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Nutrition, diet, physical health and endocrinology

Section edited by Lorenzo Iughetti

This section considers studies regarding physical activity, nutrition, diet, and endocrinology in children and adolescents.

Page 5 of 8

  1. Ascaris lumbricoides infections are one of the commonnest intestinal nematode infections in the world, with a profound negative effect on nutritional status among underprivileged populations. In Sri Lanka, Ascari...

    Authors: Lahiru Sandaruwan Galgamuwa, Devika Iddawela and Samath D. Dharmaratne

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2018 18:13

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  2. Infant formula feeding practices are an important consideration for obesity prevention. An infant’s diet is influential on their later risk of developing overweight or obesity, yet very little is known about i...

    Authors: Jessica Appleton, Rachel Laws, Catherine Georgina Russell, Cathrine Fowler, Karen J. Campbell and Elizabeth Denney-Wilson

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2018 18:12

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Recent studies have shown a relationship between vitamin D status and growth hormone (GH) and insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF1). The objective of this study was to assess vitamin D status in children with GH...

    Authors: Cécile Delecroix, Raja Brauner and Jean-Claude Souberbielle

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2018 18:11

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Adolescent obesity is a major public health concern. Open to all high school students regardless of weight status, HealthCorps is a nationwide program offering a comprehensive high school-based participatory e...

    Authors: Moonseong Heo, Camille C. Jimenez, Jean Lim, Carmen R. Isasi, Arthur E. Blank, David W. Lounsbury, Lynn Fredericks, Michelle Bouchard, Myles S. Faith and Judith Wylie-Rosett

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2018 18:7

    Content type: Research article

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    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Pediatrics 2018 18:87

  5. Nutrition in children has an important influence on health both in childhood and adulthood. Actions aimed at improving children’s nutrition are essential, not only to the children and their families, but also ...

    Authors: Sylwia Merkiel-Pawłowska and Wojciech Chalcarz

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:207

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Retrospective studies show that severe acute malnutrition (SAM) affects child development. However, to what extent SAM affects children of different ages at its acute stage is not well documented. This study w...

    Authors: Teklu Gemechu Abessa, Liesbeth Bruckers, Patrick Kolsteren and Marita Granitzer

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:197

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Little is known about the suitability of three commonly used body mass index (BMI) classification systems for Indigenous youth. We estimated overweight and obesity prevalence among Cree youth of Eeyou Istchee ...

    Authors: Audray St-Jean, Salma Meziou, Pierre Ayotte and Michel Lucas

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:196

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Regional evidence-based guidelines for the prophylaxis and management of infantile colic are not available for the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region. The Allied Against Infantile Functional GI Disorde...

    Authors: Flavia Indrio, Mohamad Miqdady, Fahd Al Aql, Joseph Haddad, Berkouk Karima, Katayoun Khatami, Nehza Mouane, Aiman Rahmani, Sulaiman Alsaad, Mohamed Salah, Gamal Samy and Silvio Tafuri

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:187

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Waist circumference (WC) and waist-to-height ratio (WHtR) are often used as indices predictive of central obesity. The aims of this study were: 1) to obtain smoothed centile charts and LMS tables for WC and WH...

    Authors: Robinson Ramírez-Vélez, Javier Moreno-Jiménez, Jorge Enrique Correa-Bautista, Javier Martínez-Torres, Katherine González-Ruiz, Emilio González-Jiménez, Jacqueline Schmidt-RioValle, Felipe Lobelo and Antonio Garcia-Hermoso

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:162

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Overweight and atopic dermatitis (AD) are major health problems in most industrialised countries, but the relationship between overweight and AD in infants and young children is unclear. We investigated if wei...

    Authors: Teresa Løvold Berents, Karin Cecilie Lødrup Carlsen, Petter Mowinckel, Håvard Ove Skjerven, Leif Bjarte Rolfsjord, Live Solveig Nordhagen, Bente Kvenshagen, Jon Olav Gjengstø Hunderi, Maria Bradley, Per Medbøe Thorsby, Kai-Håkon Carlsen and Petter Gjersvik

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:141

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Research studies show conflicting results regarding the association between menarche and body weight. The purpose of the present study was to investigate if anthropometric indicators of body composition, body ...

    Authors: Heiko Bratke, Ingvild Særvold Bruserud, Bente Brannsether, Jörg Aßmus, Robert Bjerknes, Mathieu Roelants and Pétur B. Júlíusson

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:138

    Content type: Research article

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  12. The association between early weight gain and later allergic outcomes has not been well studied. We examined the relation between weight gain and the subsequent development of allergic outcomes in the first 36...

    Authors: Evelyn Xiu-Ling Loo, Anne Goh, Izzuddin Bin Mohd Aris, Oon Hoe Teoh, Lynette Pei-Chi Shek, Bee Wah Lee, Yiong Huak Chan, Mya Thway Tint, Shu-E Soh, Seang-Mei Saw, Peter Gluckman, Keith M Godfrey, Yap-Seng Chong, Fabian Yap, Michael S Kramer, Hugo Van Bever…

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:134

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Historically, bifidobacteria were the dominant intestinal bacteria in breastfed infants. Still abundant in infants in developing nations, levels of intestinal bifidobacteria are low among infants in developed ...

    Authors: Jennifer T. Smilowitz, Jackelyn Moya, Melissa A. Breck, Chelsea Cook, Annette Fineberg, Kathleen Angkustsiri and Mark A. Underwood

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:133

    Content type: Research article

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    The Erratum to this article has been published in BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:180

  14. Severe obesity is an important and distinct weight status classification that is associated with disease risk and is increasing in prevalence among youth. The ability to graphically present population weight s...

    Authors: Susan B. Racette, Liyang Yu, Nicholas C. DuPont and B. Ruth Clark

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:130

    Content type: Technical advance

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  15. Cardiovascular and metabolic consequences of obesity in children, unlike adults, are still not well understood nor have they been subject to extensive research in Africa. We aimed to identify the cardio-metabo...

    Authors: Eunice Chedjou-Nono, Suzanne Sap, Simeon-Pierre Choukem, Issa Ngosso Tetanye, Daniel Nebongo and Olivier Koki Ndombo

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:129

    Content type: Research article

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  16. The use of analgesic antipyretics (ANAP) in children have long been a matter of controversy. Data on their practical use on an individual level has, however, been scarce. There are indications of possible effe...

    Authors: Markus Lundgren, Leigh Johnson Steed, Roy Tamura, Berglind Jonsdottir, Patricia Gesualdo, Claire Crouch, Maija Sjöberg, Gertie Hansson, William A. Hagopian, Anette G. Ziegler, Marian J. Rewers, Åke Lernmark, Jorma Toppari, Jin-Xiong She, Beena Akolkar, Jeffrey P. Krischer…

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:127

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Dyslipidemia is reported in 27 − 43% of children and adolescents with overweight/obesity and tracks into adulthood, increasing the risk of cardiovascular morbidity. Cut-off values for fasting plasma lipid conc...

    Authors: Tenna Ruest Haarmark Nielsen, Ulrik Lausten-Thomsen, Cilius Esmann Fonvig, Christine Bøjsøe, Lise Pedersen, Palle Skov Bratholm, Torben Hansen, Oluf Pedersen and Jens-Christian Holm

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:116

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Childhood obesity is one of the most serious public health issues of the twenty-first century affecting even low- and middle-income countries. Overweight and obese children are more likely to stay obese into a...

    Authors: Inge Gies, Bader AlSaleem, Beheshteh Olang, Berkouk Karima, Gamal Samy, Khaled Husain, Mahmoud Elhalik, Mohamad Miqdady, Mohamad Rawashdeh, Mohamed Salah, Nezha Mouane, Pejman Rohani, Atul Singhal and Yvan Vandenplas

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:115

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Non- Alcoholic Fatty Liver (NAFL) is a spectrum of liver diseases (LD) that ranges from benign fatty infiltration of the liver to cirrhosis and hepatic failure. Hepatic ultrasound (US) and serum alanine aminot...

    Authors: Carolina Jimenez-Rivera, Stasia Hadjiyannakis, Jorge Davila, Julie Hurteau, Mary Aglipay, Nick Barrowman and Kristi B. Adamo

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:113

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Computerized mathematical models describing absolute and relative individual growth during puberty in both cm and standard deviation (SD)-scores are lacking. The present study aimed to fill this gap, by applyi...

    Authors: Anton Holmgren, Aimon Niklasson, Lars Gelander, A. Stefan Aronson, Andreas F.M. Nierop and Kerstin Albertsson-Wikland

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:107

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Obesity is associated not only with an array of metabolic disorders (e.g. insulin resistance, hiperinsulinemia, impaired tolerance of glucose, lipid disorders) but also skeletal and joint abnormalities. Recent...

    Authors: Agnieszka Szlagatys-Sidorkiewicz, Michał Brzeziński, Agnieszka Jankowska, Paulina Metelska, Magdalena Słomińska-Frączek and Piotr Socha

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:97

    Content type: Study protocol

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  22. Though there is a marked decline in burden of undernutrition, about 44 and 10% of children under five are stunted and wasted, respectively in Ethiopia. The highest prevalence of wasting occurs in young childre...

    Authors: Terefe Derso, Amare Tariku, Gashaw Andargie Biks and Molla Mesele Wassie

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:96

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Vitamin D is important for bone mass accrual during growth. Additionally, it is considered a requirement for a multitude of processes associated with, for example, the development of immunity. Many countries a...

    Authors: Otto Helve, Heli Viljakainen, Elisa Holmlund-Suila, Jenni Rosendahl, Helena Hauta-alus, Maria Enlund-Cerullo, Saara Valkama, Kati Heinonen, Katri Räikkönen, Timo Hytinantti, Outi Mäkitie and Sture Andersson

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:91

    Content type: Study protocol

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  24. Despite interventions, childhood anemia is still a major public health problem in low and middle income countries. Purpose of the present study is to determine factors associated with anemia among rural primar...

    Authors: Gayani Shashikala Amarasinghe, Naotunna Palliya Guruge Chamidri Randika Naottunna, Thilini Chanchala Agampodi and Suneth Buddhika Agampodi

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:87

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Early childhood is a critical stage of physical and cognitive growth that forms the foundation of future wellbeing. Stunted growth is presented in one of every 4 children worldwide and contributes to developme...

    Authors: Yin Zhang, Jianhui Zhou, Feiyang Niu, Jeffrey R. Donowitz, Rashidul Haque, William A. Petri Jr and Jennie Z. Ma

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:84

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Recent data from a self-administered questionnaire show that approximately 75% of school children in Qatar do not meet the daily recommended levels of physical activity (PA). Since children spend half of their...

    Authors: Lena Zimmo, Abdulaziz Farooq, Fuad Almudahka, Izzeldin Ibrahim and Mohamed Ghaith Al-Kuwari

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:76

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Regular breakfast consumption has several health benefits. However, breakfast skipping is common among adolescents, in particular among those with a low socioeconomic background. The aims of the study were to ...

    Authors: Mekdes K. Gebremariam, Sigrun Henjum, Elisabeth Hurum, Jorunn Utne, Laura Terragni and Liv Elin Torheim

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:61

    Content type: Research article

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  28. The aim of this study was to determine if paediatric oral health education leaflets with a food and nutritional focus provide messages that are clear and consistent with the current Australian Dietary Guidelin...

    Authors: Amit Arora, Jenny Doan, Jessamine Martinez, Colin Phan, Gregory S. Kolt, Sameer Bhole, Mark Fort Harris, Jane Anne Scott and Debra Hector

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:58

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Obesity, with its rising prevalence among Canadians and its estimated cost of $2 billion annually in Canada, is no longer considered a cosmetic issue, but a major health issue that imposes a great burden on th...

    Authors: Amir Azarpazhooh, Anoushe Sekhavat and Michael J. Sigal

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:56

    Content type: Research article

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  30. The World Health Organization recommends exclusive breastfeeding until 6 months followed by introduction of iron-rich complementary foods (CFs). The aim of this study was to determine the impact of different i...

    Authors: Wafaa Qasem, Meghan B. Azad, Zakir Hossain, Elnaz Azad, Sarah Jorgensen, Sandra Castillo San Juan, Chenxi Cai, Ehsan Khafipour, Trust Beta, L. Jackson Roberts II and James Friel

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:54

    Content type: Research article

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  31. We assessed the effects of providing a package of interventions including small-quantity lipid-based nutrient supplements (SQ-LNS) containing 0, 5 or 10 mg zinc and illness treatment to Burkinabe children from...

    Authors: Souheila Abbeddou, Elizabeth Yakes Jimenez, Jérome W. Somé, Jean Bosco Ouédraogo, Kenneth H. Brown. and Sonja Y. Hess

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:46

    Content type: Research article

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  32. To determine the prevalence and factors associated with malnutrition among infants with Cleft palate and/or cleft lip (CP+/-L) at Comprehensive Rehabilitation for Uganda Hospital (CoRSU) in Uganda.

    Authors: Martin Tungotyo, Daniel Atwine, Deborah Nanjebe, Andrew Hodges and Martin Situma

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:17

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Children with congenital heart disease are at increased risk of malnutrition. The aim of this study was to describe the prevalence of wasting, underweight and stunting among children with congenital heart dise...

    Authors: Anthony Batte, Peter Lwabi, Sulaiman Lubega, Sarah Kiguli, Kennedy Otwombe, Lucy Chimoyi, Violette Nabatte and Charles Karamagi

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:10

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Dietary diversity (DD) is useful indicator of dietary quality and nutrient adequacy. In developing countries limited evidence is available regarding predictors of DD during the critical complementary feeding p...

    Authors: Dalecha Dangura and Samson Gebremedhin

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:6

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Functional gait is an integral part of life, allowing individuals to function within their environment and participate in activities of daily living. Gait assessment forms an essential part of a physical exami...

    Authors: Yvonne Smith, Quinette Louw and Yolandi Brink

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2016 16:200

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Dietary habits established in early childhood and maternal socioeconomic status (SES) are important, complex, interrelated factors that influence a child’s growth and development. The aim of this study was to ...

    Authors: Brandon H. Hidaka, Elizabeth H. Kerling, Jocelynn M. Thodosoff, Debra K. Sullivan, John Colombo and Susan E. Carlson

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2016 16:191

    Content type: Research article

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  37. The incidence of childhood obesity has increased progressively and, associated with this, nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) has often been diagnosed in this age group. To determine the risk factors asso...

    Authors: Deise Rosa Félix, Fabiola Costenaro, Catarina Bertaso Andreatta Gottschall and Gabriela Perdomo Coral

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2016 16:187

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Crown-heel length (CHL) measurement is influenced by technique, training, experience and subject cooperation. We investigated whether extending one or both of an infant’s legs affects the precision of CHL take...

    Authors: Leila Cheikh Ismail, Fabien A. Puglia, Eric O. Ohuma, Stephen T. Ash, Deborah C. Bishop, Rachel M. Carew, Ayesha Salem Al Dhaheri and Wm. Cameron Chumlea

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2016 16:186

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Children with severe acute malnutrition (SAM) have increased requirements for phosphorus and magnesium during recovery. If requirements are not met, the children may develop refeeding hypophosphatemia and hypo...

    Authors: Anne-Louise Hother, Tsinuel Girma, Maren J. H. Rytter, Alemseged Abdissa, Christian Ritz, Christian Mølgaard, Kim F. Michaelsen, André Briend, Henrik Friis and Pernille Kæstel

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2016 16:178

    Content type: Research article

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  40. The first 2 years of life is a critical period of rapid growth and brain development. During this period, nutrition and environmental factors play important roles in growth and cognitive development of a child...

    Authors: Abdul Razak Nurliyana, Zalilah Mohd Shariff, Mohd Nasir Mohd Taib, Wan Ying Gan and Kit-Aun Tan

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2016 16:160

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  41. Severe Early Childhood Caries (S-ECC) is an aggressive form of tooth decay in preschool children affecting quality of life and nutritional status. The purpose was to determine whether there is an association b...

    Authors: Katherine Davidson, Robert J. Schroth, Jeremy A. Levi, Aaron B. Yaffe, Betty-Anne Mittermuller and Elizabeth A. C. Sellers

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2016 16:137

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Poor complementary feeding of children aged 6–23 months contributes to the characteristics negative growth trends and deaths observed in developing countries. Evidences have shown that promotion of appropriate...

    Authors: Tigist Kassa, Berhan Meshesha, Yusuf Haji and Jemal Ebrahim

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2016 16:131

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Intensive inpatient lifestyle treatment may be a suitable alternative for severely obese children and adolescents who do not benefit from ambulatory obesity treatment.

    Authors: Sabine Makkes, Carry M. Renders, Judith E. Bosmans, Olga H. van der Baan-Slootweg, Trynke Hoekstra and Jacob C. Seidell

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2016 16:120

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Reference intervals are affected by different factors such as lifestyle, ethnicity, age/developmental stage, gender, nutrition and other environmental factors (Clin Biochem Rev: 29,2008). Therefore, it is obvi...

    Authors: Aman Mehari, Feyssa Challa, Goitom Gebreyesus, Dereje Alemayehu and Daniel Seifu

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2016 16:118

    Content type: Research article

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  45. Type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) is highly prevalent in Kuwait with incidence of around 40.1/100,000 individuals. Evidence indicate that vitamin D plays an important role in modulating the immune system and cou...

    Authors: Majedah A. Rasoul, Maria Al-Mahdi, Hessa Al-Kandari, Gursev S. Dhaunsi and Mohammad Z. Haider

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2016 16:95

    Content type: Research article

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  46. Many weight-loss programs in children are performed without specific foci on training both physical fitness and motor skills. The aim of this study was to describe the effect of a one-year weight-loss program ...

    Authors: Kristian Traberg Larsen, Tao Huang, Lisbeth Runge Larsen, Line Grønholt Olesen, Lars Bo Andersen and Niels Christian Møller

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2016 16:91

    Content type: Research article

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  47. Lower socioeconomic status has been associated with adverse lipid levels in adult populations. Childhood dyslipidemia is a risk factor for future cardiovascular disease. However, studies examining relationship...

    Authors: Enid E. Martinez, Peter W. Forbes, Sharon E. O’Brien and Sarah D. de Ferranti

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2016 16:86

    Content type: Research article

    Published on: