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Global and public health and healthcare

Section edited by Shally Awasthi and Anne Lee

This section considers studies of healthcare policy, healthcare provision, and pediatric morbidity and mortality in developing nations.

Page 7 of 10

  1. The case fatality rate of severely malnourished children during inpatient treatment is high and mortality is often associated with diarrhea. As intestinal carbohydrate absorption is impaired in severe acute ma...

    Authors: Christian J. Versloot, Wieger Voskuijl, Sara J. van Vliet, Meta van den Heuvel, Jane C. Carter, Ajib Phiri, Marko Kerac, Geert Tom Heikens, Patrick F. van Rheenen and Robert H. J. Bandsma

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:112

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Quality improvement in health care requires identification of areas in need of improvement by comparing processes and patient outcomes within and between health care providers. It is critical to adjust for dif...

    Authors: Mark Adams, Julia Braun, Hans Ulrich Bucher, Milo Alan Puhan, Dirk Bassler and Viktor Von Wyl

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:106

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Hospital mortality data can inform planning for health interventions and may help optimize resource allocation if they are reliable and appropriately interpreted. However such data are often not available in l...

    Authors: David Gathara, Lucas Malla, Philip Ayieko, Stella Karuri, Rachel Nyamai, Grace Irimu, Michael Boele van Hensbroek, Elizabeth Allen and Mike English

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:99

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Nutrition training can boost competence of health workers to improve children’s feeding practices. In this way, child undernutrition can be ameliorated in general populations. However, evidence is lacking on e...

    Authors: Bruno F. Sunguya, Linda B. Mlunde, David P. Urassa, Krishna C. Poudel, Omary S. Ubuguyu, Namala P. Mkopi, Germana H. Leyna, Anna T. Kessy, Keiko Nanishi, Akira Shibanuma, Junko Yasuoka and Masamine Jimba

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:94

    Content type: Research article

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  5. In Australia the health outcomes of remote dwelling Aboriginal infants are comparable to infants in developing countries. This research investigates service quality, from the clinicians’ perspective and as obs...

    Authors: Cathryn M. Josif, Sue Kruske, Sue V. Kildea and Lesley M. Barclay

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:93

    Content type: Research article

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  6. The incidence of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) has been increasing globally over the past two decades in children and adolescents. There are currently a dearth of comprehensive population-based estimates of ...

    Authors: Haibin Wu, Jieming Zhong, Min Yu, Hao Wang, Weiwei Gong, Jin Pan, Fangrong Fei, Meng Wang, Li Yang and Ruying Hu

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:85

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Diarrhea remains to be a main cause of childhood mortality. Diarrhea case management indicators reflect the effectiveness of child survival interventions. We aimed to assess time trends and country-wise change...

    Authors: Chandrashekhar T. Sreeramareddy, Yue-Peng Low and Birger Carl Forsberg

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:83

    Content type: Research article

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  8. The impairment of immune functions associated with malnutrition may be one reason for the high mortality in children with severe acute malnutrition (SAM), and thymus atrophy has been proposed as a marker of th...

    Authors: Maren Johanne Heilskov Rytter, Hanifa Namusoke, Christian Ritz, Kim F. Michaelsen, André Briend, Henrik Friis and Dorthe Jeppesen

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:70

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Some studies suggest a relationship between maternal smoking during pregnancy and not only intrauterine fetal growth restriction or low birth weight, but also with changes in the postnatal growth and developme...

    Authors: Mariana Lopes de Brito, Marina Nunes, Juliana Rombaldi Bernardi, Vera Lúcia Bosa, Marcelo Zubaran Goldani and Clécio Homrich da Silva

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:67

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Early infant diagnosis of HIV infection is challenging in rural sub-Saharan Africa as blood samples are sent to central laboratories for HIV DNA testing, leading to delays in diagnosis and treatment initiation...

    Authors: Catherine G. Sutcliffe, Philip E. Thuma, Janneke H. van Dijk, Kathy Sinywimaanzi, Sydney Mweetwa, Mutinta Hamahuwa and William J. Moss

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:66

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Young children bear the world’s highest prevalence of anaemia, the majority of which is of multifactorial aetiology, which in turn hampers its successful prevention. Even moderate degrees of anaemia are associ...

    Authors: Cinta Moraleda, Ruth Aguilar, Llorenç Quintó, Tacilta Nhampossa, Montserrat Renom, Augusto Nhabomba, Sozinho Acácio, John J. Aponte, Delino Nhalungo, Ariel H. Achtman, Louis Schofield, Helder Martins, Eusebio Macete, Pedro L. Alonso and Clara Menéndez

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:63

    Content type: Research article

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  12. 1) To identify socio-demographic factors associated with parental “no-intent” for their 13–17 year old unvaccinated daughter to receive the human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine series within the next twelve mont...

    Authors: Vinay K. Cheruvu, Madhav P. Bhatta and Lauren N. Drinkard

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:52

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Wheelchair mobility skills (WMS) training is regarded by children using a manual wheelchair and their parents as an important factor to improve participation and daily physical activity. Currently, there is no...

    Authors: Marleen Elisabeth Sol, Olaf Verschuren, Laura de Groot and Janke Frederike de Groot

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:51

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Despite the high burden of pediatric mortality from preventable conditions in low and middle income countries and the existence of multiple tools to prioritize critically ill children in low-resource settings,...

    Authors: Bhakti Hansoti, Alexander Jenson, Devin Keefe, Sarah Stewart De Ramirez, Trisha Anest, Michelle Twomey, Katie Lobner, Gabor Kelen and Lee Wallis

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:37

    Content type: Research article

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  15. The current recommendation within integrated Community Case Management guidelines that all children presenting with uncomplicated fever and no danger signs be followed up after three days may not be necessary....

    Authors: Elburg van Boetzelaer, Lara S. Ho, Julie R. Gutman, Laura C. Steinhardt, Alison Wittcoff, Yolanda Barbera, Pascal Ngoy, Steven A. Harvey and Luke C. Mullany

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:36

    Content type: Study protocol

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  16. Despite improvements in child survival in the past four decades, an estimated 6.3 million children under the age of five die each year, and more than 40% of these deaths occur in the neonatal period. Intervent...

    Authors: Emily R. Smith, Ilana Bergelson, Stacie Constantian, Bina Valsangkar and Grace J. Chan

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:35

    Content type: Research article

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  17. In Bo district, rural Sierra Leone, we assessed the burden of the 2014 Ebola outbreak on under-five consultations at a primary health center and the quality of care for under-15 children at a Médecins Sans Fro...

    Authors: Veerle Hermans, Rony Zachariah, Desalegn Woldeyohannes, Gbessay Saffa, Dauda Kamara, Nimer Ortuno-Gutierrez, Walter Kizito, Marcel Manzi, Petra Alders and Jacob Maikere

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:34

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Stunting prevalence in children less than 5 years has remained stagnated in Peru from 1992 to 2007, with a rapid reduction thereafter. We aimed to assess the role of different predictors on stunting reduction ...

    Authors: Luis Huicho, Carlos A. Huayanay-Espinoza, Eder Herrera-Perez, Eddy R. Segura, Jessica Niño de Guzman, María Rivera-Ch and Aluisio J.D. Barros

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:29

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Taking care of a child with special needs can be draining and difficult and require a lot of parental time and resources. The present study investigated the long-term sickness absence of parents who have child...

    Authors: Idunn Brekke, Elena Albertini Früh, Lisbeth Gravdal Kvarme and Henrik Holmstrøm

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:26

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Infant mortality has dropped considerably in India over the last 5 years. A sharp contrast to this decline in national average of infant mortality is the rate recorded during 2014–2015 from the southernmost di...

    Authors: Alok K. Deb, Shanta Dutta, Chhaihlo Hnichho, Mary Vanlalpeki, Hli Thapi Phosa, Khaila Rakhu, Samuel Lalfakawma Fanai, Manoj Chakrabarti and Samiran Panda

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:23

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Telemedicine has been recognized as a way to improve accessibility, quality, and efficiency of care. In view of the introduction of new telemedicine services, we conducted a survey through a self-administered ...

    Authors: Luisa Russo, Ilaria Campagna, Beatrice Ferretti, Eleonora Agricola, Elisabetta Pandolfi, Emanuela Carloni, Angelo D’Ambrosio, Francesco Gesualdo and Alberto E. Tozzi

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:21

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Increasingly, the experiences and perceptions of parents who decline vaccination are the subject of investigation. However, the experiences of clinicians who encounter these parents in the course of their work...

    Authors: Nina J. Berry, Alexandra Henry, Margie Danchin, Lyndal J. Trevena, Harold W. Willaby and Julie Leask

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:19

    Content type: Research article

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  23. The objective of the study was to describe the baseline health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in a cohort of children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM), and analyze its associated clinical ...

    Authors: Marta Murillo, Joan Bel, Jacobo Pérez, Raquel Corripio, Gemma Carreras, Xavier Herrero, Josep-Maria Mengibar, Dolors Rodriguez-Arjona, Ulrike Ravens-Sieberer, Hein Raat and Luis Rajmil

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:16

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Stunting has been identified as one of the major proximal risk factors for poor physical and mental development of children under-5 years. Stunting predominantly occurs in the first 1000 days of life (0–23 mon...

    Authors: Blessing Jaka Akombi, Kingsley Emwinyore Agho, John Joseph Hall, Dafna Merom, Thomas Astell-Burt and Andre M. N. Renzaho

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:15

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Parents have a vital influence on the participation of their child with a physical disability. The aim of this study is to gain insight into parents’ own daily actions, challenges, and needs while supporting t...

    Authors: Barbara Piškur, Anna J. H. M. Beurskens, Marjolijn Ketelaar, Marian J. Jongmans, Barbara M. Casparie and Rob J. E. M. Smeets

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:12

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Acute otitis media (AOM) is the most common bacterial childhood infection. However, caregivers with children having mild episodes often do not seek healthcare services, which may lead to an under-appreciation ...

    Authors: Iris Villarreal, Rosario Turner, Hyejin Jo, Julie Park, Eric Gemmen, Jean-Yves Pirçon, Maria M. Castrejon and William P. Hausdorff

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:3

    Content type: Research article

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  27. A child’s death is an enormous tragedy for both the parents and other family members. Support for the parents can be important in helping them to cope with the loss of their child. In the Netherlands little is...

    Authors: Sandra Gijzen, Monique P. L’Hoir, Magda M. Boere-Boonekamp and Ariana Need

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2016 16:204

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Providing an early, additional measles vaccine (MV) at 4.5 months of age has been shown to reduce child mortality in low-income countries. We studied the effects on growth at 9 and 24 months of age.

    Authors: S. M. Rasmussen, S. Biering-Sørensen, S. Byberg, A. Andersen, M. Bjerregaard-Andersen, A. Rodrigues, C. S. Benn, C. L. Martins and P. Aaby

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2016 16:199

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Mental health problems are a major public health challenges, and strategies of early prevention are needed. Effective prevention depends on feasible and validated measures of screening and intervention. Previo...

    Authors: Janni Ammitzbøll, Bjørn E. Holstein, Lisbeth Wilms, Anette Andersen and Anne Mette Skovgaard

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2016 16:197

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Approximately 13% of Canadian mothers report difficulty accessing health care for their infants, yet little is known about the factors associated with difficulty. Therefore, we examined factors associated with...

    Authors: Alisa D. Brandon, Christy Costanian, Manal F. El Sayed and Hala Tamim

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2016 16:192

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Exposure of red blood cells to oxidants increases production of methemoglobin (MHb) resulting in impaired oxygen delivery to tissues. There are no reliable estimates of methemoglobinemia in low resource clinic...

    Authors: Andrea L. Conroy, Michael Hawkes, Kyla Hayford, Laura Hermann, Chloe R. McDonald, Suparna Sharma, Sophie Namasopo, Robert O. Opoka, Chandy C. John, W. Conrad Liles, Christopher Miller and Kevin C. Kain

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2016 16:177

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Australian Aboriginal children experience a disproportionate burden of social and health disadvantage. Avoidable hospitalizations present a potentially modifiable health gap that can be targeted and monitored ...

    Authors: Kathleen Falster, Emily Banks, Sanja Lujic, Michael Falster, John Lynch, Karen Zwi, Sandra Eades, Alastair H. Leyland and Louisa Jorm

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2016 16:169

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Global childhood mortality rates remain high. Millennium Development Goal 4 focused efforts on reducing rates by two-thirds between 1990 and 2015. In Ethiopia, child mortality rates dropped 71 % from 1990 to 2...

    Authors: J. A. Bohn, B. M. Kassaye, D. Record, B. C. Chou, I. L. Kraft, J. C. Purdy, K. A. Hilton, D. A. Miller, S. Getachew, A. Addissie and J. A. Robison

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2016 16:168

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Because the developing brain of a child is vulnerable to environmental toxins, even very low concentration of neurotoxin can affect children’s neurodevelopment. Lead is a neurotoxic heavy metal which has the h...

    Authors: Jae Hong Park, Ju-Hee Seo, Young-Seoub Hong, Yu-Mi Kim, Je-Wook Kang, Jae-Ho Yoo, Hee Won Chueh, Jung Hyun Lee, Min Jung Kwak, Jeongseon Kim, Hae Dong Woo, Dong Woo Kim, Young Rong Bang and Byeong Moo Choe

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2016 16:156

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Being the parent of a severely injured child involves many stressors throughout the trauma journey. Internationally, little is known about the experiences or levels of emotional distress, parenting stress, qua...

    Authors: Kim Foster, Kate Curtis, Rebecca Mitchell, Connie Van and Alexandra Young

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2016 16:152

    Content type: Study protocol

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  36. Iron deficiency prevalence rates frequently exceed 50 % in young children in low-income countries. The World Health Organization (WHO) recommended universal supplementation of young children where anaemia rate...

    Authors: Rita Wegmüller, Amat Bah, Lindsay Kendall, Morgan M. Goheen, Sarah Mulwa, Carla Cerami, Diego Moretti and Andrew M. Prentice

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2016 16:149

    Content type: Study protocol

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  37. Millions of children under the age of 5 years die every year. Some of these deaths occur in hospitals and are related to both clinical characteristics and modifiable risk factors. This study investigates the a...

    Authors: Edem M. A Tette, Mame Y. Nyarko, Edmund T. Nartey, Margaret L. Neizer, Adolph Egbefome, Fredua Akosa and Richard B. Biritwum

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2016 16:148

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Argininemia is rare inborn error of metabolism which, when untreated, presents in late infancy with growth delay and developmental regression. In developed countries, argininemia is diagnosed early by newborn ...

    Authors: Nora King, Romina Alvizures, Pablo García, Ann Wessel and Peter Rohloff

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2016 16:142

    Content type: Case report

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  39. Pneumonia is the leading infectious cause of death among children, with approximately half of deaths attributable to pneumonia occurring in limited health resource settings of sub-Saharan Africa. Clinical guid...

    Authors: Catherine G. Sutcliffe, Donald M. Thea, Philip Seidenberg, James Chipeta, Lawrence Mwananyanda, Somwe Wa Somwe, Julie Duncan, Magdalene Mwale, Justin Mulindwa, Musaku Mwenechenya, Rasa Izadnegahdar and William J. Moss

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2016 16:136

    Content type: Research article

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    The Erratum to this article has been published in BMC Pediatrics 2016 16:159

  40. Secondhand smoke (SHS) exposure of children due to parental tobacco use is a particularly prevalent health issue and is associated with adverse health outcomes. Following the US Clinical Practice guidelines, p...

    Authors: Jing Liao, Jonathan P. Winickoff, Guangmin Nong, Kaiyong Huang, Li Yang, Zhiyong Zhang and Abu S. Abdullah

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2016 16:135

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Before seeing a pediatrician, parents often look online to obtain child health information. We aimed to determine the influence of IUC (internet use regarding the reason for consultation) on their subjective i...

    Authors: Christian Sebelefsky, Jasmin Voitl, Denise Karner, Frederic Klein, Peter Voitl and Andreas Böck

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2016 16:129

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Knowledge about social determinants of health has influenced global health strategies, including early childhood interventions. Some psychosocial circumstances – such as poverty, parental mental health problem...

    Authors: Marie Köhler, Maria Rosvall and Maria Emmelin

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2016 16:127

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Most fetal defects are associated with genetic and environmental causes, among them, exposure of pregnant women to intensive pesticide use. Agribusiness is the economic basis of the state of Mato Grosso, the l...

    Authors: Marly Eliane Ueker, Vivianne Monteiro Silva, Gisele Pedroso Moi, Wanderley Antonio Pignati, Ines Echenique Mattos and Ageo Mário Cândido Silva

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2016 16:125

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) remains a major cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide among children. The growing number of guidelines have been accompanied with a growing concern about variance and co...

    Authors: Zhenwei Xie, Xiaoling Wang, Lin Sun, Jun Liu, Yan Guo, Baoping Xu, Libo Zhao and Adong Shen

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2016 16:119

    Content type: Research article

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  45. Although acute otitis media (AOM) remains a major public health problem worldwide and brings economic burden on health care system and caregivers, little information is available about its epidemiology in East...

    Authors: Vytautas Usonis, Teresa Jackowska, Sigita Petraitiene, Alicja Sapala, Andrea Neculau, Izabella Stryjewska, Raghavendra Devadiga, Monica Tafalla and Katsiaryna Holl

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2016 16:108

    Content type: Research article

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  46. Antiretroviral treatment means many HIV infected children are surviving with a highly stigmatised condition. There is a paucity of data to inform policies for this growing cohort. Hence we carried out a study ...

    Authors: Gabriel Anabwani, Grace Karugaba and Lesego Gabaitiri

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2016 16:106

    Content type: Research article

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    The Erratum to this article has been published in BMC Pediatrics 2016 16:132

  47. The contribution of HIV-exposure to childhood mortality in a setting with widespread antiretroviral treatment (ART) availability has not been determined.

    Authors: Rebecca Zash, Sajini Souda, Jean Leidner, Heather Ribaudo, Kelebogile Binda, Sikhulile Moyo, Kathleen M. Powis, Chipo Petlo, Mompati Mmalane, Joe Makhema, Max Essex, Shahin Lockman and Roger Shapiro

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2016 16:103

    Content type: Research article

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  48. We investigated longitudinal relationships between the biochemical markers of bone and adipose tissue with bone mineral content (BMC), bone mineral density (BMD), moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) ...

    Authors: Donvina Vaitkeviciute, Evelin Lätt, Jarek Mäestu, Toivo Jürimäe, Meeli Saar, Priit Purge, Katre Maasalu and Jaak Jürimäe

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2016 16:102

    Content type: Research article

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  49. Practices regarding hospitalisation of children at diagnosis of type 1 diabetes vary both within countries and internationally, and high-quality evidence of best practice is scarce. The objective of this study...

    Authors: Irén Tiberg, Björn Lindgren, Annelie Carlsson and Inger Hallström

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2016 16:94

    Content type: Research article

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