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  1. The appropriateness of an individual's intra uterine growth is now considered an important determinant of both short and long term outcomes, yet currently used measures have several shortcomings. This study de...

    Authors: Eve M Blair, Yingxin Liu, Nicholas H de Klerk and David M Lawrence

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2005 5:13

    Content type: Research article

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  2. There are no standard criteria for when to discontinue intravenous antimicrobial therapy (IVAMT) in children with febrile neutropenia (FN), but it is now common to discontinue IVAMT and discharge patients with...

    Authors: Heather Hodgson-Viden, Paul E Grundy and Joan L Robinson

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2005 5:10

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Mucopolysaccharidoses are heritable, metabolic diseases caused by deficiency in an activity of one of specific lysosomal enzymes involved in degradation of mucoplysaccharides (glycosaminoglycans). Among many m...

    Authors: Grzegorz Węgrzyn, Julianna Kurlenda, Anna Liberek, Anna Tylki-Szymańska, Barbara Czartoryska, Ewa Piotrowska, Joanna Jakóbkiewicz-Banecka and Alicja Węgrzyn

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2005 5:9

    Content type: Case report

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  4. Advances in medical technology may be increasing the population of children who are technology-dependent (TD). We assessed the proportion of children discharged from a children's hospital who are judged to be ...

    Authors: Chris Feudtner, Nanci Larter Villareale, Barbara Morray, Virginia Sharp, Ross M Hays and John M Neff

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2005 5:8

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Bronchiolitis is the most common cause of lower respiratory tract illness in infancy, and hospital admission rates appear to be increasing in Canada and the United States. Inhaled beta agonists offer only mode...

    Authors: Joanne M Langley, Michael B Smith, John C LeBlanc, Heather Joudrey, Cecil R Ojah and Paul Pianosi

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2005 5:7

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Phenylketonuria is an inborn error of amino acid metabolism which can cause severe damage to the patient or, in the case of maternal phenylketonuria, to the foetus. The maternal phenylketonuria syndrome is cau...

    Authors: Ina Knerr, Johannes Zschocke, Stefan Schellmoser, Hans G Topf, Corina Weigel, Jörg Dötsch and Wolfgang Rascher

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2005 5:5

    Content type: Case report

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  7. Urinary tract infection (UTI) is one of the most common sources of infection in children under five. Prompt diagnosis and treatment is important to reduce the risk of renal scarring. Rapid, cost-effective, met...

    Authors: Penny Whiting, Marie Westwood, Ian Watt, Julie Cooper and Jos Kleijnen

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2005 5:4

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Cyclical Vomiting Syndrome (CVS) is characterised by discrete, unexplained episodes of intense nausea and vomiting, and mainly affects children and adolescents. Comprehending Cyclical Vomiting Syndrome require...

    Authors: Fiona E McRonald and David R Fleisher

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2005 5:3

    Content type: Case report

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  9. The management of burn injuries is reported as painful, distressing and a cause of anxiety in children and their parents. Child's and parents' pain and anxiety, often contributes to extended time required for ...

    Authors: Debashish A Das, Karen A Grimmer, Anthony L Sparnon, Sarah E McRae and Bruce H Thomas

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2005 5:1

    Content type: Research article

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  10. The ACE gene contains a polymorphism consisting of either the presence (insertion, I) or absence (deletion, D) of a 287 bp alu repeat in intron 16. The D allele is associated with increased ACE activity in bot...

    Authors: Krishna Yanamandra, John Loggins and R John Baier

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2004 4:26

    Content type: Research article

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  11. RSV is recognized as the most important cause of serious lower respiratory tract illness in infants and young children worldwide leading to hospitalisation in a great number of cases, especially in certain hig...

    Authors: Hans-Olav Fjaerli, Teresa Farstad and Dag Bratlid

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2004 4:25

    Content type: Research article

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  12. There is little information in the research literature on how parents of children who spend time in a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) adapt psychologically to the demands of caregiving beyond the initial h...

    Authors: Anne F Klassen, Shoo K Lee, Parminder Raina and Sarka Lisonkova

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2004 4:24

    Content type: Research article

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  13. To determine whether healthcare professionals perceive the pain of infants differently due to their understanding of that infant's level of risk for neurological impairment.

    Authors: Lynn M Breau, Patrick J McGrath, Bonnie Stevens, Joseph Beyene, Carol S Camfield, G Allen Finley, Linda Franck, Alexandra Howlett, Karel O'Brien and Arne Ohlsson

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2004 4:23

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Several studies have linked low birth weight to adverse levels of cardiovascular risk factors and related diseases. However, information is sparse at a community level in the U.S. general population regarding ...

    Authors: Maria G Frontini, Sathanur R Srinivasan, Jihua Xu and Gerald S Berenson

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2004 4:22

    Content type: Research article

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  15. We sought to elicit preference weights from parents for health states corresponding to children with various levels of severity of atopic dermatitis. We also evaluated the hypothesis that parents with children...

    Authors: Joëlle Y Friedman, Shelby D Reed, Kevin P Weinfurt, Kristijan H Kahler, Emmanuel B Walter and Kevin A Schulman

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2004 4:21

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Elective endotracheal intubations are still commonly performed without premedication in many institutions. The hypothesis tested in this study was that morphine given prior to elective intubations in neonates ...

    Authors: Brigitte Lemyre, Joanne Doucette, Angela Kalyn, Shari Gray and Michael L Marrin

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2004 4:20

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Lung disease in patients with cystic fibrosis is thought to develop as a result of airway inflammation, infection, and obstruction. Pulmonary therapies for cystic fibrosis that reduce airway inflammation inclu...

    Authors: Jennifer E Mackey and Ran D Anbar

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2004 4:19

    Content type: Case report

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  18. Adjuvant therapy to ORT with probiotic bacteria for infants with acute watery diarrhea has been under active investigation. Most studies have been done in the developed world showing benefit only for viral mil...

    Authors: Eduardo Salazar-Lindo, Percy Miranda-Langschwager, Miguel Campos-Sanchez, Elsa Chea-Woo and R Bradley Sack

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2004 4:18

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Enteral feeding of very low birth weight (VLBW) infants is a challenge, since metabolic demands are high and administration of enteral nutrition is limited by immaturity of the gastrointestinal tract. The amin...

    Authors: Anemone van den Berg, Ruurd M van Elburg, Jos WR Twisk and Willem PF Fetter

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2004 4:17

    Content type: Study protocol

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  20. There is no clear definition of osteogenesis imperfecta (OI). The most widely used classification of OI divides the disease in four types, although it has been suggested that there may be at least 12 forms of ...

    Authors: Horacio Plotkin

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2004 4:16

    Content type: Debate

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  21. Retinopathy of Prematurity (ROP) is a common retinal neovascular disorder of premature infants. It is of variable severity, usually heals with mild or no sequelae, but may progress to blindness from retinal de...

    Authors: Medardo Avila-Vazquez, Roque Maffrand, Mirta Sosa, Maria Franco, Beatriz Vaca de Alvarez, Maria Luisa Cafferata and Eduardo Bergel

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2004 4:15

    Content type: Research article

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  22. The objective of this study was to assess the status of oxidative stress in term small for gestational age (SGA) newborn infants born to undernourished mothers by estimating levels of erythrocyte superoxide di...

    Authors: Piyush Gupta, Manish Narang, BD Banerjee and Srikanta Basu

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2004 4:14

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Antinuclear antibody (ANA) tests are frequently used to screen children for chronic inflammatory diseases such as systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). However, the diagnostic utility of this test is limited bec...

    Authors: Julie L McGhee, Lauren M Kickingbird and James N Jarvis

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2004 4:13

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Human cytomegalovirus (CMV) is one of the most commonly found agents of congenital infections. Primary maternal infection is associated with risk of symptomatic congenital diseases, and high morbidity is frequ...

    Authors: Angélica Lidia Distéfano, Alicia Alonso, Fabián Martin and Fabián Pardon

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2004 4:11

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Chronic lung disease (CLD) in the preterm newborn is associated with inflammation and fibrosis. Platelet-derived growth factor-BB (PDGF-BB), a potent chemotactic growth factor, may mediate the fibrotic compone...

    Authors: Kim G Adcock, Jeremy Martin, John Loggins, Thomas E Kruger and R John Baier

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2004 4:10

    Content type: Research article

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  26. There are differences in the literature regarding outcomes of premature small-for-gestational-age (SGA) and appropriate-for gestational-age (AGA) infants, possibly due to failure to take into account gestation...

    Authors: Puneet Sharma, Kathleen McKay, Ted S Rosenkrantz and Naveed Hussain

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2004 4:9

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Zellweger syndrome (ZS) is a fatal inherited disease caused by peroxisome biogenesis deficiency. Patients are characterized by multiple disturbances of lipid metabolism, profound hypotonia and neonatal seizure...

    Authors: Rainer Breitling

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2004 4:5

    Content type: Hypothesis

    Published on:

  28. Recently changed guidelines for child health surveillance in the United Kingdom (U.K.) suggest targeted checks only, instead of the previously conducted routine or universal screening at 2 years and 3.5 years....

    Authors: Marc Tebruegge, Vridhagiri Nandini and Jane Ritchie

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2004 4:4

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  29. The Chernobyl disaster in 1986 and the breakup of the former Soviet Union (FSU) in 1991 challenged the public health infrastructure in the former Soviet republic of Belarus. Because infant mortality is regarde...

    Authors: Lauren J Zichittella, Martin C Mahoney, Silvana Lawvere, Arthur M Michalek, Sergey P Chunikhovskiy and Natan Khotianov

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2004 4:3

    Content type: Research article

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    The Erratum to this article has been published in BMC Pediatrics 2004 4:12

  30. Parental care for a child with a developmental disability is an enormous responsibility, one that can far exceed that of typical parental care. While most parents adapt well to the situation of caring for a ch...

    Authors: Parminder Raina, Maureen O'Donnell, Heidi Schwellnus, Peter Rosenbaum, Gillian King, Jamie Brehaut, Dianne Russell, Marilyn Swinton, Susanne King, Micheline Wong, Stephen D Walter and Ellen Wood

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2004 4:1

    Content type: Debate

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  31. Sera from children with post-varicella infections have autoantibodies that react with centrosomes in brain and tissue culture cells. We investigated the sera of children with infections and post-varicella atax...

    Authors: Marvin J Fritzler, Meifeng Zhang, Laura M Stinton and Jerome B Rattner

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2003 3:11

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  32. Airway colonization of mechanically ventilated very low birth weight infants (birth weight < 1500 grams) by Ureaplasma urealyticum (Uu) is associated with an increased risk of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD). Wh...

    Authors: R John Baier, John Loggins and Thomas E Kruger

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2003 3:10

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  33. Fully understanding the determinants and sequelae of fetal growth requires a continuous measure of birth weight adjusted for gestational age. Published United States reference data, however, provide estimates ...

    Authors: Emily Oken, Ken P Kleinman, Janet Rich-Edwards and Matthew W Gillman

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2003 3:6

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  34. The main objective of the present study was to investigate the relationship between the attitudes of the mother and her family towards breastfeeding and the actual feeding pattern in a Bolivian population. A s...

    Authors: Jonas F Ludvigsson

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2003 3:4

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  35. Several studies have shown that girls who undergo menarche at a relatively young age tend to be more obese as adults. However, because childhood (pre-menarcheal) levels of weight and height are associated with...

    Authors: David S Freedman, Laura Kettel Khan, Mary K Serdula, William H Dietz, Sathanur R Srinivasan and Gerald S Berenson

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2003 3:3

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

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