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  1. The presence of low or hypo glycaemia in children upon admission to hospital in low income countries is a marker for poor outcome. Fasting during illness may contribute to low blood glucose and caretakers’ fee...

    Authors: Fatsani Ngwalangwa, Chawanangwa Mahebere Chirambo, Cecilia Lindsjö, Queen Dube, Josephine Langton, Tim Baker and Helena Hildenwall

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:423

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Diaphragmatic dysfunction (DD) has a great negative impact on clinical outcomes, and it is a well-recognized complication in adult patients with critical illness. However, DD is largely unexplored in the critical...

    Authors: Yang Xue, Chun-Feng Yang, Yu Ao, Ji Qi and Fei-Yong Jia

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:422

    Content type: Research article

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  3. In preterm infants with Respiratory Distress Syndrome (RDS), Less Invasive Surfactant Administration (LISA) has been established to reduce the need of mechanical ventilation and might improve survival rates wi...

    Authors: I. A. L. Bugter, L. C. E. Janssen, J. Dieleman, B. W. Kramer, P. Andriessen and H. J. Niemarkt

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:421

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Optic atrophy 1 (OPA1) gene mutations are associated with dominantly inherited optic neuropathy resulting in a progressive loss of visual acuity. Compound heterozygous or homozygous variants that lead to sever...

    Authors: Ting Zeng, Linyan Liao, Yi Guo, Xuxu Liu, Xiaobo Xiong, Yu Zhang, Shi Cen, Honghui Li and Shuzhang Wei

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:420

    Content type: Case report

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  5. Accurate anthropometric measurements are essential for assessing nutritional status, monitoring child growth, and informing clinical care. We aimed to improve height measurements of hospitalized pediatrics pat...

    Authors: Priya M. Gupta, Emily Wieck, Joel Conkle, Kristina A. Betters, Anthony Cooley, Selena Yamasaki, Natasha Laibhen-Parkes and Parminder S. Suchdev

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:419

    Content type: Research article

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  6. To explore the relationship between the pathological changes of the colon, terminal ileum, lung, liver and kidney, and the changes of Bax, PCNA and PAF in a rat model of NEC.

    Authors: Fu-Sheng Wang, Meng-Lu Yu, Wei-Zhong Li, Kai Hong, Chen-Bin Xu and Guang-Huan Wang

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:418

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Congenital heart defect is the leading malformation in China. There may have been changes in congenital heart defect incidence because of birth policy shift in China over past years. This study aimed to invest...

    Authors: Xiaohui Zhang, Yu Sun, Jiajun Zhu, Yuning Zhu and Liqian Qiu

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:416

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Pediatric critical care is often accompanied by a variety of functional impairments. Preliminary evidence suggests children’s participation in home activities has a slow trajectory post-pediatric intensive car...

    Authors: Jessica M. Jarvis, Nora Fayed, Ericka L. Fink, Karen Choong and Mary A. Khetani

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:415

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Ugandan children are fed homemade complementary foods (CFs) which are usually deficient in vitamin A, iron and zinc. Novel homemade CFs rich in vitamin A, iron and zinc need to be developed, and assessed for t...

    Authors: Edward Buzigi, Kirthee Pillay and Muthulisi Siwela

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:412

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Children with cerebral palsy often exhibit an altered gait pattern; however, it is uncertain whether the use of an instrumented gait analysis in interdisciplinary interventions affects the perceived experience...

    Authors: Christina Esmann Fonvig, Helle Mätzke Rasmussen, Søren Overgaard and Anders Holsgaard-Larsen

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:411

    Content type: Research article

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  11. A responsive and well-functioning newborn referral system is a cornerstone to the continuum of child health care; however, health system and client-related barriers negatively impact the referral system. Due t...

    Authors: Alula M. Teklu, James A. Litch, Alemu Tesfahun, Eskinder Wolka, Berhe Dessalegn Tuamay, Hagos Gidey, Wondimye Ashenafi Cheru, Kirsten Senturia and Wendemaghen Gezahegn

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:409

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Weight-related stigmatization is a widespread problem. Particularly the internalization of weight-related stereotypes and prejudices (weight bias internalization, WBI) is related to mental and physical health ...

    Authors: Michaela Silvia Gmeiner and Petra Warschburger

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:408

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Parental nurturing expressed through love and affection is a broad concept that entails caring for children and their activities, encouraging them and praising their achievements. Lack of love and affection ma...

    Authors: Nouh Harsha, Luay Ziq, Margaret A. Lynch and Rita Giacaman

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:407

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Neonatal mortality is high in developing countries. Lack of adequate training and insufficient management skills for sick newborn care contribute to these deaths. We developed a phone application dubbed Protec...

    Authors: Santorino Data, Martin Mukama, Douglas McMillan, Nalini Singhal and Francis Bajunirwe

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:406

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Venous access during neonatal emergencies in the delivery room (DR) can be accomplished through an umbilical venous catheter (UVC) or an intraosseous (IO) access. Preference of one over the other is unclear. W...

    Authors: Bianca Haase, Laila Springer and Christian Friedrich Poets

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:405

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Malnutrition remains to be a major public health problem in developing countries, particularly among children under-5 years of age children who are more vulnerable to both macro and micro-nutrient deficiencies...

    Authors: Shimels Hussien Mohammed, Tesfa Dejenie Habtewold, Amanuel Godana Arero and Ahmad Esmaillzadeh

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:404

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) is a common presentation of type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) precipitated by various bacterial and viral infections. Dengue infection is no exception for this and can be a precipitat...

    Authors: V. Thadchanamoorthy and Kavinda Dayasiri

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:403

    Content type: Case report

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  18. The Internet may serve as a suitable environment for discriminated adolescents as they may consider the online space as the place where they have possibility to build social ties they are missing in their offl...

    Authors: Laura Bitto Urbanova, Jana Holubcikova, Andrea Madarasova Geckova, Jitse P. van Dijk and Sijmen A. Reijneveld

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:402

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Anastomotic stricture (AS) is the most frequently occurring complication that occurs after esophageal atresia (EA) repair. Nevertheless, the pathogenesis remains primarily unknown and there is inadequate knowl...

    Authors: Anahid Teimourian, Felipe Donoso, Pernilla Stenström, Helena Arnadottir, Einar Arnbjörnsson, Helene Lilja and Martin Salö

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:400

    Content type: Research article

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  20. The diagnostic gold standard of Hirschsprung’s disease (HD) is based on the histopathological assessment of colorectal biopsies. Although data on cholinergic innervation and ganglion cell (GC) distribution exi...

    Authors: Anne K. Braczynski, Stefan Gfroerer, Rudi Beschorner, Patrick N. Harter, Peter Baumgarten, Udo Rolle and Michel Mittelbronn

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:399

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Kawasaki disease (KD) causes coronary artery lesions (CAL) and is the leading cause of acquired heart disease in children. The aim of this study is to evaluate the risk factors and set-up a scoring system for ...

    Authors: Ling-Sai Chang, Yi-Ju Lin, Jia-Huei Yan, Mindy Ming-Huey Guo, Mao-Hung Lo and Ho-Chang Kuo

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:398

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Parents may struggle to initiate healthy weight-related conversations with their children. Educational videos may be an effective tool for improving parents’ knowledge and self-efficacy on this topic. The aim ...

    Authors: Kody A. Klupt, Stephan M. Oreskovich, Julie Bernard-Genest, Barkha P. Patel, Lisa Chu, Elizabeth Dettmer, Catharine M. Walsh, Michele Strom, Amy C. McPherson, Jonah Strub, Alissa Steinberg, Cathleen Steinegger and Jill K. Hamilton

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:397

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Armed conflict is a significant social determinant of child health with nuanced effects. There is a dearth of knowledge on the public health issues facing vulnerable populations in conflict-stricken areas. The...

    Authors: Irene Ule Ngole Sumbele, Gillian Nkeudem Asoba, Rene Ning Teh, Samuel Metuge, Judith Kuoh Anchang-Kimbi and Theresa Nkuo-Akenji

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:396

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Children with chronic cholestatic liver diseases have a high risk of malnutrition. However, nutritional management in China has received little attention, and there has been limited evidence regarding improvin...

    Authors: Xiao Chen, Jianshe Wang, Yi Lu, Xinbao Xie, Ying Gu, Jos M. Latour and Yuxia Zhang

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:395

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Although several studies have examined the link between different food groups intake and stunting among children, no study, to our knowledge, was done on exceptional children. The aim of this study was assesse...

    Authors: Seyyed Mostafa Nachvak, Omid Sadeghi, Shima Moradi, Ahmad Esmailzadeh and Roghayeh Mostafai

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:394

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Gross motor development curves for children with Cerebral Palsy (CP), grouped by Gross Motor Function Classification System (GMFCS) levels, help health care professionals and parents to understand children’s m...

    Authors: Paula S. C. Chagas, Carolyne M. Drumond, Aline M. Toledo, Ana Carolina de Campos, Ana Cristina R. Camargos, Egmar Longo, Hércules R. Leite, Kênnea M. A. Ayupe, Rafaela S. Moreira, Rosane L. S. Morais, Robert J. Palisano and Peter Rosenbaum

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:393

    Content type: Study protocol

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  27. The Mind, Exercise, Nutrition … Do it! (MEND) childhood obesity intervention was implemented in British Columbia (B.C.), Canada from April 2013 to June 2017. The study objective was: a) to describe and explore...

    Authors: Sam Liu, Joy Weismiller, Karen Strange, Lisa Forster-Coull, Jennifer Bradbury, Tom Warshawski and Patti-Jean Naylor

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:392

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Melnick-Needles syndrome (MNS) is an extremely rare osteochondrodysplasia caused by a mutation of FLNA, the gene encoding filamin A. MNS is inherited in an X-linked dominant manner. In this study, we describe thr...

    Authors: Chi Hoon Oh, Chang Ho Lee, So Young Kim, So-Young Lee, Hak Hoon Jun and Soonchul Lee

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:391

    Content type: Case report

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  29. This study aims at determining the health-related quality of life (HRQOL) of children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) after the induction therapy, assessing the agreement between child self-reports and...

    Authors: Shohei Nakajima, Iori Sato, Takafumi Soejima, Katsuyoshi Koh, Motohiro Kato, Yasuhiro Okamoto, Toshihiko Imamura, Miho Maeda, Yasushi Ishida, Atsushi Manabe and Kiyoko Kamibeppu

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:390

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Skiing and snowboarding are popular activities among Canadian youth and these sports have evolved to include certain risk behaviours such as listening to music, using terrain parks, and video recording yoursel...

    Authors: Kelly Russell, Stephanie Arthur, Claude Goulet, Erin Selci and Barbara Morrongiello

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:389

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Sepsis is still one of the main causes of infants and children mortality especially in developing, economically challenged countries with limited resources. Our objective in this study was to determine, the pr...

    Authors: Samira Z. Sayed, Mohamed M. Mahmoud, Hend M. Moness and Suzan O. Mousa

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:387

    Content type: Research article

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  32. At present, there are few studies on the economic burden and medical treatment of children with asthma in China. Thus this study aimed to investigate the economic burden of medical treatment of children with a...

    Authors: Ping Wu, Baoping Xu, Adong Shen, Zonglin He, Casper J. P. Zhang, Wai-kit Ming and Kunling Shen

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:386

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Non-Hispanic black (NHB) infants are twice as likely as non-Hispanic white infants to experience rapid weight gain in the first 6 months, yet few trials have targeted this population. The current study tests t...

    Authors: Heather M. Wasser, Amanda L. Thompson, Chirayath M. Suchindran, Barbara D. Goldman, Eric A. Hodges, Meredith J. Heinig and Margaret E. Bentley

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:385

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Preterm infants born 30 to 33 weeks’ gestation often require early support with intravenous fluids because of respiratory distress, hypoglycemia or feed intolerance. When full feeds are anticipated to be reach...

    Authors: Hiroki Suganuma, Dennis Bonney, Chad C. Andersen, Andrew J. McPhee, Thomas R. Sullivan, Robert A. Gibson and Carmel T. Collins

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:384

    Content type: Research article

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  35. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: Mohamad K. Haidar, Florian Vogt, Islam Amine Larabi, Kensuke Takahashi, Fanny Henaff, Lisa Umphrey, Nikola Morton, Luke Bawo, Joseph Kerkula, Robin Ferner, Klaudia Porten, Jean-Claude Alvarez and Frederic J. Baud

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:383

    Content type: Correction

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    The original article was published in BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:139

  36. To investigate the occurrence frequency, changing trends, and epidemiological distribution of unintentional suffocation in children under 5 years old.

    Authors: Fanjuan Kong, Lili Xiong, Aihua Wang, Donghua Xie, Jian He, Jinping Su, Kui Wu, Zhiyu Liu and Hua Wang

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:376

    Content type: Research article

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  37. The aim of this study was to examine the characteristics of diurnal cortisol rhythm in childhood obesity and its relationships with anthropometry, pubertal stage and physical activity.

    Authors: Ting Yu, Wei Zhou, Su Wu, Qianqi Liu and Xiaonan Li

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:381

    Content type: Research article

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  38. The current paradigm for treating toddler’s diarrhea comprises dietary modification and fluid restriction. Previous studies show that probiotics and proton-pump inhibitors (PPIs) or H2 blockers could control diar...

    Authors: Samuel N. Uwaezuoke, Ikenna K. Ndu, Chizoma I. Eneh, Chikere A. Anusiem and Adaeze C. Ayuk

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:380

    Content type: Research article

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  39. The increase in the number of Internet users has increased Internet dependence worldwide. In adolescents, this dependence may interfere with sleep, which is important for the development of psychophysiological...

    Authors: Mikiko Tokiya, Osamu Itani, Yuichiro Otsuka and Yoshitaka Kaneita

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:379

    Content type: Research article

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  40. There is a need for an easy and sensitive method for screening of urinary tract infections in young children. We set out to test whether a novel diaper-embedded urine test device is feasible and reliable in sc...

    Authors: Niko Paalanne, Lotta Wikstedt, Tytti Pokka, Jarmo Salo, Matti Uhari, Marjo Renko and Terhi Tapiainen

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:378

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Sudden unexpected infant death (SUID) - including sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) - continues to be a major contributor to infant mortality worldwide. Our objective was to analyse time trends and to identi...

    Authors: Jacqueline Müller-Nordhorn, Alice Schneider, Ulrike Grittner, Konrad Neumann, Thomas Keil, Stefan N. Willich and Sylvia Binting

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:377

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Describe the outcome of adenovirus pneumonia in a pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) over a 3-year period, to identify the risk factors that may be associated with worse outcome.

    Authors: Jingyi Shi, Yiping Zhou, Fei Wang, Chunxia Wang, Huijie Miao, Ting Sun, Yijun Shan, Yun Cui and Yucai Zhang

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:375

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Henoch–Schönlein purpura is a type of systemic vasculitis found in children. Its prognosis is usually good; however, recurrence is relatively common. If the intestines are affected, severe complications could ...

    Authors: Eun Young Paek, Dae Yong Yi, Ben Kang and Byung-Ho Choe

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:374

    Content type: Research article

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