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Nutrition, diet, physical health and endocrinology

Section edited by Lorenzo Iughetti

This section considers studies regarding physical activity, nutrition, diet, and endocrinology in children and adolescents.

Page 1 of 7

  1. Pituitary tumors and/or their treatment are associated with multiple pituitary hormone deficiency (MPHD) in adults, but the distinct pituitary hormone profile of MPHD in Chinese children and adolescents remain...

    Authors: Fengxue Wang, Jinyan Han, Xiaohong Shang and Guimei Li

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:441

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  2. There is growing evidence that school children in the United States gain weight more rapidly during the summer than the school year, but few studies have explored the causes of this phenomenon. The goal of thi...

    Authors: Lindsay A. Tanskey, Jeanne P. Goldberg, Kenneth Chui, Aviva Must, Catherine M. Wright and Jennifer M. Sacheck

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:438

    Content type: Research article

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  3. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the multi-component health promotion program, JolinchenKids – fit and healthy in daycare, designed to promote physical activity (PA), healthy eating, and mental wellbeing...

    Authors: Berit Steenbock, Christoph Buck, Hajo Zeeb, Stefan Rach and Claudia R. Pischke

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:432

    Content type: Research article

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  4. The World Health Organization recommends that mothers should exclusively breastfeed their infants until 6 months of age due to the benefits for the mother and the child. There is documented evidence on exclusi...

    Authors: Amanuel Molla Beyene, Misgan Legesse Liben and Amit Arora

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:428

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Nocturnal enuresis (NE), or ‘bedwetting’, is a form of night-time urinary incontinence occurring in younger children. A diagnosis of NE can be socially disruptive and psychologically stressful for a child. The...

    Authors: Janet Schloss, Kimberley Ryan, Rebecca Reid and Amie Steel

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:421

    Content type: Study protocol

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  6. Obesity is associated with many chronic diseases including cortisol rhythm disorder and low testosterone. Furthermore, studies on obese children are quite limited and no concordance results have been obtained,...

    Authors: Bingyan Cao, Chunxiu Gong, Di Wu, Xuejun Liang, Wenjing Li, Min Liu, Chang Su, Miao Qin, Xi Meng and Liya Wei

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:414

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Infants are in a state of rapid development and maturation; the growth rate is most rapid during the first 4 to 6 months of life. Few studies indicated that in developing countries including Ethiopia the preva...

    Authors: Lakew Abebe, Mamusha Aman, Shifera Asfaw, Hailay Gebreyesus, Mebrahtu Teweldemedhin and Abebe Mamo

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:408

    Content type: Research article

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  8. An increasing number of extremely preterm (EP) infants have survived worldwide. However, few data have been reported from China. This study was designed to investigate the short-term outcomes of EP infants at ...

    Authors: Fan Wu, Guosheng Liu, Zhoushan Feng, Xiaohua Tan, Chuanzhong Yang, Xiaotong Ye, Yiheng Dai, Weiyi Liang, Xiuzhen Ye, Jing Mo, Lu Ding, Benqing Wu, Hongxiang Chen, Chiwang Li, Zhe Zhang, Xiao Rong…

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:405

    Content type: Research article

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  9. The aim of this study is to investigate whether age of infant motor milestone achievement is related to levels of physical activity (PA), weight status and blood pressure at age 4–7 years of age.

    Authors: Silvia I. Brouwer, Ronald P. Stolk and Eva Corpeleijn

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:388

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) in the first 6 months of life is the best and most complete option for an infant, in that supplies the vitamins and minerals the baby needs. Several studies in Iran have been cond...

    Authors: Meysam Behzadifar, Mandana Saki, Masoud Behzadifar, Mahnaz Mardani, Fatemeh Yari, Farzad Ebrahimzadeh, Hadis Majidi Mehr, Shadi Abdi Bastami and Nicola Luigi Bragazzi

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:384

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Childhood and adolescent overweight, obesity and underweight have become an issue of grave concern to both the developed and developing countries in context of global burden of non-communicable diseases. Unhea...

    Authors: Daniel Gyamfi, Christian Obirikorang, Emmanuel Acheampong, Evans Adu Asamoah, Bernard Berko Sampong, Emmanuella Nsenbah Batu and Enoch Odame Anto

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:376

    Content type: Research article

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  12. The microorganism present in breast milk, added to other factors, determine the colonization of infants. The objective of the present study is to evaluate the safety, tolerance and effects of the consumption o...

    Authors: J. Maldonado, M. Gil-Campos, J. A. Maldonado-Lobón, M. R. Benavides, K. Flores-Rojas, R. Jaldo, I. Jiménez del Barco, V. Bolívar, A. D. Valero, E. Prados, I. Peñalver and M. Olivares

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:361

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Relationships with others can have an impact on the attitudes of new mums to the obesity-related behaviours of their children. The aim of this study was to understand the degree to which other new mums (from t...

    Authors: Adrian J. Cameron, Emma Charlton, Adam Walsh, Kylie Hesketh and Karen Campbell

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:357

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Although breastfeeding is touted as providing many health benefits to infants, some aspects of this relationship remain poorly understood.

    Authors: Nicole M. Frank, Kristian F. Lynch, Ulla Uusitalo, Jimin Yang, Maria Lönnrot, Suvi M. Virtanen, Heikki Hyöty and Jill M. Norris

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:339

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Earlier pubertal timing has been observed in many countries. We aimed to explore if prenatal exposure to maternal obesity, smoking, and alcohol intake was associated with timing of puberty by use of a novel ma...

    Authors: Nis Brix, Andreas Ernst, Lea Lykke Braskhøj Lauridsen, Erik Thorlund Parner, Onyebuchi A. Arah, Jørn Olsen, Tine Brink Henriksen and Cecilia Høst Ramlau-Hansen

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:338

    Content type: Research article

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  16. An exclusive human milk diet (EHMD) using human milk based products (pre-term formula and fortifiers) has been shown to lead to significant clinical benefits for very low birth weight (VLBW) babies (below 1250...

    Authors: Grace Hampson, Sarah Louise Elin Roberts, Alan Lucas and David Parkin

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:337

    Content type: Research article

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  17. The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends incorporating psychosocial stimulation into the management of severe acute malnutrition (SAM). However, there is little evidence about the effectiveness of these ...

    Authors: Teklu Gemechu Abessa, Berhanu Nigussie Worku, Mekitie Wondafrash, Tsinuel Girma, Johan Valy, Johan Lemmens, Liesbeth Bruckers, Patrick Kolsteren and Marita Granitzer

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:336

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Background: Childhood undernutrition causes significant morbidity and mortality in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). In Tanzania, the in-hospital prevalence of undernutrition in children under five yea...

    Authors: Prosper J. Bashaka, Hendry R. Sawe, Victor Mwafongo, Juma A. Mfinanga, Michael S. Runyon and Brittany L. Murray

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:327

    Content type: Research article

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  19. A few studies have reported a positive association between phthalate exposure and pubertal timing, but several conflicting reports exist. The main objective of the study was to determine whether phthalate expo...

    Authors: Mo Kyung Jung, Han Saem Choi, Junghwan Suh, Ahreum Kwon, Hyun Wook Chae, Woo Jung Lee, Eun-Gyong Yoo and Ho-Seong Kim

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:323

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Background: Despite several years of guidance on infant feeding, there has been only a slight change in consumer compliance. Therefore, this study aimed to analyse parents feeding practices, explore physicians...

    Authors: Jean-Pierre Chouraqui, Bérénice Delmas, Marine Le Bris, Marc Bellaiche, Camille Jung and Thierry Hanh

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:313

    Content type: Research article

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  21. A Shortage or excessive intake of the nutrient is malnutrition; affecting every aspect of human beings. Malnutrition at childhood has long-lasting and multiple effects. In Ethiopia significant numbers of child...

    Authors: Nigusie Birhan Tebeje, Gashaw Andargie Biks, Solomon Mekonnen Abebe and Melike Endris Yesuf

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:304

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Evidence is growing that both short- and long-term physical exercise have the potential to positively impact on the physiological system related to inflammatory indices, though, such patterns are unknown for p...

    Authors: Corinne Legeret, Laura Mählmann, Markus Gerber, Nadeem Kalak, Henrik Köhler, Edith Holsboer-Trachsler, Serge Brand and Raoul Furlano

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:297

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  23. Although stem cell transplantation has been successfully performed for cerebral palsy (CP) related to oxygen deprivation, clinical trials involving the use of stem cell transplantation for CP related to neonat...

    Authors: Liem Nguyen Thanh, Kien Nguyen Trung, Chinh Vu Duy, Doan Ngo Van, Phuong Nguyen Hoang, Anh Nguyen Thi Phuong, Minh Duy Ngo, Thinh Nguyen Thi and Anh Bui Viet

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:290

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  24. Early puberty is associated with higher risk of adverse health and behavioral outcomes throughout adolescence and adulthood. US girls are experiencing earlier puberty with substantial racial/ethnic differences...

    Authors: Sara Aghaee, Julianna Deardorff, Louise C. Greenspan, Charles P. Quesenberry Jr., Lawrence H. Kushi and Ai Kubo

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:277

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:317

  25. Plasma-free amino acid profiles have been reported to correlate with obesity and glucose metabolism, and have been studied as potentially useful biomarkers of lifestyle-related diseases affecting metabolism in...

    Authors: Yosuke Suzuki, Jun Kido, Shirou Matsumoto, Kie Shimizu and Kimitoshi Nakamura

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:273

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  26. The start of complementary feeding in infancy plays an essential role in promoting healthy eating habits. Evidence shows that it is important what infants are offered during this first introduction of solid foods...

    Authors: S. M. C. van der Veek, C. de Graaf, J. H. M. de Vries, G. Jager, C. M. J. L. Vereijken, H. Weenen, N. van Winden, M. S. van Vliet, J. M. Schultink, V. W. T. de Wild, S. Janssen and J. Mesman

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:266

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  27. The relationship between birth weight and blood pressure has not been well explored in Chinese children and adolescents. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between birth weight and child...

    Authors: Chong Lai, Yiyan Hu, Di He, Li Liang, Feng Xiong, Geli Liu, Chunxiu Gong, Feihong Luo, Shaoke Chen, Chunlin Wang and Yimin Zhu

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:264

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  28. There are vast differences in prevalence rates of urinary tract infection (UTI) reported among malnourished children globally. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to provide estimates of pooled ...

    Authors: Samuel N. Uwaezuoke, Ikenna K. Ndu and Ikenna C. Eze

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:261

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  29. Education and health are crucial topics for public policies as both largely determine the future wellbeing of the society. Currently, several studies recognize that physical activity (PA) benefits brain health...

    Authors: Patricio Solis-Urra, Jorge Olivares-Arancibia, Ernesto Suarez-Cadenas, Javier Sanchez-Martinez, Fernando Rodríguez-Rodríguez, Francisco B. Ortega, Irene Esteban-Cornejo, Cristina Cadenas-Sanchez, Jose Castro-Piñero, Alejandro Veloz, Steren Chabert, Kabir P. Saradangani, Juan Pablo Zavala-Crichton, Jairo H. Migueles, Jose Mora-Gonzalez, Milton Quiroz-Escobar…

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:260

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  30. There has been a growing interest in the non-skeletal roles of vitamin D particularly its immune-modulatory properties which has been shown to influence the susceptibility and severity to infections. There is ...

    Authors: Imran Hassam, Rodrick Kisenge, Said Aboud and Karim Manji

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:237

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  31. Responsive parenting interventions that shape parenting behaviors in the areas of sleep and soothing, appropriate and responsive feeding, and routines represent a promising approach to early obesity prevention...

    Authors: Justin A. Lavner, Brian K. Stansfield, Steven R. H. Beach, Gene H. Brody and Leann L. Birch

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:224

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  32. Payer-type (government-sponsored health coverage versus private health insurance) has been shown to influence a variety of cardiovascular disease outcomes in adults. However, it is unclear if the payer-type im...

    Authors: Jacob C. Hartz, Elizabeth Yellen, Annette Baker, Justin Zachariah, Heather Ryan, S. Skylar Griggs, Nirav K Desai, Ravi Yanumula, Samuel Vinci, Caroline Brantley, Jennifer Bachman, Ellen McAuliffe, Kimberlee Gauvreau, Michael Mendelson and Sarah de Ferranti

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:217

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  33. Globally, in every three preschool children one is affected by malnutrition. In Ethiopia, child undernutrition continues to be a serious public health problem. Data are scarce, especially in 24-59 months age c...

    Authors: Aweke Girma, Haile Woldie, Fantahun Ayenew Mekonnen, Kedir Abdela Gonete and Mekonnen Sisay

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:214

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  34. Anemia is not only a major public health problem among children in developing countries, it is also an important predictor for their future growth and development. The objective of this study was to identify p...

    Authors: Abu Yusuf, A. S. M. A. Mamun, Md. Kamruzzaman, Aik Saw, Nagah M. Abo El-fetoh, Pete E. Lestrel and Md. Golam Hossain

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:213

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:258

  35. Undernutrition among school age children has an impact on their health, cognition, and educational achievement. Therefore, this study aimed to assess the prevalence and associated factors of stunting and wasti...

    Authors: Zegeye Getaneh, Mulugeta Melku, Mekuanint Geta, Tadele Melak and Melkamu Tamir Hunegnaw

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:207

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  36. Musculoskeletal pain in youth is common but little is known about the influence of the number of pain sites on pain characteristics. The objective of this study was to compare pain characteristics, quality of ...

    Authors: David M. Bazett-Jones, Michael S. Rathleff and Sinead Holden

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:201

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  37. One in three Head Start children is either overweight or obese. We will test the efficacy of an early childhood obesity prevention program, “¡Míranos! Look at Us, We Are Healthy!” (¡Míranos!), which promotes heal...

    Authors: Zenong Yin, Sarah L. Ullevig, Erica Sosa, Yuanyuan Liang, Todd Olmstead, Jeffrey T. Howard, Vanessa L. Errisuriz, Vanessa M. Estrada, Cristina E. Martinez, Meizi He, Sharon Small, Cindy Schoenmakers and Deborah Parra-Medina

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:190

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  38. It is known that obesity is associated with vitamin D deficiency and observational studies have shown vitamin D deficiency to be linked with the development of type 2 diabetes. There are no comprehensive data ...

    Authors: S. G. S. Adikaram, D. B. D. L. Samaranayake, N. Atapattu, K. M. D. L. D. Kendaragama, J. T. N. Senevirathne and V. Pujitha Wickramasinghe

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:186

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  39. Television (TV) viewing may affect children’s obesity status. In the present study the association between TV viewing and early childhood overweight/obese status was investigated as well as the association bas...

    Authors: Jiajin Hu, Ning Ding, Liu Yang, Yanan Ma, Ming Gao and Deliang Wen

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:184

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  40. Childhood stunting is the most widely prevalent among under-five children in Ethiopia. Despite the individual-level factors of childhood stunting are well documented, community-level factors have not been give...

    Authors: K. Fantay Gebru, W. Mekonnen Haileselassie, A. Haftom Temesgen, A. Oumer Seid and B. Afework Mulugeta

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:176

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  41. Schoolbags and the consequences of carrying them, particularly those associated with overload, are often studied as a health concern. Modifications in gait and posture were reported when children carried loads...

    Authors: João Barbosa, Mário C. Marques, Mikel Izquierdo, Henrique P. Neiva, Tiago M. Barbosa, Robinson Ramírez-Vélez, Alicia M. Alonso-Martínez, Antonio García-Hermoso, Roberto Aguado-Jimenez and Daniel A. Marinho

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:157

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  42. Although various studies have shown the effect of vigorous physical activity on academic achievements, no studies have investigated the effect of vitamin E levels on academic performance. The present study aim...

    Authors: Ahmad H. Alghadir, Sami A. Gabr, Zaheen A. Iqbal and Einas Al-Eisa

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:156

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  43. The prevalence of asthma and obesity have increased over the last decades. A possible association between these two chronic illnesses has been suggested, since the prevalence of asthmatic symptoms rises with i...

    Authors: Yvette E. Lentferink, Nienke E. Boogaart, Walter A. F. Balemans, Catherijne A. J. Knibbe and Marja M. J. van der Vorst

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:148

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  44. Inappropriate complementary feeding practice could result in child illness, sub-optimal growth and development. Evidence shows a huge burden of inappropriate complementary feeding practice from global to natio...

    Authors: Zerihun Berhanu, Taddese Alemu and Dirshaye Argaw

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:146

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  45. Growth monitoring is used to assess the growth rate of a child by periodic and frequent anthropometric measurements in comparison to a standard. However, since the practice has been poor in Ethiopia, this stud...

    Authors: Aschilo Wubet Melkamu, Bikes Destaw Bitew, Esmael Ali Muhammad and Melkamu Tamir Hunegnaw

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:144

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

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