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Nutrition, diet, physical health and endocrinology

Section edited by Lorenzo Iughetti

This section considers studies regarding physical activity, nutrition, diet, and endocrinology in children and adolescents.

Page 7 of 9

  1. Parents of children with Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus (T1DM) have an important role in supporting diabetes management behaviours and helping to maintain their child’s healthy lifestyle. Physical activity has known...

    Authors: Helen Quirk, Holly Blake, Beatrice Dee and Cris Glazebrook

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2014 14:313

    Content type: Research article

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  2. A limited number of nondigestible oligosaccharides are available for use in infant formula. This study evaluated growth and safety in infants fed formula supplemented with a mixture of bovine milk-derived olig...

    Authors: Ferdinando Meli, Giuseppe Puccio, Cinzia Cajozzo, Giovanni Licata Ricottone, Sophie Pecquet, Norbert Sprenger and Philippe Steenhout

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2014 14:306

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Though recent data suggest that multidisciplinary outpatient interventions can have a positive effect on childhood obesity, it is still unclear which program components are most beneficial and how they affect ...

    Authors: Dirk E Bock, Tracy Robinson, Jamie A Seabrook, Meghan Rombeek, Kambiz Norozi, Guido Filler, Ralf Rauch and Cheril L Clarson

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2014 14:296

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Young children with cerebral palsy (CP) receive a variety of interventions to prevent and/or reduce activity limitations and participation restrictions. Some of these interventions are intensive, and it is a c...

    Authors: Hilde Tinderholt Myrhaug, Sigrid Østensjø, Lillebeth Larun, Jan Odgaard-Jensen and Reidun Jahnsen

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2014 14:292

    Content type: Research article

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  5. A higher protein to carbohydrate ratio in the diet may potentiate weight loss, improve body composition and cardiometabolic risk, including glucose homeostasis in adults. The aim of this randomised control tri...

    Authors: Sarah P Garnett, Megan Gow, Mandy Ho, Louise A Baur, Manny Noakes, Helen J Woodhead, Carolyn R Broderick, Kerryn Chisholm, Julie Briody, Sukanya De, Katherine Steinbeck, Shubha Srinivasan, Geoffrey R Ambler and Chris T Cowell

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2014 14:289

    Content type: Research article

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  6. One of the most effective ways to promote the prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) of HIV-1 in resource-limited settings is to encourage HIV-positive mothers to practice exclusive breastfeeding (...

    Authors: John O Okanda, Craig B Borkowf, Sonali Girde, Timothy K Thomas and Shirley Lee Lecher

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2014 14:280

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Obesity amongst children is a growing problem worldwide. In contrast to adults, little is known on the effects of controlled weight loss on components of the metabolic syndrome in children. The primary aim of ...

    Authors: Nina Majlund Harder-Lauridsen, Nina Marie Birk, Mathias Ried-Larsen, Anders Juul, Lars Bo Andersen, Bente Klarlund Pedersen and Rikke Krogh-Madsen

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2014 14:273

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Previous studies have assessed the metabolic changes and lifestyles associated with overweight adolescents. However, these associations are unclear amongst overweight adolescents who have already developed ins...

    Authors: Claudia-María Velásquez-Rodríguez, Marcela Velásquez-Villa, Leidy Gómez-Ocampo and Juliana Bermúdez-Cardona

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2014 14:258

    Content type: Research article

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  9. There is a need for a practical, inexpensive method to assess body composition in obese adolescents. This study aimed to 1) compare body composition parameters estimated by a stand-on, multi-frequency bioelect...

    Authors: Ching S Wan, Leigh C Ward, Jocelyn Halim, Megan L Gow, Mandy Ho, Julie N Briody, Kelvin Leung, Chris T Cowell and Sarah P Garnett

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2014 14:249

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Parents influence their children’s obesity risk through feeding behaviours and modeling of weight-related behaviours. Little is known about how the general home environment, including parental stress, may infl...

    Authors: Kathryn Walton, Janis Randall Simpson, Gerarda Darlington and Jess Haines

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2014 14:244

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Promoting a healthy lifestyle especially in adolescents is important because health-related behaviors adopted during adolescence most often track into adulthood. Longitudinal studies are necessary for identify...

    Authors: Sarah Spengler, Filip Mess, Eliane Schmocker and Alexander Woll

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2014 14:242

    Content type: Research article

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  12. The burden of disease from childhood obesity is considerable worldwide, as it is associated with several co-morbidities, such as dyslipidemia, hypertension, type 2 diabetes (T2DM), orthopedic and psychosocial ...

    Authors: Albane BR Maggio, Xavier E Martin, Catherine Saunders Gasser, Claudine Gal-Duding, Maurice Beghetti, Nathalie J Farpour-Lambert and Catherine Chamay-Weber

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2014 14:232

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Little is known about health characteristics and the physical activity (PA) patterns in children attending preschools. The objective of this study was to describe the gender differences in relation to body mas...

    Authors: Line Grønholt Olesen, Peter Lund Kristensen, Mathias Ried-Larsen, Anders Grøntved and Karsten Froberg

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2014 14:229

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Type 1 diabetes occurs more frequently in younger children who are often pre-school age and enter the education system with diabetes-related support needs that evolve over time. It is important that children a...

    Authors: Deborah Edwards, Jane Noyes, Lesley Lowes, Llinos Haf Spencer and John W Gregory

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2014 14:228

    Content type: Research article

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  15. The speeding increase and the high prevalence of childhood obesity is a serious problem for Public Health. Community Based Interventions has been developed to combat against the childhood obesity epidemic. How...

    Authors: Santiago F Gomez, Rafael Casas, Vanessa Taylor Palomo, Anna Martin Pujol, Montserrat Fíto and Helmut Schröder

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2014 14:215

    Content type: Study protocol

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  16. Dietary behaviours and physical activity are modifiable risk factors to address increasing levels of obesity among children and adolescents, and consequently to reduce later cardiovascular and metabolic diseas...

    Authors: Heather M Sedibe, Kathleen Kahn, Kerstin Edin, Tabitha Gitau, Anneli Ivarsson and Shane A Norris

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2014 14:211

    Content type: Research article

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  17. An increase in cryptorchidism has been reported in many countries. One mechanism could be low fetal testosterone production possibly secondary to altered placental human chorionic gonadotrophin (hCG) release. ...

    Authors: Carole Chedane, Hugues Puissant, Dominique Weil, Stéphanie Rouleau and Régis Coutant

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2014 14:191

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Permanent neonatal diabetes mellitus (PNDM) is a rare disease, which is defined as the onset of diabetes before the age of 6 months with persistence through life. Infants with KCNJ11 or ABCC8 genetic mutations ma...

    Authors: Ke Huang, Li Liang, Jun-feng Fu and Guan-pin Dong

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2014 14:188

    Content type: Case report

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  19. Provision of optimal nutrition in children in critical care is often challenging. This study evaluated exclusive enteral nutrition (EN) provision practices and explored predictors of energy intake and delay of...

    Authors: Jackie Mara, Emma Gentles, Hani A Alfheeaid, Krystalia Diamantidi, Neil Spenceley, Mark Davidson, David Young and Konstantinos Gerasimidis

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2014 14:186

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Because early life growth has long-lasting metabolic and behavioral consequences, intervention during this period of developmental plasticity may alter long-term obesity risk. While modifiable factors during i...

    Authors: Ian M Paul, Jennifer S Williams, Stephanie Anzman-Frasca, Jessica S Beiler, Kateryna D Makova, Michele E Marini, Lindsey B Hess, Susan E Rzucidlo, Nicole Verdiglione, Jodi A Mindell and Leann L Birch

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2014 14:184

    Content type: Study protocol

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  21. Continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) has been shown to improve glucose control in adults with type 1 diabetes. Effectiveness of CGM is directly linked with CGM adherence, which can be challenging to maintain in...

    Authors: Margaret L Lawson, Brenda Bradley, Karen McAssey, Cheril Clarson, Susan E Kirsch, Farid H Mahmud, Jacqueline R Curtis, Christine Richardson, Jennilea Courtney, Tammy Cooper, Cynthia J Downie, Gopalan Rajamannar and Nicholas Barrowman

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2014 14:183

    Content type: Study protocol

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  22. In addition to the benefits on physical and mental health, cardiorespiratory fitness has shown to have positive effects on cognition. This study aimed to investigate the relationship between cardiorespiratory ...

    Authors: Luís B Sardinha, Adilson Marques, Sandra Martins, António Palmeira and Cláudia Minderico

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2014 14:176

    Content type: Research article

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  23. The beneficial effects of the Mediterranean diet have been amply proven in adults with cardiovascular risk factors. The effects of this diet have not been extensively assessed in pediatric populations with obe...

    Authors: Lubia Velázquez-López, Gerardo Santiago-Díaz, Julia Nava-Hernández, Abril V Muñoz-Torres, Patricia Medina-Bravo and Margarita Torres-Tamayo

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2014 14:175

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Valid and reliable instruments measuring musculoskeletal symptoms prevalence and their impacts in the adolescent population are scarce. The Extended Nordic Musculoskeletal Questionnaire (NMQ-E) is a reliable i...

    Authors: Élise P Legault, Vincent Cantin and Martin Descarreaux

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2014 14:173

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Advanced puberty in girls is defined as the onset of puberty between the ages of 8 yr and 10 yr. The objective was to predict adult height (AH) at initial evaluation and to characterize patients with an actual...

    Authors: Pierre Lemaire, Delphine Pierre, Jean-Baptiste Bertrand and Raja Brauner

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2014 14:172

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCPUFAs) may influence the immune system. Our objective was to compare the frequency of common illnesses in infants who received formula with or without added LCPUFAs.

    Authors: Alexandre Lapillonne, Nitida Pastor, Weihong Zhuang and Deolinda MF Scalabrin

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2014 14:168

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Untreated celiac disease is traditionally believed to be associated with malabsorption and underweight. However, studies describing body mass index (BMI) in individuals at the time of diagnosis have shown cont...

    Authors: Maria van der Pals, Anna Myléus, Fredrik Norström, Solveig Hammarroth, Lotta Högberg, Anna Rosén, Anneli Ivarsson and Annelie Carlsson

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2014 14:165

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Over recent decades, the prevalence of pediatric obesity has increased markedly in developed and developing countries, and the impact of obesity on health throughout the lifespan has led to urgent calls for ac...

    Authors: Katherine M Morrison, Samah Damanhoury, Annick Buchholz, Jean-Pierre Chanoine, Marie Lambert, Mark S Tremblay, Glenn Berall, Jill Hamilton, Anne Marie Laberge, Laurent Legault, Lehana Thabane, Monica Jakymyshyn, Kathryn A Ambler and Geoff D C Ball

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2014 14:161

    Content type: Study protocol

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  29. Physical activity and sedentary behaviour are important contributors to adolescents’ health. These behaviours may be affected by the school and neighbourhood built environments. However, current evidence on su...

    Authors: Ester Cerin, Cindy HP Sit, Ya-Jun Huang, Anthony Barnett, Duncan J Macfarlane and Stephen SH Wong

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2014 14:142

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Infants and children with chronic diarrhea (CD) often require specialized foods or parenteral nutrition (PN) to achieve adequate nutrient intakes to support growth and development. We assessed the efficacy of ...

    Authors: Marlene W Borschel, Dean L Antonson, Nancy D Murray, Maria Oliva-Hemker, Lynn E Mattis, Benny Kerzner, Vasundhara Tolia and Geraldine Baggs

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2014 14:136

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Adequate complementary feeding is recognized as an important predictor of health later in life. The objective of this study was to describe the feeding practices and nutrients’ intake, and their association wi...

    Authors: Paola Pani, Claudia Carletti, Alessandra Knowles, Maria Parpinel, Federica Concina, Marcella Montico and Adriano Cattaneo

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2014 14:127

    Content type: Research article

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  32. The prevalence of obesity increased while certain measures of physical fitness deteriorated in preschool children in China over the past decade. This study tested the effectiveness of a multifaceted interventi...

    Authors: Zhixiong Zhou, Hong Ren, Zenong Yin, Lihong Wang and Kaizhen Wang

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2014 14:118

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Puberty is a critical developmental phase in physical, reproductive and socio-emotional maturation that is associated with the period of peak onset for psychopathology. Puberty also drives significant changes ...

    Authors: Julian G Simmons, Sarah L Whittle, George C Patton, Paul Dudgeon, Craig Olsson, Michelle L Byrne, Lisa K Mundy, Marc L Seal and Nicholas B Allen

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2014 14:115

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  34. Physical activity plays an important role in optimising physical and mental health during childhood, adolescence, and throughout adult life. This study aims to identify individual, family and environmental fac...

    Authors: Sharon L Cadogan, Eimear Keane and Patricia M Kearney

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2014 14:107

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Physical fitness has been proposed as a marker for health during adolescence. Currently, little is known about physical fitness and its association with blood lipid profile in adolescents from low and middle-i...

    Authors: Susana Andrade, Angélica Ochoa-Avilés, Carl Lachat, Paulina Escobar, Roosmarijn Verstraeten, John Van Camp, Silvana Donoso, Rosendo Rojas, Greet Cardon and Patrick Kolsteren

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2014 14:106

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Low levels of physical activity, musculoskeletal morbidity and weight gain are commonly reported problems in children with cancer. Intensive medical treatment and a decline in physical activity may also result...

    Authors: Lotta Kauhanen, Liisa Järvelä, Päivi M Lähteenmäki, Mikko Arola, Olli J Heinonen, Anna Axelin, Johan Lilius, Tero Vahlberg and Sanna Salanterä

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2014 14:94

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  37. Child undernutrition is one of the major public health problems in the developing countries having a devastating effect on the lives of many children under five years of age. However, its causes are multitude ...

    Authors: Gudina Egata, Yemane Berhane and Alemayehu Worku

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2014 14:91

    Content type: Research article

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  38. There are a limited number of studies regarding the association between abdominal obesity and serum adiponectin complexes (high, medium, and low molecular weight adiponectins) among population-based elementary...

    Authors: Hirotaka Ochiai, Takako Shirasawa, Rimei Nishimura, Hinako Nanri, Tadahiro Ohtsu, Hiromi Hoshino, Naoko Tajima and Akatsuki Kokaze

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2014 14:81

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Mexico has the highest adult overweight and obesity prevalence in the Americas; 23.8% of children <5 years old are at risk for overweight and 9.7% are already overweight or obese. Creciendo Sanos was a pilot i...

    Authors: Gloria Oliva Martínez-Andrade, Elizabeth M Cespedes, Sheryl L Rifas-Shiman, Guillermina Romero-Quechol, Marco Aurelio González-Unzaga, María Amalia Benítez-Trejo, Samuel Flores-Huerta, Chrissy Horan, Jess Haines, Elsie M Taveras, Ricardo Pérez-Cuevas and Matthew W Gillman

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2014 14:77

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Studies addressing the influence of early sexual maturation on the excess of body weight and height of children and adolescents are scarce. The aim of the study was to analyze the association of sexual maturat...

    Authors: Jucemar Benedet, Adair da Silva Lopes, Fernando Adami, Patrícia de Fragas Hinnig and Francisco de Assis Guedes de Vasconcelos

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2014 14:72

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Poor quality relationships between mothers and toddlers have been associated with higher risk for childhood obesity, but few prospective studies of obesity have assessed maternal-child relationship quality in ...

    Authors: Sarah E Anderson, Stanley Lemeshow and Robert C Whitaker

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2014 14:54

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Overweight or obesity during adolescence affects almost 25% of Australian youth, yet limited research exists regarding recruitment and engagement of adolescents in weight-management or healthy lifestyle interv...

    Authors: Kyla L Smith, Leon M Straker, Alexandra McManus and Ashley A Fenner

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2014 14:53

    Content type: Research article

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