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Global and public health and healthcare

Section edited by Shally Awasthi and Anne Lee

This section considers studies of healthcare policy, healthcare provision, and pediatric morbidity and mortality in developing nations.

Page 5 of 9

  1. Empathy is a key element of “Patient and Family Centered Care”, a clinical approach recommended by the American Academy of Pediatrics. However, there is a lack of validated tools to evaluate paediatrician empa...

    Authors: Michele Arigliani, Luigi Castriotta, Anna Pusiol, Annachiara Titolo, Enrico Petoello, Alberto Brun Peressut, Elisabetta Miorin, Iana Elkina, Federico Marzona, Davide Cucchiaro, Elisa Spanghero, Matteo Pavan, Raffaele Arigliani, Stewart W. Mercer and Paola Cogo

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2018 18:57

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Over the past four decades, the World Health Organization established the Expanded Programme on Immunization (EPI) to foster universal access to all relevant vaccines for all children at risk. The success of t...

    Authors: Elena Marbán-Castro, Charfudin Sacoor, Ariel Nhacolo, Orvalho Augusto, Edgar Jamisse, Elisa López-Varela, Aina Casellas, John J. Aponte, Quique Bassat, Betuel Sigauque, Eusebio Macete and Alberto L. Garcia-Basteiro

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2018 18:56

    Content type: Research article

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  3. The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends rapid intravenous rehydration, using fluid volumes of 70-100mls/kg over 3–6 h, with some of the initial volume given rapidly as initial fluid boluses to treat hyp...

    Authors: M. A. Iro, T. Sell, N. Brown and K. Maitland

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2018 18:44

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Rapid economic and cultural transition in the United Arab Emirates has been accompanied by a rise in chronic disease. Early childhood is known to affect health outcomes in adulthood. This prospective longitudi...

    Authors: Hazel Gardner, Katherine Green, Andrew S. Gardner and Donna Geddes

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2018 18:32

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Road traffic injuries (RTIs) commonly affect the younger population in low- and-middle-income countries. School children may be educated about road safety using storybooks with colorful pictures, which tends t...

    Authors: Haris Ahmad, Rubaba Naeem, Asher Feroze, Nukhba Zia, Amarah Shakoor, Uzma Rahim Khan and Asad Iqbal Mian

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2018 18:31

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Earthquakes impact child health in many ways. Diseases occurring immediately following an earthquake have been studied in field based hospitals but studies on the inpatient disease pattern among children witho...

    Authors: Bishnu Rath Giri, Ram Hari Chapagain, Samana Sharma, Sandeep Shrestha, Sunita Ghimire and P. Ravi Shankar

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2018 18:28

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Sustained investments in Rwanda’s health system have led to historic reductions in under five (U5) mortality. Although Rwanda achieved an estimated 68% decrease in the national under U5 mortality rate between ...

    Authors: Cheryl L. Amoroso, Marie Paul Nisingizwe, Dominique Rouleau, Dana R. Thomson, Daniel M. Kagabo, Tatien Bucyana, Peter Drobac and Fidele Ngabo

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2018 18:27

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Low birthweight is associated with increased infant morbidity, poorer developmental outcomes and risk of adult disease and its prevention remains a public health priority. South Asian children are more likely ...

    Authors: Jane West, Brian Kelly, Paul J. Collings, Gillian Santorelli, Dan Mason and John Wright

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2018 18:22

    Content type: Research article

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  9. We evaluated the effectiveness of different recruitment strategies used in a study aimed at eliminating/reducing second-hand smoke (SHS) exposure in Dutch children 0–13 years of age with a high risk of asthma.

    Authors: Sasha G. Hutchinson, Constant P. van Schayck, Jean W. M. Muris, Frans J. M. Feron and Edward Dompeling

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2018 18:19

    Content type: Research article

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  10. By 2020, the child population is projected to have more racial and ethnic minorities make up the majority of the populations and health care organizations will need to have a system in place that collects accu...

    Authors: Aswita Tan-McGrory, Caroline Bennett-AbuAyyash, Stephanie Gee, Kirk Dabney, John D. Cowden, Laura Williams, Sarah Rafton, Arie Nettles, Sonia Pagura, Laurens Holmes, Jane Goleman, LaVone Caldwell, James Page, Patricia Oceanic, Erika J. McMullen, Adriana Lopera…

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2018 18:18

    Content type: Research article

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  11. The majority of primary care physicians support integration of children’s oral health promotion and disease prevention into their practices but can experience challenges integrating oral health services into t...

    Authors: Christopher M. Shea, Kea Turner, B. Alex White, Ye Zhu and R. Gary Rozier

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2018 18:5

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Without improving the survival of newborns, meaningful reduction in under-five mortality is difficult. Most neonatal deaths are preventable when appropriate and timely care is sought. In Ethiopia, there is lac...

    Authors: Tariku Nigatu Bogale, Abebaw Gebeyehu Worku, Gashaw Andargie Bikis and Zemene Tigabu Kebede

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:216

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Children and adolescents dying from complex chronic conditions require paediatric palliative care. One aim of palliative care is to enable a home death if desired and well supported. However, there is little d...

    Authors: Ana Forjaz de Lacerda and Barbara Gomes

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:215

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Infant morbidity and mortality rates remain high in Indonesia, with acute respiratory illnesses (ARI) and diarrhea the leading two health problems in children under 5 years. We aimed to describe the nutritiona...

    Authors: V. Oktaria, K. J. Lee, J. E. Bines, E. Watts, C. D. Satria, J. Atthobari, H. Nirwati, C. D. Kirkwood, Y. Soenarto and M. H. Danchin

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:211

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Stunting continues to be a major public health problem in developing countries. It is one of the most important risk factors for morbidity and mortality during childhood. In Palestine, it is another health pro...

    Authors: Rima Rafiq El Kishawi, Kah Leng Soo, Yehia Awad Abed and Wan Abdul Manan Wan Muda

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:210

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Human Papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination coverage is below national goals in the United States. Research is needed to inform strategically designed interventions that target sociodemographic groups with underuti...

    Authors: Echo L. Warner, Qian Ding, Lisa M. Pappas, Kevin Henry and Deanna Kepka

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:200

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Epidemiological data on childhood disability are lacking in Low and Middle Income countries (LMICs) such as Malawi, hampering effective service planning and advocacy. The Key Informant Method (KIM) is an innov...

    Authors: Myroslava Tataryn, Sarah Polack, Linda Chokotho, Wakisa Mulwafu, Petros Kayange, Lena Morgon Banks, Christiane Noe, Chris Lavy and Hannah Kuper

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:198

    Content type: Research article

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    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Pediatrics 2018 18:92

  18. Vaccination is used worldwide to prevent infectious diseases. However, vaccination programmes in western countries face challenges in sustaining high coverage rates. The aim of this study was to explore how pa...

    Authors: Gitte Thybo Pihl, Helle Johannessen, Jette Ammentorp, Jane Schmidt Jensen and Poul-Erik Kofoed

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:194

    Content type: Research article

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  19. As care for preterm and low birth weight (LBW) infants improves in resource-limited settings, more infants are surviving the neonatal period. Preterm and (LBW) infants are at high-risk of nutritional and medic...

    Authors: Catherine M. Kirk, Jean Claude Uwamungu, Kim Wilson, Bethany L. Hedt-Gauthier, Neo Tapela, Peter Niyigena, Christian Rusangwa, Merab Nyishime, Evrard Nahimana, Fulgence Nkikabahizi, Christine Mutaganzwa, Eric Ngabireyimana, Francis Mutabazi and Hema Magge

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:191

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Scaling up neonatal care facilities in developing countries can improve survival of newborns. Recently, the only tertiary neonatal care facility in Suriname transitioned to a modern environment in which interv...

    Authors: Rens Zonneveld, Natanael Holband, Anna Bertolini, Francesca Bardi, Neirude P. A. Lissone, Peter H. Dijk, Frans B. Plötz and Amadu Juliana

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:189

    Content type: Research article

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  21. The influence of socio-economic determinants on choice of infant male circumcision provider is not known in areas with high population coverage such as rural Africa. The overall aim of this study was to determ...

    Authors: Thomas Gyan, Kimberley McAuley, Natalie Strobel, Sam Newton, Seth Owusu-Agyei and Karen Edmond

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:185

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Studies conducted mainly in high-income countries have shown that preterm births are associated with increased risk of behavioral problems and psychiatric disorders. The aim of this study was to assess the pre...

    Authors: Iná S. Santos, Fernando C. Barros, Tiago Munhoz and Alicia Matijasevich

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:184

    Content type: Research article

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  23. The extensive vaccination programme against swine flu resulted in an increased incidence of narcolepsy among children and adolescents. There is a need to explore if these young persons’ experiences have affect...

    Authors: Karin Blomberg, Agneta Anderzén Carlsson, Lars Hagberg, Östen Jonsson, Lena Leissner and Mats H. Eriksson

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:183

    Content type: Study protocol

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  24. Burundi is one of the poorest countries and is among the four countries with the highest prevalence of stunting (58%) among children aged less than 5 years. This situation undermines the economic growth of the...

    Authors: Sandra Nkurunziza, Bruno Meessen, Jean-Pierre Van geertruyden and Catherine Korachais

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:176

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Systematic reviews support health systems and clinical decision-making by identifying and summarizing all existing studies on a particular topic. In 2009, a comprehensive description of child-relevant systemat...

    Authors: Katelynn Crick, Denise Thomson, Ricardo M. Fernandes, Megan Nuspl, Dean T. Eurich, Brian H. Rowe and Lisa Hartling

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:155

    Content type: Research article

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  26. A plateau in childhood overweight and obesity has been reported in some developed countries while in almost all developing countries this problem is on the rise. The aim of this paper is to describe the change...

    Authors: Loan Minh Do, Toan Khanh Tran, Bo Eriksson, Max Petzold and Henry Ascher

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:150

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Family-centered care seems promising in preventive pediatrics, but evidence is lacking as to whether this type of care is also valid as a means to identify risks to infants’ social-emotional development. We ai...

    Authors: Margriet Hielkema, Andrea F. De Winter and Sijmen A. Reijneveld

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:148

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Infant feeding practices are known to influence the child’s long-term health. Studies have associated obesity and other diseases with reduced breastfeeding and early introduction of high calorie beverages (HCB...

    Authors: Timothy Yong Qun Leow, Andrew Ung, Shelley Qian, Jessie Thanh Nguyen, Yvonne An, Poonam Mudgil and John Whitehall

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:145

    Content type: Research article

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  29. In China, the measles vaccine is offered for free whereas the pneumococcal vaccine is a for-fee vaccine. This difference has the potential to influence how caregivers evaluate whether a vaccine is important or...

    Authors: Abram L. Wagner, Matthew L. Boulton, Xiaodong Sun, Bhramar Mukherjee, Zhuoying Huang, Irene A. Harmsen, Jia Ren and Brian J. Zikmund-Fisher

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:143

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Despite availability of treatment guidelines, persistent diarrhoea (PD) has been a major contributor of diarrhoeal deaths in low and middle income countries. We evaluated the outcome of children under the age ...

    Authors: Mustafa Mahfuz, Mohammed Ashraful Alam, Shoeb Bin Islam, Nurun Nahar Naila, Mohammod Jobayer Chisti, Nur Haque Alam, Shafiqul Alam Sarker and Tahmeed Ahmed

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:142

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Approximately 50% of the deaths of children under the age of 5 can be attributed to undernutrition, which also encompasses severe acute malnutrition (SAM). Diarrhoea is strongly associated with these deaths an...

    Authors: Wieger Voskuijl, Isabel Potani, Robert Bandsma, Anne Baan, Sarah White, Celine Bourdon and Marko Kerac

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:140

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) occurs in 3–5 of 1000 live births and is associated with known risk factors. In most countries, formal practice for early detection of DDH entails the combination of ri...

    Authors: Rachel Wilf–Miron, Jacob Kuint, Ronit Peled, Asaf Cohen and Avi Porath

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:136

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Migrant children are a population at risk for various health problems. Despite the increased inflow of migrants in Greece, data regarding their health assessment are lacking. This study aims to describe the cl...

    Authors: Ioanna D. Pavlopoulou, Marsela Tanaka, Stavroula Dikalioti, Evangelia Samoli, Pavlos Nisianakis, Olga D. Boleti and Konstantinos Tsoumakas

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:132

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Congenital heart defects (CHD) and preterm birth (PTB) are major causes of infant mortality. However, limited data exist on risk of mortality associated with PTB for newborns with CHD. Our objective was to ass...

    Authors: Enora Laas, Nathalie Lelong, Pierre-Yves Ancel, Damien Bonnet, Lucile Houyel, Jean-François Magny, Thibaut Andrieu, François Goffinet and Babak Khoshnood

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:124

    Content type: Research article

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  35. The case fatality rate of severely malnourished children during inpatient treatment is high and mortality is often associated with diarrhea. As intestinal carbohydrate absorption is impaired in severe acute ma...

    Authors: Christian J. Versloot, Wieger Voskuijl, Sara J. van Vliet, Meta van den Heuvel, Jane C. Carter, Ajib Phiri, Marko Kerac, Geert Tom Heikens, Patrick F. van Rheenen and Robert H. J. Bandsma

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:112

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Quality improvement in health care requires identification of areas in need of improvement by comparing processes and patient outcomes within and between health care providers. It is critical to adjust for dif...

    Authors: Mark Adams, Julia Braun, Hans Ulrich Bucher, Milo Alan Puhan, Dirk Bassler and Viktor Von Wyl

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:106

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Hospital mortality data can inform planning for health interventions and may help optimize resource allocation if they are reliable and appropriately interpreted. However such data are often not available in l...

    Authors: David Gathara, Lucas Malla, Philip Ayieko, Stella Karuri, Rachel Nyamai, Grace Irimu, Michael Boele van Hensbroek, Elizabeth Allen and Mike English

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:99

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Nutrition training can boost competence of health workers to improve children’s feeding practices. In this way, child undernutrition can be ameliorated in general populations. However, evidence is lacking on e...

    Authors: Bruno F. Sunguya, Linda B. Mlunde, David P. Urassa, Krishna C. Poudel, Omary S. Ubuguyu, Namala P. Mkopi, Germana H. Leyna, Anna T. Kessy, Keiko Nanishi, Akira Shibanuma, Junko Yasuoka and Masamine Jimba

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:94

    Content type: Research article

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  39. In Australia the health outcomes of remote dwelling Aboriginal infants are comparable to infants in developing countries. This research investigates service quality, from the clinicians’ perspective and as obs...

    Authors: Cathryn M. Josif, Sue Kruske, Sue V. Kildea and Lesley M. Barclay

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:93

    Content type: Research article

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  40. The incidence of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) has been increasing globally over the past two decades in children and adolescents. There are currently a dearth of comprehensive population-based estimates of ...

    Authors: Haibin Wu, Jieming Zhong, Min Yu, Hao Wang, Weiwei Gong, Jin Pan, Fangrong Fei, Meng Wang, Li Yang and Ruying Hu

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:85

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Diarrhea remains to be a main cause of childhood mortality. Diarrhea case management indicators reflect the effectiveness of child survival interventions. We aimed to assess time trends and country-wise change...

    Authors: Chandrashekhar T. Sreeramareddy, Yue-Peng Low and Birger Carl Forsberg

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:83

    Content type: Research article

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  42. The impairment of immune functions associated with malnutrition may be one reason for the high mortality in children with severe acute malnutrition (SAM), and thymus atrophy has been proposed as a marker of th...

    Authors: Maren Johanne Heilskov Rytter, Hanifa Namusoke, Christian Ritz, Kim F. Michaelsen, André Briend, Henrik Friis and Dorthe Jeppesen

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:70

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Some studies suggest a relationship between maternal smoking during pregnancy and not only intrauterine fetal growth restriction or low birth weight, but also with changes in the postnatal growth and developme...

    Authors: Mariana Lopes de Brito, Marina Nunes, Juliana Rombaldi Bernardi, Vera Lúcia Bosa, Marcelo Zubaran Goldani and Clécio Homrich da Silva

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:67

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Early infant diagnosis of HIV infection is challenging in rural sub-Saharan Africa as blood samples are sent to central laboratories for HIV DNA testing, leading to delays in diagnosis and treatment initiation...

    Authors: Catherine G. Sutcliffe, Philip E. Thuma, Janneke H. van Dijk, Kathy Sinywimaanzi, Sydney Mweetwa, Mutinta Hamahuwa and William J. Moss

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:66

    Content type: Research article

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  45. Young children bear the world’s highest prevalence of anaemia, the majority of which is of multifactorial aetiology, which in turn hampers its successful prevention. Even moderate degrees of anaemia are associ...

    Authors: Cinta Moraleda, Ruth Aguilar, Llorenç Quintó, Tacilta Nhampossa, Montserrat Renom, Augusto Nhabomba, Sozinho Acácio, John J. Aponte, Delino Nhalungo, Ariel H. Achtman, Louis Schofield, Helder Martins, Eusebio Macete, Pedro L. Alonso and Clara Menéndez

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:63

    Content type: Research article

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  46. 1) To identify socio-demographic factors associated with parental “no-intent” for their 13–17 year old unvaccinated daughter to receive the human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine series within the next twelve mont...

    Authors: Vinay K. Cheruvu, Madhav P. Bhatta and Lauren N. Drinkard

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:52

    Content type: Research article

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  47. Wheelchair mobility skills (WMS) training is regarded by children using a manual wheelchair and their parents as an important factor to improve participation and daily physical activity. Currently, there is no...

    Authors: Marleen Elisabeth Sol, Olaf Verschuren, Laura de Groot and Janke Frederike de Groot

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:51

    Content type: Research article

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  48. Despite the high burden of pediatric mortality from preventable conditions in low and middle income countries and the existence of multiple tools to prioritize critically ill children in low-resource settings,...

    Authors: Bhakti Hansoti, Alexander Jenson, Devin Keefe, Sarah Stewart De Ramirez, Trisha Anest, Michelle Twomey, Katie Lobner, Gabor Kelen and Lee Wallis

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:37

    Content type: Research article

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  49. The current recommendation within integrated Community Case Management guidelines that all children presenting with uncomplicated fever and no danger signs be followed up after three days may not be necessary....

    Authors: Elburg van Boetzelaer, Lara S. Ho, Julie R. Gutman, Laura C. Steinhardt, Alison Wittcoff, Yolanda Barbera, Pascal Ngoy, Steven A. Harvey and Luke C. Mullany

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:36

    Content type: Study protocol

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