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  1. The gold standard to assess hyperbilirubinemia in neonates remains the serum bilirubin measurement. Unfortunately, this is invasive, painful, and costly. Bilimed®, a new transcutaneous bilirubinometer, suggests m...

    Authors: Tanja Karen, Hans Ulrich Bucher and Jean-Claude Fauchère

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2009 9:70

    Content type: Research article

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  2. To investigate determinants of antibiotic prescription in paediatric care, as a first step of a multilevel intervention to improve prescribing for common respiratory tract infections (RTIs) in a northern Itali...

    Authors: Maria Luisa Moro, Massimiliano Marchi, Carlo Gagliotti, Simona Di Mario and Davide Resi

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2009 9:69

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Knowledge about psychometric properties of the Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory (PedsQL) in the Netherlands is limited and Dutch reference data are lacking. Aim of the current study is to collect Dutch refe...

    Authors: Vivian Engelen, Marleen M Haentjens, Symone B Detmar, Hendrik M Koopman and Martha A Grootenhuis

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2009 9:68

    Content type: Research article

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  4. The World Health Organization recommends dry cord care for newborns but this recommendation may not be optimal in low resource settings where most births take place in an unclean environment and infections acc...

    Authors: Luke C Mullany, Shams El Arifeen, Peter J Winch, Rasheduzzaman Shah, Ishtiaq Mannan, Syed M Rahman, Mohammad R Rahman, Gary L Darmstadt, Saifuddin Ahmed, Mathuram Santosham, Robert E Black and Abdullah H Baqui

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2009 9:67

    Content type: Study protocol

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  5. Previous studies have shown that children's nonnutritive sucking habits may lead to delayed development of their oral anatomy and functioning. However, these findings were inconsistent. We investigated associa...

    Authors: Clarita Barbosa, Sandra Vasquez, Mary A Parada, Juan Carlos Velez Gonzalez, Chanaye Jackson, N David Yanez, Bizu Gelaye and Annette L Fitzpatrick

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2009 9:66

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Kawasaki Syndrome (KS) is an uncommon childhood disease with unknown etiology. It has been suggested that rotavirus infection may play a causative role in the development of KS.

    Authors: Adam MacNeil, Robert C Holman, Krista L Yorita, Claudia A Steiner, Umesh D Parashar and Ermias D Belay

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2009 9:65

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Adequate nutrition is needed to ensure optimum growth and development of infants and young children. Understanding of the risk factors for stunting and severe stunting among children aged less than five years ...

    Authors: Ramli, Kingsley E Agho, Kerry J Inder, Steven J Bowe, Jennifer Jacobs and Michael J Dibley

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2009 9:64

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Pregnancies complicated by abnormal umbilical artery Doppler blood flow patterns often result in the baby being born both preterm and growth-restricted. These babies are at high risk of milk intolerance and ne...

    Authors: Alison Leaf, Jon Dorling, Steve Kempley, Kenny McCormick, Paul Mannix and Peter Brocklehurst

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2009 9:63

    Content type: Study protocol

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  9. Integrated Management of Childhood Illness (IMCI) is a strategy to reduce mortality and morbidity in children under-5 years by improving management of common illnesses at primary level. IMCI has been shown to ...

    Authors: Christiane Horwood, Anna Voce, Kerry Vermaak, Nigel Rollins and Shamim Qazi

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2009 9:62

    Content type: Research article

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  10. the improved general therapy has led to reduced morbidity and mortality from Cystic Fibrosis (CF), and bone status may have a potentially greater clinical impact.

    Authors: Vincenzina Lucidi, Carla Bizzarri, Federico Alghisi, Sergio Bella, Beatrice Russo, Graziamaria Ubertini and Marco Cappa

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2009 9:61

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Integrated Management of Childhood Illness (IMCI) is a WHO/UNICEF strategy to improve child survival in resource poor settings. South Africa adopted IMCI in 1997, and IMCI guidelines were adapted to include id...

    Authors: Christiane Horwood, Kerry Vermaak, Nigel Rollins, Lyn Haskins, Phumla Nkosi and Shamim Qazi

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2009 9:59

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Many factors act simultaneously in childhood to influence health status, life chances and well being, including pre-birth influences, the environmental pollutants of early life, health status but also the soci...

    Authors: Stéphanie Vandentorren, Corinne Bois, Claudine Pirus, Hélène Sarter, Georges Salines and Henri Leridon

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2009 9:58

    Content type: Study protocol

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  13. This trial aims to evaluate effective delivery and cost effectiveness of an innovative structured psycho-educational programme (CASCADE) for young people and their families living with diabetes. The increase i...

    Authors: Deborah Christie, Vicki Strange, Elizabeth Allen, Sandy Oliver, Ian Chi Kei Wong, Felicity Smith, John Cairns, Rebecca Thompson, Peter Hindmarsh, Simon O'Neill, Christina Bull, Russell Viner and Diana Elbourne

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2009 9:57

    Content type: Study protocol

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  14. Bronchiolitis is a distressing, potentially life-threatening respiratory condition that affects infants. We evaluated the incidence and risk factors of hospitalization for broncholitis in preterm infants (i.e....

    Authors: Patrizio Pezzotti, Jessica Mantovani, Nicoletta Benincori, Eleonora Mucchino and Domenico Di Lallo

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2009 9:56

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Quality of life is recognized as an important additional outcome measure in clinical trials and health economic evaluations. The EQ-5D is an important generic health outcome instrument often used for economic ...

    Authors: Daniela Eidt-Koch, Thomas Mittendorf and Wolfgang Greiner

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2009 9:55

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Although HIV program evaluations focusing on mortality on ART provide important evidence on treatment effectiveness, they do not asses overall HIV program performance because they exclude patients who are elig...

    Authors: Marie-Eve Raguenaud, Petros Isaakidis, Rony Zachariah, Vantha Te, Seithabot Soeung, Kazumi Akao and Varun Kumar

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2009 9:54

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Disparities in child health outcomes persist despite advances in medical technology and increased global wealth. The social determinants of health approach is useful in explaining the disparities in health. Ou...

    Authors: Charlemaigne C Victorino and Anne H Gauthier

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2009 9:53

    Content type: Research article

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  18. After the introduction of the seven valent-pneumococcal conjugated vaccine into our National Immunization Program, it is important to establish and track local serotype distribution in order to evaluate its im...

    Authors: Arturo Abdelnour, Carolina Soley, Silvia Guevara, Nurith Porat, Ron Dagan and Adriano Arguedas

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2009 9:52

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Blood transfusion (BT) can be lifesaving for children; however, monitoring the quality of BT is important. The current study describes the quality of paediatric BT delivered in two district hospitals in north-...

    Authors: Dominic Mosha, Anja Poulsen, Hugh Reyburn, Elimsaada Kituma, Frank Mtei and Ib C Bygbjerg

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2009 9:51

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Reference values for hematological and biochemical assays in pregnant women and in newborn infants are based primarily on Caucasian populations. Normative data are limited for populations in sub-Saharan Africa...

    Authors: Kasonde Mwinga, Sten H Vermund, Ying Q Chen, Anthony Mwatha, Jennifer S Read, Willy Urassa, Nicole Carpenetti, Megan Valentine and Robert L Goldenberg

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2009 9:49

    Content type: Research article

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  21. The purpose of this study is to identify factors affecting CSHCN's receiving needed specialty care among different socioeconomic levels. Previous literature has shown that Socioeconomic Status (SES) is a signi...

    Authors: Kristine A Lykens, Kimberly G Fulda, Sejong Bae and Karan P Singh

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2009 9:48

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Osteopenia and rickets are common among extremely low birth weight infants (ELBW, <1000 g birth weight) despite current practices of vitamin and mineral supplementation. Few data are available evaluating the u...

    Authors: Shannon M Mitchell, Stefanie P Rogers, Penni D Hicks, Keli M Hawthorne, Bruce R Parker and Steven A Abrams

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2009 9:47

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Anxious parents have many concerns about the future health of their atopic infants. Paediatricians and primary care practitioners need to seek knowledge on long-term outcomes in order to cope with the increasi...

    Authors: Minna Kaila, Päivi Rautava, Doris Holmberg-Marttila, Tero Vahlberg, Minna Aromaa and Matti Sillanpää

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2009 9:46

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Ensuring good adherence is critical to the success of anti-retroviral treatment (ART). However, in resource-poor contexts, where paediatric HIV burden is high there has been limited progress in developing or a...

    Authors: Ralf Weigel, Ireen Makwiza, Jean Nyirenda, Darles Chiunguzeni, Sam Phiri and Sally Theobald

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2009 9:45

    Content type: Research article

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  25. To assess the role of the surged faradic stimulation to the pelvic floor muscles as an adjunct to the conservative management in the children of idiopathic rectal prolapse

    Authors: Simmi K Ratan, Kamal Nain Rattan, Poonam Jhajhria, Yogesh Parshad Mathur, Atul Jhanwar and Dimple Kondal

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2009 9:44

    Content type: Research article

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  26. To assess the long-term pediatric safety of 2 doses of mometasone furoate administered via a dry powder inhaler (MF-DPI) for mild-to-moderate persistent asthma and compare them with that of beclomethasone dipr...

    Authors: Michael Noonan, Jeffrey Leflein, Jonathan Corren and Heribert Staudinger

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2009 9:43

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Circulating endothelial cells may serve as novel markers of angiogenesis. These include a subset of hem-endothelial progenitor cells that play a vital role in vascular growth and repair. The presence and clini...

    Authors: Tzipora Strauss, Sally Metsuyanim, Itai Pessach, Irit Shuchan-Eisen, Jacob Kuint and Benjamin Dekel

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2009 9:42

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Overuse of broad-spectrum antibiotics is associated with antibiotic resistance. Acute otitis media (AOM) is responsible for a large proportion of antibiotics prescribed for US children. Rates of broad-spectrum...

    Authors: Andrew S Coco, Michael A Horst and Angela S Gambler

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2009 9:41

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Limited information is available in Iraq regarding the causes of under-five mortality. The vital registration system is deficient in its coverage, particularly from rural areas where access to health services ...

    Authors: Naira A Awqati, Mohamed M Ali, Nada J Al-Ward, Faiza A Majeed, Khawla Salman, Mahdi Al-Alak and Naeema Al-Gasseer

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2009 9:40

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Many children with chronic disease use complementary therapies. Anthroposophic treatment for paediatric chronic disease is provided by physicians and differs from conventional treatment in the use of special t...

    Authors: Harald J Hamre, Claudia M Witt, Gunver S Kienle, Christoph Meinecke, Anja Glockmann, Stefan N Willich and Helmut Kiene

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2009 9:39

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Anemia and poor nutrition have been previously described as independent risk factors for death among HIV-infected children. We sought to describe nutritional status, anemia burden and HIV disease correlates am...

    Authors: Anita Shet, Saurabh Mehta, Nirmala Rajagopalan, Chitra Dinakar, Elango Ramesh, NM Samuel, CK Indumathi, Wafaie W Fawzi and Anura V Kurpad

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2009 9:37

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Effects of television to language development in infants and toddlers, especially in the Asian children, are inconclusive. This study aimed to (a) study time spent on television in Thai infants and toddlers (a...

    Authors: Nichara Ruangdaraganon, Jariya Chuthapisith, Ladda Mo-suwan, Suntree Kriweradechachai, Umaporn Udomsubpayakul and Chanpen Choprapawon

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2009 9:34

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Despite the considerable amount of evidence from randomized controlled trials and meta-analyses, uncertainty remains regarding the efficacy and safety of high-frequency oscillatory ventilation as compared to c...

    Authors: Filip Cools, Lisa M Askie and Martin Offringa

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2009 9:33

    Content type: Study protocol

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  34. In the county of Scania, Sweden, antibiotic use among small children is among the highest in the country. The aim of this study was to investigate the associations between antibiotic use among 8-month-old chil...

    Authors: Elisabeth Mangrio, Anna Wremp, Mahnaz Moghaddassi, Juan Merlo, Ann-Cathrine Bramhagen and Maria Rosvall

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2009 9:31

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Asthma is a serious global health problem and its prevalence is increasing, especially among children. It represents a significant social and economic burden, and it can severely affect the health-related qual...

    Authors: Giampaolo Ricci, Arianna Dondi, Elena Baldi, Barbara Bendandi, Arianna Giannetti and Massimo Masi

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2009 9:30

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Most patients with childhood non-organic growth hormone (GH) deficiency (GHD) produce a normal GH peak as young adults. Our objectives were to better define this transient GHD and evaluate the factors influenc...

    Authors: Murielle Louvel, Mariana Marcu, Christine Trivin, Jean-Claude Souberbielle and Raja Brauner

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2009 9:29

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Obesity and metabolic syndrome are strongly associated with type 2 diabetes mellitus and cardiovascular diseases, thus the increasing trend in their prevalence among children and adolescents from developing co...

    Authors: Cristina Villa-Roel, Adriana Buitrago, Diana C Rodríguez, Diana J Cano, María P Martínez, Paul A Camacho, Álvaro J Ruiz and Álvaro E Durán

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2009 9:28

    Content type: Study protocol

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  38. The incidence of skin and soft-tissue infections (SSTIs) has rapidly increased among children in primary care settings since the emergence of community-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (CA-M...

    Authors: Adam L Hersh, Michael D Cabana, Ralph Gonzales, Budd N Shenkin and Christine S Cho

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2009 9:27

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Knowledge of the epidemiology of injuries in children is essential for the planning, implementation and evaluation of preventive measures but recent epidemiological information on injuries in children both in ...

    Authors: Janne Pearson and David H Stone

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2009 9:26

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Obesity seems to be linked to the hypothalamic involvement in craniopharyngioma. We evaluated the pre-surgery relationship between the degree of this involvement on magnetic resonance imaging and insulin resis...

    Authors: Christine Trivin, Kanetee Busiah, Nizar Mahlaoui, Christophe Recasens, Jean-Claude Souberbielle, Michel Zerah, Christian Sainte-Rose and Raja Brauner

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2009 9:24

    Content type: Research article

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  41. The relation between fetal growth retardation and cardiovascular and metabolic diseases in later life has been demonstrated in many studies. However, debate exists around the potential independent role of post...

    Authors: Marieke de Beer, Manon van Eijsden, Tanja GM Vrijkotte and Reinoud JBJ Gemke

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2009 9:23

    Content type: Study protocol

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  42. Constipation is a frustrating symptom affecting 3% of children worldwide. Randomised controlled trials show that both polyethylene glycol and lactulose are effective in increasing defecation frequency in child...

    Authors: Merit M Tabbers, Ania Chmielewska, Maaike G Roseboom, Claire Boudet, Catherine Perrin, Hania Szajewska and Marc A Benninga

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2009 9:22

    Content type: Study protocol

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  43. Several uncontrolled studies of hyperbaric treatment in children with autism have reported clinical improvements; however, this treatment has not been evaluated to date with a controlled study. We performed a ...

    Authors: Daniel A Rossignol, Lanier W Rossignol, Scott Smith, Cindy Schneider, Sally Logerquist, Anju Usman, Jim Neubrander, Eric M Madren, Gregg Hintz, Barry Grushkin and Elizabeth A Mumper

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2009 9:21

    Content type: Research article

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