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Nutrition, diet, physical health and endocrinology

Section edited by Lorenzo Iughetti

This section considers studies regarding physical activity, nutrition, diet, and endocrinology in children and adolescents.

Page 1 of 7

  1. Content type: Research article

    Although breastfeeding is touted as providing many health benefits to infants, some aspects of this relationship remain poorly understood.

    Authors: Nicole M. Frank, Kristian F. Lynch, Ulla Uusitalo, Jimin Yang, Maria Lönnrot, Suvi M. Virtanen, Heikki Hyöty and Jill M. Norris

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:339

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Earlier pubertal timing has been observed in many countries. We aimed to explore if prenatal exposure to maternal obesity, smoking, and alcohol intake was associated with timing of puberty by use of a novel ma...

    Authors: Nis Brix, Andreas Ernst, Lea Lykke Braskhøj Lauridsen, Erik Thorlund Parner, Onyebuchi A. Arah, Jørn Olsen, Tine Brink Henriksen and Cecilia Høst Ramlau-Hansen

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:338

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  3. Content type: Research article

    An exclusive human milk diet (EHMD) using human milk based products (pre-term formula and fortifiers) has been shown to lead to significant clinical benefits for very low birth weight (VLBW) babies (below 1250...

    Authors: Grace Hampson, Sarah Louise Elin Roberts, Alan Lucas and David Parkin

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:337

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  4. Content type: Research article

    The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends incorporating psychosocial stimulation into the management of severe acute malnutrition (SAM). However, there is little evidence about the effectiveness of these ...

    Authors: Teklu Gemechu Abessa, Berhanu Nigussie Worku, Mekitie Wondafrash, Tsinuel Girma, Johan Valy, Johan Lemmens, Liesbeth Bruckers, Patrick Kolsteren and Marita Granitzer

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:336

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Background: Childhood undernutrition causes significant morbidity and mortality in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). In Tanzania, the in-hospital prevalence of undernutrition in children under five yea...

    Authors: Prosper J. Bashaka, Hendry R. Sawe, Victor Mwafongo, Juma A. Mfinanga, Michael S. Runyon and Brittany L. Murray

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:327

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  6. Content type: Research article

    A few studies have reported a positive association between phthalate exposure and pubertal timing, but several conflicting reports exist. The main objective of the study was to determine whether phthalate expo...

    Authors: Mo Kyung Jung, Han Saem Choi, Junghwan Suh, Ahreum Kwon, Hyun Wook Chae, Woo Jung Lee, Eun-Gyong Yoo and Ho-Seong Kim

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:323

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Background: Despite several years of guidance on infant feeding, there has been only a slight change in consumer compliance. Therefore, this study aimed to analyse parents feeding practices, explore physicians...

    Authors: Jean-Pierre Chouraqui, Bérénice Delmas, Marine Le Bris, Marc Bellaiche, Camille Jung and Thierry Hanh

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:313

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  8. Content type: Research article

    A Shortage or excessive intake of the nutrient is malnutrition; affecting every aspect of human beings. Malnutrition at childhood has long-lasting and multiple effects. In Ethiopia significant numbers of child...

    Authors: Nigusie Birhan Tebeje, Gashaw Andargie Biks, Solomon Mekonnen Abebe and Melike Endris Yesuf

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:304

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Evidence is growing that both short- and long-term physical exercise have the potential to positively impact on the physiological system related to inflammatory indices, though, such patterns are unknown for p...

    Authors: Corinne Legeret, Laura Mählmann, Markus Gerber, Nadeem Kalak, Henrik Köhler, Edith Holsboer-Trachsler, Serge Brand and Raoul Furlano

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:297

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Although stem cell transplantation has been successfully performed for cerebral palsy (CP) related to oxygen deprivation, clinical trials involving the use of stem cell transplantation for CP related to neonat...

    Authors: Liem Nguyen Thanh, Kien Nguyen Trung, Chinh Vu Duy, Doan Ngo Van, Phuong Nguyen Hoang, Anh Nguyen Thi Phuong, Minh Duy Ngo, Thinh Nguyen Thi and Anh Bui Viet

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:290

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Early puberty is associated with higher risk of adverse health and behavioral outcomes throughout adolescence and adulthood. US girls are experiencing earlier puberty with substantial racial/ethnic differences...

    Authors: Sara Aghaee, Julianna Deardorff, Louise C. Greenspan, Charles P. Quesenberry Jr., Lawrence H. Kushi and Ai Kubo

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:277

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    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:317

  12. Content type: Research article

    Plasma-free amino acid profiles have been reported to correlate with obesity and glucose metabolism, and have been studied as potentially useful biomarkers of lifestyle-related diseases affecting metabolism in...

    Authors: Yosuke Suzuki, Jun Kido, Shirou Matsumoto, Kie Shimizu and Kimitoshi Nakamura

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:273

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  13. Content type: Study protocol

    The start of complementary feeding in infancy plays an essential role in promoting healthy eating habits. Evidence shows that it is important what infants are offered during this first introduction of solid foods...

    Authors: S. M. C. van der Veek, C. de Graaf, J. H. M. de Vries, G. Jager, C. M. J. L. Vereijken, H. Weenen, N. van Winden, M. S. van Vliet, J. M. Schultink, V. W. T. de Wild, S. Janssen and J. Mesman

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:266

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  14. Content type: Research article

    The relationship between birth weight and blood pressure has not been well explored in Chinese children and adolescents. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between birth weight and child...

    Authors: Chong Lai, Yiyan Hu, Di He, Li Liang, Feng Xiong, Geli Liu, Chunxiu Gong, Feihong Luo, Shaoke Chen, Chunlin Wang and Yimin Zhu

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:264

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  15. Content type: Research article

    There are vast differences in prevalence rates of urinary tract infection (UTI) reported among malnourished children globally. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to provide estimates of pooled ...

    Authors: Samuel N. Uwaezuoke, Ikenna K. Ndu and Ikenna C. Eze

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:261

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  16. Content type: Study protocol

    Education and health are crucial topics for public policies as both largely determine the future wellbeing of the society. Currently, several studies recognize that physical activity (PA) benefits brain health...

    Authors: Patricio Solis-Urra, Jorge Olivares-Arancibia, Ernesto Suarez-Cadenas, Javier Sanchez-Martinez, Fernando Rodríguez-Rodríguez, Francisco B. Ortega, Irene Esteban-Cornejo, Cristina Cadenas-Sanchez, Jose Castro-Piñero, Alejandro Veloz, Steren Chabert, Kabir P. Saradangani, Juan Pablo Zavala-Crichton, Jairo H. Migueles, Jose Mora-Gonzalez, Milton Quiroz-Escobar…

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:260

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  17. Content type: Research article

    There has been a growing interest in the non-skeletal roles of vitamin D particularly its immune-modulatory properties which has been shown to influence the susceptibility and severity to infections. There is ...

    Authors: Imran Hassam, Rodrick Kisenge, Said Aboud and Karim Manji

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:237

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  18. Content type: Study protocol

    Responsive parenting interventions that shape parenting behaviors in the areas of sleep and soothing, appropriate and responsive feeding, and routines represent a promising approach to early obesity prevention...

    Authors: Justin A. Lavner, Brian K. Stansfield, Steven R. H. Beach, Gene H. Brody and Leann L. Birch

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:224

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Payer-type (government-sponsored health coverage versus private health insurance) has been shown to influence a variety of cardiovascular disease outcomes in adults. However, it is unclear if the payer-type im...

    Authors: Jacob C. Hartz, Elizabeth Yellen, Annette Baker, Justin Zachariah, Heather Ryan, S. Skylar Griggs, Nirav K Desai, Ravi Yanumula, Samuel Vinci, Caroline Brantley, Jennifer Bachman, Ellen McAuliffe, Kimberlee Gauvreau, Michael Mendelson and Sarah de Ferranti

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:217

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Globally, in every three preschool children one is affected by malnutrition. In Ethiopia, child undernutrition continues to be a serious public health problem. Data are scarce, especially in 24-59 months age c...

    Authors: Aweke Girma, Haile Woldie, Fantahun Ayenew Mekonnen, Kedir Abdela Gonete and Mekonnen Sisay

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:214

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Anemia is not only a major public health problem among children in developing countries, it is also an important predictor for their future growth and development. The objective of this study was to identify p...

    Authors: Abu Yusuf, A. S. M. A. Mamun, Md. Kamruzzaman, Aik Saw, Nagah M. Abo El-fetoh, Pete E. Lestrel and Md. Golam Hossain

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:213

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    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:258

  22. Content type: Research article

    Undernutrition among school age children has an impact on their health, cognition, and educational achievement. Therefore, this study aimed to assess the prevalence and associated factors of stunting and wasti...

    Authors: Zegeye Getaneh, Mulugeta Melku, Mekuanint Geta, Tadele Melak and Melkamu Tamir Hunegnaw

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:207

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  23. Content type: Research article

    Musculoskeletal pain in youth is common but little is known about the influence of the number of pain sites on pain characteristics. The objective of this study was to compare pain characteristics, quality of ...

    Authors: David M. Bazett-Jones, Michael S. Rathleff and Sinead Holden

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:201

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  24. Content type: Study protocol

    One in three Head Start children is either overweight or obese. We will test the efficacy of an early childhood obesity prevention program, “¡Míranos! Look at Us, We Are Healthy!” (¡Míranos!), which promotes heal...

    Authors: Zenong Yin, Sarah L. Ullevig, Erica Sosa, Yuanyuan Liang, Todd Olmstead, Jeffrey T. Howard, Vanessa L. Errisuriz, Vanessa M. Estrada, Cristina E. Martinez, Meizi He, Sharon Small, Cindy Schoenmakers and Deborah Parra-Medina

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:190

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  25. Content type: Research article

    It is known that obesity is associated with vitamin D deficiency and observational studies have shown vitamin D deficiency to be linked with the development of type 2 diabetes. There are no comprehensive data ...

    Authors: S. G. S. Adikaram, D. B. D. L. Samaranayake, N. Atapattu, K. M. D. L. D. Kendaragama, J. T. N. Senevirathne and V. Pujitha Wickramasinghe

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:186

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Television (TV) viewing may affect children’s obesity status. In the present study the association between TV viewing and early childhood overweight/obese status was investigated as well as the association bas...

    Authors: Jiajin Hu, Ning Ding, Liu Yang, Yanan Ma, Ming Gao and Deliang Wen

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:184

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Childhood stunting is the most widely prevalent among under-five children in Ethiopia. Despite the individual-level factors of childhood stunting are well documented, community-level factors have not been give...

    Authors: K. Fantay Gebru, W. Mekonnen Haileselassie, A. Haftom Temesgen, A. Oumer Seid and B. Afework Mulugeta

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:176

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Schoolbags and the consequences of carrying them, particularly those associated with overload, are often studied as a health concern. Modifications in gait and posture were reported when children carried loads...

    Authors: João Barbosa, Mário C. Marques, Mikel Izquierdo, Henrique P. Neiva, Tiago M. Barbosa, Robinson Ramírez-Vélez, Alicia M. Alonso-Martínez, Antonio García-Hermoso, Roberto Aguado-Jimenez and Daniel A. Marinho

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:157

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  29. Content type: Research article

    Although various studies have shown the effect of vigorous physical activity on academic achievements, no studies have investigated the effect of vitamin E levels on academic performance. The present study aim...

    Authors: Ahmad H. Alghadir, Sami A. Gabr, Zaheen A. Iqbal and Einas Al-Eisa

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:156

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  30. Content type: Research article

    The prevalence of asthma and obesity have increased over the last decades. A possible association between these two chronic illnesses has been suggested, since the prevalence of asthmatic symptoms rises with i...

    Authors: Yvette E. Lentferink, Nienke E. Boogaart, Walter A. F. Balemans, Catherijne A. J. Knibbe and Marja M. J. van der Vorst

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:148

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Inappropriate complementary feeding practice could result in child illness, sub-optimal growth and development. Evidence shows a huge burden of inappropriate complementary feeding practice from global to natio...

    Authors: Zerihun Berhanu, Taddese Alemu and Dirshaye Argaw

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:146

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  32. Content type: Research article

    Growth monitoring is used to assess the growth rate of a child by periodic and frequent anthropometric measurements in comparison to a standard. However, since the practice has been poor in Ethiopia, this stud...

    Authors: Aschilo Wubet Melkamu, Bikes Destaw Bitew, Esmael Ali Muhammad and Melkamu Tamir Hunegnaw

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:144

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  33. Content type: Study protocol

    Early microbial colonization is a relevant aspect in human health. Altered microbial colonization patterns have been linked to an increased risk of non-communicable diseases (NCDs). Advances in understanding h...

    Authors: Izaskun García-Mantrana, Cristina Alcántara, Marta Selma-Royo, Alba Boix-Amorós, Majda Dzidic, Jose Gimeno-Alcañiz, Isabel Úbeda-Sansano, Ignacio Sorribes-Monrabal, Ramón Escuriet, Fernando Gil-Raga, Anna Parra-Llorca, Cecilia Martínez-Costa and María Carmen Collado

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:140

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  34. Content type: Study protocol

    Adolescents with DMD treated with chronic high dose GC therapy typically have profound pubertal delay. Testosterone, the main circulating androgen in men, promotes virilisation and growth with associated accru...

    Authors: C. L. Wood, T. D Cheetham, K. G Hollingsworth, M. Guglieri, Y. Ailins-Sahun, S. Punniyakodi, A. Mayhew and V. Straub

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:131

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  35. Content type: Research article

    Former evidence regarding reference values of abdominal fat percentage (AFP) and optimal anthropometric indicators in predicting abdominal obesity measured by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) scan in Chi...

    Authors: Gengdong Chen, Huanchang Yan, Yuting Hao, Shiksha Shrestha, Jue Wang, Yan Li, Yuanhuan Wei, Jialiang Pan and Zheqing Zhang

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:127

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  36. Content type: Research article

    Anemia remains a major public health problem among children under five years old in Ethiopia, rising unexpectedly from 44% national prevalence in 2011 to 57% in 2016. In this study, we investigated the househo...

    Authors: Shimels Hussien Mohammed, Tesfa Dejenie Habtewold and Ahmad Esmaillzadeh

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:113

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  37. Content type: Research article

    Controlled attenuation parameter (CAP) is a recently introduced, non-invasive and quantitative method to evaluate hepatic steatosis demonstrated in adults, but limited in obesity and not well evaluated in chil...

    Authors: Jaeseung Shin, Myung-Joon Kim, Hyun Joo Shin, Haesung Yoon, Seung Kim, Hong Koh and Mi-Jung Lee

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:112

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Effects of obesity prevention interventions in early childhood are only meaningful if they are sustained over time, but long-term follow-up studies are rare. The school-based cluster-randomised Healthy School ...

    Authors: Åsa Norman, Zangin Zeebari, Gisela Nyberg and Liselotte Schäfer Elinder

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:104

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  39. Content type: Research article

    This study aimed to determine the allometric exponents for concurrent size descriptors (stature, body mass and fat-free mass) and also to examine the contribution of chronological age and pubertal status combi...

    Authors: André O. Werneck, Jorge Conde, Manuel J. Coelho-e-Silva, Artur Pereira, Daniela C. Costa, Diogo Martinho, João P. Duarte, João Valente-dos-Santos, Rômulo A. Fernandes, Mariana B. Batista, David Ohara, Edilson S. Cyrino and Enio R. V. Ronque

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:96

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  40. Content type: Research article

    Physical activity (PA) is associated with changes in body composition that affect insulin sensitivity and leptin levels. Few studies have assessed the effect of lifestyle interventions on changes in objectivel...

    Authors: Lydia Morell-Azanza, Ana Ojeda-Rodríguez, Amaia Ochotorena-Elicegui, Nerea Martín-Calvo, María Chueca, Amelia Marti and Cristina Azcona-San Julian

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:90

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  41. Content type: Research article

    Nutritional status of children influences their health status, which is a key determinant of human development. In Ethiopia, 28% of child mortality is caused by under nutrition. There is also some controversia...

    Authors: Zufan Bitew Dessie, Melkitu Fentie, Zegeye Abebe, Tadesse Awoke Ayele and Kindie Fentahun Muchie

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:83

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  42. Content type: Research article

    Children with cancer often suffer side effects from their treatment, for example nausea and vomiting, which can lead to malnutrition. If a child cannot eat orally, a percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) c...

    Authors: Margaretha Jenholt Nolbris, Ann-Louise Gustafsson, Carina Fondin, Karin Mellgren and Stefan Nilsson

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:76

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