Nutrition, diet, physical health and endocrinology

Section edited by Lorenzo Iughetti

This section considers studies regarding physical activity, nutrition, diet, and endocrinology in children and adolescents.

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  1. Research article

    Using LMS tables to determine waist circumference and waist-to-height ratios in Colombian children and adolescents: the FUPRECOL study

    Waist circumference (WC) and waist-to-height ratio (WHtR) are often used as indices predictive of central obesity. The aims of this study were: 1) to obtain smoothed centile charts and LMS tables for WC and WH...

    Robinson Ramírez-Vélez, Javier Moreno-Jiménez, Jorge Enrique Correa-Bautista, Javier Martínez-Torres, Katherine González-Ruiz, Emilio González-Jiménez, Jacqueline Schmidt-RioValle, Felipe Lobelo and Antonio Garcia-Hermoso

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:162

    Published on: 11 July 2017

  2. Research article

    Weight-for-length, early weight-gain velocity and atopic dermatitis in infancy and at two years of age: a cohort study

    Overweight and atopic dermatitis (AD) are major health problems in most industrialised countries, but the relationship between overweight and AD in infants and young children is unclear. We investigated if wei...

    Teresa Løvold Berents, Karin Cecilie Lødrup Carlsen, Petter Mowinckel, Håvard Ove Skjerven, Leif Bjarte Rolfsjord, Live Solveig Nordhagen, Bente Kvenshagen, Jon Olav Gjengstø Hunderi, Maria Bradley, Per Medbøe Thorsby, Kai-Håkon Carlsen and Petter Gjersvik

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:141

    Published on: 7 June 2017

  3. Research article

    Timing of menarche in Norwegian girls: associations with body mass index, waist circumference and skinfold thickness

    Research studies show conflicting results regarding the association between menarche and body weight. The purpose of the present study was to investigate if anthropometric indicators of body composition, body ...

    Heiko Bratke, Ingvild Særvold Bruserud, Bente Brannsether, Jörg Aßmus, Robert Bjerknes, Mathieu Roelants and Pétur B. Júlíusson

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:138

    Published on: 6 June 2017

  4. Research article

    Effects of infant weight gain on subsequent allergic outcomes in the first 3 years of life

    The association between early weight gain and later allergic outcomes has not been well studied. We examined the relation between weight gain and the subsequent development of allergic outcomes in the first 36...

    Evelyn Xiu-Ling Loo, Anne Goh, Izzuddin Bin Mohd Aris, Oon Hoe Teoh, Lynette Pei-Chi Shek, Bee Wah Lee, Yiong Huak Chan, Mya Thway Tint, Shu-E Soh, Seang-Mei Saw, Peter Gluckman, Keith M Godfrey, Yap-Seng Chong, Fabian Yap, Michael S Kramer, Hugo Van Bever…

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:134

    Published on: 2 June 2017

  5. Research article

    BMI is a poor predictor of adiposity in young overweight and obese children

    The body mass index (BMI) is a simple and widely utilized screening tool for obesity in children and adults. The purpose of this investigation was to evaluate if BMI could predict total fat mass (TFM) and perc...

    Cassandra Vanderwall, R. Randall Clark, Jens Eickhoff and Aaron L. Carrel

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:135

    Published on: 2 June 2017

  6. Research article

    Safety and tolerability of Bifidobacterium longum subspecies infantis EVC001 supplementation in healthy term breastfed infants: a phase I clinical trial

    Historically, bifidobacteria were the dominant intestinal bacteria in breastfed infants. Still abundant in infants in developing nations, levels of intestinal bifidobacteria are low among infants in developed ...

    Jennifer T. Smilowitz, Jackelyn Moya, Melissa A. Breck, Chelsea Cook, Annette Fineberg, Kathleen Angkustsiri and Mark A. Underwood

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:133

    Published on: 30 May 2017

    The Erratum to this article has been published in BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:180

  7. Research article

    Cardiometabolic profile of obese children in a sub-Saharan African setting: a cross-sectional study

    Cardiovascular and metabolic consequences of obesity in children, unlike adults, are still not well understood nor have they been subject to extensive research in Africa. We aimed to identify the cardio-metabo...

    Eunice Chedjou-Nono, Suzanne Sap, Simeon-Pierre Choukem, Issa Ngosso Tetanye, Daniel Nebongo and Olivier Koki Ndombo

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:129

    Published on: 19 May 2017

  8. Research article

    Analgesic antipyretic use among young children in the TEDDY study: no association with islet autoimmunity

    The use of analgesic antipyretics (ANAP) in children have long been a matter of controversy. Data on their practical use on an individual level has, however, been scarce. There are indications of possible effe...

    Markus Lundgren, Leigh Johnson Steed, Roy Tamura, Berglind Jonsdottir, Patricia Gesualdo, Claire Crouch, Maija Sjöberg, Gertie Hansson, William A. Hagopian, Anette G. Ziegler, Marian J. Rewers, Åke Lernmark, Jorma Toppari, Jin-Xiong She, Beena Akolkar, Jeffrey P. Krischer…

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:127

    Published on: 16 May 2017

  9. Research article

    Dyslipidemia and reference values for fasting plasma lipid concentrations in Danish/North-European White children and adolescents

    Dyslipidemia is reported in 27 − 43% of children and adolescents with overweight/obesity and tracks into adulthood, increasing the risk of cardiovascular morbidity. Cut-off values for fasting plasma lipid conc...

    Tenna Ruest Haarmark Nielsen, Ulrik Lausten-Thomsen, Cilius Esmann Fonvig, Christine Bøjsøe, Lise Pedersen, Palle Skov Bratholm, Torben Hansen, Oluf Pedersen and Jens-Christian Holm

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:116

    Published on: 28 April 2017

  10. Research article

    Early childhood obesity: a survey of knowledge and practices of physicians from the Middle East and North Africa

    Childhood obesity is one of the most serious public health issues of the twenty-first century affecting even low- and middle-income countries. Overweight and obese children are more likely to stay obese into a...

    Inge Gies, Bader AlSaleem, Beheshteh Olang, Berkouk Karima, Gamal Samy, Khaled Husain, Mahmoud Elhalik, Mohamad Miqdady, Mohamad Rawashdeh, Mohamed Salah, Nezha Mouane, Pejman Rohani, Atul Singhal and Yvan Vandenplas

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:115

    Published on: 28 April 2017

  11. Research article

    Prevalence and risk factors for non-alcoholic fatty liver in children and youth with obesity

    Non- Alcoholic Fatty Liver (NAFL) is a spectrum of liver diseases (LD) that ranges from benign fatty infiltration of the liver to cirrhosis and hepatic failure. Hepatic ultrasound (US) and serum alanine aminot...

    Carolina Jimenez-Rivera, Stasia Hadjiyannakis, Jorge Davila, Julie Hurteau, Mary Aglipay, Nick Barrowman and Kristi B. Adamo

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:113

    Published on: 26 April 2017

  12. Research article

    Insight into human pubertal growth by applying the QEPS growth model

    Computerized mathematical models describing absolute and relative individual growth during puberty in both cm and standard deviation (SD)-scores are lacking. The present study aimed to fill this gap, by applyi...

    Anton Holmgren, Aimon Niklasson, Lars Gelander, A. Stefan Aronson, Andreas F.M. Nierop and Kerstin Albertsson-Wikland

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:107

    Published on: 19 April 2017

  13. Research article

    Stunting, wasting and associated factors among children aged 6–24 months in Dabat health and demographic surveillance system site: A community based cross-sectional study in Ethiopia

    Though there is a marked decline in burden of undernutrition, about 44 and 10% of children under five are stunted and wasted, respectively in Ethiopia. The highest prevalence of wasting occurs in young childre...

    Terefe Derso, Amare Tariku, Gashaw Andargie Biks and Molla Mesele Wassie

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:96

    Published on: 4 April 2017

  14. Study protocol

    Long-term effects of vitamin D supplementation in vitamin D deficient obese children participating in an integrated weight-loss programme (a double-blind placebo-controlled study) – rationale for the study design

    Obesity is associated not only with an array of metabolic disorders (e.g. insulin resistance, hiperinsulinemia, impaired tolerance of glucose, lipid disorders) but also skeletal and joint abnormalities. Recent...

    Agnieszka Szlagatys-Sidorkiewicz, Michał Brzeziński, Agnieszka Jankowska, Paulina Metelska, Magdalena Słomińska-Frączek and Piotr Socha

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:97

    Published on: 4 April 2017

  15. Study protocol

    Towards evidence-based vitamin D supplementation in infants: vitamin D intervention in infants (VIDI) — study design and methods of a randomised controlled double-blinded intervention study

    Vitamin D is important for bone mass accrual during growth. Additionally, it is considered a requirement for a multitude of processes associated with, for example, the development of immunity. Many countries a...

    Otto Helve, Heli Viljakainen, Elisa Holmlund-Suila, Jenni Rosendahl, Helena Hauta-alus, Maria Enlund-Cerullo, Saara Valkama, Kati Heinonen, Katri Räikkönen, Timo Hytinantti, Outi Mäkitie and Sture Andersson

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:91

    Published on: 29 March 2017

  16. Research article

    Factors associated with anemia among Sri Lankan primary school children in rural North Central Province

    Despite interventions, childhood anemia is still a major public health problem in low and middle income countries. Purpose of the present study is to determine factors associated with anemia among rural primar...

    Gayani Shashikala Amarasinghe, Naotunna Palliya Guruge Chamidri Randika Naottunna, Thilini Chanchala Agampodi and Suneth Buddhika Agampodi

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:87

    Published on: 27 March 2017

  17. Research article

    Characterizing early child growth patterns of height-for-age in an urban slum cohort of Bangladesh with functional principal component analysis

    Early childhood is a critical stage of physical and cognitive growth that forms the foundation of future wellbeing. Stunted growth is presented in one of every 4 children worldwide and contributes to developme...

    Yin Zhang, Jianhui Zhou, Feiyang Niu, Jeffrey R. Donowitz, Rashidul Haque, William A. Petri Jr and Jennie Z. Ma

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:84

    Published on: 21 March 2017

  18. Research article

    School-time physical activity among Arab elementary school children in Qatar

    Recent data from a self-administered questionnaire show that approximately 75% of school children in Qatar do not meet the daily recommended levels of physical activity (PA). Since children spend half of their...

    Lena Zimmo, Abdulaziz Farooq, Fuad Almudahka, Izzeldin Ibrahim and Mohamed Ghaith Al-Kuwari

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:76

    Published on: 15 March 2017

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