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Neonatology

Section edited by Elizabeth Asztalos

This section considers studies regarding all aspects of neonatal health, disease, care, and outcomes.

Page 5 of 8

  1. Perinatal stroke is the leading cause of unilateral (hemiparetic) cerebral palsy, with life-long personal, social and financial consequences. Translational research findings indicate that early therapy interve...

    Authors: Anna Purna Basu, Janice Elizabeth Pearse, Jessica Baggaley, Rose Mary Watson and Tim Rapley

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:33

    Content type: Research article

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  2. This study aims to identify risk factors and the neurodevelopmental impact of neonatal hyperbilirubinemia in a limited-resource setting among a refugee and migrant population residing along the Thai-Myanmar bo...

    Authors: Laurence Thielemans, Margreet Trip-Hoving, Germana Bancone, Claudia Turner, Julie A. Simpson, Borimas Hanboonkunupakarn, Michaël Boele van Hensbroek, Patrick van Rheenen, Moo Kho Paw, François Nosten, Rose McGready and Verena I. Carrara

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:32

    Content type: Study protocol

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  3. Anaemia is one of the major causes of death among children under five years in Africa, with a prevalence of 64.6% among pre-school children. In 2014, we conducted a cross-sectional study in Namutumba district ...

    Authors: Fiona Kuziga, Yeka Adoke and Rhoda K. Wanyenze

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:25

    Content type: Research article

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  4. A patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) is frequently found in very preterm neonates and is associated with increased risk of morbidity and mortality. A shunt across a PDA can result in an unfavorable distribution of...

    Authors: Anna Sellmer, Bodil H. Bech, Jesper V. Bjerre, Michael R. Schmidt, Vibeke E. Hjortdal, Gitte Esberg, Søren Rittig and Tine B. Henriksen

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:7

    Content type: Research article

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  5. The indications and strategies for treatment of patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) are controversial, and the safety and long-term benefits of surgical PDA closure remain uncertain. The aim of this study was to co...

    Authors: Payman Barikbin, Hannes Sallmon, Silke Wilitzki, Joachim Photiadis, Christoph Bührer, Petra Koehne and Gerd Schmalisch

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:5

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is a serious gastrointestinal disorder that is often seen in premature infants. Probiotics decrease the risk of NEC; however, the mechanism by which probiotics work is not clear...

    Authors: Wenshen Wu, Yanli Wang, Jingjing Zou, Fang Long, Huiheng Yan, Lijuan Zeng and Yunbin Chen

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:1

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Occurrence and consequence of cord blood (CB) vitamin D insufficiency/deficiency has not been adequately explored despite rising concern regarding this topic in pediatrics. This study was designed to determine...

    Authors: Ian Marshall, Rajeev Mehta, Charletta Ayers, Smita Dhumal and Anna Petrova

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2016 16:208

    Content type: Research article

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  8. The birth weight reference curve to estimate the newborns at risk in need of assessment and monitoring has been established. The previous reference curves from Indonesia, approximately 8 years ago, were based ...

    Authors: Ekawaty L. Haksari, Harrie N. Lafeber, Mohammad Hakimi, Endy P. Pawirohartono and Lennarth Nyström

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2016 16:188

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Late preterm infants account for the majority of preterm births. They are at an increased risk of neonatal mortality and morbidity and are less likely to initiate breastfeeding and to be exclusively breastfed ...

    Authors: Maria Lorella Giannì, Elena Bezze, Patrizio Sannino, Elena Stori, Laura Plevani, Paola Roggero, Massimo Agosti and Fabio Mosca

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2016 16:179

    Content type: Research article

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  10. The outcome of preterm infants has been varied in different hospitals and regions in developing countries. Regular clinical monitor are needed to know the effects of health care. This study aimed to describe t...

    Authors: XiangYong Kong, FengDan Xu, Rong Wu, Hui Wu, Rong Ju, XiaoLin Zhao, XiaoMei Tong, HongYan Lv, YanJie Ding, Fang Liu, Ping Xu, WeiPeng Liu, HongBin Cheng, TieQiang Chen, ShuJuan Zeng, WenZheng Jia…

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2016 16:174

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Pregnancies resulting through oocyte donation have been associated with increased risk for adverse outcomes for the mother, such as gestational hypertensive disorders. However, little is known about possible n...

    Authors: Evangelia Elenis, Gunilla Sydsjö, Alkistis Skalkidou, Claudia Lampic and Agneta Skoog Svanberg

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2016 16:170

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Perfusion index (PI) is becoming a part of clinical practice in neonatology to monitor peripheral perfusion noninvasively. Hemodynamic and respiratory changes occur in newborns during the transition period aft...

    Authors: Sezin Unal, Ebru Ergenekon, Selma Aktas, Serdar Beken, Nilgun Altuntas, Ebru Kazanci, Ferit Kulali, Ibrahim M. Hirfanoglu, Esra Onal, Canan Turkyilmaz, Esin Koc and Yildiz Atalay

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2016 16:164

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Due to clinical benefits, delayed cord clamping (DCC) is recommended in infants born before 37 weeks gestational age. The objective was to institute a delayed cord clamping program and to evaluate clinical out...

    Authors: Jeff Bolstridge, Tracy Bell, Barbara Dean, Amy Mackley, Gina Moore, Cheryl Swift, Dina Viscount, David A. Paul and Stephen A. Pearlman

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2016 16:155

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Thrombosis in neonates is commonly a central venous access device (CVAD) associated complication. Furthermore, a patent foramen ovale (PFO) is frequently seen in preterm infants. Even though a coincidence of b...

    Authors: Marlene Biermayr, Barbara Brunner, Kathrin Maurer, Rudolf Trawoeger, Ursula Kiechl-Kohlendorfer and Vera Neubauer

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2016 16:154

    Content type: Case report

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  15. Preterm infants follow an altered neurodevelopmental trajectory compared to their term born peers as a result of the influence of early birth, and the altered environment. Infant massage in the preterm infant ...

    Authors: Melissa M. Lai, Giulia D’Acunto, Andrea Guzzetta, Roslyn N. Boyd, Stephen E. Rose, Jurgen Fripp, Simon Finnigan, Naoni Ngenda, Penny Love, Koa Whittingham, Kerstin Pannek, Robert S. Ware and Paul B. Colditz

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2016 16:146

    Content type: Study protocol

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  16. Ganciclovir is a therapeutic choice for extremely premature infants with severe postnatal cytomegalovirus disease, but little is known about its optimal dose size and dosing interval for them.

    Authors: Mariko Sunada, Daisuke Kinoshita, Naoko Furukawa, Minako Kihara, Akira Nishimura, Masako Moriuchi and Hiroyuki Moriuchi

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2016 16:141

    Content type: Case report

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  17. Interventions to improve neonatal resuscitation are considered a priority for reducing neonatal mortality. In addition to training programs for health caregivers, the availability of adequate equipment in all ...

    Authors: Daniele Trevisanuto, Francesco Cavallin, Gaston Arnolda, Tran Dinh Chien, Ornella Lincetto, Ngo Minh Xuan, Nguyen Viet Tien, Nguyen Thi Xuan Hoi and Luciano Moccia

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2016 16:139

    Content type: Research article

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  18. When a newborn requires neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) hospitalization, parent and infant experience an unusual often prolonged separation. This critical care environment poses challenges to parent-infant...

    Authors: Nancy Feeley, Christine Genest, Hannakaisa Niela-Vilén, Lyne Charbonneau and Anna Axelin

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2016 16:134

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Infections are the single most important cause of neonatal mortality in developing countries. Results from trials in Asia evaluating the effect of chlorhexidine on neonatal mortality have been encouraging but ...

    Authors: Sushma Nangia, Usha Dhingra, Pratibha Dhingra, Arup Dutta, Venugopal P. Menon, Robert E. Black and Sunil Sazawal

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2016 16:121

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Low/medium income countries, with health inequalities present high rates of neonates having low birthweight and/or are small for the gestational age. This study aims to analyze the absolute and relative income...

    Authors: Ana D. I. Sadovsky, Alicia Matijasevich, Iná S. Santos, Fernando C. Barros, Angelica E. Miranda and Mariangela F. Silveira

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2016 16:115

    Content type: Research article

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  21. The extent of lung hypoplasia in neonates with congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) can be assessed from gas exchange. We examined the role of preductal capillary blood gases in prognosticating outcome in pat...

    Authors: Ruža Grizelj, Katarina Bojanić, Ena Pritišanac, Tomislav Luetić, Jurica Vuković, Toby N. Weingarten, Darrell R. Schroeder and Juraj Sprung

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2016 16:114

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Nutritional support is critical for preterm infants in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). A multidisciplinary nutritional support team (NST) that focuses on providing optimal and individualized nutrition...

    Authors: Eurim Jeong, Young Hwa Jung, Seung Han Shin, Moon Jin Kim, Hye Jung Bae, Yoon Sook Cho, Kwi Suk Kim, Hyang Sook Kim, Jin Soo Moon, Ee-Kyung Kim, Han-Suk Kim and Jae Sung Ko

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2016 16:113

    Content type: Research article

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  23. About 9 % of all children in Germany are born preterm. Despite significant improvements of medical care, preterm infants are at a greater risk to develop short and long term health complications. Negative cons...

    Authors: Jochen Schmitt, Katrin Arnold, Diana Druschke, Enno Swart, Xina Grählert, Ulf Maywald, Andreas Fuchs, Andreas Werblow, Maryan Schemken, Jörg Reichert and Mario Rüdiger

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2016 16:104

    Content type: Study protocol

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  24. The difference in sodium ion levels determined with direct and indirect methods often exceeds the permissible limit clinically. Additionally, no previous study has assessed the difference in the sodium ion lev...

    Authors: Hyunho Kim, Jin Kyu Kim and Soo Chul Cho

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2016 16:101

    Content type: Research article

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  25. The morbidity and mortality rates due to cardiovascular events such as myocardial infarction are known to exhibit seasonal variations. Moreover, changes in the ambient temperature are reportedly associated wit...

    Authors: Shigeo Iijima, Katsuyuki Sekii, Toru Baba, Daizo Ueno and Akira Ohishi

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2016 16:97

    Content type: Research article

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  26. In case of cow’s milk allergy (CMA), pediatric guidelines recommend for children the use of extensively hydrolyzed formulas (eHFs) as elimination diet. According to the American Academy of Pediatrics, the hypo...

    Authors: Christophe Dupont, Elena Bradatan, Pascale Soulaines, Rita Nocerino and Roberto Berni-Canani

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2016 16:96

    Content type: Research article

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  27. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of gestational age on pharmacokinetics of ranitidine in newborns with gastroesophageal reflux.

    Authors: Ismael Lares Asseff, Graciela Benitez Gaucin, Hugo Juárez Olguín, Jose Antonio Godinez Nájera, Alejandra Toledo López, Gabriela Pérez Guillé and Fausto Zamura Torres

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2016 16:90

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) is a major cause of mortality and long-term respiratory and neurological morbidity in very preterm infants. While survival rates of very preterm infants have increased over the...

    Authors: Carmel T. Collins, Robert A. Gibson, Maria Makrides, Andrew J. McPhee, Thomas R. Sullivan, Peter G. Davis, Marta Thio, Karen Simmer and Victor S. Rajadurai

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2016 16:72

    Content type: Study protocol

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  29. There have been many studies supporting fluconazole prophylaxis in preterm infants for prevention of invasive fungal infections (IFIs). However, the routine use of fluconazole prophylaxis in neonatal intensive...

    Authors: Juyoung Lee, Han-Suk Kim, Seung Han Shin, Chang Won Choi, Ee-Kyung Kim, Eun Hwa Choi, Beyong Il Kim and Jung-Hwan Choi

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2016 16:67

    Content type: Research article

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  30. There are limited data on parental perception of infant participation in minimal risk and minor increase above minimal risk research focusing on the NICU population. The study objective was to assess parental ...

    Authors: Christina Freibott, Ursula Guillen, Amy Mackley and Robert Locke

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2016 16:63

    Content type: Research article

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  31. The use of Electronic Health Records (EHR) has increased significantly in the past 15 years. This study compares electronic vs. manual data abstractions from an EHR for accuracy. While the dataset is limited t...

    Authors: Lindsey A. Knake, Monika Ahuja, Erin L. McDonald, Kelli K. Ryckman, Nancy Weathers, Todd Burstain, John M. Dagle, Jeffrey C. Murray and Prakash Nadkarni

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2016 16:59

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Delayed cord clamping at birth has shown to benefit neonates with increased placental transfusion leading to higher haemoglobin concentrations, additional iron stores and less anaemia later in infancy, higher ...

    Authors: Ashish KC, Mats Målqvist, Nisha Rana, Linda Jarawka Ranneberg and Ola Andersson

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2016 16:35

    Content type: Study protocol

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  33. The hemodynamically relevant patent ductus arteriosus in preterm infants is not well defined. Different clinical and echocardiographic parameters are used and the diagnostic accuracy is unknown because of the ...

    Authors: Christoph E. Schwarz, Antonio Preusche, Winfried Baden, Christian F. Poets and Axel R. Franz

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2016 16:18

    Content type: Research article

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  34. This study aimed to study the feasibility, efficacy and safety of using laryngeal mask (LM) ventilation compared with endotracheal intubation (ETI) during neonatal resuscitation.

    Authors: Chuanzhong Yang, Xiaoyu Zhu, Weibin Lin, Qianshen Zhang, Jinqiong Su, Bingchun Lin, Hongmao Ye and Renjie Yu

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2016 16:17

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Neonates admitted to neonatal intensive care units (NICU) are exposed to a wide variety of drugs, most without any data on safety and efficacy. Objective: To describe the drugs prescribed to different groups o...

    Authors: Alcidésio Sales de Souza Jr, Djanilson Barbosa dos Santos, Luís Carlos Rey, Marina Garruti Medeiros, Marta Gonçalves Vieira and Helena Lutéscia Luna Coelho

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2016 16:13

    Content type: Research article

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  36. The increased number of childbearing women with autoimmune diseases leads to a growing interest in studying relationship among maternal disease, therapy, pregnancy and off-spring. The aim of this study was to ...

    Authors: Iolanda Mazzucchelli, Lidia Decembrino, Francesca Garofoli, Giulia Ruffinazzi, Véronique Ramoni, Mariaeva Romano, Elena Prisco, Elena Locatelli, Chiara Cavagnoli, Margherita Simonetta, Annalisa De Silvestri, Piermichele Paolillo, Arsenio Spinillo and Mauro Stronati

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2015 15:217

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Late preterm birth accounts for 70 % of all preterm births. While the impact of feeding problems in very preterm infants has been widely investigated, data on late preterm infants’ feeding issues are scarce. T...

    Authors: Maria Lorella Giannì, Paola Roggero, Pasqua Piemontese, Nadia Liotto, Anna Orsi, Orsola Amato, Francesca Taroni, Laura Morlacchi, Dario Consonni and Fabio Mosca

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2015 15:194

    Content type: Research article

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  38. To determine the comprehensiveness of neonatal resuscitation documentation and to determine the association of various patient, provider and institutional factors with completeness of neonatal documentation.

    Authors: Matthew S. Braga, Prakash Kabbur, Pradeep Alur, Michael H. Goodstein, Kari D. Roberts, Katie Satrom, Sandesh Shivananda, Ipsita Goswami, Mariann Pappagallo, Carrie-Ellen Briere and Gautham Suresh

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2015 15:184

    Content type: Research article

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  39. The optimal strategy for weaning very preterm infants from nasal continuous positive airway pressure (NCPAP) is unclear. Reported strategies include weaning NCPAP to a predefined pressure then trialling stoppi...

    Authors: Jessica Tang, Shelley Reid, Tracey Lutz, Girvan Malcolm, Sue Oliver and David Andrew Osborn

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2015 15:147

    Content type: Research article

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  40. For major congenital heart disease, the benefits of antenatal diagnosis on some post-natal measures have been suggested. However, findings have been inconclusive and focus on short term outcome measures alone ...

    Authors: Lewis K Peake, Elizabeth S Draper, Judith LS Budd and David Field

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2015 15:58

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Offspring born following maternal gestational diabetes are at risk of excessive childhood weight gain and Type 2 diabetes in childhood, which in turn is associated with an increased rate of hypertension.

    Authors: Malcolm R Battin, Victor Obolonkin, Elaine Rush, William Hague, Suzette Coat and Janet Rowan

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2015 15:54

    Content type: Research article

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  42. The management of a patent ductus arteriosus in preterm infants continues to be debated among neonatologists due to the absence of concrete evidence that precisely weighs the long term outcomes of active, earl...

    Authors: Khalid AlFaleh, Eman Alluwaimi, Ahlam AlOsaimi, Sheikha Alrajebah, Bashayer AlOtaibi, Fatima AlRasheed, Turki AlKharfi and Bosco Paes

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2015 15:47

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Neonatal near miss cases occur more often than neonatal deaths and could enable a more comprehensive analysis of risk factors, short-term outcomes and prognostic factors in neonates born to mothers with severe...

    Authors: Annettee Nakimuli, Scovia N Mbalinda, Rose C Nabirye, Othman Kakaire, Sarah Nakubulwa, Michael O Osinde, Nelson Kakande and Dan K Kaye

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2015 15:44

    Content type: Research article

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  44. The majority of infants who die in the neonatal period are born with a low birth weight (LBW, <2500 grams), or prematurely (before 37 weeks). Most deaths among these infants could be prevented with simple, low...

    Authors: Ashish KC, Viktoria Nelin, Ravi Vitrakoti, Surabhi Aryal and Mats Målqvist

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2015 15:43

    Content type: Research article

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