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Nutrition, diet, physical health and endocrinology

Section edited by Lorenzo Iughetti

This section considers studies regarding physical activity, nutrition, diet, and endocrinology in children and adolescents.

Page 1 of 8

  1. Vitamin A plays a pivotal role in respiratory infection, accurate estimation of vitamin A status was recommended in planning and implementing interventions. As infections affect serum vitamin A productions, th...

    Authors: Yuanyuan Li, Ziyao Guo, Guangli Zhang, Xiaoyin Tian, Qinyuan Li, Dapeng Chen and Zhengxiu Luo

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:359

    Content type: Research article

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  2. In isolated premature thelarche (IPT) girls, bone age (BA) is considered consistent with chronological age. However, some IPT girls confirmed by gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) stimulation test could sho...

    Authors: Huiping Su, Zhe Su, Lili Pan, Li Wang, Zhongwei Xu, Gang Peng and Xianglei Li

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:356

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Physical activity plays an important role in the maintenance of health, and it is especially important during childhood. However, the lack of information about differences in physical activity practice and spo...

    Authors: África Peral-Suárez, Esther Cuadrado-Soto, José Miguel Perea, Beatriz Navia, Ana M. López-Sobaler and Rosa M. Ortega

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:337

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Severe acute malnutrition affects around 17 million under-five children in the world, of which the highest burden is accounted by Sub-Saharan Africa where Ethiopia is found. Though there are few individual, in...

    Authors: Zebenay Workneh Bitew, Ayinalem Alemu and Teshager Worku

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:335

    Content type: Research article

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  5. The prevalence of child and adolescent obesity and severe obesity continues to increase despite decades of policy and research aimed at prevention. Obesity strongly predicts cardiovascular and metabolic diseas...

    Authors: Sarah C. Armstrong, McAllister Windom, Nathan A. Bihlmeyer, Jennifer S. Li, Svati H. Shah, Mary Story, Nancy Zucker, William E. Kraus, Neha Pagidipati, Eric Peterson, Charlene Wong, Manuela Wiedemeier, Lauren Sibley, Samuel I. Berchuck, Peter Merrill, Alexandra Zizzi…

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:308

    Content type: Study protocol

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  6. Currently in the United States, childhood injuries are the leading cause of mortality and morbidity, resulting in an estimated 9.2 million emergency department visits and $17 billion annually in medical costs....

    Authors: Colleen M. Heflin, Irma Arteaga, Jean Felix Ndashimye and Matthew P. Rabbitt

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:297

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Fibroblast growth factor 19 (FGF19), fibroblast growth factor 21 (FGF21) and Klotho are regulators of energy homeostasis. However, in the pediatric population, the relationships between obesity, metabolic diso...

    Authors: Anna Socha-Banasiak, Arkadiusz Michalak, Krzysztof Pacześ, Zuzanna Gaj, Wojciech Fendler, Anna Socha, Ewa Głowacka, Karolina Kapka, Violetta Gołąbek and Elżbieta Czkwianianc

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:294

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Psychological and behavioral correlates are considered important in the development and persistence of obesity in both adults and youth. This study aimed to identify such features in youth with severe obesity ...

    Authors: Vidhu V. Thaker, Stavroula K. Osganian, Sarah D. deFerranti, Kendrin R. Sonneville, Jennifer K. Cheng, Henry A. Feldman and Tracy K. Richmond

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:291

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Previous studies have shown that changes in intestinal microfloras are associated with both gastrointestinal (GI) and non-GI tumors. It is not clear whether there is an association between GI microflora change...

    Authors: Xiaolin Gao, Ruixue Miao, Yiping Zhu, Chao Lin, Xue Yang, Ruizhen Jia, Kuang Linghan, Chaomin Wan and Jianjun Deng

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:290

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Subclinical hypothyroidism (SH) is defined as serum levels of thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) above the upper limit with normal concentrations of free T4 (fT4). Its management remains challenging. The aim of...

    Authors: Marta Murillo-Vallés, Santiago Martinez, Cristina Aguilar-Riera, Miguel Angel Garcia-Martin, Joan Bel-Comós and Maria Luisa Granada Ybern

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:282

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a hormonal disorder in women of reproductive age. It seems that over the recent years, PCOS has augmented in adolescent girls due to unhealthy food habits and obesity. So, t...

    Authors: Leila Hajivandi, Mahnaz Noroozi, Firoozeh Mostafavi and Maryam Ekramzadeh

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:277

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Cortisol is often used as a biological marker for stress. When measured in urine or serum, representing a short-term measurement of the hormone, it has been associated with unfavorable sleep characteristics an...

    Authors: Dagny Y. Eythorsdottir, Peder Frederiksen, Sofus C. Larsen, Nanna J. Olsen and Berit L. Heitmann

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:258

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Celiac disease (CD) is an immune mediated inflammatory enteropathy, triggered by gluten exposure in HLA-DQ2 and/or –DQ8 genetics. The presentation of celiac disease in children is changing, with increase in no...

    Authors: Mahshid Dehbozorgi, Naser Honar, Maryam Ekramzadeh and Forough Saki

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:256

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Despite consistent efforts to enhance child nutrition, poor nutritional status of children continues to be a major public health problem in Nepal. This study identified the predictors of severe acute malnutrit...

    Authors: Umesh Ghimire, Binod Kumar Aryal, Ankush Kumar Gupta and Suman Sapkota

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:249

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Childhood obesity is associated with a multitude of co-morbidities, including hypertension, hyperlipidaemia, cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes. Childhood obesity can also affect a young person’s socia...

    Authors: Megan McMullan, Rachel Millar and Jayne V. Woodside

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:242

    Content type: Research article

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  16. A central aim for pediatric nutrition is to develop infant formula compositionally closer to human milk. Milk fat globule membranes (MFGM) have shown to have functional components that are found in human milk,...

    Authors: Rosario Toro-Campos, Cecilia Algarín, Patricio Peirano, Marcela Peña, Teresa Murguia-Peniche, Steven S. Wu and Ricardo Uauy

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:225

    Content type: Study protocol

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  17. Rapid weight gain (RWG) in infants is associated with overweight and obesity in childhood and beyond, highlighting the need for early intervention.

    Authors: Elizabeth Denney-Wilson, Kaniz Fatema, Emma Elcombe, Suzanne Ingram, Mark Harris and Elizabeth Comino

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:224

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Relatively few studies have investigated the effects of diet on behavior problems among preschoolers, particularly, physical aggression. In addition, children raised by poorly educated mothers usually have a h...

    Authors: Wen-Chi Wu, Ching-I Lin, Yi-Fan Li, Ling-Yin Chang and Tung-liang Chiang

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:221

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Vitamin A supplementation (VAS) in the postpartum period improves the vitamin A concentration of breast milk and vitamin A status is an important predictor of childhood survival. It is also known that Vitamin ...

    Authors: Samson Gebremedhin

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:214

    Content type: Research article

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  20. The infrared tympanic thermometer (IRTT) is a popular method for temperature screening in children, but it has been debated for the low accuracy and reproducibility compared with other measurements. This study...

    Authors: Dan Shi, Li-Yuan Zhang and Hai-Xia Li

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:210

    Content type: Research article

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  21. To increase the knowledge about physical activity (PA) patterns and correlates among children under the age of 4, there is a need for study’s using objective measurements. The aim of this study was therefore t...

    Authors: Linnea Bergqvist-Norén, Elin Johansson, Lijuan Xiu, Emilia Hagman, Claude Marcus and Maria Hagströmer

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:209

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Functional abdominal pain (FAP) disorders are one of the most common gastrointestinal disorders in children. We aimed to define the association between obesity and functional abdominal pain (FAP) disorders and...

    Authors: Tut Galai, Hadar Moran-Lev, Shlomi Cohen, Amir Ben-Tov, Dina Levy, Yael Weintraub, Achiya Amir, Or Segev and Anat Yerushalmy-Feler

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:193

    Content type: Research article

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  23. The study evaluates children in schools that participate in the School Health Program in the Northern region of Brazil with the objective of assessing whether their schools interfered in the development of ove...

    Authors: Renata Andrade de Medeiros Moreira, Tiago Ricardo Moreira, Glauce Dias da Costa, Luiza Carla Vidigal Castro and Rosângela Minardi Mitre Cotta

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:188

    Content type: Research article

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  24. During childhood and adolescence leading behavioural risk factors for the development of cardiometabolic diseases include poor diet quality and sedentary lifestyle. The aim of this study was to determine the f...

    Authors: Hannah L. Mayr, Felicity Cohen, Elizabeth Isenring, Stijn Soenen and Skye Marshall

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:174

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Clinical audit is a process by which physicians or other health care professionals perform a regular and systematic review of their clinical practice and amend it, when necessary. An internal audit allows to r...

    Authors: Raffaele Limauro, Patrizia Gallo, Luigi Cioffi, Angelo Antignani, Valentina Cioffi, Patrizia Calella and Giuliana Valerio

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:163

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Development and evaluation of an accelerometers technique for collecting data for asses balance had reported difficulty due to equilibrium reactions and continuous bursts. The aim of this study is to determine...

    Authors: J. García-Liñeira, J. L. García-Soidán, V. Romo-Pérez and R. Leirós-Rodríguez

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:161

    Content type: Technical advance

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  27. The aim of the study was to examine the contribution of chronological age (CA), skeletal maturation, training experience and concurrent body size descriptors, to inter-individual variance in left ventricular m...

    Authors: Diogo V. Martinho, João Valente-dos-Santos, Manuel J. Coelho-e-Silva, Arturo O. Gutiérrez, João P. Duarte, Pedro Lourenço-Farinha, Leonardo G. O. Luz, João Gonçalves-Santos, Dalmo R. L. Machado, Neiva Leite, Jorge Conde, Joaquim M. Castanheira, Sean P. Cumming, Lauren B. Sherar and Robert M. Malina

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:157

    Content type: Research article

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  28. A procedure to measure subcutaneous adipose (SAT) using brightness-mode ultrasound has recently been standardized and applied to various groups of adults including underweight, overweight and obese adults. Hig...

    Authors: A. Kelso, W. Müller, A. Fürhapter-Rieger, M. Sengeis, H. Ahammer and J. M. Steinacker

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:145

    Content type: Technical advance

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  29. Today, approximately one in five United States adolescents age 12 to 19 years is obese and just over a third are either overweight or obese. This study examines how parents and peers influence diet and physica...

    Authors: Kristen M. J. Azar, Meghan Halley, Nan Lv, Sharon Wulfovich, Katie Gillespie, Lily Liang and Lisa Goldman Rosas

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:137

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Evidence of the influence of water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) behaviors on childhood nutritional status is inconsistent. Few studies have examined their interactive effects. This study aimed to examine ass...

    Authors: Som Kumar Shrestha, Don Vicendese and Bircan Erbas

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:134

    Content type: Research article

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  31. The prevalence of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) has increased as the obese pediatric population has increased. NAFLD causes progressive liver injury and the only effective treatment is lifestyle mod...

    Authors: Mi Jin Kim and Kyung Jae Lee

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:121

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Malnutrition is a major public health problem with short and long-term adverse effects on children particularly in middle and low-income countries. Three out of every ten under-five children are said to be stu...

    Authors: Adanna Anthonia Umeokonkwo, Maryann Ugochi Ibekwe, Chukwuma David Umeokonkwo, Clifford Onuorah Okike, Obumneme Benaiah Ezeanosike and Bede Chidozie Ibe

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:114

    Content type: Research article

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  33. The prevalence of obesity among infants less than 2 years of age has increased by more than 60% over the last three decades. Obese infants and toddlers are at an increased risk for staying overweight into adol...

    Authors: Brittany Watchmaker, Bridget Boyd and Lara R. Dugas

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:104

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Stunting, which describes a small height for one’s age, is an indicator of chronic malnutrition. It develops mainly as a result of prolonged food deprivation or a chronic disease or illness. Unintended pregnan...

    Authors: Mohammed Feyisso Shaka, Yetayal Birhanu Woldie, Hirbaye Mokona Lola, Kalkidan Yohannes Olkamo and Adane Tesfaye Anbasse

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:101

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Previous studies have reported that long-term use of valproic acid can cause changes in bone metabolism in children. We conducted this meta-analysis to determine the effects of valproic acid on bone metabolism...

    Authors: Li Min, Wang Chunyan and Rong Biaoxue

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:97

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Currently the most effective treatment for severe obesity in adolescents is weight-loss surgery coupled with lifestyle behavior change. In preparation for weight-loss surgery, adolescents are required to make ...

    Authors: Elizabeth Prout Parks, Darra D. Finnerty, Jennifer Panganiban, Rosemary Frasso, Chanelle Bishop-Gilyard, Colleen M. Tewksbury, Noel N. Williams, Kristoffel R. Dumon, Gaby Cordero, Douglas L. Hill and David B. Sarwer

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:96

    Content type: Research article

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  37. The extent and implications of muscle building protein supplement use among adolescents is relatively unknown. This study aimed to describe the prevalence of protein powder, creatine, and anabolic steroid use ...

    Authors: Zali Yager and Siân McLean

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:89

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Lifelong healthy habits developed during childhood may prevent chronic diseases in adulthood. Interventions to promote these habits must begin early. The BONES (Beat Osteoporosis – Nourish and Exercise Skeleto...

    Authors: Christina D. Economos, Erin Hennessy, Kenneth Chui, Johanna Dwyer, Lori Marcotte, Aviva Must, Elena N. Naumova and Jeanne Goldberg

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:83

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Young children’s healthy development depends on nurturing care, which ensures health, nutrition, responsive caregiving, safety and security, and early learning. Infancy and childhood are characterized by rapid...

    Authors: Claudia Pansieri, Antonio Clavenna, Chiara Pandolfini, Michele Zanetti, Maria Grazia Calati, Daniela Miglio, Massimo Cartabia, Federica Zanetto and Maurizio Bonati

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:80

    Content type: Study protocol

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  40. Prechoolers’ significant portions of sedentary time (ST) is a public-health concern due to its high prevalence and negative health consequences. However, few studies have explored correlates of preschoolers’ S...

    Authors: Suvi Määttä, Hanna Konttinen, Rejane Augusta de Oliveira Figueiredo, Ari Haukkala, Nina Sajaniemi, Maijaliisa Erkkola and Eva Roos

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:58

    Content type: Research article

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  41. An increased incidence of type 2 diabetes in youth is occurring worldwide. While diverse ethnic groups are disproportionately affected by type 2 diabetes, studies that explore ethnic differences and undiagnose...

    Authors: Shelley Spurr, Jill Bally, Carol Bullin, Diane Allan and Erick McNair

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:31

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Congenital hypothyroidism is a common, yet easily treatable cause of poor growth and intellectual disability. Newborn screening programs play an important role in the early detection and treatment of congenita...

    Authors: Selorm A. Dei-Tutu, Adoma Manful, Douglas C. Heimburger, Hawa Malechi, Daniel J. Moore, Samuel A. Oppong, William E. Russell and Muktar H. Aliyu

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:26

    Content type: Research article

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