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Infection

This section considers studies regarding the epidemiology, pathology, prevention, and control of infectious diseases in children and adolescents.

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  1. Rotavirus is a leading worldwide cause of acute gastroenteritis in young children. This retrospective hospital-based study assessed the burden of rotavirus gastroenteritis in children younger than 6 years in J...

    Authors: Hitoshi Tajiri, Yuriko Takeuchi, Tomoko Takano, Toshihiro Ohura, Ayano Inui, Kimie Yamamoto, Yoshihito Higashidate, Hisashi Kawashima, Shigeru Toyoda, Kosuke Ushijima, Gunasekaran Ramakrishnan, Mats Rosenlund and Katsiaryna Holl

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2013 13:83

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Granulicatella spp. is a fastidious bacteria responsible for bacteremia and endocarditis which are fatal in about 20% of the cases. These severe infections are uncommon in children under 17 years of age and ha...

    Authors: Maia De Luca, Donato Amodio, Sara Chiurchiù, Maria Assunta Castelluzzo, Gabriele Rinelli, Paola Bernaschi, Francesca Ippolita Calò Carducci and Patrizia D’Argenio

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2013 13:61

    Content type: Case report

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  3. Diarrhea is the most frequent health problem among children in developing countries. This study investigated the bacterial and viral etiology and related clinical and epidemiological factors in children with a...

    Authors: Isidore Juste O Bonkoungou, Kaisa Haukka, Monica Österblad, Antti J Hakanen, Alfred S Traoré, Nicolas Barro and Anja Siitonen

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2013 13:36

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Critical illness constitutes a serious derangement of metabolism. The aim of our study was to compare acute phase metabolic patterns in children with sepsis (S) or severe sepsis/septic shock (SS) to those with...

    Authors: Diana-Michaela Fitrolaki, Helen Dimitriou, Maria Kalmanti and George Briassoulis

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2013 13:31

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Middle ear infection is common in childhood. Despite its prevalence, there is little longitudinal evidence about the impact of ear infection, particularly its association to hearing loss. By using 6-year prosp...

    Authors: Vasoontara Yiengprugsawan, Anthony Hogan and Lyndall Strazdins

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2013 13:28

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Antibiotic surveillance is mandatory to optimise antibiotic therapy. Our objectives were to evaluate antibiotic use in our pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) and to implement a simple achievable intervention...

    Authors: Martin Stocker, Eduardo Ferrao, Winston Banya, Jamie Cheong, Duncan Macrae and Anke Furck

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2012 12:196

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Tuberculosis (TB) is a major cause of childhood morbidity and mortality in developing countries. One of the main difficulties is obtaining adequate specimens for bacteriological confirmation of the disease in ...

    Authors: Minime-Lingoupou Fanny, Narcisse Beyam, Jean Chrusostome Gody, G Zandanga, F Yango, Alexandre Manirakiza, Leen Rigouts, Catherine Pierre-Audigier, Brigitte Gicquel and Gustave Bobossi

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2012 12:191

    Content type: Research article

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  8. A critical factor shaping parental attitudes to vaccination is the parent’s interactions with health professionals. An effective interaction can address the concerns of vaccine supportive parents and motivate ...

    Authors: Julie Leask, Paul Kinnersley, Cath Jackson, Francine Cheater, Helen Bedford and Greg Rowles

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2012 12:154

    Content type: Correspondence

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  9. Follow up of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)-exposed infants is an important component of Prevention of Mother-to-Child Transmission (PMTCT) programmes in order to ascertain infant outcomes post delivery. W...

    Authors: Terusha Chetty, Stephen Knight, Janet Giddy, Tamaryn L Crankshaw, Lisa M Butler and Marie-Louise Newell

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2012 12:146

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Whether lumbar punctures (LPs) should be performed routinely for term newborns suspected of having early onset neonatal sepsis (EONS) is subject to debate. It is unclear whether variations in performance of LP...

    Authors: Stephen W Patrick, Robert E Schumacher and Matthew M Davis

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2012 12:134

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) is a common cause of pediatric admission to hospital. The objectives of this study were twofold: 1) to describe the clinical characteristics of CAP in children admitted to a ...

    Authors: Anne Rowan-Legg, Nicholas Barrowman, Nazih Shenouda, Khaldoun Koujok and Nicole Le Saux

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2012 12:133

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Group A Streptococcus (GAS) causes acute tonsillopharyngitis in children, and approximately 20% of this population are chronic carriers of GAS. Antibacterial therapy has previously been shown to be insufficient a...

    Authors: Amity L Roberts, Kristie L Connolly, Daniel J Kirse, Adele K Evans, Katherine A Poehling, Timothy R Peters and Sean D Reid

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2012 12:3

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Studies of the apoptosis mechanisms involved in the pathogenesis of tuberculosis have suggested that Mycobacterium tuberculosis can actively interfere with the apoptosis of infected cells. In vivo studies have be...

    Authors: Paola Di Carlo, Alessandra Casuccio, Amelia Romano, Daria Spicola, Lucina Titone, Nadia Caccamo, Francesco Dieli, Caterina Mammina, Elisabetta Pace, Mark Gjomarkaj, Mario Melis and Manlio Tolomeo

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2011 11:108

    Content type: Research article

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