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  1. Children with life-threatening conditions frequently experience high intensity care at the end of life, though most of this research only focused on children with cancer. Some research suggests inequities in c...

    Authors: Kimberley Widger, Sarah Brennenstuhl, Katherine E. Nelson, Hsien Seow, Adam Rapoport, Harold Siden, Christina Vadeboncoeur, Sumit Gupta and Peter Tanuseputro
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:375
  2. Costello syndrome (CS) is a rare genetic condition characterized by dysregulation of the signaling pathway, phenotypic alteration due to fetal macrosomia or growth retardation, facial abnormalities, loose skin...

    Authors: Virgilio E. Failoc-Rojas, Piero A. Quiroz Ugaz, Dante A. Loconi León and Sandra Zeña-Ñañez
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:374
  3. Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) is a common spinal deformity with physical and psychosocial implications for adolescents. The aim of this qualitative evidence synthesis (QES) was to systematically search...

    Authors: Erin Hannink, Francine Toye, Meredith Newman and Karen L. Barker
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:373
  4. Sildenafil was first prescribed for angina pectoris and then for erectile dysfunction from its effects on vascular smooth muscle relaxation and vasodilatation. Recently, sildenafil has been proposed for congen...

    Authors: Ahmed K. Awad, Eman Reda Gad, Mahmoud Shaban Abdelgalil, Ahmed Saad Elsaeidy, Omar Ahmed and Merihan A. Elbadawy
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:372
  5. To investigate the incidence of and risk factors associated with negative postoperative behavioral changes (NPOBCs) in children undergoing painless gastroscopy.

    Authors: Pu YanYing, Liu ShenLing, Peng XiaoHan, Xu YunBo, Tan Xin, Li GuoYan, Cheng Yan and Huang Lei
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:371
  6. Implementing Patient-reported Outcome Measures (PROMs) and Patient-reported Experience Measures (PREMs) is an effective way to deliver patient- and family-centered care (PFCC). Although Alberta Health Services...

    Authors: Sumedh Bele, Sarah Rabi, Muning Zhang, Sadia Ahmed, Elizabeth Oddone Paolucci, David W. Johnson, Hude Quan and Maria J. Santana
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:369
  7. Cervical cancer is a major public health challenge, accounting for substantial morbidity and mortality. Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) vaccination is the recommended primary public health intervention for HPV inf...

    Authors: Glet Kakuru Bitariho, Doreen Tuhebwe, Arnold Tigaiza, Aisha Nalugya, Tonny Ssekamatte and Suzanne N Kiwanuka
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:368
  8. Research examining the connections between individual adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) and how groupings of interrelated adversities are linked with subsequent health is scarce, limiting our understanding ...

    Authors: Morgan Ye, Danielle Hessler, Derek Ford, Mindy Benson, Kadiatou Koita, Monica Bucci, Dayna Long, Nadine Burke Harris and Neeta Thakur
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:367
  9. Patient experience is a core component of healthcare quality. Patient-reported experience measures (PREMs) are increasingly used to assess this, but there are few paediatric PREMs. This paper reports the first...

    Authors: Suzanne Mukherjee, Natalie Richardson and Bryony Beresford
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:366
  10. Our aim was attempting to find proteins involved in the pain process and correlating with pain but not degree of inflammation in children with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA), using a proteomics panel.

    Authors: Andreas Elfving, Arja Harila-Saari, Ludwig Nilsson and Lillemor Berntson
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:365
  11. Gastric non-Helicobacter pylori helicobacters (NHPH) naturally colonize the stomach of animals. In humans, infection with these bacteria is associated with chronic active gastritis, peptic ulceration and MALT-lym...

    Authors: Ericka Montijo-Barrios, Omaha Y. Celestino-Pérez, Luis Morelia-Mandujano, Cesar Mauricio Rojas-Maruri, Annemieke Smet, Freddy Haesebrouck, Chloë De Witte and Carolina Romo-González
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:364
  12. Human Papillomavirus (HPV) is widely prevalent across the globe. In Lebanon, the society is transitioning from traditional conservatism to a more open attitude. Although previous studies have examined the know...

    Authors: Joe Khalil, Sarah Boutros, Abdo Hassoun, Souheil Hallit and Habib Barakat
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:363
  13. Long screen time has become a public health problem that cannot be ignored. The association between screen time and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in preschool children has received widespread...

    Authors: Yu Zhou, Xinye Jiang, Ran Wang, Bingbing Guo, Jingfen Cai, Yujing Gu and Jingjing Pei
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:361
  14. With the advances in neonatal intensive care, the survival rate of extremely preterm infants is increasing. However, bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) remains a major cause of morbidity among infants in this gr...

    Authors: Saleh S. Algarni, Kamal Ali, Saif Alsaif, Nemer Aljuaid, Raghad Alzahrani, Maha Albassam, Rawan Alanazi, Dana Alqueflie, Maather Almutairi, Hessah Alfrijan, Ahmad Alanazi, Abadi Ghazwani, Saad Alshareedah, Tareq F Alotaibi, Mohammed M Alqahtani, Hassan Aljohani…
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:357
  15. Neonatal necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is a common critical illness of the gastrointestinal system in neonatal intensive care units with complex causes. We want to explore effects of serum-conjugated bilirub...

    Authors: Xiaoya Han and Shudong Cui
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:356
  16. Transient elastography (TE) is a rapid noninvasive ultrasound-based technology that measures liver stiffness as a surrogate for liver fibrosis and controlled attenuation parameter (CAP) as a measure of liver s...

    Authors: Penelope C. Rose, Mark F. Cotton, Kennedy Otwombe, Steve Innes and Etienne D. Nel
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:355
  17. ADHD commonly co-occurs in children and parents. When ADHD is untreated in parents, it contributes to negative child developmental and treatment outcomes. Screening for parent and child ADHD co-occurrence in p...

    Authors: Joyce H. L. Lui, Christina M. Danko, Tricia Triece, Ian M. Bennett, Donna Marschall, Nicole E. Lorenzo, Mark A. Stein and Andrea Chronis-Tuscano
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:354
  18. LPS-responsive beige-like anchor protein (LRBA) deficiency is a primary immunodeficiency disease (PID) characterized by a regulatory T cell defect resulting in immune dysregulation and autoimmunity. We present...

    Authors: T. C. Mangodt, K. Vanden Driessche, K. K. Norga, N. Moes, M. De Bruyne, F. Haerynck, V. Bordon, A. C. Jansen and A. I. Jonckheere
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:353
  19. This study aimed to examine the mediating effects of parenting style on the relationship between parental stress and behavioral problems of girls with precocious puberty.

    Authors: Ahreum Kwon, Young Il Cho, Hyo Jin Kim, Junghwan Suh and Dong Hee Kim
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:352
  20. We report the occurrence of a severe pulmonary hypertension (PH) in a neonate affected by a left congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH). PH in this patient was associated with an abnormal origin of the right pu...

    Authors: Arthur Gavotto, Pascal Amedro and Gilles Cambonie
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:349
  21. Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a heterogeneous group of disorders associated with environmental triggers and dysregulated immune responses resulting in chronic, recurrent intestinal inflammation. Very ear...

    Authors: Zhiling Li, Huan Chen, Xiaoqin Feng, Yongsheng Ruan and Min Yang
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:348
  22. Bilirubin neurotoxicity (BN) occurs in premature infants at lower total serum bilirubin levels than term infants and causes neurodevelopmental impairment. Usual dose lipid infusions in preterm infants may incr...

    Authors: Lindsay F. Holzapfel, Cody Arnold, Jon E. Tyson, Steven M. Shapiro, Eric W. Reynolds, Claudia Pedroza, Emily K. Stephens, Alan Kleinfeld, Andrew H. Huber, Matthew A. Rysavy, Maria del Mar Romero Lopez and Amir M. Khan
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:347
  23. Periventricular nodular heterotopia (PNH), associated with FLNA mutations, is a rare clinical condition potentially associated with multiple systemic conditions, including cardiac, pulmonary, skeletal, and cutane...

    Authors: Lin Yang, GuangSheng Wu, HuiMei Yin, MengLan Pan and YaFei Zhu
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:346
  24. Cardiovascular fitness is strongly linked with metabolic risk; however, research is limited in preschool children. Although there is currently no simple validated measure of fitness in preschool children, hear...

    Authors: Aisling A. Geraghty, Eileen C. O’Brien, Sophie Callanan, John Mehegan and Fionnuala M. McAuliffe
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:345
  25. The therapeutic advances and progress in the care for preterm infants have enabled the regular survival of very immature infants. However, the high burden of lifelong sequelae following premature delivery cons...

    Authors: Rahel Schuler, Lea Woitschitzky, Carola Eiben, Judith Beck, Alena Jägers, Anita Windhorst, Birgit Kampschulte, Jutta Petzinger, Markus Waitz, Monique Oude Reimer-van Kilsdonk, Bernd A. Neubauer, Klaus-Peter Zimmer, Harald Ehrhardt, Burkhard Brosig and Walter A. Mihatsch
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:344
  26. The identification of allergic rhinitis (AR) in early life is important for the target of intervention. AR is caused by various environmental factors, including house dust mites. We investigated the relationsh...

    Authors: Eun-A Choi, Geumkyung Nah, Woo-Sung Chang, So-Yeon Lee, Dong In Suh, Kyung Won Kim, Youn Ho Shin, Kangmo Ahn, Soo-Jong Hong, Young Youl Kim and Hye-Ja Lee
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:343
  27. Growth patterns may be indicative of underlying changes in body composition. However, few studies have assessed the association of growth and body composition in poorly resourced regions experiencing the doubl...

    Authors: Elizabeth Masiakwala, Lukhanyo H. Nyati and Shane A. Norris
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:342
  28. Most previous studies comparing etiological studies in infants with and without periventricular-intraventricular haemorrhage (PV-IVH) concluded that younger gestational age (GA) was associated with a higher pr...

    Authors: Jinglan Huang, Yan Wang, Tian Tian, Tingting Zhu, Jun Tang, Qian Gao and Tao Xiong
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:341
  29. The therapeutic feeding unit (TFU) provides comprehensive inpatient clinical care for children suffering from severe acute malnutrition (SAM) in three stages: stabilization, transition, and rehabilitation. Dur...

    Authors: Arsema Abebe, Yilkal Simachew and Tefera Darge Delbiso
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:340
  30. Pediatric HIV infection cause retardation in height and weight. However, effective antiretroviral therapy (ART) result in desirable weight gain. Concerns have emerged regarding excessive weight gain related to...

    Authors: Erik Belfrage, Sandra Soeria-Atmadja and Lars Navér
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:339
  31. The decrease in physical activity (PA) among children has become a global concern. Since the analysis of sociodemographic factors as determinants of exercise habits has been inconclusive, this study investigat...

    Authors: Noriko Motoki, Haruka Morota, Takumi Shibazaki, Chizuko Nakamura and Yozo Nakazawa
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:338
  32. Pulmonary stenosis (PS) is a congenital heart diseases (CHDs) with a spectrum of stenosis. Monochorionic (MC) twins are at increased risk of CHDs, especially acquired CHDs in twin-twin transfusion syndrome (TT...

    Authors: Alireza Golbabaei, Farshad Jafari, Kamran Hessami, Maasoumeh Saleh, Abolfazl Shirdel Abdolmaleki, Mahsa Naemi and Azade Rastgar
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:337
  33. Impaired intestinal microcirculation seems to play an important role in the pathogenesis of necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC). A previous study showed that a SrSO2 < 30% is associated with an increased risk of deve...

    Authors: E. Palleri, M. van der Heide, J. B.F. Hulscher, M. Bartocci, T. Wester and E. M.W. Kooi
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:336
  34. Despite advances in neonatal intensive care, babies admitted to Neonatal Intensive Care Units (NICU) suffer from adverse outcomes. We aim to describe the longer-term respiratory infectious morbidity of infants...

    Authors: Paul G. Stevenson, Matthew N. Cooper, Wesley Billingham, Nicholas de Klerk, Shannon J. Simpson, Tobias Strunk and Hannah C. Moore
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:335
  35. To compare the performance of Neutrophil-to-Lymphocyte Ratio (NLR) with that of Platelet-to-Lymphocyte Ratio (PLR) in diagnosing neonatal sepsis (NS).

    Authors: Lixia Bai, Peihui Gong, Xiaoyun Jia, Xinhua Zhang, Xiuhui Li, Yueqin Zhang, Hao Zhou and Yanan Kang
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:334
  36. Functional abdominal pain disorders (FAPDs) are one of the most common gastrointestinal disorders in children. The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of FAPDs in children in southern Anhui Pro...

    Authors: Xiaoshuang Bao, Wenchao Yu, Ziyan Chu, Jie Gao, Meimei Zhou and Yong Gu
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:333
  37. Acute kidney injury is an independent risk factor for morbidity and mortality in critically ill neonates. Although the magnitude of preterm neonates is high and a major risk for acute kidney injury, there is a...

    Authors: Sayih Mehari, Silenat Muluken, Asmare Getie and Amare Belachew
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:332
  38. Only a few case reports regarding pediatric posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) ruptures without bone avulsion exist in the literature. The present study aims to share our experience in the diagnosis, treatment,...

    Authors: Jinshen He, Kevin Byrne, Jiehui Liang, Anjie Lu and Song Wu
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:331
  39. To investigate the complete clinical spectrum of individuals with paediatric tuberous sclerosis complex in southern Sweden and explore changes over time.

    Authors: Kevin Pearsson, Josefin Björk Werner, Johan Lundgren, Lotta Gränse, Emma Karlsson, Kristina Källén, Erik A. Eklund and Zivile Bekassy
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:329
  40. Pain is common in children and its associations with various biopsychosocial factors is complex. Comprehensive pain assessments could contribute to a better understanding of pediatric pain, but these assessmen...

    Authors: Julia S. Malmborg, Josefine Roswall, Gerd Almquist-Tangen, Jovanna Dahlgren, Bernt Alm and Stefan Bergman
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:328
  41. Infantile fibrosarcoma is a rare pediatric soft tissue tumor and usually appears in children before one year of age. Distal extremities constitute the most frequently affected locations, and other tissues such...

    Authors: Juan Geng, Dan Chen, Limin Wang, Xiangjiao Liu, Wenjing Chen, Hongyi Gao and Shangjie Xiao
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:327
  42. To undertake a systematic review of studies describing the proportion of children admitted to a paediatric intensive care unit (PICU) for respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) and/or bronchiolitis who were born pr...

    Authors: Tim J. van Hasselt, Kirstin Webster, Chris Gale, Elizabeth S. Draper and Sarah E. Seaton
    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2023 23:326

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