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  1. Infants born <29 weeks gestation are at high risk of neurocognitive disability. Early postnatal growth failure, particularly head growth, is an important and potentially reversible risk factor for impaired neu...

    Authors: Colin Morgan, Shakeel Herwitker, Isam Badhawi, Anna Hart, Maw Tan, Kelly Mayes, Paul Newland and Mark A Turner

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2011 11:53

    Content type: Study protocol

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  2. Cases of cytomegalovirus colitis are exceptionally reported in immuno-competent infant. The pathogenesis is uncertain but breast-feeding is considered as a main source of postnatal infection.

    Authors: Alberto Berardi, Cecilia Rossi, Valentina Fiorini, Cristina Rivi, Federica Vagnarelli, Nicola Guaraldi, Paola Pietrosemoli, Tiziana Lazzarotto and Fabrizio Ferrari

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2011 11:52

    Content type: Case report

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  3. Ethanol is the most widely used drug in the world and a human teratogen whose consumption among women of childbearing age has been steadily increasing. There are no Italian or Spanish statistics on ethanol con...

    Authors: F Vagnarelli, I Palmi, O García-Algar, M Falcon, L Memo, L Tarani, R Spoletini, R Pacifici, C Mortali, A Pierantozzi and S Pichini

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2011 11:51

    Content type: Research article

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  4. There are limited long-term randomized controlled trials of growth hormone (GH) supplementation to adult height and few published reports of the health-related quality of life (HRQOL) following treatment. The ...

    Authors: Shayne P Taback and Guy Van Vliet

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2011 11:49

    Content type: Research article

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  5. In premature born infants red blood cell (RBC) transfusions have been associated with both beneficial and detrimental sequels. Upon RBC transfusion, improvement in cerebral blood flow and oxygenation have been...

    Authors: Jeannette S von Lindern, Chantal M Khodabux, Karien EA Hack, Ingrid C van Haastert, Corine Koopman-Esseboom, Paul HT van Zwieten, Anneke Brand and Frans J Walther

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2011 11:48

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Weight loss and increased physical fitness are established approaches to reduce cardiovascular risk factors. We studied the reduction in BMI z-score associated with improvement in cardiometabolic risk factors ...

    Authors: Magnhild L Pollestad Kolsgaard, Geir Joner, Cathrine Brunborg, Sigmund A Anderssen, Serena Tonstad and Lene Frost Andersen

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2011 11:47

    Content type: Research article

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    The Erratum to this article has been published in BMC Pediatrics 2012 12:77

  7. Children with chronic illnesses are known to have increased risks for emotional and behavioral problems. In the present study, children and adolescent suffering from celiac disease (CD) were compared with heal...

    Authors: Luigi Mazzone, Laura Reale, Massimo Spina, Manuela Guarnera, Elena Lionetti, Serena Martorana and Domenico Mazzone

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2011 11:46

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Generic and condition-specific (CS) oral-health-related quality-of-life (OHRQoL) instruments assess the impacts of general oral conditions and specific oral diseases. Focusing schoolchildren from Arusha and Da...

    Authors: Hawa S Mbawalla, Matilda Mtaya, Joyce R Masalu, Pongsri Brudvik and Anne N Astrom

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2011 11:45

    Content type: Research article

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  9. H. pylori infection has been linked to iron deficiency anemia, a risk factor of diminished cognitive development. The hypothesis on an association between H. pylori infection and cognitive function was examined ...

    Authors: Khitam Muhsen, Asher Ornoy, Ashraf Akawi, Gershon Alpert and Dani Cohen

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2011 11:43

    Content type: Research article

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  10. In young people with spastic diplegic cerebral palsy weakness of the hip extensor muscles are associated with limitations in activity. It is important that clinicians can reliably measure hip extensor muscle s...

    Authors: Kate M Dyball, Nicholas F Taylor and Karen J Dodd

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2011 11:42

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Fever is one of the most common presenting complaints in paediatrics and general practice. In the majority of cases nothing harmful is diagnosed. However, the subjective meaning of fever often varies between d...

    Authors: Thorsten Langer, Miriam Pfeifer, Aynur Soenmez, Bilge Tarhan, Elke Jeschke and Thomas Ostermann

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2011 11:41

    Content type: Research article

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  12. The safety and effectiveness of psychotropic drug use in the paediatric population is widely debated, in particular because of the lack of data concerning long term effects.

    Authors: Antonio Clavenna, Margherita Andretta, Paola Pilati, Maurizio Dusi, Michele Gangemi, Maria Beatrice Gattoni, Giuseppe Lombardo, Leonardo Zoccante, Luigi Mezzalira and Maurizio Bonati

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2011 11:40

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Vasopressin is one of the most important physiological stress and shock hormones. Copeptin, a stable vasopressin precursor, is a promising sepsis marker in adults. In contrast, its involvement in neonatal dise...

    Authors: Luregn J Schlapbach, Stefanie Frey, Susanna Bigler, Chiem Manh-Nhi, Christoph Aebi, Mathias Nelle and Jean-Marc Nuoffer

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2011 11:38

    Content type: Research article

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  14. The vulnerability of newborn babies' skin creates the potential for a number of skin problems. Despite this, there remains a dearth of good quality evidence to inform practice. Published studies comparing wate...

    Authors: Tina Lavender, Carol Bedwell, Ediri O'Brien, Michael J Cork, Mark Turner and Anna Hart

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2011 11:35

    Content type: Research article

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  15. The debate about a possible relationship between aerobic fitness and motor skills with cognitive development in children has recently re-emerged, because of the decrease in children's aerobic fitness and the c...

    Authors: Iris Niederer, Susi Kriemler, Janine Gut, Tim Hartmann, Christian Schindler, Jérôme Barral and Jardena J Puder

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2011 11:34

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Breastfeeding (BF) is protective against overweight and is associated with dietary behaviour. The aims of our study were to assess the relationship between exclusive BF duration and BMI, waist circumference (W...

    Authors: Marlou LA De Kroon, Carry M Renders, Michelle PJ Buskermolen, Jacobus P Van Wouwe, Stef van Buuren and Remy A Hirasing

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2011 11:33

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Celiac disease often goes undiagnosed. Mass screening might be an option to reduce the public health burden of untreated celiac disease. However, mass screening is still controversial since it is uncertain whe...

    Authors: Anna Rosén, Anneli Ivarsson, Katrina Nordyke, Eva Karlsson, Annelie Carlsson, Lars Danielsson, Lotta Högberg and Maria Emmelin

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2011 11:32

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Infection with varicella-zoster virus (VZV) contemporaneously with malignant disease or immunosuppression represents a particular challenge and requires individualized decisions and treatment. Although the inc...

    Authors: Verena Wiegering, Judith Schick, Meinrad Beer, Benedikt Weissbrich, Stefan Gattenlöhner, Hermann J Girschick, Johannes Liese, Paul G Schlegel and Matthias Eyrich

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2011 11:31

    Content type: Case report

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  19. Infections by a variety of pathogens are a significant cause of morbidity and mortality during perinatal period. The susceptibility of neonates to bacterial infections has been attributed to immaturity of inna...

    Authors: Athanasios Filias, Georgios L Theodorou, Sofia Mouzopoulou, Anastasia A Varvarigou, Stephanos Mantagos and Marina Karakantza

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2011 11:29

    Content type: Research article

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  20. In young children with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) parents have full responsibility for the diabetes-management of their child (e.g. blood glucose monitoring, and administering insulin). Behavioral tasks i...

    Authors: Anke M Nieuwesteeg, Frans Pouwer, Hedwig JA van Bakel, Wilco HM Emons, Henk-Jan Aanstoot, Roelof Odink and Esther E Hartman

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2011 11:28

    Content type: Study protocol

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  21. Several studies analyzed whether conventional journals in general medicine or specialties such as pediatrics endorse recommendations aiming to improve publication practice. Despite evidence showing benefits of...

    Authors: Joerg J Meerpohl, Robert F Wolff, Gerd Antes and Erik von Elm

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2011 11:27

    Content type: Research article

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  22. How youth perceive marketing messages in sports is poorly understood. We evaluated whether youth perceive that the imagery of a specific sports marketing advertisement contained smoking-related messages.

    Authors: Nathalie Auger, Mark Daniel, Bärbel Knäuper, Marie-France Raynault and Barry Pless

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2011 11:26

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Physicians, nurses and hospital pharmacists were surveyed to assess attitudes of hospital-based pediatric caregivers regarding the dosing of medicine to children. Our objectives were to gauge how current resou...

    Authors: Jeffrey S Barrett, Mahesh Narayan, Dimple Patel, Athena F Zuppa and Peter C Adamson

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2011 11:25

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Triplets are often born premature and with a low birth weight. Because the incidence of triplet births is rare, there are relatively few studies describing triplet birth weight characteristics. Earlier studies...

    Authors: Diane J Lamb, Christel M Middeldorp, Catharina EM van Beijsterveldt, Jacqueline M Vink, Monique C Haak and Dorret I Boomsma

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2011 11:24

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Achieving the Millennium Development Goals that aim to reduce malnutrition and child mortality depends in part on the ability of governments/policymakers to address nutritional status of children in general an...

    Authors: Elizabeth W Kimani-Murage, Shane A Norris, John M Pettifor, Stephen M Tollman, Kerstin Klipstein-Grobusch, Xavier F Gómez-Olivé, David B Dunger and Kathleen Kahn

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2011 11:23

    Content type: Research article

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  26. It is difficult to predict the reproductive capacity of children given hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) before pubertal age because the plasma concentrations of follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and l...

    Authors: Sylvie Laporte, Ana-Claudia Couto-Silva, Séverine Trabado, Pierre Lemaire, Sylvie Brailly-Tabard, Hélène Espérou, Jean Michon, André Baruchel, Alain Fischer, Christine Trivin and Raja Brauner

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2011 11:20

    Content type: Research article

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  27. This study aimed to determine the age-specific aetiologic agents of diarrhoea in children aged less than five years. The study also assessed the efficacy of the empiric treatment of childhood diarrhoea using I...

    Authors: Sabrina J Moyo, Njolstad Gro, Mecky I Matee, Jesse Kitundu, Helge Myrmel, Haima Mylvaganam, Samuel Y Maselle and Nina Langeland

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2011 11:19

    Content type: Research article

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  28. The aim of this study was to develop an economical 'in-house' single round polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay using filter paper-dried blood spots (FP-DBS) for early infant HIV-1 diagnosis and to evaluate i...

    Authors: Bhavna H Chohan, Sandra Emery, Dalton Wamalwa, Grace John-Stewart, Maxwel Majiwa, Musa Ng'ayo, Steve Froggett and Julie Overbaugh

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2011 11:18

    Content type: Technical advance

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  29. Rotavirus is responsible for over 25 million outpatient visits, over 2 million hospitalizations and 527,000 deaths annually, worldwide. It is estimated that breastfeeding in accordance with the World Health Orga...

    Authors: Eric Wobudeya, Hanifa Bachou, Charles K Karamagi, Joan N Kalyango, Edrisa Mutebi and Henry Wamani

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2011 11:17

    Content type: Research article

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  30. The overall prevalence of thrombocytopenia in neonates admitted to neonatal intensive care units ranges from 22 to 35%. There are only a few small studies that outline the relationship between the severity of ...

    Authors: Jeannette S von Lindern, Tjitske van den Bruele, Enrico Lopriore and Frans J Walther

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2011 11:16

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Vomiting in children with acute gastroenteritis (AG) is not only a direct cause of fluid loss but it is also a major factor of failure of oral rehydration therapy (ORT). Physicians who provide care to paediatr...

    Authors: Federico Marchetti, Alessandra Maestro, Francesca Rovere, Davide Zanon, Alberto Arrighini, Paolo Bertolani, Paolo Biban, Liviana Da Dalt, Pasquale Di Pietro, Salvatore Renna, Andrea Guala, Francesco Mannelli, Anna Pazzaglia, Gianni Messi, Francesco Perri, Antonino Reale…

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2011 11:15

    Content type: Study protocol

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  32. Internationally, 0.97 per 1,000 live births are affected by foetal alcohol syndrome (FAS). However, prevalence intelligence has been limited in the UK, hindering the development of appropriate services. This a...

    Authors: Michela Morleo, Kerry Woolfall, Dan Dedman, Raja Mukherjee, Mark A Bellis and Penny A Cook

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2011 11:14

    Content type: Research article

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  33. The Loozit® Study is a randomised controlled trial investigating extended support in a 24 month community-based weight management program for overweight to moderately obese, but otherwise healthy, 13 to 16 year o...

    Authors: Vanessa A Shrewsbury, Binh Nguyen, Janice O'Connor, Katharine S Steinbeck, Anthea Lee, Andrew J Hill, Smita Shah, Michael R Kohn, Siranda Torvaldsen and Louise A Baur

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2011 11:13

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Childhood obesity is a substantial public health problem. The extent to which health state preferences (utilities) are related to a child's weight status has not been reported. The aims of this study were (1) ...

    Authors: Mandy B Belfort, John AF Zupancic, Katherine M Riera, Jane HG Turner and Lisa A Prosser

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2011 11:12

    Content type: Research article

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  35. The AIDS epidemic has lead to an increase in orphaned children who need residential care. It is known that HIV leads to delayed motor development. However, the impact of place of residence on motor function ha...

    Authors: Jennifer Jelsma, Nailah Davids and Gillian Ferguson

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2011 11:11

    Content type: Research article

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  36. To examine the blood glucose profile and the relationship between blood glucose levels and neurodevelopmental outcome in term infants with hypoxic-ischaemic encephalopathy.

    Authors: Montasser Nadeem, Deirdre M Murray, Geraldine B Boylan, Eugene M Dempsey and Cornelius A Ryan

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2011 11:10

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Calprotectin is a calcium and zinc binding protein, abundant in neutrophils and is extremely stable in faeces. Faecal calprotectin is used as a non-specific marker for gastrointestinal inflammation. It has a g...

    Authors: Elin Hestvik, James K Tumwine, Thorkild Tylleskar, Lena Grahnquist, Grace Ndeezi, Deogratias H Kaddu-Mulindwa, Lage Aksnes and Edda Olafsdottir

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2011 11:9

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Health-related quality of life (HRQoL) assessment, encompassing the adolescents' perceptions of their mental, physical, and social health and well-being is increasingly considered an important outcome to be us...

    Authors: Mariana T Aires, Pascal Auquier, Stephane Robitail, Guilherme L Werneck and Marie-Claude Simeoni

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2011 11:8

    Content type: Research article

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  39. There is increased incidence of new cases of type 1 diabetes in children younger than 15 years. The debate concerning where best to manage newly diagnosed children continues. Some units routinely admit childre...

    Authors: Julia K Townson, John W Gregory, David Cohen, Sue Channon, Nicola Harman, Justin H Davies, Justin Warner, Nicola Trevelyan, Rebecca Playle, Michael Robling, Kerenza Hood and Lesley Lowes

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2011 11:7

    Content type: Study protocol

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  40. The appropriate level of oxygenation for extremely preterm neonates (<28 weeks' gestation) to maximise the greatest chance of survival, without incurring significant morbidity, remains unknown. Infants exposed...

    Authors: Lisa M Askie, Peter Brocklehurst, Brian A Darlow, Neil Finer, Barbara Schmidt and William Tarnow-Mordi

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2011 11:6

    Content type: Study protocol

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  41. Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-1 infection increases the burden of malaria by increasing susceptibility to infection and decreasing the response to malarial treatment. HIV-1 has also been found to suppress...

    Authors: Peace D Imani, Philippa Musoke, Justus Byarugaba and James K Tumwine

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2011 11:5

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Inadequate and inappropriate complementary feeding are major factors contributing to excess morbidity and mortality in young children in low resource settings. Animal source foods in particular are cited as es...

    Authors: Nancy F Krebs, K Michael Hambidge, Manolo Mazariegos, Jamie Westcott, Norman Goco, Linda L Wright, Marion Koso-Thomas, Antoinette Tshefu, Carl Bose, Omrana Pasha, Robert Goldenberg, Elwyn Chomba, Waldemar Carlo, Mark Kindem, Abhik Das, Ty Hartwell…

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2011 11:4

    Content type: Study protocol

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