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Nutrition, diet, physical health and endocrinology

Section edited by Lorenzo Iughetti

This section considers studies regarding physical activity, nutrition, diet, and endocrinology in children and adolescents.

Page 5 of 8

  1. Severe obesity is an important and distinct weight status classification that is associated with disease risk and is increasing in prevalence among youth. The ability to graphically present population weight s...

    Authors: Susan B. Racette, Liyang Yu, Nicholas C. DuPont and B. Ruth Clark

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:130

    Content type: Technical advance

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  2. Cardiovascular and metabolic consequences of obesity in children, unlike adults, are still not well understood nor have they been subject to extensive research in Africa. We aimed to identify the cardio-metabo...

    Authors: Eunice Chedjou-Nono, Suzanne Sap, Simeon-Pierre Choukem, Issa Ngosso Tetanye, Daniel Nebongo and Olivier Koki Ndombo

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:129

    Content type: Research article

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  3. The use of analgesic antipyretics (ANAP) in children have long been a matter of controversy. Data on their practical use on an individual level has, however, been scarce. There are indications of possible effe...

    Authors: Markus Lundgren, Leigh Johnson Steed, Roy Tamura, Berglind Jonsdottir, Patricia Gesualdo, Claire Crouch, Maija Sjöberg, Gertie Hansson, William A. Hagopian, Anette G. Ziegler, Marian J. Rewers, Åke Lernmark, Jorma Toppari, Jin-Xiong She, Beena Akolkar, Jeffrey P. Krischer…

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:127

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Dyslipidemia is reported in 27 − 43% of children and adolescents with overweight/obesity and tracks into adulthood, increasing the risk of cardiovascular morbidity. Cut-off values for fasting plasma lipid conc...

    Authors: Tenna Ruest Haarmark Nielsen, Ulrik Lausten-Thomsen, Cilius Esmann Fonvig, Christine Bøjsøe, Lise Pedersen, Palle Skov Bratholm, Torben Hansen, Oluf Pedersen and Jens-Christian Holm

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:116

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Childhood obesity is one of the most serious public health issues of the twenty-first century affecting even low- and middle-income countries. Overweight and obese children are more likely to stay obese into a...

    Authors: Inge Gies, Bader AlSaleem, Beheshteh Olang, Berkouk Karima, Gamal Samy, Khaled Husain, Mahmoud Elhalik, Mohamad Miqdady, Mohamad Rawashdeh, Mohamed Salah, Nezha Mouane, Pejman Rohani, Atul Singhal and Yvan Vandenplas

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:115

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Non- Alcoholic Fatty Liver (NAFL) is a spectrum of liver diseases (LD) that ranges from benign fatty infiltration of the liver to cirrhosis and hepatic failure. Hepatic ultrasound (US) and serum alanine aminot...

    Authors: Carolina Jimenez-Rivera, Stasia Hadjiyannakis, Jorge Davila, Julie Hurteau, Mary Aglipay, Nick Barrowman and Kristi B. Adamo

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:113

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Computerized mathematical models describing absolute and relative individual growth during puberty in both cm and standard deviation (SD)-scores are lacking. The present study aimed to fill this gap, by applyi...

    Authors: Anton Holmgren, Aimon Niklasson, Lars Gelander, A. Stefan Aronson, Andreas F.M. Nierop and Kerstin Albertsson-Wikland

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:107

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Obesity is associated not only with an array of metabolic disorders (e.g. insulin resistance, hiperinsulinemia, impaired tolerance of glucose, lipid disorders) but also skeletal and joint abnormalities. Recent...

    Authors: Agnieszka Szlagatys-Sidorkiewicz, Michał Brzeziński, Agnieszka Jankowska, Paulina Metelska, Magdalena Słomińska-Frączek and Piotr Socha

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:97

    Content type: Study protocol

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  9. Though there is a marked decline in burden of undernutrition, about 44 and 10% of children under five are stunted and wasted, respectively in Ethiopia. The highest prevalence of wasting occurs in young childre...

    Authors: Terefe Derso, Amare Tariku, Gashaw Andargie Biks and Molla Mesele Wassie

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:96

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Vitamin D is important for bone mass accrual during growth. Additionally, it is considered a requirement for a multitude of processes associated with, for example, the development of immunity. Many countries a...

    Authors: Otto Helve, Heli Viljakainen, Elisa Holmlund-Suila, Jenni Rosendahl, Helena Hauta-alus, Maria Enlund-Cerullo, Saara Valkama, Kati Heinonen, Katri Räikkönen, Timo Hytinantti, Outi Mäkitie and Sture Andersson

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:91

    Content type: Study protocol

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  11. Despite interventions, childhood anemia is still a major public health problem in low and middle income countries. Purpose of the present study is to determine factors associated with anemia among rural primar...

    Authors: Gayani Shashikala Amarasinghe, Naotunna Palliya Guruge Chamidri Randika Naottunna, Thilini Chanchala Agampodi and Suneth Buddhika Agampodi

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:87

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Early childhood is a critical stage of physical and cognitive growth that forms the foundation of future wellbeing. Stunted growth is presented in one of every 4 children worldwide and contributes to developme...

    Authors: Yin Zhang, Jianhui Zhou, Feiyang Niu, Jeffrey R. Donowitz, Rashidul Haque, William A. Petri Jr and Jennie Z. Ma

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:84

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Recent data from a self-administered questionnaire show that approximately 75% of school children in Qatar do not meet the daily recommended levels of physical activity (PA). Since children spend half of their...

    Authors: Lena Zimmo, Abdulaziz Farooq, Fuad Almudahka, Izzeldin Ibrahim and Mohamed Ghaith Al-Kuwari

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:76

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Regular breakfast consumption has several health benefits. However, breakfast skipping is common among adolescents, in particular among those with a low socioeconomic background. The aims of the study were to ...

    Authors: Mekdes K. Gebremariam, Sigrun Henjum, Elisabeth Hurum, Jorunn Utne, Laura Terragni and Liv Elin Torheim

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:61

    Content type: Research article

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  15. The aim of this study was to determine if paediatric oral health education leaflets with a food and nutritional focus provide messages that are clear and consistent with the current Australian Dietary Guidelin...

    Authors: Amit Arora, Jenny Doan, Jessamine Martinez, Colin Phan, Gregory S. Kolt, Sameer Bhole, Mark Fort Harris, Jane Anne Scott and Debra Hector

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:58

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Obesity, with its rising prevalence among Canadians and its estimated cost of $2 billion annually in Canada, is no longer considered a cosmetic issue, but a major health issue that imposes a great burden on th...

    Authors: Amir Azarpazhooh, Anoushe Sekhavat and Michael J. Sigal

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:56

    Content type: Research article

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  17. The World Health Organization recommends exclusive breastfeeding until 6 months followed by introduction of iron-rich complementary foods (CFs). The aim of this study was to determine the impact of different i...

    Authors: Wafaa Qasem, Meghan B. Azad, Zakir Hossain, Elnaz Azad, Sarah Jorgensen, Sandra Castillo San Juan, Chenxi Cai, Ehsan Khafipour, Trust Beta, L. Jackson Roberts II and James Friel

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:54

    Content type: Research article

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  18. We assessed the effects of providing a package of interventions including small-quantity lipid-based nutrient supplements (SQ-LNS) containing 0, 5 or 10 mg zinc and illness treatment to Burkinabe children from...

    Authors: Souheila Abbeddou, Elizabeth Yakes Jimenez, Jérome W. Somé, Jean Bosco Ouédraogo, Kenneth H. Brown. and Sonja Y. Hess

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:46

    Content type: Research article

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  19. To determine the prevalence and factors associated with malnutrition among infants with Cleft palate and/or cleft lip (CP+/-L) at Comprehensive Rehabilitation for Uganda Hospital (CoRSU) in Uganda.

    Authors: Martin Tungotyo, Daniel Atwine, Deborah Nanjebe, Andrew Hodges and Martin Situma

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:17

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Children with congenital heart disease are at increased risk of malnutrition. The aim of this study was to describe the prevalence of wasting, underweight and stunting among children with congenital heart dise...

    Authors: Anthony Batte, Peter Lwabi, Sulaiman Lubega, Sarah Kiguli, Kennedy Otwombe, Lucy Chimoyi, Violette Nabatte and Charles Karamagi

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:10

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Dietary diversity (DD) is useful indicator of dietary quality and nutrient adequacy. In developing countries limited evidence is available regarding predictors of DD during the critical complementary feeding p...

    Authors: Dalecha Dangura and Samson Gebremedhin

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:6

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Functional gait is an integral part of life, allowing individuals to function within their environment and participate in activities of daily living. Gait assessment forms an essential part of a physical exami...

    Authors: Yvonne Smith, Quinette Louw and Yolandi Brink

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2016 16:200

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Dietary habits established in early childhood and maternal socioeconomic status (SES) are important, complex, interrelated factors that influence a child’s growth and development. The aim of this study was to ...

    Authors: Brandon H. Hidaka, Elizabeth H. Kerling, Jocelynn M. Thodosoff, Debra K. Sullivan, John Colombo and Susan E. Carlson

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2016 16:191

    Content type: Research article

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  24. The incidence of childhood obesity has increased progressively and, associated with this, nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) has often been diagnosed in this age group. To determine the risk factors asso...

    Authors: Deise Rosa Félix, Fabiola Costenaro, Catarina Bertaso Andreatta Gottschall and Gabriela Perdomo Coral

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2016 16:187

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Crown-heel length (CHL) measurement is influenced by technique, training, experience and subject cooperation. We investigated whether extending one or both of an infant’s legs affects the precision of CHL take...

    Authors: Leila Cheikh Ismail, Fabien A. Puglia, Eric O. Ohuma, Stephen T. Ash, Deborah C. Bishop, Rachel M. Carew, Ayesha Salem Al Dhaheri and Wm. Cameron Chumlea

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2016 16:186

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Children with severe acute malnutrition (SAM) have increased requirements for phosphorus and magnesium during recovery. If requirements are not met, the children may develop refeeding hypophosphatemia and hypo...

    Authors: Anne-Louise Hother, Tsinuel Girma, Maren J. H. Rytter, Alemseged Abdissa, Christian Ritz, Christian Mølgaard, Kim F. Michaelsen, André Briend, Henrik Friis and Pernille Kæstel

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2016 16:178

    Content type: Research article

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  27. The first 2 years of life is a critical period of rapid growth and brain development. During this period, nutrition and environmental factors play important roles in growth and cognitive development of a child...

    Authors: Abdul Razak Nurliyana, Zalilah Mohd Shariff, Mohd Nasir Mohd Taib, Wan Ying Gan and Kit-Aun Tan

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2016 16:160

    Content type: Study protocol

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  28. Severe Early Childhood Caries (S-ECC) is an aggressive form of tooth decay in preschool children affecting quality of life and nutritional status. The purpose was to determine whether there is an association b...

    Authors: Katherine Davidson, Robert J. Schroth, Jeremy A. Levi, Aaron B. Yaffe, Betty-Anne Mittermuller and Elizabeth A. C. Sellers

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2016 16:137

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Poor complementary feeding of children aged 6–23 months contributes to the characteristics negative growth trends and deaths observed in developing countries. Evidences have shown that promotion of appropriate...

    Authors: Tigist Kassa, Berhan Meshesha, Yusuf Haji and Jemal Ebrahim

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2016 16:131

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Intensive inpatient lifestyle treatment may be a suitable alternative for severely obese children and adolescents who do not benefit from ambulatory obesity treatment.

    Authors: Sabine Makkes, Carry M. Renders, Judith E. Bosmans, Olga H. van der Baan-Slootweg, Trynke Hoekstra and Jacob C. Seidell

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2016 16:120

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Reference intervals are affected by different factors such as lifestyle, ethnicity, age/developmental stage, gender, nutrition and other environmental factors (Clin Biochem Rev: 29,2008). Therefore, it is obvi...

    Authors: Aman Mehari, Feyssa Challa, Goitom Gebreyesus, Dereje Alemayehu and Daniel Seifu

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2016 16:118

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) is highly prevalent in Kuwait with incidence of around 40.1/100,000 individuals. Evidence indicate that vitamin D plays an important role in modulating the immune system and cou...

    Authors: Majedah A. Rasoul, Maria Al-Mahdi, Hessa Al-Kandari, Gursev S. Dhaunsi and Mohammad Z. Haider

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2016 16:95

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Many weight-loss programs in children are performed without specific foci on training both physical fitness and motor skills. The aim of this study was to describe the effect of a one-year weight-loss program ...

    Authors: Kristian Traberg Larsen, Tao Huang, Lisbeth Runge Larsen, Line Grønholt Olesen, Lars Bo Andersen and Niels Christian Møller

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2016 16:91

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Lower socioeconomic status has been associated with adverse lipid levels in adult populations. Childhood dyslipidemia is a risk factor for future cardiovascular disease. However, studies examining relationship...

    Authors: Enid E. Martinez, Peter W. Forbes, Sharon E. O’Brien and Sarah D. de Ferranti

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2016 16:86

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Children’s psychological and physiological health can be summarized as the child’s thinking, feeling, behaving, eating, growing, and moving. Children’s psychological and physiological health conditions are inf...

    Authors: Nadine Messerli-Bürgy, Tanja H. Kakebeeke, Amar Arhab, Kerstin Stülb, Annina E. Zysset, Claudia S. Leeger-Aschmann, Einat A. Schmutz, Fady Fares, Andrea H. Meyer, Simone Munsch, Susi Kriemler, Oskar G. Jenni and Jardena J. Puder

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2016 16:85

    Content type: Study protocol

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  36. Infancy is an important period for the promotion of healthy eating, diet and weight. However little is known about how best to engage caregivers of infants in healthy eating programs. This is particularly true...

    Authors: Catherine Georgina Russell, Sarah Taki, Leva Azadi, Karen J. Campbell, Rachel Laws, Rosalind Elliott and Elizabeth Denney-Wilson

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2016 16:69

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Obesity is a serious childhood health problem today. Studies have shown that overweight and obesity tend to be stable (track) from birth, through childhood and adolescence, to adulthood. However, existing stud...

    Authors: Elin Evensen, Tom Wilsgaard, Anne-Sofie Furberg and Guri Skeie

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2016 16:64

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Adolescents with overweight and poor physical fitness have an increased likelihood of developing cardiovascular diseases during adulthood. In Ecuador, a health promotion program improved the muscular strength ...

    Authors: Susana Andrade, Carl Lachat, Greet Cardon, Angélica Ochoa-Avilés, Roosmarijn Verstraeten, John Van Camp, Johana Ortiz, Patricia Ramirez, Silvana Donoso and Patrick Kolsteren

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2016 16:51

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Stunting reflects a failure to receive adequate nutrition over a long period of time. Stunting is associated with adverse functional consequences including poor cognition, low educational performance, low adul...

    Authors: Demewoz Haile, Muluken Azage, Tegegn Mola and Rochelle Rainey

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2016 16:49

    Content type: Research article

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  40. The current study aims to evaluate the association between neck circumference (NC) and several cardio-metabolic risk factors, to compare it with well-established anthropometric indices, and to determine the cu...

    Authors: Diego Gomez-Arbelaez, Paul Anthony Camacho, Daniel Dylan Cohen, Sandra Saavedra-Cortes, Cristina Lopez-Lopez and Patricio Lopez-Jaramillo

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2016 16:31

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Hypoparathyroidism, sensorineural deafness, and renal dysplasia (HDR) syndrome is an autosomal dominant disorder. We report the first detailed case of hypoparathyroidism complicated by biliary atresia.

    Authors: Yousuke Higuchi, Kosei Hasegawa, Miho Yamashita, Yousuke Fujii, Hiroyuki Tanaka and Hirokazu Tsukahara

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2016 16:14

    Content type: Case report

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  42. Universal screening of children for dyslipidemia and other cardiovascular risk factors has been recommended. Given the clustering of cardiovascular risk factors within families, one benefit of screening adoles...

    Authors: Michael Khoury, Cedric Manlhiot, Don Gibson, Nita Chahal, Karen Stearne, Stafford Dobbin and Brian W. McCrindle

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2016 16:11

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Exclusive breastfeeding for 6 months is assumed to ensure adequate micronutrients for term infants. Our objective was to investigate the effects of prolonged breastfeeding on B vitamin status and neurodevelopm...

    Authors: Ingrid Kristin Torsvik, Per Magne Ueland, Trond Markestad, Øivind Midttun and Anne-Lise Bjørke Monsen

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2015 15:218

    Content type: Research article

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  44. To determine the correlation between obesity in school-aged children and imbalance of gut microbes by examining the ratio change of intestinal Bifidobacteria and E.coli in obese children compared to non-obese con...

    Authors: Xiaolin Gao, Ruizhen Jia, Liang Xie, Linghan Kuang, Ling Feng and Chaomin Wan

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2015 15:64

    Content type: Research article

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  45. Links between socioeconomic disadvantage and unhealthy eating behaviours among adolescents are well established. Little is known about strategies that might support healthy eating among this target group. This...

    Authors: Lena D. Stephens, Sarah A. McNaughton, David Crawford and Kylie Ball

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2015 15:61

    Content type: Research article

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  46. Data from studies assessing the intake of potassium, and the concomitant sodium-to-potassium ratio are limited. The aim of this study was to evaluate potassium and sodium-to-potassium ratio intake in 8–10 year...

    Authors: Ana Catarina Oliveira, Patrícia Padrão, André Moreira, Mariana Pinto, Mafalda Neto, Tânia Santos, Joana Madureira, Eduardo de Oliveira Fernandes, Pedro Graça, João Breda and Pedro Moreira

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2015 15:60

    Content type: Research article

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    The Erratum to this article has been published in BMC Pediatrics 2016 16:26

  47. Acute mountain sickness (AMS) is commonly found among people traveling above 2500 m. We investigated whether the occurrence of AMS is related to differences in individual physical fitness and BMI in subjects 1...

    Authors: Shih-Hao Wu, Yin-Chou Lin, Yi-Ming Weng, Yu-Hui Chiu, Wen-Cheng Li, Shih-Hao Wang, Chang-Wei Chan, Te-Fa Chiu, Kuo-Feng Huang and Chung-Hsien Chen

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2015 15:55

    Content type: Research article

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  48. The prevalence of childhood obesity increased worldwide in recent decades and is associated with risk factors for the development of chronic diseases in adulthood. Strategies for health promotion directed at a...

    Authors: Vanessa Minossi and Lucia Campos Pellanda

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2015 15:19

    Content type: Study protocol

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