accurate referral criteria and a proper diagnostic work-up. In the present paper we evaluate the diagnostic w...

    Authors: Floor K Grote, Wilma Oostdijk, Sabine MPF De Muinck Keizer-Schrama, Paula van Dommelen, Stef van Buuren, Friedo W Dekker, Arnoldus G Ketel, Henriette A Moll and Jan M Wit

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2008 8:21

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Persistent arterial dysfunction in patients with a history of Kawasaki disease (KD) and an integral role of oxidative stress in the development of cardiovascular disease are increasingly recognized. We sought ...

    Authors: Yiu-fai Cheung, Karmin O, Connie WH Woo, Stephanie Armstrong, Yaw L Siow, Pak-cheong Chow and Eddie WY Cheung

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2008 8:20

    Content type: Research article

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  43. The child growth standards released by the World Health Organization (WHO) in 2006 have several technical advantages over the previous 1977 National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS)/WHO reference and are re...

    Authors: Hong Yang and Mercedes de Onis

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2008 8:19

    Content type: Research article

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