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Nutrition, diet, physical health and endocrinology

Section edited by Lorenzo Iughetti

This section considers studies regarding physical activity, nutrition, diet, and endocrinology in children and adolescents.

Page 1 of 8

  1. Cortisol is often used as a biological marker for stress. When measured in urine or serum, representing a short-term measurement of the hormone, it has been associated with unfavorable sleep characteristics an...

    Authors: Dagny Y. Eythorsdottir, Peder Frederiksen, Sofus C. Larsen, Nanna J. Olsen and Berit L. Heitmann

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:258

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Celiac disease (CD) is an immune mediated inflammatory enteropathy, triggered by gluten exposure in HLA-DQ2 and/or –DQ8 genetics. The presentation of celiac disease in children is changing, with increase in no...

    Authors: Mahshid Dehbozorgi, Naser Honar, Maryam Ekramzadeh and Forough Saki

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:256

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Despite consistent efforts to enhance child nutrition, poor nutritional status of children continues to be a major public health problem in Nepal. This study identified the predictors of severe acute malnutrit...

    Authors: Umesh Ghimire, Binod Kumar Aryal, Ankush Kumar Gupta and Suman Sapkota

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:249

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Childhood obesity is associated with a multitude of co-morbidities, including hypertension, hyperlipidaemia, cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes. Childhood obesity can also affect a young person’s socia...

    Authors: Megan McMullan, Rachel Millar and Jayne V. Woodside

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:242

    Content type: Research article

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  5. A central aim for pediatric nutrition is to develop infant formula compositionally closer to human milk. Milk fat globule membranes (MFGM) have shown to have functional components that are found in human milk,...

    Authors: Rosario Toro-Campos, Cecilia Algarín, Patricio Peirano, Marcela Peña, Teresa Murguia-Peniche, Steven S. Wu and Ricardo Uauy

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:225

    Content type: Study protocol

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  6. Rapid weight gain (RWG) in infants is associated with overweight and obesity in childhood and beyond, highlighting the need for early intervention.

    Authors: Elizabeth Denney-Wilson, Kaniz Fatema, Emma Elcombe, Suzanne Ingram, Mark Harris and Elizabeth Comino

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:224

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Relatively few studies have investigated the effects of diet on behavior problems among preschoolers, particularly, physical aggression. In addition, children raised by poorly educated mothers usually have a h...

    Authors: Wen-Chi Wu, Ching-I Lin, Yi-Fan Li, Ling-Yin Chang and Tung-liang Chiang

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:221

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Vitamin A supplementation (VAS) in the postpartum period improves the vitamin A concentration of breast milk and vitamin A status is an important predictor of childhood survival. It is also known that Vitamin ...

    Authors: Samson Gebremedhin

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:214

    Content type: Research article

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  9. The infrared tympanic thermometer (IRTT) is a popular method for temperature screening in children, but it has been debated for the low accuracy and reproducibility compared with other measurements. This study...

    Authors: Dan Shi, Li-Yuan Zhang and Hai-Xia Li

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:210

    Content type: Research article

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  10. To increase the knowledge about physical activity (PA) patterns and correlates among children under the age of 4, there is a need for study’s using objective measurements. The aim of this study was therefore t...

    Authors: Linnea Bergqvist-Norén, Elin Johansson, Lijuan Xiu, Emilia Hagman, Claude Marcus and Maria Hagströmer

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:209

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Functional abdominal pain (FAP) disorders are one of the most common gastrointestinal disorders in children. We aimed to define the association between obesity and functional abdominal pain (FAP) disorders and...

    Authors: Tut Galai, Hadar Moran-Lev, Shlomi Cohen, Amir Ben-Tov, Dina Levy, Yael Weintraub, Achiya Amir, Or Segev and Anat Yerushalmy-Feler

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:193

    Content type: Research article

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  12. The study evaluates children in schools that participate in the School Health Program in the Northern region of Brazil with the objective of assessing whether their schools interfered in the development of ove...

    Authors: Renata Andrade de Medeiros Moreira, Tiago Ricardo Moreira, Glauce Dias da Costa, Luiza Carla Vidigal Castro and Rosângela Minardi Mitre Cotta

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:188

    Content type: Research article

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  13. During childhood and adolescence leading behavioural risk factors for the development of cardiometabolic diseases include poor diet quality and sedentary lifestyle. The aim of this study was to determine the f...

    Authors: Hannah L. Mayr, Felicity Cohen, Elizabeth Isenring, Stijn Soenen and Skye Marshall

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:174

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Clinical audit is a process by which physicians or other health care professionals perform a regular and systematic review of their clinical practice and amend it, when necessary. An internal audit allows to r...

    Authors: Raffaele Limauro, Patrizia Gallo, Luigi Cioffi, Angelo Antignani, Valentina Cioffi, Patrizia Calella and Giuliana Valerio

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:163

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Development and evaluation of an accelerometers technique for collecting data for asses balance had reported difficulty due to equilibrium reactions and continuous bursts. The aim of this study is to determine...

    Authors: J. García-Liñeira, J. L. García-Soidán, V. Romo-Pérez and R. Leirós-Rodríguez

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:161

    Content type: Technical advance

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  16. The aim of the study was to examine the contribution of chronological age (CA), skeletal maturation, training experience and concurrent body size descriptors, to inter-individual variance in left ventricular m...

    Authors: Diogo V. Martinho, João Valente-dos-Santos, Manuel J. Coelho-e-Silva, Arturo O. Gutiérrez, João P. Duarte, Pedro Lourenço-Farinha, Leonardo G. O. Luz, João Gonçalves-Santos, Dalmo R. L. Machado, Neiva Leite, Jorge Conde, Joaquim M. Castanheira, Sean P. Cumming, Lauren B. Sherar and Robert M. Malina

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:157

    Content type: Research article

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  17. A procedure to measure subcutaneous adipose (SAT) using brightness-mode ultrasound has recently been standardized and applied to various groups of adults including underweight, overweight and obese adults. Hig...

    Authors: A. Kelso, W. Müller, A. Fürhapter-Rieger, M. Sengeis, H. Ahammer and J. M. Steinacker

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:145

    Content type: Technical advance

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  18. Today, approximately one in five United States adolescents age 12 to 19 years is obese and just over a third are either overweight or obese. This study examines how parents and peers influence diet and physica...

    Authors: Kristen M. J. Azar, Meghan Halley, Nan Lv, Sharon Wulfovich, Katie Gillespie, Lily Liang and Lisa Goldman Rosas

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:137

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Evidence of the influence of water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) behaviors on childhood nutritional status is inconsistent. Few studies have examined their interactive effects. This study aimed to examine ass...

    Authors: Som Kumar Shrestha, Don Vicendese and Bircan Erbas

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:134

    Content type: Research article

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  20. The prevalence of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) has increased as the obese pediatric population has increased. NAFLD causes progressive liver injury and the only effective treatment is lifestyle mod...

    Authors: Mi Jin Kim and Kyung Jae Lee

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:121

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Malnutrition is a major public health problem with short and long-term adverse effects on children particularly in middle and low-income countries. Three out of every ten under-five children are said to be stu...

    Authors: Adanna Anthonia Umeokonkwo, Maryann Ugochi Ibekwe, Chukwuma David Umeokonkwo, Clifford Onuorah Okike, Obumneme Benaiah Ezeanosike and Bede Chidozie Ibe

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:114

    Content type: Research article

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  22. The prevalence of obesity among infants less than 2 years of age has increased by more than 60% over the last three decades. Obese infants and toddlers are at an increased risk for staying overweight into adol...

    Authors: Brittany Watchmaker, Bridget Boyd and Lara R. Dugas

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:104

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Stunting, which describes a small height for one’s age, is an indicator of chronic malnutrition. It develops mainly as a result of prolonged food deprivation or a chronic disease or illness. Unintended pregnan...

    Authors: Mohammed Feyisso Shaka, Yetayal Birhanu Woldie, Hirbaye Mokona Lola, Kalkidan Yohannes Olkamo and Adane Tesfaye Anbasse

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:101

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Previous studies have reported that long-term use of valproic acid can cause changes in bone metabolism in children. We conducted this meta-analysis to determine the effects of valproic acid on bone metabolism...

    Authors: Li Min, Wang Chunyan and Rong Biaoxue

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:97

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Currently the most effective treatment for severe obesity in adolescents is weight-loss surgery coupled with lifestyle behavior change. In preparation for weight-loss surgery, adolescents are required to make ...

    Authors: Elizabeth Prout Parks, Darra D. Finnerty, Jennifer Panganiban, Rosemary Frasso, Chanelle Bishop-Gilyard, Colleen M. Tewksbury, Noel N. Williams, Kristoffel R. Dumon, Gaby Cordero, Douglas L. Hill and David B. Sarwer

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:96

    Content type: Research article

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  26. The extent and implications of muscle building protein supplement use among adolescents is relatively unknown. This study aimed to describe the prevalence of protein powder, creatine, and anabolic steroid use ...

    Authors: Zali Yager and Siân McLean

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:89

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Lifelong healthy habits developed during childhood may prevent chronic diseases in adulthood. Interventions to promote these habits must begin early. The BONES (Beat Osteoporosis – Nourish and Exercise Skeleto...

    Authors: Christina D. Economos, Erin Hennessy, Kenneth Chui, Johanna Dwyer, Lori Marcotte, Aviva Must, Elena N. Naumova and Jeanne Goldberg

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:83

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Young children’s healthy development depends on nurturing care, which ensures health, nutrition, responsive caregiving, safety and security, and early learning. Infancy and childhood are characterized by rapid...

    Authors: Claudia Pansieri, Antonio Clavenna, Chiara Pandolfini, Michele Zanetti, Maria Grazia Calati, Daniela Miglio, Massimo Cartabia, Federica Zanetto and Maurizio Bonati

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:80

    Content type: Study protocol

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  29. Prechoolers’ significant portions of sedentary time (ST) is a public-health concern due to its high prevalence and negative health consequences. However, few studies have explored correlates of preschoolers’ S...

    Authors: Suvi Määttä, Hanna Konttinen, Rejane Augusta de Oliveira Figueiredo, Ari Haukkala, Nina Sajaniemi, Maijaliisa Erkkola and Eva Roos

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:58

    Content type: Research article

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  30. An increased incidence of type 2 diabetes in youth is occurring worldwide. While diverse ethnic groups are disproportionately affected by type 2 diabetes, studies that explore ethnic differences and undiagnose...

    Authors: Shelley Spurr, Jill Bally, Carol Bullin, Diane Allan and Erick McNair

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:31

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Congenital hypothyroidism is a common, yet easily treatable cause of poor growth and intellectual disability. Newborn screening programs play an important role in the early detection and treatment of congenita...

    Authors: Selorm A. Dei-Tutu, Adoma Manful, Douglas C. Heimburger, Hawa Malechi, Daniel J. Moore, Samuel A. Oppong, William E. Russell and Muktar H. Aliyu

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:26

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Cleidocranial dysplasia (CCD) is a rare skeletal disorder with autosomal dominant inheritance that is characterized by hypoplastic clavicles, delayed closure of the cranial sutures, dental abnormalities, and s...

    Authors: Nozomi Takaki, Jun Mori, Satoshi Matsuo, Toshio Osamura and Toshimi Michigami

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:19

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  33. The aim of the current study was to examine the relationship between anthropometric characteristics (i.e. body height, body weight, body mass index [BMI] and waist circumference [WC]) with motor performance ab...

    Authors: Sascha W. Hoffmann, Matthias Dreher, Michael S. Urschitz and Perikles Simon

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:4

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  34. Undernutrition poses a serious health challenge in developing countries and Tanzania has the highest undernutrition burden of Eastern and Southern Africa. Poor infant and young child feeding practices have bee...

    Authors: Ahmed Gharib Khamis, Akwilina Wendelin Mwanri, Julius Edward Ntwenya and Katharina Kreppel

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:518

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  35. Earlier studies evaluated the physiological responses to video games in children with different clinical conditions; however, no study has compared active video games with an incremental field test in healthy ...

    Authors: Cristiane A. Moran, Simone Dal Corso, Maria Teresa Bombig, Andrey Jorge Serra, Silvana Alves Pereira and Maria Stella Peccin

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:491

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Approximately 70% of HIV positive people live in Africa where food insecurity and under nutrition are endemic. However the impact of malnutrition on treatment outcome is not clear. This study assessed the effe...

    Authors: Abdu Oumer, Mina Edo Kubsa and Berhanu Abebaw Mekonnen

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:474

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  37. The 1000 days, between a woman’s pregnancy and her child’s second birthday, offer a unique window of opportunity to build healthier and more prosperous societies. The right nutrition during this time can have ...

    Authors: Biruk Beletew, Bereket Gebremichael, Tewodros Tesfaye, Ayelign Mengesha and Mesfin Wudu

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:459

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  38. Increasing dietary fiber intake in children may improve overall diet quality. The purpose of this study was to compare nutrient intakes and sources of fiber between young children with low and high fiber intak...

    Authors: Kristen Finn, Emma Jacquier, Brian Kineman, Heidi Storm and Ryan Carvalho

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:446

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Pituitary tumors and/or their treatment are associated with multiple pituitary hormone deficiency (MPHD) in adults, but the distinct pituitary hormone profile of MPHD in Chinese children and adolescents remain...

    Authors: Fengxue Wang, Jinyan Han, Xiaohong Shang and Guimei Li

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:441

    Content type: Research article

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  40. There is growing evidence that school children in the United States gain weight more rapidly during the summer than the school year, but few studies have explored the causes of this phenomenon. The goal of thi...

    Authors: Lindsay A. Tanskey, Jeanne P. Goldberg, Kenneth Chui, Aviva Must, Catherine M. Wright and Jennifer M. Sacheck

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:438

    Content type: Research article

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  41. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the multi-component health promotion program, JolinchenKids – fit and healthy in daycare, designed to promote physical activity (PA), healthy eating, and mental wellbeing...

    Authors: Berit Steenbock, Christoph Buck, Hajo Zeeb, Stefan Rach and Claudia R. Pischke

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:432

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  42. The World Health Organization recommends that mothers should exclusively breastfeed their infants until 6 months of age due to the benefits for the mother and the child. There is documented evidence on exclusi...

    Authors: Amanuel Molla Beyene, Misgan Legesse Liben and Amit Arora

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:428

    Content type: Research article

    Published on: