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Global and public health and healthcare

Section edited by Shally Awasthi and Anne Lee

This section considers studies of healthcare policy, healthcare provision, and pediatric morbidity and mortality in developing nations.

Page 9 of 9

  1. Small-for-gestational age (SGA) newborns constitute a special group of neonates who may have suffered varying degrees of intrauterine insults and deprivation. Variations in birth weight, length and Ponderal In...

    Authors: Olubanke R Oluwafemi, Fidelis O Njokanma, Elizabeth A Disu and Tinuade A Ogunlesi

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2013 13:110

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Identifying unwell neonates, particularly in the first week of life, is often subjective. If normal values are known, calculating the weight lost or gained from birth weight can be a useful adjunct in the eval...

    Authors: Claudia Turner, Verena Carrara, Naw Aye Mya Thien, Naw Moo Ku Paw, Marcus Rijken, Rose McGready and François Nosten

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2013 13:93

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Vitamin A supplementation (VAS) may amplify the effect of vaccines. We therefore investigated if neonatal VAS given with and without Bacille Calmette-Guérin (BCG) vaccine to low-birth-weight (LBW) neonates had...

    Authors: Sofie Biering-Sørensen, Ane Bærent Fisker, Henrik Ravn, Luis Camala, Ivan Monteiro, Peter Aaby and Christine Stabell Benn

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2013 13:87

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Recent reports indicate that Campylobacter species are becoming one of the leading causes of bacterial diarrhoeal disease worldwide and most of the isolates are resistant to different antibiotics. This study aime...

    Authors: Ayalew Lengerh, Feleke Moges, Chandrashekhar Unakal and Belay Anagaw

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2013 13:82

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Data on the prevalence of renal and urine abnormalities among HIV-infected children in Sub-Saharan Africa are limited. We set out to determine the prevalence of proteinuria; low estimated glomerular filtration...

    Authors: Vongai Dondo, Hilda A Mujuru, Kusum J Nathoo, Maxwell Chirehwa and Zivanai Mufandaedza

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2013 13:75

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Quality of patient care in hospitals has been shown to be inconsistent during weekends and night-time hours, and is often associated with reduced patient monitoring, poor antibiotic prescription practices and ...

    Authors: David Gathara, Grace Irimu, Harrison Kihara, Christopher Maina, Dorothy Mbori-Ngacha, Julius Mwangi, Elizabeth Allen and Mike English

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2013 13:74

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Prune belly syndrome is a rare congenital malformation of unknown aetiology and is characterised by abnormalities of the urinary tract, a deficiency of abdominal musculature and bilateral cryptorchidism in mal...

    Authors: Maria Ome, Regina Wangnapi, Nancy Hamura, Alexandra J Umbers, Peter Siba, Moses Laman, John Bolnga, Sheryle Rogerson and Holger W Unger

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2013 13:70

    Content type: Case report

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  8. There currently exists no data on birth defects from population-based studies in Vietnam. Our study's aim was to assess external birth defect (EBD) prevalence among live newborns in Binh Thuan Province in Viet...

    Authors: Truong Hoang, Dung The Nguyen, Phuong Van Ngoc Nguyen, Dong A Tran, Yves Gillerot, Raymond Reding and Annie Robert

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2013 13:67

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Fever is an extremely common occurrence in paediatric patients and the most common cause for a child to be taken to the doctor. The literature indicates that parents have too many misconceptions and conflictin...

    Authors: Sa’ed H Zyoud, Samah W Al-Jabi, Waleed M Sweileh, Masa M Nabulsi, Mais F Tubaila, Rahmat Awang and Ansam F Sawalha

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2013 13:66

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Body mass index (BMI) is a common indirect method to assess weight status among children. There is evidence that BMI data alone can underestimate overweight-related health risk and that waist circumference (WC...

    Authors: Lydian Veldhuis, Ineke Vogel, Wilma Jansen, Carry M Renders, Remy A HiraSing and Hein Raat

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2013 13:63

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Achieving Millennium Development Goal 4 is dependent on significantly reducing neonatal mortality. Low birth weight is an underlying factor in most neonatal deaths. In developing countries the missed opportuni...

    Authors: Nabiwemba L Elizabeth, Orach Garimoi Christopher and Kolsteren Patrick

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2013 13:54

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Infection causes neonatal mortality in both high and low income countries. While simple interventions to prevent neonatal infection are available, they are often poorly understood and implemented by clinicians...

    Authors: Daniele Trevisanuto, Gaston Arnolda, Tran Dinh Chien, Ngo Minh Xuan, Le Thi Anh Thu, Danica Kumara, Ornella Lincetto and Luciano Moccia

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2013 13:51

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Antiretroviral therapy (ART) is known to save lives. Among HIV-infected infants living in resource constrained settings, the short and long term benefits of ART are only partially known. This study was designe...

    Authors: Vincent J Tukei, Miriam Murungi, Alice R Asiimwe, Daniella Migisha, Albert Maganda, Sabrina Bakeera-Kitaka, Israel Kalyesubula, Philippa Musoke and Adeodata Kekitiinwa

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2013 13:42

    Content type: Research article

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  14. The risk of allergic diseases among Kawasaki disease (KD) patients relative to the general population is not known. The aim of this study was to perform a population-based cohort study to investigate the risk ...

    Authors: Ho-Chang Kuo, Wei-Chiao Chang, Kuender D Yang, Hong-Ren Yu, Chih-Lu Wang, Shu-Chen Ho and Chun-Yuh Yang

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2013 13:38

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Asthma is becoming increasingly prevalent among children in China. Poor parent knowledge and attitudes often contribute to inappropriate management practices, leading to deficiencies in the care process. We ai...

    Authors: Jing Zhao, Kunling Shen, Li Xiang, Guoqing Zhang, Meng Xie, Juan Bai and Qiyi Chen

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2013 13:20

    Content type: Research article

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  16. A high prevalence of tuberculosis (TB) in children presenting with severe pneumonia has previously been reported in South Africa. However, little is known about TB among children with pneumonia in Uganda and o...

    Authors: Josephine M Nantongo, Eric Wobudeya, Ezekiel Mupere, Moses Joloba, Willy Ssengooba, Harriet N Kisembo, Irene R Lubega and Philippa M Musoke

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2013 13:16

    Content type: Research article

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  17. There is little reliable information on the prevalence of fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) in Australia and no coordinated national approach to facilitate case detection. The aim of this study was to id...

    Authors: Rochelle E Watkins, Elizabeth J Elliott, Jane Halliday, Colleen M O’Leary, Heather D’Antoine, Elizabeth Russell, Lorian Hayes, Elizabeth Peadon, Amanda Wilkins, Heather M Jones, Anne McKenzie, Sue Miers, Lucinda Burns, Raewyn C Mutch, Janet M Payne, James P Fitzpatrick…

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2013 13:13

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Parasitic infections have been shown to have deleterious effects on host nutritional status. In addition, although helmintic infection can modulate the host inflammatory response directed against the parasite,...

    Authors: Bemnet Amare, Jemal Ali, Beyene Moges, Gizachew Yismaw, Yeshambel Belyhun, Simon Gebretsadik, Desalegn Woldeyohannes, Ketema Tafess, Ebba Abate, Mengistu Endris, Desalegn Tegabu, Andargachew Mulu, Fusao Ota, Bereket Fantahun and Afework Kassu

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2013 13:7

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Non-Hodgkin’s Lymphomas (NHL) are common in African children, with endemic Burkitt’s lymphoma (BL) being the most common subtype. While the role of Epstein-Barr Virus (EBV) in endemic BL is known, no data are ...

    Authors: Rogatus Kabyemera, Nestory Masalu, Peter Rambau, Erasmus Kamugisha, Benson Kidenya, Anita De Rossi, Maria Raffaella Petrara and Damas Mwizamuholya

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2013 13:4

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Quality hospital care is important in ensuring that the needs of severely ill children are met to avert child mortality. However, the quality of hospital care for children in developing countries has often bee...

    Authors: Dewan ME Hoque, Muntasirur Rahman, Sk Masum Billah, Michael Savic, AQM Rezaul Karim, Enayet K Chowdhury, Altaf Hossain, SAJ Md Musa, Harish Kumar, Sudhansh Malhotra, Ziaul Matin, Neena Raina, Martin W Weber and Shams El Arifeen

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2012 12:197

    Content type: Research article

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  21. The burden of disability is more severe among children in low income countries. Moreover, the number of children with disabilities (CWDs) in sub-Saharan Africa is predicted to increase with reduction in child ...

    Authors: Yoshito Kawakatsu, Satoshi Kaneko, Mohamed Karama and Sumihisa Honda

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2012 12:186

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Despite changes in WHO guidelines, stavudine is still used extensively for treatment of pediatric HIV in the developing world. Lipoatrophy in sub-Saharan African children can be stigmatizing and have far-reach...

    Authors: Steve Innes, Mark F Cotton, Richard Haubrich, Maria M Conradie, Margaret van Niekerk, Clair Edson, Helena Rabie, Sonia Jain, Xiaoying Sun, Ekkehard W Zöllner, Stephen Hough and Sara H Browne

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2012 12:183

    Content type: Research article

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  23. The World Health Organization (WHO) is in the process of establishing a new global database on the growth of school children and adolescents. Limited national data exist from Asian children, notably those livi...

    Authors: Marjan Mansourian, Hamid Reza Marateb, Roya Kelishadi, Mohammad Esmaeil Motlagh, Tahereh Aminaee, Mahnaz Taslimi, Reza Majdzadeh, Ramin Heshmat, Gelayol Ardalan and Parinaz Poursafa

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2012 12:149

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Infant colic, characterised by excessive crying/fussing for no apparent cause, affects up to 20% of infants under three months of age and is a great burden to families, health professionals and the health syst...

    Authors: Valerie Sung, Harriet Hiscock, Mimi Tang, Fiona K Mensah, Ralf G Heine, Amanda Stock, Elissa York, Ronald G Barr and Melissa Wake

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2012 12:135

    Content type: Study protocol

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  25. To determine the etiology, management, bacteriological spectrum and outcome of neonatal patients admitted in Civil Hospital Karachi (CHK) and to examine the factors associated with it.

    Authors: Nabeel Manzar, Bushra Manzar, Anum Yaqoob, Muneer Ahmed and Jai Kumar

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2012 12:131

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Fecal calprotectin (FC) is an established simple biomarker of gut inflammation. To examine a possible relationship between linear growth and gut inflammation, we compared fecal calprotectin levels in 6 month o...

    Authors: Jin-Rong Liu, Xiao-Yang Sheng, Yan-Qi Hu, Xiao-Gang Yu, Jamie E Westcott, Leland V Miller, Nancy F Krebs and K Michael Hambidge

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2012 12:129

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Breastfeeding is a critical component of interventions to reduce child mortality. Exclusive breastfeeding practice is extremely low in South Africa and there has been no improvement in this over the past ten y...

    Authors: Tanya Doherty, David Sanders, Debra Jackson, Sonja Swanevelder, Carl Lombard, Wanga Zembe, Mickey Chopra, Ameena Goga, Mark Colvin, Lars T Fadnes, Ingunn MS Engebretsen, Eva-Charlotte Ekström and Thorkild Tylleskär

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2012 12:105

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Paracetamol (also known as acetaminophen) is the commonest available analgesic and anti-pyretic. It is readily accessed from pharmacy, patent medicine and provision shops as over the counter drug making it a p...

    Authors: Herbert A Obu, Josephat M Chinawa, Agozie C Ubesie, Christopher B Eke and Ikenna K Ndu

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2012 12:103

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Despite the policy principle that “children are best cared for at home whenever possible” children continue to have high rates of emergency department (ED) attendance and emergency hospital admission. Communit...

    Authors: Richard G Kyle, Michele Banks, Susan Kirk, Peter Powell and Peter Callery

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2012 12:101

    Content type: Research article

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  30. The “Staying Healthy in Child Care” Australian guidelines provide for illness and disease exclusions and encourage vaccination of staff in child care settings, however these requirements are not subject to acc...

    Authors: Kirsty Hope, Michelle Butler, Peter D Massey, Patrick Cashman, David N Durrheim, Jody Stephenson and April Worley

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2012 12:98

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Australia is a wealthy developed country. However, there are significant disparities in health outcomes for Aboriginal infants compared with other Australian infants. Health outcomes tend to be worse for those...

    Authors: Sarah J Bar-Zeev, Sue G Kruske, Lesley M Barclay, Naor H Bar-Zeev, Jonathan R Carapetis and Sue V Kildea

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2012 12:19

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Cleft lip and/or palate (CL/P) increase mortality and morbidity risks for affected infants especially in less developed countries. This study aimed at assessing the effects of systematic pediatric care on neon...

    Authors: George L Wehby, Eduardo E Castilla, Norman Goco, Monica Rittler, Viviana Cosentino, Lorette Javois, Mark Kindem, Hrishikesh Chakraborty, Graca Dutra, Jorge S López-Camelo, Iêda M Orioli and Jeffrey C Murray

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2011 11:121

    Content type: Research article

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  33. The majority of children with disability live in low and middle income (LAMI) countries. Although a number of important reviews of childhood disability in LAMI countries have been published, these have not, to...

    Authors: Douglas E Simkiss, Clare M Blackburn, Felix O Mukoro, Janet M Read and Nicholas J Spencer

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2011 11:119

    Content type: Research article

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  34. The diagnosis and treatment of Autism in Pakistan occurs in multiple settings and is provided by variety of health professionals. Unfortunately, knowledge and awareness about Autism is low among Pakistani heal...

    Authors: Nazish Imran, Mansoor R Chaudry, Muhammad W Azeem, Muhammad R Bhatti, Zaidan I Choudhary and Mohsin A Cheema

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2011 11:107

    Content type: Research article

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