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Nutrition, diet, physical health and endocrinology

Section edited by Lorenzo Iughetti

This section considers studies regarding physical activity, nutrition, diet, and endocrinology in children and adolescents.

Page 8 of 8

  1. Previous studies have shown an association between adiposity, especially intra-abdominal adipose tissue, and hemodynamic/metabolic comorbidities in adults, however it is not clear in pediatric population. The ...

    Authors: Loreana Sanches Silveira, Paula Alves Monteiro, Bárbara de Moura Mello Antunes, Patrícia Monteiro Seraphim, Rômulo Araújo Fernandes, Diego G Destro Christofaro and Ismael F F F Freitas Júnior

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2013 13:115

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Functional constipation is a common disorder worldwide and is found in all paediatric age groups. Functional constipation can be caused by delayed colonic transit or dysfunction of the pelvic floor muscles. St...

    Authors: Marieke L van Engelenburg – van Lonkhuyzen, Esther MJ Bols, Marc A Benninga, Wim A Verwijs, Netty MWL Bluijssen and Rob A de Bie

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2013 13:112

    Content type: Study protocol

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  3. The mainstay treatment of non alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) based on weight loss and/or lifestyle changes is most often unsuccessful at all ages, thus requiring the implementation of pharmacological st...

    Authors: Pietro Vajro, Giulia Paolella, Marco Poeta, Cristina Pizza, Maria Sangermano and Grazia Massa

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2013 13:109

    Content type: Commentary

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  4. Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of mortality in Type 1 diabetes (T1D). Vascular dysfunction is an early and critical event in the development of cardiovascular disease. Children with T1D have vascu...

    Authors: Jemma Anderson, Alexia S Peña, Thomas Sullivan, Roger Gent, Bronwen D’Arcy, Timothy Olds, Brian Coppin and Jennifer Couper

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2013 13:108

    Content type: Study protocol

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  5. Obesity impairs health related quality of life (HRQL) in adolescents, but most evidence in this area has mostly come from western societies. We wanted to test the hypothesis that obesity impairs HRQL in Kuwait...

    Authors: Shurooq A Boodai and John J Reilly

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2013 13:105

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Given that it is not feasible to use dual x-ray absorptiometry (DXA) or other reference methods to measure adiposity in all pediatric clinical and research settings, it is important to identify reasonable alte...

    Authors: Caroline E Boeke, Emily Oken, Ken P Kleinman, Sheryl L Rifas-Shiman, Elsie M Taveras and Matthew W Gillman

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2013 13:99

    Content type: Research article

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  7. The objective of this study was to determine body fat percentiles of adolescents in the city of São Paulo, Brazil, according to gender, age, and sexual maturation.

    Authors: Isa de Pádua Cintra, Gerson Luis de Moraes Ferrari, Ana Carolina de Sousa Vieira Soares, Maria Aparecida Zanetti Passos, Mauro Fisberg and Maria Sylvia de Souza Vitalle

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2013 13:96

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Calcium (Ca2+) and vitamin D (VitD) play an important role in child health. We evaluated the daily intake of Ca2+ and VitD in healthy children. Moreover, we demonstrate the efficacy of Ca2+ and VitD supplementati...

    Authors: Linda Cosenza, Vincenza Pezzella, Rita Nocerino, Margherita Di Costanzo, Anna Coruzzo, Annalisa Passariello, Ludovica Leone, Marcella Savoia, Antonio Del Puente, Antonella Esposito, Gianluca Terrin and Roberto Berni Canani

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2013 13:86

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a liver manifestation of metabolic syndrome since obesity and insulin resistance are the main pathogenic contributors for both conditions. NAFLD carries increased r...

    Authors: Wojciech Janczyk, Piotr Socha, Dariusz Lebensztejn, Aldona Wierzbicka, Artur Mazur, Joanna Neuhoff-Murawska and Pawel Matusik

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2013 13:85

    Content type: Study protocol

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  10. According to current evidence, the prevention of obesity should start early in life. Even the prenatal environment may expose a child to unhealthy weight gain; maternal gestational diabetes is known to be amon...

    Authors: Taina Mustila, Jani Raitanen, Päivi Keskinen, Antti Saari and Riitta Luoto

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2013 13:80

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Childhood obesity has become an emerging urban health problem in urban cities in Bangladesh, particularly in affluent families. Risk factors for obesity in this context have not been explored yet. The objectiv...

    Authors: Mejbah Uddin Bhuiyan, Shahaduz Zaman and Tahmeed Ahmed

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2013 13:72

    Content type: Research article

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  12. The prevalence of severe obesity in children and adolescents is increasing. However, little is known about cardiometabolic risk factors and quality of life of children with severe obesity.

    Authors: Sabine Makkes, Carry M Renders, Judith E Bosmans, Olga H van der Baan-Slootweg and Jacob C Seidell

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2013 13:62

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Type 1 diabetes is among the most prevalent chronic childhood diseases in the US. Initial type 1 diabetes management education and care can take place in different clinical settings. This study assessed metabo...

    Authors: Christopher F Jasinski, Rosa Rodriguez-Monguio, Ksenia Tonyushkina and Holley Allen

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2013 13:55

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Obesity is a global epidemic that is impacting children around the world. Obesity is a chronic inflammatory state with enhanced production of multiple cytokines and chemokines. Chemokine (C-C motif) Ligand 2 (...

    Authors: M Constantine Samaan, Joyce Obeid, Thanh Nguyen, Lehana Thabane and Brian W Timmons

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2013 13:47

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Obesity is the most common chronic pediatric disease in westernized, especially low socioeconomic societies. We previously demonstrated the beneficial effects of a randomized prospective school-based health ed...

    Authors: Dan Nemet, Dganit Geva, Michal Pantanowitz, Narmen Igbaria, Yoav Meckel and Alon Eliakim

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2013 13:45

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Adequate treatment of severe childhood obesity is important given its serious social, psychological and physical consequences. Self-regulation may be a crucial determinant of treatment success. Yet, little is ...

    Authors: Jutka Halberstadt, Sabine Makkes, Emely de Vet, Anita Jansen, Chantal Nederkoorn, Olga H van der Baan-Slootweg and Jacob C Seidell

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2013 13:41

    Content type: Study protocol

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  17. Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is the leading cause of chronic liver disease in children. NAFLD has emerged to be extremely prevalent, and predicted by obesity and male gender. It is defined by hepat...

    Authors: Valentina Giorgio, Federica Prono, Francesca Graziano and Valerio Nobili

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2013 13:40

    Content type: Review

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  18. Among adults, obesity has been positively related to bone mineral density. However, recent findings have pointed out that abdominal obesity could be negatively related to bone density. The above mentioned rela...

    Authors: Ismael Forte Freitas Júnior, Jefferson Rosa Cardoso, Diego G Destro Christofaro, Jamile Sanches Codogno, Augusto César Ferreira de Moraes and Rômulo Araújo Fernandes

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2013 13:37

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Studies indicate genetic and lifestyle factors can contribute to optimal bone development. In particular, the intensity level of physical activity may have an impact on bone health. This study aims to assess t...

    Authors: Malene Heidemann, Christian Mølgaard, Steffen Husby, Anders J Schou, Heidi Klakk, Niels Chr Møller, René Holst and Niels Wedderkopp

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2013 13:32

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Most research examining birth history (i.e. related birth complications) and developmental milestone achievement follow outcomes for infants at-risk with very specific birth weight categories and gestational a...

    Authors: Simone V Gill, Teresa A May-Benson, Alison Teasdale and Elizabeth G Munsell

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2013 13:29

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Severe tooth decay is known to affect the health and well-being of young children. However, little is known about the influence of Severe Early Childhood Caries (S-ECC) on childhood nutritional status. The pur...

    Authors: Robert J Schroth, Jeremy Levi, Eleonore Kliewer, James Friel and Michael EK Moffatt

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2013 13:22

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Not only in adults but also in children and adolescents, obesity increases the risk for several health disorders. In turn, many factors including genetic variations and environmental influences (e.g. physical ...

    Authors: Annette Rauner, Filip Mess and Alexander Woll

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2013 13:19

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  23. Hypoxia associated with bronchiolitis is not always easy to assess on clinical grounds alone. The aim of this study was to determine the value of food intake during the previous 24 hours (bottle and spoon feed...

    Authors: François Corrard, France de La Rocque, Elvira Martin, Claudie Wollner, Annie Elbez, Marc Koskas, Alain Wollner, Michel Boucherat and Robert Cohen

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2013 13:6

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Burn injuries have a major impact on the patient’s physical and psychological functioning. The consequences can, especially in pediatric burns, persist long after the injury. A decrease in physical fitness see...

    Authors: Laurien M Disseldorp, Leonora J Mouton, Tim Takken, Marco Van Brussel, Gerard IJM Beerthuizen, Lucas HV Van der Woude and Marianne K Nieuwenhuis

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2012 12:195

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  25. Oral clefts are one of the most common birth defects with significant medical, psychosocial, and economic ramifications. Oral clefts have a complex etiology with genetic and environmental risk factors. There a...

    Authors: George L Wehby, Norman Goco, Danilo Moretti-Ferreira, Temis Felix, Antonio Richieri-Costa, Carla Padovani, Fernanda Queiros, Camilla Vila Nova Guimaraes, Rui Pereira, Steve Litavecz, Tyler Hartwell, Hrishikesh Chakraborty, Lorette Javois and Jeffrey C Murray

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2012 12:184

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  26. Establishing healthy physical activity (PA) behaviours in early childhood is important for future PA behaviours. Parents play a central role in young children’s PA. However, there is currently little research ...

    Authors: Georgina F Bentley, Joanna K Goodred, Russell Jago, Simon J Sebire, Patricia J Lucas, Kenneth R Fox, Sarah Stewart-Brown and Katrina M Turner

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2012 12:180

    Content type: Research article

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  27. The ability of different obesity indices to predict cardiovascular risk is still debated in youth and few data are available in sub Saharan Africa. We compared the associations between several indices of obesi...

    Authors: Pascal Bovet, Tiphaine Arlabosse, Bharathi Viswanathan and Gary Myers

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2012 12:176

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  28. To assess initial efficacy and feasibility of a structured behavioural group training (DELFIN) for parents of children with diabetes type 1, in order to reduce parenting stress and to improve parenting skills.

    Authors: Heike Saßmann, Mira de Hair, Thomas Danne and Karin Lange

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2012 12:152

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  29. There are few reports on the nutritional status of Bhutanese children. The objective of this paper is to summarize results from the 2008 National Nutrition Survey and to describe progress achieved during the l...

    Authors: Ugyen Zangmo, Mercedes de Onis and Tandin Dorji

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2012 12:151

    Content type: Research article

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  30. An increasingly passive life-style in the Western World has led to a rise in life-style related disorders. This is a major concern for all segments of society. The county council of the municipality of Svendbo...

    Authors: Niels Wedderkopp, Eva Jespersen, Claudia Franz, Heidi Klakk, Malene Heidemann, Christina Christiansen, Niels Christian Møller and Charlotte Leboeuf-Yde

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2012 12:128

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  31. Sex comparisons between girls and boys in response to exercise in trained adolescents are missing and we investigated similarities and differences as a basis for clinical interpretation and guidance.

    Authors: Åsa Fomin, Mattias Ahlstrand, Helena Gyllenhammar Schill, Lars H Lund, Marcus Ståhlberg, Aristomenis Manouras and Anders Gabrielsen

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2012 12:127

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Children with cerebral palsy (CP) whom are non-ambulant are at risk of reduced quality of life and poor health status. Severe spasticity leads to discomfort and pain. Carer burden for families is significant. ...

    Authors: Megan Thorley, Samantha Donaghey, Priya Edwards, Lisa Copeland, Megan Kentish, Kim McLennan, Jayne Lindsley, Laura Gascoigne-Pees, Leanne Sakzewski and Roslyn N Boyd

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2012 12:120

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  33. 1) To evaluate calcium absorption in infants fed a formula containing prebiotics (PF) and one without prebiotics (CF). 2) To compare calcium absorption from these formulas with a group of human milk-fed (HM) i...

    Authors: Penni D Hicks, Keli M Hawthorne, Carol L Berseth, John D Marunycz, James E Heubi and Steven A Abrams

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2012 12:118

    Content type: Research article

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  34. There is an urgent need to develop and evaluate weight management interventions to address childhood obesity. Recent research suggests that interventions designed for parents exclusively, which have been named pa...

    Authors: Geoff D C Ball, Kathryn A Ambler, Rachel A Keaschuk, Rhonda J Rosychuk, Nicholas L Holt, John C Spence, Mary M Jetha, Arya M Sharma and Amanda S Newton

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2012 12:114

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  35. Vitamin D deficiency has been associated with a multitude of disorders including diabetes, defective insulin secretion as well as rickets and poor bone health. Vitamin D is also a concern during childhood and ...

    Authors: Betânia R Santos, Luis P G Mascarenhas, Fabíola Satler, Margaret C S Boguszewski and Poli Mara Spritzer

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2012 12:62

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Food insecurity among Mexican-origin and Hispanic households is a critical nutritional health issue of national importance. At the same time, nutrition-related health conditions, such as obesity and type 2 dia...

    Authors: Joseph R Sharkey, Courtney Nalty, Cassandra M Johnson and Wesley R Dean

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2012 12:16

    Content type: Research article

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  37. The purpose of this study was to describe the food and nutrient intake of a population of rural Australian children particularly Indigenous children. Participants were aged 10 to 12 years, and living in areas ...

    Authors: Josephine D Gwynn, Victoria M Flood, Catherine A D'Este, John R Attia, Nicole Turner, Janine Cochrane, Jimmy Chun-Yu Louie and John H Wiggers

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2012 12:12

    Content type: Research article

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  38. To evaluate the effects on serum 25(OH)D and bone mineralization of supplementation of breast-fed Hispanic and non-Hispanic Caucasian infants with vitamin D in infants in Houston, Texas.

    Authors: Steven A Abrams, Keli M Hawthorne, Stefanie P Rogers, Penni D Hicks and Thomas O Carpenter

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2012 12:6

    Content type: Research article

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