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Nutrition, diet, physical health and endocrinology

Section edited by Lorenzo Iughetti

This section considers studies regarding physical activity, nutrition, diet, and endocrinology in children and adolescents.

Page 1 of 6

  1. Content type: Research article

    There has been a growing interest in the non-skeletal roles of vitamin D particularly its immune-modulatory properties which has been shown to influence the susceptibility and severity to infections. There is ...

    Authors: Imran Hassam, Rodrick Kisenge, Said Aboud and Karim Manji

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:237

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  2. Content type: Study protocol

    Responsive parenting interventions that shape parenting behaviors in the areas of sleep and soothing, appropriate and responsive feeding, and routines represent a promising approach to early obesity prevention...

    Authors: Justin A. Lavner, Brian K. Stansfield, Steven R. H. Beach, Gene H. Brody and Leann L. Birch

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:224

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Payer-type (government-sponsored health coverage versus private health insurance) has been shown to influence a variety of cardiovascular disease outcomes in adults. However, it is unclear if the payer-type im...

    Authors: Jacob C. Hartz, Elizabeth Yellen, Annette Baker, Justin Zachariah, Heather Ryan, S. Skylar Griggs, Nirav K Desai, Ravi Yanumula, Samuel Vinci, Caroline Brantley, Jennifer Bachman, Ellen McAuliffe, Kimberlee Gauvreau, Michael Mendelson and Sarah de Ferranti

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:217

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Globally, in every three preschool children one is affected by malnutrition. In Ethiopia, child undernutrition continues to be a serious public health problem. Data are scarce, especially in 24-59 months age c...

    Authors: Aweke Girma, Haile Woldie, Fantahun Ayenew Mekonnen, Kedir Abdela Gonete and Mekonnen Sisay

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:214

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Anemia is not only a major public health problem among children in developing countries, it is also an important predictor for their future growth and development. The objective of this study was to identify p...

    Authors: Abu Yusuf, A. S. M. A. Mamun, Md. Kamruzzaman, Aik Saw, Nagah M. Abo El-fetoh, Pete E. Lestrel and Golam Hussain

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:213

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Undernutrition among school age children has an impact on their health, cognition, and educational achievement. Therefore, this study aimed to assess the prevalence and associated factors of stunting and wasti...

    Authors: Zegeye Getaneh, Mulugeta Melku, Mekuanint Geta, Tadele Melak and Melkamu Tamir Hunegnaw

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:207

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Musculoskeletal pain in youth is common but little is known about the influence of the number of pain sites on pain characteristics. The objective of this study was to compare pain characteristics, quality of ...

    Authors: David M. Bazett-Jones, Michael S. Rathleff and Sinead Holden

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:201

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  8. Content type: Study protocol

    One in three Head Start children is either overweight or obese. We will test the efficacy of an early childhood obesity prevention program, “¡Míranos! Look at Us, We Are Healthy!” (¡Míranos!), which promotes heal...

    Authors: Zenong Yin, Sarah L. Ullevig, Erica Sosa, Yuanyuan Liang, Todd Olmstead, Jeffrey T. Howard, Vanessa L. Errisuriz, Vanessa M. Estrada, Cristina E. Martinez, Meizi He, Sharon Small, Cindy Schoenmakers and Deborah Parra-Medina

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:190

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  9. Content type: Research article

    It is known that obesity is associated with vitamin D deficiency and observational studies have shown vitamin D deficiency to be linked with the development of type 2 diabetes. There are no comprehensive data ...

    Authors: S. G. S. Adikaram, D. B. D. L. Samaranayake, N. Atapattu, K. M. D. L. D. Kendaragama, J. T. N. Senevirathne and V. Pujitha Wickramasinghe

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:186

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Television (TV) viewing may affect children’s obesity status. In the present study the association between TV viewing and early childhood overweight/obese status was investigated as well as the association bas...

    Authors: Jiajin Hu, Ning Ding, Liu Yang, Yanan Ma, Ming Gao and Deliang Wen

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:184

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Childhood stunting is the most widely prevalent among under-five children in Ethiopia. Despite the individual-level factors of childhood stunting are well documented, community-level factors have not been give...

    Authors: K. Fantay Gebru, W. Mekonnen Haileselassie, A. Haftom Temesgen, A. Oumer Seid and B. Afework Mulugeta

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:176

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Schoolbags and the consequences of carrying them, particularly those associated with overload, are often studied as a health concern. Modifications in gait and posture were reported when children carried loads...

    Authors: João Barbosa, Mário C. Marques, Mikel Izquierdo, Henrique P. Neiva, Tiago M. Barbosa, Robinson Ramírez-Vélez, Alicia M. Alonso-Martínez, Antonio García-Hermoso, Roberto Aguado-Jimenez and Daniel A. Marinho

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:157

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Although various studies have shown the effect of vigorous physical activity on academic achievements, no studies have investigated the effect of vitamin E levels on academic performance. The present study aim...

    Authors: Ahmad H. Alghadir, Sami A. Gabr, Zaheen A. Iqbal and Einas Al-Eisa

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:156

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  14. Content type: Research article

    The prevalence of asthma and obesity have increased over the last decades. A possible association between these two chronic illnesses has been suggested, since the prevalence of asthmatic symptoms rises with i...

    Authors: Yvette E. Lentferink, Nienke E. Boogaart, Walter A. F. Balemans, Catherijne A. J. Knibbe and Marja M. J. van der Vorst

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:148

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Inappropriate complementary feeding practice could result in child illness, sub-optimal growth and development. Evidence shows a huge burden of inappropriate complementary feeding practice from global to natio...

    Authors: Zerihun Berhanu, Taddese Alemu and Dirshaye Argaw

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:146

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Growth monitoring is used to assess the growth rate of a child by periodic and frequent anthropometric measurements in comparison to a standard. However, since the practice has been poor in Ethiopia, this stud...

    Authors: Aschilo Wubet Melkamu, Bikes Destaw Bitew, Esmael Ali Muhammad and Melkamu Tamir Hunegnaw

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:144

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  17. Content type: Study protocol

    Early microbial colonization is a relevant aspect in human health. Altered microbial colonization patterns have been linked to an increased risk of non-communicable diseases (NCDs). Advances in understanding h...

    Authors: Izaskun García-Mantrana, Cristina Alcántara, Marta Selma-Royo, Alba Boix-Amorós, Majda Dzidic, Jose Gimeno-Alcañiz, Isabel Úbeda-Sansano, Ignacio Sorribes-Monrabal, Ramón Escuriet, Fernando Gil-Raga, Anna Parra-Llorca, Cecilia Martínez-Costa and María Carmen Collado

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:140

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  18. Content type: Study protocol

    Adolescents with DMD treated with chronic high dose GC therapy typically have profound pubertal delay. Testosterone, the main circulating androgen in men, promotes virilisation and growth with associated accru...

    Authors: C. L. Wood, T. D Cheetham, K. G Hollingsworth, M. Guglieri, Y. Ailins-Sahun, S. Punniyakodi, A. Mayhew and V. Straub

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:131

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Former evidence regarding reference values of abdominal fat percentage (AFP) and optimal anthropometric indicators in predicting abdominal obesity measured by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) scan in Chi...

    Authors: Gengdong Chen, Huanchang Yan, Yuting Hao, Shiksha Shrestha, Jue Wang, Yan Li, Yuanhuan Wei, Jialiang Pan and Zheqing Zhang

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:127

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Anemia remains a major public health problem among children under five years old in Ethiopia, rising unexpectedly from 44% national prevalence in 2011 to 57% in 2016. In this study, we investigated the househo...

    Authors: Shimels Hussien Mohammed, Tesfa Dejenie Habtewold and Ahmad Esmaillzadeh

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:113

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Controlled attenuation parameter (CAP) is a recently introduced, non-invasive and quantitative method to evaluate hepatic steatosis demonstrated in adults, but limited in obesity and not well evaluated in chil...

    Authors: Jaeseung Shin, Myung-Joon Kim, Hyun Joo Shin, Haesung Yoon, Seung Kim, Hong Koh and Mi-Jung Lee

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:112

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Effects of obesity prevention interventions in early childhood are only meaningful if they are sustained over time, but long-term follow-up studies are rare. The school-based cluster-randomised Healthy School ...

    Authors: Åsa Norman, Zangin Zeebari, Gisela Nyberg and Liselotte Schäfer Elinder

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:104

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  23. Content type: Research article

    This study aimed to determine the allometric exponents for concurrent size descriptors (stature, body mass and fat-free mass) and also to examine the contribution of chronological age and pubertal status combi...

    Authors: André O. Werneck, Jorge Conde, Manuel J. Coelho-e-Silva, Artur Pereira, Daniela C. Costa, Diogo Martinho, João P. Duarte, João Valente-dos-Santos, Rômulo A. Fernandes, Mariana B. Batista, David Ohara, Edilson S. Cyrino and Enio R. V. Ronque

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:96

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Physical activity (PA) is associated with changes in body composition that affect insulin sensitivity and leptin levels. Few studies have assessed the effect of lifestyle interventions on changes in objectivel...

    Authors: Lydia Morell-Azanza, Ana Ojeda-Rodríguez, Amaia Ochotorena-Elicegui, Nerea Martín-Calvo, María Chueca, Amelia Marti and Cristina Azcona-San Julian

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:90

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Nutritional status of children influences their health status, which is a key determinant of human development. In Ethiopia, 28% of child mortality is caused by under nutrition. There is also some controversia...

    Authors: Zufan Bitew Dessie, Melkitu Fentie, Zegeye Abebe, Tadesse Awoke Ayele and Kindie Fentahun Muchie

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:83

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Children with cancer often suffer side effects from their treatment, for example nausea and vomiting, which can lead to malnutrition. If a child cannot eat orally, a percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) c...

    Authors: Margaretha Jenholt Nolbris, Ann-Louise Gustafsson, Carina Fondin, Karin Mellgren and Stefan Nilsson

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:76

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Obesity is one of the conditions that increases the risk of cardiovascular disease. Studies about obesity trajectory and cardio metabolic outcomes at adulthood are still scarce. Therefore, we aimed to assess t...

    Authors: Gabriela Callo Quinte, Fernando Barros, Denise Petrucci Gigante, Isabel Oliveira de Oliveira, Janaína Vieira dos Santos Motta and Bernardo Lessa Horta

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:75

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  28. Content type: Case report

    Numerous cases of scurvy secondary to diet limitations have been reported in the literature with most being boys with special needs. To date, the focus of the literature describing vitamin C deficiency has bee...

    Authors: Timothy Hahn, Whitney Adams and Keith Williams

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:74

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    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:151

  29. Content type: Research article

    Body composition in infancy plays a central role in the programming of metabolic diseases. Fat mass (FM) is determined by personal and environmental factors. Anthropometric measurements allow for estimations o...

    Authors: Ameyalli M. Rodríguez-Cano, Jennifer Mier-Cabrera, Cinthya Muñoz-Manrique, Arturo Cardona-Pérez, Gicela Villalobos-Alcázar and Otilia Perichart-Perera

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:60

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  30. Content type: Research article

    Donor human milk (DHM) is the best alternative for preterm infants when their own mother’s milk is unavailable. DHM should be pasteurized to guarantee microbiological safety; however, this process can influenc...

    Authors: Pasqua Piemontese, Domenica Mallardi, Nadia Liotto, Chiara Tabasso, Camilla Menis, Michela Perrone, Paola Roggero and Fabio Mosca

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:58

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Children with Sickle Cell Disease (SCD) show endocrine complications and metabolic alterations. The physiopathology of these conditions is not completely understood: iron overload due to chronic transfusions, ...

    Authors: V. Mandese, E. Bigi, P. Bruzzi, G. Palazzi, B. Predieri, L. Lucaccioni, M. Cellini and L. Iughetti

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:56

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  32. Content type: Research article

    In Ethiopia uncomplicated severe acute malnutrition (SAM) is managed at health posts level through the outpatient therapeutic program (OTP). Yet, evidence on the treatment success rate of the program is scarce...

    Authors: Genene Teshome, Tafese Bosha and Samson Gebremedhin

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:33

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  33. Content type: Research article

    The objective of the current study was to examine whether the relation between aerobic fitness and academic achievement during adolescence is subject-dependent, and to investigate cumulative and recency effects.

    Authors: Shu-Shih Hsieh, Jia-Ren Tsai, Shao-Hsi Chang, Jen-Yu Ho, Jui-Fu Chen, Po-Hsi Chen, Yao-Ting Sung and Tsung-Min Hung

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:25

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  34. Content type: Research article

    Children with developmental coordination disorder (DCD) experience a range of difficulties that can potentially limit their academic, social and physical ability. Recent research has developed interventions th...

    Authors: Benjamin F. Mentiplay, Tara L. FitzGerald, Ross A. Clark, Kelly J. Bower, Linda Denehy and Alicia J. Spittle

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:22

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  35. Content type: Review

    Physical activity (PA) is associated with a diverse range of health benefits. International guidelines suggest that children should be participating in a minimum of 60 min of moderate to vigorous intensity PA ...

    Authors: Sarah L. West, Laura Banks, Jane E. Schneiderman, Jessica E. Caterini, Samantha Stephens, Gillian White, Shilpa Dogra and Greg D. Wells

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:12

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  36. Content type: Research article

    In spite of surplus food production, in Amhara region, a significant number of children had under-nutrition. Investigating factors associated with under-nutrition in food secured households is crucial to desig...

    Authors: Yeshalem Mulugeta Demilew and Abiot Tefera Alem

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:7

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  37. Content type: Research article

    Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is a devastating disease of intestinal inflammation that primarily affects premature infants. A potential risk factor for necrotizing enterocolitis is exposure of the premature ...

    Authors: Ye Yang, Emilee Rader, Michele Peters-Carr, Rebecca C. Bent, Jennifer T. Smilowitz, Karen Guillemin and Bethany Rader

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:2

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Although poor complementary feeding is associated with poor child growth, nutrition interventions only have modest impact on child growth, due to high burden of infections. We aimed to assess the association o...

    Authors: Jaden Bendabenda, Noel Patson, Lotta Hallamaa, John Mbotwa, Charles Mangani, John Phuka, Elizabeth L. Prado, Yin Bun Cheung, Ulla Ashorn, Kathryn G. Dewey, Per Ashorn and Kenneth Maleta

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2018 18:396

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  39. Content type: Research article

    Childhood stunting, defined as the height-for-age standardized score lower than minus two, is one of the key indicators for assessing well-being and health of a child; and can be used for monitoring child heal...

    Authors: Nisachol Cetthakrikul, Chompoonut Topothai, Rapeepong Suphanchaimat, Kanjana Tisayaticom, Supon Limwattananon and Viroj Tangcharoensathien

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2018 18:395

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  40. Content type: Research article

    Malnutrition has been responsible directly or indirectly for 10.9 million deaths worldwide annually among children under five. Childhood malnutrition is highly related to poor nutritional quality diet in devel...

    Authors: Degnet Teferi Asres, Amanuel Nana and Girma Nega

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2018 18:394

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  41. Content type: Research article

    Children’s preferences for cariogenic foods and/or drinks has been proven to be associated with exposure to advertisements. This study aimed to assess and compare the proportion of cariogenic food and /or drin...

    Authors: Amit Arora, Caroline M. Bowman, Stephanie J. P. Chow, Jack Thepsourinthone, Sameer Bhole and Narendar Manohar

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2018 18:384

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  42. Content type: Research article

    To investigate the association between markers of insulin metabolism and carotid intima-media thickness(cIMT) among overweight and obese children and adolescents.

    Authors: Golaleh Asghari, Pooneh Dehghan, Parvin Mirmiran, Emad Yuzbashian, Maryam Mahdavi, Maryam Tohidi, Tirang R. Neyestani, Farhad Hosseinpanah and Fereidoun Azizi

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2018 18:368

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