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  1. There is increased incidence of new cases of type 1 diabetes in children younger than 15 years. The debate concerning where best to manage newly diagnosed children continues. Some units routinely admit childre...

    Authors: Julia K Townson, John W Gregory, David Cohen, Sue Channon, Nicola Harman, Justin H Davies, Justin Warner, Nicola Trevelyan, Rebecca Playle, Michael Robling, Kerenza Hood and Lesley Lowes

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2011 11:7

    Content type: Study protocol

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  2. The appropriate level of oxygenation for extremely preterm neonates (<28 weeks' gestation) to maximise the greatest chance of survival, without incurring significant morbidity, remains unknown. Infants exposed...

    Authors: Lisa M Askie, Peter Brocklehurst, Brian A Darlow, Neil Finer, Barbara Schmidt and William Tarnow-Mordi

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2011 11:6

    Content type: Study protocol

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  3. Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-1 infection increases the burden of malaria by increasing susceptibility to infection and decreasing the response to malarial treatment. HIV-1 has also been found to suppress...

    Authors: Peace D Imani, Philippa Musoke, Justus Byarugaba and James K Tumwine

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2011 11:5

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Inadequate and inappropriate complementary feeding are major factors contributing to excess morbidity and mortality in young children in low resource settings. Animal source foods in particular are cited as es...

    Authors: Nancy F Krebs, K Michael Hambidge, Manolo Mazariegos, Jamie Westcott, Norman Goco, Linda L Wright, Marion Koso-Thomas, Antoinette Tshefu, Carl Bose, Omrana Pasha, Robert Goldenberg, Elwyn Chomba, Waldemar Carlo, Mark Kindem, Abhik Das, Ty Hartwell…

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2011 11:4

    Content type: Study protocol

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  5. Health Related Quality of Life (HRQOL) questionnaires are increasingly used in clinical practice. These Patient Reported Outcomes (PROs) are provided to the paediatrician to facilitate communication with patie...

    Authors: Lotte Haverman, Vivian Engelen, Marion AJ van Rossum, Hugo SA Heymans and Martha A Grootenhuis

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2011 11:3

    Content type: Technical advance

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  6. There is no data documenting the existence of a risk of infection transmission in ambulatory healthcare settings but concern remains. Our objective was to determine the risk of infection associated to a pediat...

    Authors: Caroline Quach, Dorothy Moore, Francine Ducharme and Dominic Chalut

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2011 11:2

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Adolescents with cerebral palsy (CP) show a reduced physical activity (PA). Currently there are no interventions for adolescents with CP in this critical life phase that optimise and maintain the individuals' ...

    Authors: Aniek AOM Claassen, Jan Willem Gorter, Debra Stewart, Olaf Verschuren, Barbara E Galuppi and Lorie J Shimmell

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2011 11:1

    Content type: Study protocol

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  8. Young people with neurological impairments such as epilepsy are known to receive less adequate services compared to young people with other long-term conditions. The time (age 13-19 years) around transition to...

    Authors: Sheila A Lewis, Jane Noyes and Stephen Mackereth

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2010 10:103

    Content type: Research article

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  9. The Children's Hospital of Eastern Ontario (CHEO) provides services to children in Baffin Island, through the Baffin Island Pediatric Health Initiative. Tuberculosis (TB) remains a major public health problem ...

    Authors: Michael Clark and Charles Hui

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2010 10:102

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Up to 70% of children with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) experience sleep problems including difficulties initiating and maintaining sleep. Sleep problems in children with ADHD can result in ...

    Authors: Emma Sciberras, Daryl Efron, Bibi Gerner, Margot Davey, Fiona Mensah, Frank Oberklaid and Harriet Hiscock

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2010 10:101

    Content type: Study protocol

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  11. There is increasing evidence that community acquired S. aureus infections are spreading among healthy children. Nasal colonization with S. aureus plays pivotal role in the increasing prevalence of resistant commu...

    Authors: Ashish Pathak, Yogyata Marothi, Rama V Iyer, Binita Singh, Megha Sharma, Bo Eriksson, Ragini Macaden and Cecilia Stålsby Lundborg

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2010 10:100

    Content type: Research article

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  12. The psychosocial development of pediatric HIV patients has not been extensively evaluated. The study objectives were to evaluate whether emotional and social functions are differentially associated with HIV-re...

    Authors: Loretta Thomaidis, Georgia Bertou, Elena Critselis, Vassiliki Spoulou, Dimitrios A Kafetzis and Maria Theodoridou

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2010 10:99

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Ultrasonography of the hip has gained wide acceptance as a primary method for diagnosis, screening and treatment monitoring of developmental hip dysplasia in infants. The aim of the study was to examine the de...

    Authors: Christian D Peterlein, Karl F Schüttler, Stefan Lakemeier, Nina Timmesfeld, Christian Görg, Susanne Fuchs-Winkelmann and Markus D Schofer

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2010 10:98

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Our purpose was to evaluate the impact of lifestyle behavior modification on glycemic control among children and youth with clinically defined Type 2 Diabetes (T2D).

    Authors: Steven T Johnson, Amanda S Newton, Meera Chopra, Jeanette Buckingham, Terry TK Huang, Paul W Franks, Mary M Jetha and Geoff DC Ball

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2010 10:97

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) are the gold standard for trials assessing the effects of therapeutic interventions; therefore it is important to understand how they are conducted. Our objectives were to p...

    Authors: Michele P Hamm, Lisa Hartling, Andrea Milne, Lisa Tjosvold, Ben Vandermeer, Denise Thomson, Sarah Curtis and Terry P Klassen

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2010 10:96

    Content type: Correspondence

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  16. A fever is an increase in the body's temperature above normal. This study examined how US pediatricians perceive and manage fever generally versus fever occurring after vaccination in infants up to six months ...

    Authors: Antoine C El Khoury, Emily Durden, Larry Ma, Leona E Markson, Andrew W Lee, Yinghui Duan and Kathleen Foley

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2010 10:95

    Content type: Research article

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  17. In anticipation of vaccine introduction, we assessed epidemiology of rotavirus disease among children visiting medical centre due to acute diarrhoea in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso.

    Authors: Isidore JO Bonkoungou, Idrissa Sanou, Fabienne Bon, Benoit Benon, Sheick O Coulibaly, Kaisa Haukka, Alfred S Traoré and Nicolas Barro

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2010 10:94

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Zambia adopted integrated management of Childhood illnesses (IMCI) in 1995 and a number of adaptations have been made to the generic WHO/UNICEF IMCI guidelines to better conform to Zambia's health service need...

    Authors: Nantalile Mugala, Wilbroad Mutale, Penny Kalesha and Elijah Sinyinza

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2010 10:93

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Despite provision of free childhood vaccinations, less than half of all Ugandan infants are fully vaccinated. This study compares women with some secondary schooling to those with only primary schooling with r...

    Authors: Victoria Nankabirwa, Thorkild Tylleskär, James K Tumwine and Halvor Sommerfelt

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2010 10:92

    Content type: Research article

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  20. It remains unclear whether it is more detrimental to be born too early or too small in relation to symptoms of attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Thus, we tested whether preterm birth and small b...

    Authors: Kati Heinonen, Katri Räikkönen, Anu-Katriina Pesonen, Sture Andersson, Eero Kajantie, Johan G Eriksson, Dieter Wolke and Aulikki Lano

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2010 10:91

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Indicators of quality of care for children in hospitals in low-income countries have been proposed, but information on their perceived validity and acceptability is lacking.

    Authors: Stephen Ntoburi, Andrew Hutchings, Colin Sanderson, James Carpenter, Martin Weber and Mike English

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2010 10:90

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Early diagnosis and treatment of the newborn infant with suspected sepsis are essential to prevent severe and life threatening complications. Diagnosis of neonatal sepsis is difficult because of the variable a...

    Authors: Martin Stocker, Wim CJ Hop and Annemarie MC van Rossum

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2010 10:89

    Content type: Study protocol

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  23. The 22q11.2 microdeletion syndrome (22q11.2 deletion syndrome -22q11.2DS) refers to congenital abnormalities, including primarily heart defects and facial dysmorphy, thymic hypoplasia, cleft palate and hypocal...

    Authors: Anna Wozniak, Danuta Wolnik-Brzozowska, Marzena Wisniewska, Renata Glazar, Anna Materna-Kiryluk, Tomasz Moszura, Magdalena Badura-Stronka, Joanna Skolozdrzy, Maciej R Krawczynski, Joanna Zeyland, Waldemar Bobkowski, Ryszard Slomski, Anna Latos-Bielenska and Aldona Siwinska

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2010 10:88

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Promoting oral health of adolescents is important for improvement of oral health globally. This study used baseline-data from LASH-project targeting secondary students to; 1) assess frequency of poor oral hygi...

    Authors: Hawa S Mbawalla, Joyce R Masalu and Anne N Åstrøm

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2010 10:87

    Content type: Research article

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  25. In general, only information regarding the effectiveness of an intervention programme is ever published. However, in recent years evaluating the translatability and feasibility of an intervention programme has...

    Authors: Dorine CM Collard, Mai JM Chinapaw, Evert ALM Verhagen and Willem van Mechelen

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2010 10:86

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Ukraine has the highest HIV prevalence (1.6%) and is facing the fastest growing epidemic in Europe. Our objective was to describe the clinical, immunological and virological characteristics, treatment and resp...

    Authors: Saboura Mahdavi, Ruslan Malyuta, Igor Semenenko, Tatyana Pilipenko and Claire Thorne

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2010 10:85

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Despite new therapeutic approaches have improved the prognosis of newborns with retinopathy of prematurity (ROP), an unfavourable structural and functional outcome still remains high. There is high pressure to...

    Authors: Luca Filippi, Giacomo Cavallaro, Patrizio Fiorini, Marta Daniotti, Valentina Benedetti, Gloria Cristofori, Gabriella Araimo, Luca Ramenghi, Agostino La Torre, Pina Fortunato, Liliana Pollazzi, Giancarlo la Marca, Sabrina Malvagia, Paola Bagnoli, Chiara Ristori, Massimo Dal Monte…

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2010 10:83

    Content type: Study protocol

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  28. Medium chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase deficiency (MCADD) is a disorder of mitochondrial fatty acid oxidation and is one of the most common inborn errors of metabolism. Identification of MCADD via newborn screeni...

    Authors: Shelley Kennedy, Beth K Potter, Kumanan Wilson, Lawrence Fisher, Michael Geraghty, Jennifer Milburn and Pranesh Chakraborty

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2010 10:82

    Content type: Research article

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  29. This systematic review aimed to evaluate the psychometric properties and clinical utility of all condition specific outcome measures used to assess quality of life (QOL) in school aged children with cerebral p...

    Authors: Stacey Carlon, Nora Shields, Katherine Yong, Rose Gilmore, Leanne Sakzewski and Roslyn Boyd

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2010 10:81

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Little is known about the efficacy and the working mechanisms of physical and occupational therapy interventions for children with cerebral palsy (CP). In recent years a shift from a child-focused intervention...

    Authors: Marjolijn Ketelaar, Anne JA Kruijsen, Olaf Verschuren, Marian J Jongmans, Jan Willem Gorter, Johannes Verheijden, Heleen A Reinders-Messelink and Eline Lindeman

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2010 10:80

    Content type: Study protocol

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  31. Persons with cerebral palsy (CP) are at risk for developing an inactive lifestyle and often have poor fitness levels, which may lead to secondary health complications and diminished participation and quality o...

    Authors: Jorrit Slaman, Marij E Roebroeck, Jetty van Meeteren, Wilma M van der Slot, Heleen A Reinders- Messelink, Eline Lindeman, Henk J Stam and Rita J van den Berg-Emons

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2010 10:79

    Content type: Study protocol

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  32. Children with poor motor ability have been found to engage less in physical activities than other children, and a lack of physical activity has been linked to problems such as obesity, lowered bone mineral den...

    Authors: Jan P Piek, Leon M Straker, Lynn Jensen, Alma Dender, Nicholas C Barrett, Sue McLaren, Clare Roberts, Carly Reid, Rosie Rooney, Tanya Packer, Greer Bradbury and Sharon Elsley

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2010 10:78

    Content type: Study protocol

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  33. Regular participation in physical activities is important for all children to stay fit and healthy. Children with cerebral palsy have reduced levels of physical activity, compared to typically developing child...

    Authors: Leontien Van Wely, Jules G Becher, Heleen A Reinders-Messelink, Eline Lindeman, Olaf Verschuren, Johannes Verheijden and Annet J Dallmeijer

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2010 10:77

    Content type: Study protocol

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  34. It is widely accepted that infants at risk for cerebral palsy need paediatric physiotherapy. However, there is little evidence for the efficacy of physiotherapeutic intervention. Recently, a new intervention p...

    Authors: Tjitske Hielkema, Elisa G Hamer, Heleen A Reinders-Messelink, Carel GB Maathuis, Arend F Bos, Tineke Dirks, Lily van Doormaal, Johannes Verheijden, Carla Vlaskamp, Eline Lindeman and Mijna Hadders-Algra

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2010 10:76

    Content type: Study protocol

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  35. Pregnancies induced by in vitro fertilisation (IVF) often result in twin gestations, which are associated with both maternal and perinatal complications. An effective way to reduce the number of IVF twin pregn...

    Authors: Mirjam MJ van Heesch, Gouke J Bonsel, John CM Dumoulin, Johannes LH Evers, Mark AHBM van der Hoeven, Johan L Severens, Ramon HM Dykgraaf, Fulco van der Veen, Nino Tonch, Willianne LDM Nelen, Piet van Zonneveld, Johannes B van Goudoever, Pieter Tamminga, Katerina Steiner, Corine Koopman-Esseboom, Catharina EM van Beijsterveldt…

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2010 10:75

    Content type: Study protocol

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  36. Important advances in the development and production of quality-certified pediatric antiretroviral (ARV) formulations have recently been made despite significant market disincentives for manufacturers. This pr...

    Authors: Brenda Waning, Ellen Diedrichsen, Elodie Jambert, Till Bärnighausen, Yun Li, Mieke Pouw and Suerie Moon

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2010 10:74

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Body Mass Index (BMI) is widely used to assess the impact of obesity on cardiometabolic risk in children but it does not always relate to central obesity and varies with growth and maturation. Waist-to-Height ...

    Authors: Jasmeet S Mokha, Sathanur R Srinivasan, Pronabesh DasMahapatra, Camilo Fernandez, Wei Chen, Jihua Xu and Gerald S Berenson

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2010 10:73

    Content type: Research article

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  38. In April 2009, a novel influenza A H1N1 (nH1N1) virus emerged and spread rapidly worldwide. News of the pandemic led to a heightened awareness of the consequences of influenza and generally resulted in enhance...

    Authors: Pranita D Tamma, Alison E Turnbull, Aaron M Milstone, Sara E Cosgrove, Alexandra Valsamakis, Alicia Budd and Trish M Perl

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2010 10:72

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Children with severe malnutrition who develop shock have a high mortality. Contrary to contemporaneous paediatric practice, current guidelines recommend use of low dose hypotonic fluid resuscitation (half-stre...

    Authors: Samuel O Akech, Japhet Karisa, Phellister Nakamya, Mwanamvua Boga and Kathryn Maitland

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2010 10:71

    Content type: Research article

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  40. There is a lack of high quality, child-centred and effective health information to support development of self-care practices and expertise in children with acute and long-term conditions. In type 1 diabetes, ...

    Authors: Jane P Noyes, Anne Williams, Davina Allen, Peter Brocklehurst, Cynthia Carter, John W Gregory, Carol Jackson, Mary Lewis, Lesley Lowes, Ian T Russell, Joanne Rycroft-Malone, Janice Sharp, Mark Samuels, Rhiannon Tudor Edwards and Rhiannon Whitaker

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2010 10:70

    Content type: Study protocol

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  41. Rotavirus remains the commonest cause of severe dehydrating diarrhea among children worldwide. Children in developing countries die more because of several factors including poorer access to hydration therapy ...

    Authors: Jane S Nakawesi, Eric Wobudeya, Grace Ndeezi, Edison A Mworozi and James K Tumwine

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2010 10:69

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Low concentrations of serum zinc have been reported in HIV infected adults and are associated with disease progression and an increased risk of death. Few studies have been conducted in HIV infected children i...

    Authors: Grace Ndeezi, James K Tumwine, Bjørn J Bolann, Christopher M Ndugwa and Thorkild Tylleskär

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2010 10:68

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Children with progressive metabolic, neurological, or chromosomal conditions and their families anticipate an unknown lifespan, endure unstable and often painful symptoms, and cope with erratic emotional and s...

    Authors: Harold Siden, Rose Steele, Rollin Brant, Susan Cadell, Betty Davies, Lynn Straatman, Kimberley Widger and Gail S Andrews

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2010 10:67

    Content type: Study protocol

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  44. Nosocomial Infections (NI) are a frequent and relevant problem. The purpose of this study was to determine the epidemiology of the three most common NI in a Pediatric Intensive Care Unit from a developing coun...

    Authors: María R Becerra, José A Tantaleán, Víctor J Suárez, Margarita C Alvarado, Jorge L Candela and Flor C Urcia

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2010 10:66

    Content type: Research article

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  45. This study aimed to profile levels of blood cells and serum cytokines during afebrile and febrile phases of periodic fever, aphthous stomatitis, pharyngitis and adenitis (PFAPA) syndrome to advance pathophysiolog...

    Authors: Kelly L Brown, Per Wekell, Veronica Osla, Martina Sundqvist, Karin Sävman, Anders Fasth, Anna Karlsson and Stefan Berg

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2010 10:65

    Content type: Research article

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  46. Stories may be an effective tool to communicate with and influence patients because of their ability to engage the reader. The objective of this paper is to describe the development of a story-based interventi...

    Authors: Lisa Hartling, Shannon Scott, Rena Pandya, David Johnson, Ted Bishop and Terry P Klassen

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2010 10:64

    Content type: Research article

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  47. Infant formulas are sophisticated milk-based feeds for infants which are used as a substitute for breast milk. Historically they are known to be contaminated by aluminium and in the past this has raised health...

    Authors: Shelle-Ann M Burrell and Christopher Exley

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2010 10:63

    Content type: Research article

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  48. Surveys in Vietnam have indicated that wasting and stunting have been prevalent among children, but the country is undergoing rapid socio-economic changes and little has been known about the relative situation...

    Authors: Arild Vaktskjold, Đoàn Văn Trí, Dương Trọng Phỉ and Torkjel Sandanger

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2010 10:62

    Content type: Research article

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  49. Earlier studies have shown an association between secondhand tobacco smoke and allergy development in children. Furthermore, there is an increased risk of developing an allergy if the parents have an allergy. ...

    Authors: Kristina Hansen, Elisabeth Mangrio, Martin Lindström and Maria Rosvall

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2010 10:61

    Content type: Research article

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