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Nutrition, diet, physical health and endocrinology

Section edited by Lorenzo Iughetti

This section considers studies regarding physical activity, nutrition, diet, and endocrinology in children and adolescents.

Page 1 of 9

  1. The aim of this paper was to investigate whether BMI and fat percentage classification criteria, would classify a sample of 7–13 year old boys from a rural background in similar nutritional categories.

    Authors: Maya van Gent, Anita Pienaar and Habib Noorbhai

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:527

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Attaining the recommended level of complementary feeding practices remains a serious challenge in many developing countries. Complementary foods are usually untimely initiated, which has adverse consequences o...

    Authors: Chalachew Abiyu and Tefera Belachew

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:509

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Rapid weight gain (RWG) during infancy increases the risk of excess weight later in life. Nutrition- and feeding practices associated with RWG need to be further examined. The present study aimed to examine nu...

    Authors: Annelie Lindholm, Stefan Bergman, Bernt Alm, Ann Bremander, Jovanna Dahlgren, Josefine Roswall, Carin Staland-Nyman and Gerd Almquist-Tangen

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:507

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Girls who experience early-life familial stress may have heightened risk of early puberty, which has adverse implications for adolescent and adult health. We assessed the association between household intactne...

    Authors: Sara Aghaee, Julianna Deardorff, Louise C. Greenspan, Charles P. Quesenberry Jr., Lawrence H. Kushi and Ai Kubo

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:464

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Skeletal age (SA) is considered the best method of assessing biological maturation. The aim of this study was to determine intra-observer (reproducibility) and inter-observer agreement of SA values obtained vi...

    Authors: Yuri V. Faustino-da-Silva, Diogo V. Martinho, Manuel J. Coelho-e-Silva, João Valente-dos-Santos, Jorge Conde, Tomás G. Oliveira, Enio R. V. Ronque, Ricardo R. Agostinete, Rômulo A. Fernandes and Lauren B. Sherar

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:494

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Although gout is rare in children, chronic sustained hyperuricemia can lead to monosodium urate deposits progressing to gout, just as in adults. This study assessed prevalence and characteristics of gout and a...

    Authors: Shuichi Ito, Tomoko Torii, Akihiro Nakajima, Takeshi Iijima, Hiroshi Murano, Hideki Horiuchi, Hisashi Yamanaka and Masataka Honda

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:481

    Content type: Research article

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  7. There is growing concern as regards the emergence of metabolic disorders among children living with the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) worldwide. However, there is paucity of data on the correlates of meta...

    Authors: Ijeoma Onyinye Ohuche, Ugo Nnenna Chikani, Elizabeth Eberechi Oyenusi, Justus Uchenna Onu and Abiola Oduwole

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:458

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Childhood obesity represents a serious global health crisis. Apelin and its receptor system are widely distributed throughout the central nervous system and have been demonstrated to serve a role modulating fe...

    Authors: Kanjana Suriyaprom, Banchamaphon Pheungruang, Rungsunn Tungtrongchitr and Orn-uma Y. Sroijit

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:455

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Body mass index (BMI) and skeletal age (SA) are important indicators of individual growth and maturation. Although the results have not been unified, most studies indicated that accelerated skeletal maturation...

    Authors: Dandan Ke, Dajiang Lu, Guang Cai, Jing Zhang, Xiaofei Wang and Koya Suzuki

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:452

    Content type: Research article

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  10. In order to achieve improved weight status, behavioral pediatric obesity treatment is resource intensive. Mobile Health (mHealth) is more accessible than standard care but effective approaches are scarce. Ther...

    Authors: Linnea Johansson, Emilia Hagman and Pernilla Danielsson

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:447

    Content type: Research article

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  11. The aim of this study was to investigate the differences in objectively measured physical activity and in self-reported physical activity between overweight and normal-weight children.

    Authors: Janneke van Leeuwen, Bart W. Koes, Winifred D. Paulis, Patrick J. E. Bindels and Marienke van Middelkoop

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:431

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Micronutrient deficiencies are identified among obese individuals. Vitamin D deficiency (VDD) is prevalent in obese children, and is hypothesized to cause insulin resistance and metabolic abnormalities. This s...

    Authors: D. B. D. L. Samaranayake, S. G. S. Adikaram, N. Atapattu, K. M. D. L. D. Kendaragama, J. T. N. Senevirathne, H. D. Jayasekera and V. P. Wickramasinghe

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:426

    Content type: Research article

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  13. The presence of low or hypo glycaemia in children upon admission to hospital in low income countries is a marker for poor outcome. Fasting during illness may contribute to low blood glucose and caretakers’ fee...

    Authors: Fatsani Ngwalangwa, Chawanangwa Mahebere Chirambo, Cecilia Lindsjö, Queen Dube, Josephine Langton, Tim Baker and Helena Hildenwall

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:423

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Ugandan children are fed homemade complementary foods (CFs) which are usually deficient in vitamin A, iron and zinc. Novel homemade CFs rich in vitamin A, iron and zinc need to be developed, and assessed for t...

    Authors: Edward Buzigi, Kirthee Pillay and Muthulisi Siwela

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:412

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Malnutrition remains to be a major public health problem in developing countries, particularly among children under-5 years of age children who are more vulnerable to both macro and micro-nutrient deficiencies...

    Authors: Shimels Hussien Mohammed, Tesfa Dejenie Habtewold, Amanuel Godana Arero and Ahmad Esmaillzadeh

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:404

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Parents may struggle to initiate healthy weight-related conversations with their children. Educational videos may be an effective tool for improving parents’ knowledge and self-efficacy on this topic. The aim ...

    Authors: Kody A. Klupt, Stephan M. Oreskovich, Julie Bernard-Genest, Barkha P. Patel, Lisa Chu, Elizabeth Dettmer, Catharine M. Walsh, Michele Strom, Amy C. McPherson, Jonah Strub, Alissa Steinberg, Cathleen Steinegger and Jill K. Hamilton

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:397

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Children with chronic cholestatic liver diseases have a high risk of malnutrition. However, nutritional management in China has received little attention, and there has been limited evidence regarding improvin...

    Authors: Xiao Chen, Jianshe Wang, Yi Lu, Xinbao Xie, Ying Gu, Jos M. Latour and Yuxia Zhang

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:395

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Although several studies have examined the link between different food groups intake and stunting among children, no study, to our knowledge, was done on exceptional children. The aim of this study was assesse...

    Authors: Seyyed Mostafa Nachvak, Omid Sadeghi, Shima Moradi, Ahmad Esmailzadeh and Roghayeh Mostafai

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:394

    Content type: Research article

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  19. The Mind, Exercise, Nutrition … Do it! (MEND) childhood obesity intervention was implemented in British Columbia (B.C.), Canada from April 2013 to June 2017. The study objective was: a) to describe and explore...

    Authors: Sam Liu, Joy Weismiller, Karen Strange, Lisa Forster-Coull, Jennifer Bradbury, Tom Warshawski and Patti-Jean Naylor

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:392

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Non-Hispanic black (NHB) infants are twice as likely as non-Hispanic white infants to experience rapid weight gain in the first 6 months, yet few trials have targeted this population. The current study tests t...

    Authors: Heather M. Wasser, Amanda L. Thompson, Chirayath M. Suchindran, Barbara D. Goldman, Eric A. Hodges, Meredith J. Heinig and Margaret E. Bentley

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:385

    Content type: Research article

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  21. The aim of this study was to examine the characteristics of diurnal cortisol rhythm in childhood obesity and its relationships with anthropometry, pubertal stage and physical activity.

    Authors: Ting Yu, Wei Zhou, Su Wu, Qianqi Liu and Xiaonan Li

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:381

    Content type: Research article

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  22. In isolated premature thelarche (IPT) girls, bone age (BA) is considered consistent with chronological age. However, some IPT girls confirmed by gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) stimulation test could sho...

    Authors: Huiping Su, Zhe Su, Lili Pan, Li Wang, Zhongwei Xu, Gang Peng and Xianglei Li

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:356

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Vitamin A plays a pivotal role in respiratory infection, accurate estimation of vitamin A status was recommended in planning and implementing interventions. As infections affect serum vitamin A productions, th...

    Authors: Yuanyuan Li, Ziyao Guo, Guangli Zhang, Xiaoyin Tian, Qinyuan Li, Dapeng Chen and Zhengxiu Luo

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:359

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Physical activity plays an important role in the maintenance of health, and it is especially important during childhood. However, the lack of information about differences in physical activity practice and spo...

    Authors: África Peral-Suárez, Esther Cuadrado-Soto, José Miguel Perea, Beatriz Navia, Ana M. López-Sobaler and Rosa M. Ortega

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:337

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Severe acute malnutrition affects around 17 million under-five children in the world, of which the highest burden is accounted by Sub-Saharan Africa where Ethiopia is found. Though there are few individual, in...

    Authors: Zebenay Workneh Bitew, Ayinalem Alemu and Teshager Worku

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:335

    Content type: Research article

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  26. The prevalence of child and adolescent obesity and severe obesity continues to increase despite decades of policy and research aimed at prevention. Obesity strongly predicts cardiovascular and metabolic diseas...

    Authors: Sarah C. Armstrong, McAllister Windom, Nathan A. Bihlmeyer, Jennifer S. Li, Svati H. Shah, Mary Story, Nancy Zucker, William E. Kraus, Neha Pagidipati, Eric Peterson, Charlene Wong, Manuela Wiedemeier, Lauren Sibley, Samuel I. Berchuck, Peter Merrill, Alexandra Zizzi…

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:308

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  27. Currently in the United States, childhood injuries are the leading cause of mortality and morbidity, resulting in an estimated 9.2 million emergency department visits and $17 billion annually in medical costs....

    Authors: Colleen M. Heflin, Irma Arteaga, Jean Felix Ndashimye and Matthew P. Rabbitt

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:297

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Fibroblast growth factor 19 (FGF19), fibroblast growth factor 21 (FGF21) and Klotho are regulators of energy homeostasis. However, in the pediatric population, the relationships between obesity, metabolic diso...

    Authors: Anna Socha-Banasiak, Arkadiusz Michalak, Krzysztof Pacześ, Zuzanna Gaj, Wojciech Fendler, Anna Socha, Ewa Głowacka, Karolina Kapka, Violetta Gołąbek and Elżbieta Czkwianianc

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:294

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Psychological and behavioral correlates are considered important in the development and persistence of obesity in both adults and youth. This study aimed to identify such features in youth with severe obesity ...

    Authors: Vidhu V. Thaker, Stavroula K. Osganian, Sarah D. deFerranti, Kendrin R. Sonneville, Jennifer K. Cheng, Henry A. Feldman and Tracy K. Richmond

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:291

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Previous studies have shown that changes in intestinal microfloras are associated with both gastrointestinal (GI) and non-GI tumors. It is not clear whether there is an association between GI microflora change...

    Authors: Xiaolin Gao, Ruixue Miao, Yiping Zhu, Chao Lin, Xue Yang, Ruizhen Jia, Kuang Linghan, Chaomin Wan and Jianjun Deng

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:290

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Subclinical hypothyroidism (SH) is defined as serum levels of thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) above the upper limit with normal concentrations of free T4 (fT4). Its management remains challenging. The aim of...

    Authors: Marta Murillo-Vallés, Santiago Martinez, Cristina Aguilar-Riera, Miguel Angel Garcia-Martin, Joan Bel-Comós and Maria Luisa Granada Ybern

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:282

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a hormonal disorder in women of reproductive age. It seems that over the recent years, PCOS has augmented in adolescent girls due to unhealthy food habits and obesity. So, t...

    Authors: Leila Hajivandi, Mahnaz Noroozi, Firoozeh Mostafavi and Maryam Ekramzadeh

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:277

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Cortisol is often used as a biological marker for stress. When measured in urine or serum, representing a short-term measurement of the hormone, it has been associated with unfavorable sleep characteristics an...

    Authors: Dagny Y. Eythorsdottir, Peder Frederiksen, Sofus C. Larsen, Nanna J. Olsen and Berit L. Heitmann

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:258

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Celiac disease (CD) is an immune mediated inflammatory enteropathy, triggered by gluten exposure in HLA-DQ2 and/or –DQ8 genetics. The presentation of celiac disease in children is changing, with increase in no...

    Authors: Mahshid Dehbozorgi, Naser Honar, Maryam Ekramzadeh and Forough Saki

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:256

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Despite consistent efforts to enhance child nutrition, poor nutritional status of children continues to be a major public health problem in Nepal. This study identified the predictors of severe acute malnutrit...

    Authors: Umesh Ghimire, Binod Kumar Aryal, Ankush Kumar Gupta and Suman Sapkota

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:249

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Childhood obesity is associated with a multitude of co-morbidities, including hypertension, hyperlipidaemia, cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes. Childhood obesity can also affect a young person’s socia...

    Authors: Megan McMullan, Rachel Millar and Jayne V. Woodside

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:242

    Content type: Research article

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  37. A central aim for pediatric nutrition is to develop infant formula compositionally closer to human milk. Milk fat globule membranes (MFGM) have shown to have functional components that are found in human milk,...

    Authors: Rosario Toro-Campos, Cecilia Algarín, Patricio Peirano, Marcela Peña, Teresa Murguia-Peniche, Steven S. Wu and Ricardo Uauy

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:225

    Content type: Study protocol

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  38. Rapid weight gain (RWG) in infants is associated with overweight and obesity in childhood and beyond, highlighting the need for early intervention.

    Authors: Elizabeth Denney-Wilson, Kaniz Fatema, Emma Elcombe, Suzanne Ingram, Mark Harris and Elizabeth Comino

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:224

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Relatively few studies have investigated the effects of diet on behavior problems among preschoolers, particularly, physical aggression. In addition, children raised by poorly educated mothers usually have a h...

    Authors: Wen-Chi Wu, Ching-I Lin, Yi-Fan Li, Ling-Yin Chang and Tung-liang Chiang

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:221

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Vitamin A supplementation (VAS) in the postpartum period improves the vitamin A concentration of breast milk and vitamin A status is an important predictor of childhood survival. It is also known that Vitamin ...

    Authors: Samson Gebremedhin

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:214

    Content type: Research article

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  41. The infrared tympanic thermometer (IRTT) is a popular method for temperature screening in children, but it has been debated for the low accuracy and reproducibility compared with other measurements. This study...

    Authors: Dan Shi, Li-Yuan Zhang and Hai-Xia Li

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:210

    Content type: Research article

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  42. To increase the knowledge about physical activity (PA) patterns and correlates among children under the age of 4, there is a need for study’s using objective measurements. The aim of this study was therefore t...

    Authors: Linnea Bergqvist-Norén, Elin Johansson, Lijuan Xiu, Emilia Hagman, Claude Marcus and Maria Hagströmer

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:209

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Functional abdominal pain (FAP) disorders are one of the most common gastrointestinal disorders in children. We aimed to define the association between obesity and functional abdominal pain (FAP) disorders and...

    Authors: Tut Galai, Hadar Moran-Lev, Shlomi Cohen, Amir Ben-Tov, Dina Levy, Yael Weintraub, Achiya Amir, Or Segev and Anat Yerushalmy-Feler

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:193

    Content type: Research article

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  44. The study evaluates children in schools that participate in the School Health Program in the Northern region of Brazil with the objective of assessing whether their schools interfered in the development of ove...

    Authors: Renata Andrade de Medeiros Moreira, Tiago Ricardo Moreira, Glauce Dias da Costa, Luiza Carla Vidigal Castro and Rosângela Minardi Mitre Cotta

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:188

    Content type: Research article

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