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  1. H-type Tracheoesophageal Fistula (TEF) is a particular type of congenital esophageal anomalies, in which patients present with non-specific symptoms that can result in delayed diagnosis. Here, we report two pe...

    Authors: Amirhossein Hosseini, Reza Sinaei, Mehrnoush Hassas Yeganeh, Masoud Ghanbari Boroujeni, Naghi Dara, Saeed Sadr, Abolfazl Iranikhah and Mohsen Rouzrokh
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:308
  2. Identifying pain in infants is challenging due to their inability to self-report pain, therefore the availability of valid and reliable means of assessing pain is critical.

    Authors: Diana Arabiat, Evalotte Mörelius, Kreshnik Hoti and Jeffery Hughes
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:307
  3. The long-term effects of a Cesarean section (CS) birth on child neurodevelopment are of increasing interest. In this study, we examined the associations between mode of delivery and presence of neurodevelopmen...

    Authors: Taketoshi Yoshida, Kenta Matsumura, Takehiro Hatakeyama and Hidekuni Inadera
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:306
  4. Authors: Ya-sen Wang, Wei Shen, Qing Yang, Rong Lin, Li-xia Tang, Rui-miao Bai, Dong Yang, Juan Zhang, Yi-jia Zhang, Wen-ting Yu, Shi-rong Song, Juan Kong, Si-yu Song, Jian Mao, Xiao-mei Tong, Zhan-kui Li…
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:305

    The original article was published in BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:250

  5. Bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) is the most common chronic pulmonary disease in premature infants. Blood proteins may be early predictors of the development of this disease.

    Authors: Wanting Ou, KeJing Lei, Huanhuan Wang, Hongmei Ma, Xiaojuan Deng, Pengcheng He, Liping Zhao, Youdao Lv, Guohong Tang, Benjin Zhang and Jie Li
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:304
  6. Bloodstream infection (BSI) caused by Klebsiella pneumoniae (KP), is a leading cause of hospital-associated childhood mortality. There are limited data on how poor outcomes of KPBSI can be predicted in poorly res...

    Authors: Johanna T Shapaka, Rudzani Muloiwa and Heloise Buys
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:302
  7. The incidence of tonsillopharyngitis is especially prevalent in children. Despite the fact that viruses cause the majority of infections, antibiotics are frequently used as a treatment, contrary to internation...

    Authors: Andrea Tímea Takács, Mátyás Bukva, Csaba Bereczki, Katalin Burián and Gabriella Terhes
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:301
  8. Childhood obesity is a major cardiovascular risk factor because it predisposes individuals to comorbidities that are implicated in an increased risk of cardiovascular events. Its origin may be related to poor ...

    Authors: Fernanda Gabriela Colombo Drumond Santos, Mariana Godoy-Leite, Eduardo Augusto Resende Penido, Kennad Alves Ribeiro, Maria da Gloria Rodrigues-Machado and Bruno Almeida Rezende
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:299
  9. Infants born between 34 weeks and 36 weeks and 6 days of gestation are defined as late preterm infants (LPIs), and they account for approximately 74% of all premature births. Preterm birth (PB) remains the lea...

    Authors: Nina Mekic, Amela Selimovic, Almira Cosickic, Majda Mehmedovic, Devleta Hadzic, Evlijana Zulic, Sehveta Mustafic and Amra Serak
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:298
  10. At least 85% of unplanned admissions to critical care wards for children and young people (CYP) are associated with clinical deterioration. CYP and their families play an integral role in the recognition of de...

    Authors: Takawira C. Marufu, Nicola Taylor, Shannon Cresham Fox, Rachel Boardman and Joseph C. Manning
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:297
  11. Vancomycin (VCM) is a widely used antibiotic for the treatment of gram-positive microorganisms, with some nephrotoxic effects. Recent studies have suggested that piperacillin-tazobactam (TZP) aggravates VCM-in...

    Authors: Baek Sup Shin, Seung Han Shin, Seul Gi Park, Ee-Kyung Kim and Han-Suk Kim
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:296
  12. Despite the great steadfastness that Syria has achieved in the face of more than a decade of stifling crisis followed by the global COVID-19 pandemic, the heavy impacts of these long rough years are certain an...

    Authors: Seba Harphoush, Bashar Shahood, Ihab Harphoush, Doris Abra Awudi, Shakeel Ahmad, Margaret Zaitoun, Makhala Mary Weeto and Zhong Li
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:295
  13. The under-five mortality rate is a reliable indicator of a country’s general level of development and the wellbeing of its children. Life expectancy is a good indicator of a population’s standard of living.

    Authors: Meseret Girma, Hiwot Eshete, Rahel Asrat, Mignote Gebremichael, Dereje Getahun and Tadesse Awoke
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:294
  14. Foramen ovale (FO) is an obligate fetal shunt that typically resolves after birth, although patency throughout life is not uncommon. The natural history of patent FO (PFO) is known in term infants, but less is...

    Authors: Sheema Gaffar, Bijan Siassi, Rowena Cayabyab, Mahmood Ebrahimi, Lorayne Barton, Merujan Uzunyan and Rangasamy Ramanathan
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:293
  15. Thrombosis is a serious condition in children and neonates. However, the risk factors for thrombosis have not been conclusively determined. This study aimed to identify the risk factors for thrombosis in child...

    Authors: Shuang Song, Zhuowei Li, Guozhen Zhao, Xintong Li, Runying Wang, Bo Li and Qingquan Liu
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:292
  16. Congenital Heart diseases (CHDs) account for 1/3rd of all congenital birth defects. Etiopathogenesis of CHDs remain elusive despite extensive investigations globally. Phenotypic heterogeneity witnessed in this...

    Authors: Prachi Kukshal, Radha O Joshi, Ajay Kumar, Shadab Ahamad, Prabhatha Rashmi Murthy, Yogesh Sathe, Krishna Manohar, Soma Guhathakurta and Subramanian Chellappan
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:290
  17. Family-centered rounds (FCR) are fundamental to pediatric inpatient care. During the COVID-19 pandemic, we aimed to design and implement a virtual family-centered rounds (vFCR) process that allowed continuatio...

    Authors: Melanie Buba, Catherine Dulude, Roisin O’Donnell, Anne Rowan-Legg, Megan Sloan, Matthew Nelson and W. James King
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:289
  18. In limited resource settings, identification of factors that predict the occurrence of pulmonary hypertension(PH) in children with atrial septal defect(ASD) is important to decide which patients should be prio...

    Authors: Indah K Murni, Taichi Kato, Muhammad Taufik Wirawan, Nadya Arafuri, Kristia Hermawan, Anggoro Budi Hartopo, Dyah Wulan Anggrahini, Sasmito Nugroho, Noormanto Noormanto, Noriaki Emoto and Lucia Kris Dinarti
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:288
  19. The Haematological Reference Intervals (RIs) are prone to vary on the basis of various factors such as altitude, age, sex, socioeconomic status, etc. These values play a major role in laboratory data interpret...

    Authors: Keyur Sabnis, Swati Ghanghurde, Akash Shukla, Dhriti Sukheja and Mohit V. Rojekar
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:287
  20. Suboptimal vitamin D status is common in people with celiac disease (CeD), a disease that can be characterized by the presence of serum anti-tissue transglutaminase antibodies (TG2A) (i.e., TG2A positivity). T...

    Authors: Laura A. van der Velde, Sanne A. Beth, Trudy Voortman, Menno C. van Zelm, Henriette A. Moll and Jessica C. Kiefte-de Jong
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:286
  21. Inborn errors of amino acid metabolism are chronic conditions that have many sequels. Mothers of these children are facing different challenges which are underdetermined. This study was done to explore lived e...

    Authors: Sara Shirdelzade, Monir Ramezani, Peyman Eshraghi and Abbas Heydari
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:285

    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:309

  22. Mother-To-Child-Transmission (MTCT) of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) occurs during pregnancy, delivery and breastfeeding, and cause infection among several new-borns. However, there is limited recent evid...

    Authors: Gadissa Gutema, Habteyes Hailu Tola, Dinka Fikadu, Dereje Leta, Birra Bejiga, Jaleta Bulti Tura, Saro Abdella and Hassen Mamo
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:283
  23. Upstream infection with vaginal flora can develop into tubal endothelial damage and tubal edema, which can lead to tubal obstruction and fallopian tube abscess if left untreated. Fallopian tube abscess in adol...

    Authors: Xi-Feng He, Xiu-Ping Du and Cui-Feng Qiao
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:282
  24. Children with spina bifida (SB) may have congenital or acquired foot deformities due to neurological defects in the spinal cord. As the musculoskeletal system keeps growing, foot deformities can develop or bec...

    Authors: Hyeseon Yun, Eun Kyoung Choi, Hyun Woo Kim, Jeong Sook Ha, Doo Sung Kim and Kun-Bo Park
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:281
  25. Advances in medicine have improved the chances of survival following burn injuries, however, psychosocial outcomes have not seen the same improvement, and burn injuries can be distressing for both the child or...

    Authors: Alix Woolard, Nicole Wickens, Lisa McGivern, Patricia de Gouveia Belinelo, Lisa Martin, Fiona Wood, Elmie Janse van Rensburg and Helen Milroy
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:280
  26. In recent years, the positive effect of non-pharmacological methods such as listening to music in reducing the level of anxiety of hospitalized patients has been reported. This study aimed to determine the eff...

    Authors: Ashrafalsadat Hakim, Seyedeh Shima Hosseini Kaldozkhi, Ashraf Tashakori and Saeed Ghanbari
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:279

    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:314

  27. Interferon-gamma receptor deficiency is a heterogeneous spectrum of disease which involves mutations in IFNGR1, IFNGR2 genes, and the downstream signaling proteins such as STAT1. These mutations are associated wi...

    Authors: Hossein Esmaeilzadeh, Zahra Chavoshzadeh, Seyed Hesamedin Nabavizadeh, Soheila Alyasin, Ali Amanati and Aida Askarisarvestani
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:278
  28. Stunting is a syndrome that begins at conception and leads to severe, irreversible physiological, physical and cognitive damage as an irreversible consequence of nutritional deficiencies and recurrent infectio...

    Authors: Gizu Tola, Andargachew Kassa, Melkamu Getu, Bekem Dibaba and Shambel Neggesse
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:276
  29. Neonatal hyperbilirubinemia (NH) is a major cause of hospitalization after birth. Previous studies indicated that vitamin D deficiency might play an important role in NH susceptibility, but the results were co...

    Authors: Weiwei Zhou, Ping Wang, Yanrui Bai, Ying Zhang, Jianbo Shu and Yang Liu
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:275
  30. A mobile health (mHealth) application can encourage parents and pediatric patients to be involved in caring for their child’s health condition by providing the ability to identify and actively manage chemothe...

    Authors: Dwi Novrianda, Elisabeth Siti Herini, Fitri Haryanti, Eddy Supriyadi and Lutfan Lazuardi
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:274
  31. Pyriform sinus fistulas (PSFs) are rare congenital anomalies of the third or fourth brachial pouch. Dyspnea is reportedly secondary to compression by a neck mass. However, hoarseness, as the first symptom of P...

    Authors: Toshifumi Otsuki, Ryoichi Onuma, Kohei Tonsho, Dai Saito, Hideyuki Sakai, Miki Kamimura, Yohei Watanabe, Noriko Kurihara, Eiichi Ishida and Satoru Kumaki
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:273
  32. Diarrhoea is one of the leading reasons for under-five child mortality and morbidity across the globe and especially in low- and middle-income countries like India. The present study aims to investigate and id...

    Authors: Koustav Ghosh, Atreyee Sinha Chakraborty and Shoummo SenGupta
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:272
  33. The longitudinal relation between parenting practices and styles with children’s body mass index z-scores (zBMI) is poorly understood. Previous studies suggest the relationship may be complex, but small sample...

    Authors: Lisa Kakinami, Prince Kevin Danieles, Fatemeh Hosseininasabnajar, Tracie A. Barnett, Mélanie Henderson, Andraea Van Hulst, Lisa A. Serbin, Dale M. Stack and Gilles Paradis
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:270
  34. Malnutrition in childhood has lasting consequences; its effects not only last a lifetime but are also passed down from generation to generation such as short stature, school-aged children are the most vulnerab...

    Authors: Mobina Zeinalabedini, Behzad Zamani, Ensieh Nasli-Esfahani and Leila Azadbakht
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:269
  35. The purpose of this systematic review was to appraise the literature on the association between preterm birth and developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH).

    Authors: Amirhossein Ghaseminejad-Raeini, Parmida Shahbazi, Ghazale Roozbahani, Amirmohammad Sharafi, Seyyed Hossein Shafiei, Yousof Fallah and Soroush Baghdadi
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:268
  36. The purpose of this study was to analyze the outcomes of the combination of ultrasound (US)-guided percutaneous external drainage and subsequent definitive operation to manage complicated choledochal cyst in c...

    Authors: Jiayu Yan, Chuankai Lv, Dan Zhang, Mingkang Zheng, Chunhui Peng, Wenbo Pang, Wei Chen, Siwei Wang, Xiaoman Wang and Yajun Chen
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:266
  37. To investigate the prevalence of hypertension in adolescents and children in the Taicang area and analyse related factors to provide a theoretical basis for the prevention and control of hypertension in this r...

    Authors: Zhongxing Lu, Yan Teng, Lifang Wang, Lishan Jia, Zhiyun Chen and Shouling Ding
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:265
  38. Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) can cause invasive infections with significant mortality in neonates. This study aimed to analyze the clinical characteristics and antibiotic resistance profiles...

    Authors: Xia Wu, Chuanqing Wang, Leiyan He, Hongmei Xu, Chunmei Jing, Yinghu Chen, Jikui Deng, Aiwei Lin, Huiling Deng, Huijun Cai, Yiping Chen, Jinhong Yang, Ting Zhang, Qing Cao, Jianhua Hao, Yuanyuan Huang…
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:264
  39. Childhood apraxia of speech (CAS) is a pediatric motor-based speech sound disorder that requires a specialized approach to intervention. The extant literature on the treatment of CAS commonly recommends intens...

    Authors: Jenya Iuzzini-Seigel, Julie Case, Maria I. Grigos, Shelley L. Velleman, Donna Thomas and Elizabeth Murray
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:263
  40. Allergic rhinitis (AR) affects 10–15% of children. Symptoms in seasonal AR are influenced by pollen exposure. Pollen counts vary throughout the pollen season and therefore, symptom severity fluctuates. This st...

    Authors: Ellen Tameeris, Arthur M. Bohnen, Patrick J. E. Bindels and Gijs Elshout
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:258

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