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Global and public health and healthcare

Section edited by Shally Awasthi and Anne Lee

This section considers studies of healthcare policy, healthcare provision, and pediatric morbidity and mortality in developing nations.

Page 5 of 9

  1. Preterm birth leads to multiple morbidities affecting the health of a child. Lack of information on the health impact of prematurity hinders the possibility of any effective public health interventions in this...

    Authors: Hemali Jayakody, Upul Senarath and Deepika Attygalle

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2018 18:193

    Content type: Research article

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  2. In 2008, the prevalence of overweight and obesity among children in Bonaire was twice as high as the prevalence in northern Europe but comparable to that of other Caribbean islands and the United States. The a...

    Authors: Joana Kist-van Holthe, Tirza Blom, Laura Melchers, Alcira Janga-Jansen, Tahirih van Kanten, Marian Luinstra-Passchier, Teatske Altenburg, Remy HiraSing and Mai Chinapaw

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2018 18:168

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Food allergy affects up to 8% of children in the U.S. There is minimal research to date on food allergy policies that are currently in place in schools and the opinions of parents of children with food allergy...

    Authors: S. Shahzad Mustafa, Anne F. Russell, Olga Kagan, Lauren M. Kao, Diane V. Houdek, Bridget M. Smith, Julie Wang and Ruchi S. Gupta

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2018 18:164

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Opioid dependence is a major health concern across the world and does also occur in adolescents. While opioid substitution treatment (OST) has been thoroughly evaluated in adult populations, very few studies h...

    Authors: Bobby P. Smyth, Khalifa Elmusharaf and Walter Cullen

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2018 18:151

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Although antenatal iron supplementation is beneficial to mothers, its impact on the neurodevelopment of offspring is controversial. A systematic review and meta-analysis was undertaken to assess whether routin...

    Authors: C. Jayasinghe, R. Polson, H. C. van Woerden and P. Wilson

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2018 18:150

    Content type: Research article

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  6. The Essential Medicines List for Children (EMLc) was developed by the World Health Organization (WHO) to assist member countries to achieve Millennium Development Goals (MDG). The Government of Mongolia has ad...

    Authors: Gereltuya Dorj, Bruce Sunderland, Tsetsegmaa Sanjjav, Gantuya Dorj and Byambatsogt Gendenragchaa

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2018 18:149

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Minor Recurrent Aphthous Stomatitis (RAS) represents a disease which is very difficult to prevent. This case-control study focused on possible associations between minor Recurrent Aphthous Stomatitis in childr...

    Authors: S. Tecco, S. Sciara, G. Pantaleo, A. Nota, A. Visone, S. Germani, E. Polizzi and E. F. Gherlone

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2018 18:136

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Proopiomelanocortin (POMC), melanocortin 4 receptor (MC4R), and hepatocyte nuclear factor 4 alpha (HNF4A) are closely associated with weight gain and metabolic traits. In a previous study, we demonstrated asso...

    Authors: Eun Jin Kwon, Young-Ah You, Bohyun Park, Eun Hee Ha, Hae Soon Kim, Hyesook Park and Young Ju Kim

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2018 18:121

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Developing age-appropriate medications remains a challenge in particular for the population of infants and toddlers, as they are not able to reliably self-report if they would accept and consequently take an o...

    Authors: Joern Blume, Ana Lorena Ruano, Siri Wang, Debra J. Jackson, Thorkild Tylleskär and Liv Inger Strand

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2018 18:117

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Rotavirus is the leading cause of severe diarrhea in young children and infants worldwide, representing a heavy public health burden. Limited information is available regarding the impact of rotavirus gastroen...

    Authors: Gunta Laizane, Anda Kivite, Inese Stars, Marita Cikovska, Ilze Grope and Dace Gardovska

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2018 18:114

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Mandatory newborn screening for metabolic disorders has not been implemented in most parts of China. Newborn mortality and morbidity could be markedly reduced by early diagnosis and treatment of inborn errors ...

    Authors: Chi-Ju Yang, Na Wei, Ming Li, Kun Xie, Jian-Qiu Li, Cheng-Gang Huang, Yong-Sheng Xiao, Wen-Hua Liu and Xi-Gui Chen

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2018 18:110

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Dengue fever is a re-emerging viral disease commonly occurring in tropical and subtropical areas. The clinical features and abnormal laboratory test results of dengue infection are similar to those of other fe...

    Authors: Khansoudaphone Phakhounthong, Pimwadee Chaovalit, Podjanee Jittamala, Stuart D. Blacksell, Michael J. Carter, Paul Turner, Kheng Chheng, Soeung Sona, Varun Kumar, Nicholas P. J. Day, Lisa J. White and Wirichada Pan-ngum

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2018 18:109

    Content type: Technical advance

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  13. Iron deficiency (ID) is the most common micronutrient deficiency worldwide, with potentially severe consequences on child neurodevelopment. Though exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) is recommended for 6 months, bre...

    Authors: Rachel M. Burke, Paulina A. Rebolledo, Anna M. Aceituno, Rita Revollo, Volga Iñiguez, Mitchel Klein, Carolyn Drews-Botsch, Juan S. Leon and Parminder S. Suchdev

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2018 18:107

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Low birth weight (LBW) remains a leading global cause of childhood morbidity and mortality. This study leverages a large national survey to determine current prevalence and socioeconomic, demographic and heath...

    Authors: Jahidur Rahman Khan, Md. Mazharul Islam, Nabil Awan and Olav Muurlink

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2018 18:100

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Maintaining and building healthy bones during the lifetime requires a complicated interaction between a number of physiological and lifestyle factors. Our goal of this study was to analyze the association betw...

    Authors: Marco Cossio-Bolaños, Cynthia Lee-Andruske, Miguel de Arruda, Cristian Luarte-Rocha, Alejandro Almonacid-Fierro and Rossana Gómez-Campos

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2018 18:96

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Death audits have been used to describe pediatric mortality in under-resourced settings, where record keeping is often a challenge. This information provides the cornerstone for the foundation of quality impro...

    Authors: Elizabeth Fitzgerald, Rachel Mlotha-Mitole, Emily J. Ciccone, Alyssa E. Tilly, Jennie M. Montijo, Hans-Joerg Lang and Michelle Eckerle

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2018 18:75

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Children with chronic health conditions have better health-related outcomes when their care is managed in a personalised and coordinated way. However, increased demand on Australian ambulatory care hospital se...

    Authors: Thuy Thanh Frakking, John Waugh, Hsien-Jin Teoh, Doug Shelton, Susan Moloney, Donna Ward, Michael David, Matthew Barber, Hannah Carter, Sharon Mickan and Kelly Weir

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2018 18:72

    Content type: Study protocol

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  18. Evidence of 24-months survival in the frame of prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) cascade-care is scare from routine programs in sub-Saharan African (SSA) settings. Specifically, data on infant...

    Authors: Anne Esther Njom Nlend, Annie Carole Nga Motaze, Arsene Sandie and Joseph Fokam

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2018 18:69

    Content type: Research article

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  19. In Africa, a high proportion of children are at risk for developmental delay. Early interventions are known to improve outcomes, but they are not routinely available. The Rwandan Ministry of Health with Partne...

    Authors: Scheilla Bayitondere, Francois Biziyaremye, Catherine M. Kirk, Hema Magge, Katrina Hann, Kim Wilson, Christine Mutaganzwa, Eric Ngabireyimana, Fulgence Nkikabahizi, Evelyne Shema, David B. Tugizimana and Ann C. Miller

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2018 18:65

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Empathy is a key element of “Patient and Family Centered Care”, a clinical approach recommended by the American Academy of Pediatrics. However, there is a lack of validated tools to evaluate paediatrician empa...

    Authors: Michele Arigliani, Luigi Castriotta, Anna Pusiol, Annachiara Titolo, Enrico Petoello, Alberto Brun Peressut, Elisabetta Miorin, Iana Elkina, Federico Marzona, Davide Cucchiaro, Elisa Spanghero, Matteo Pavan, Raffaele Arigliani, Stewart W. Mercer and Paola Cogo

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2018 18:57

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Over the past four decades, the World Health Organization established the Expanded Programme on Immunization (EPI) to foster universal access to all relevant vaccines for all children at risk. The success of t...

    Authors: Elena Marbán-Castro, Charfudin Sacoor, Ariel Nhacolo, Orvalho Augusto, Edgar Jamisse, Elisa López-Varela, Aina Casellas, John J. Aponte, Quique Bassat, Betuel Sigauque, Eusebio Macete and Alberto L. Garcia-Basteiro

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2018 18:56

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Whilst the burden of non-communicable diseases is increasing in developing countries, little data is available on blood pressure among Tanzanian children. This study aimed at determining the blood pressure pro...

    Authors: Alfa J. Muhihi, Marina A. Njelekela, Rose N. M. Mpembeni, Bikolimana G. Muhihi, Amani Anaeli, Omary Chillo, Sulende Kubhoja, Benjamin Lujani, Mwanamkuu Maghembe and Davis Ngarashi

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2018 18:54

    Content type: Research article

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  23. The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends rapid intravenous rehydration, using fluid volumes of 70-100mls/kg over 3–6 h, with some of the initial volume given rapidly as initial fluid boluses to treat hyp...

    Authors: M. A. Iro, T. Sell, N. Brown and K. Maitland

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2018 18:44

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Rapid economic and cultural transition in the United Arab Emirates has been accompanied by a rise in chronic disease. Early childhood is known to affect health outcomes in adulthood. This prospective longitudi...

    Authors: Hazel Gardner, Katherine Green, Andrew S. Gardner and Donna Geddes

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2018 18:32

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Road traffic injuries (RTIs) commonly affect the younger population in low- and-middle-income countries. School children may be educated about road safety using storybooks with colorful pictures, which tends t...

    Authors: Haris Ahmad, Rubaba Naeem, Asher Feroze, Nukhba Zia, Amarah Shakoor, Uzma Rahim Khan and Asad Iqbal Mian

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2018 18:31

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Earthquakes impact child health in many ways. Diseases occurring immediately following an earthquake have been studied in field based hospitals but studies on the inpatient disease pattern among children witho...

    Authors: Bishnu Rath Giri, Ram Hari Chapagain, Samana Sharma, Sandeep Shrestha, Sunita Ghimire and P. Ravi Shankar

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2018 18:28

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Sustained investments in Rwanda’s health system have led to historic reductions in under five (U5) mortality. Although Rwanda achieved an estimated 68% decrease in the national under U5 mortality rate between ...

    Authors: Cheryl L. Amoroso, Marie Paul Nisingizwe, Dominique Rouleau, Dana R. Thomson, Daniel M. Kagabo, Tatien Bucyana, Peter Drobac and Fidele Ngabo

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2018 18:27

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Low birthweight is associated with increased infant morbidity, poorer developmental outcomes and risk of adult disease and its prevention remains a public health priority. South Asian children are more likely ...

    Authors: Jane West, Brian Kelly, Paul J. Collings, Gillian Santorelli, Dan Mason and John Wright

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2018 18:22

    Content type: Research article

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  29. We evaluated the effectiveness of different recruitment strategies used in a study aimed at eliminating/reducing second-hand smoke (SHS) exposure in Dutch children 0–13 years of age with a high risk of asthma.

    Authors: Sasha G. Hutchinson, Constant P. van Schayck, Jean W. M. Muris, Frans J. M. Feron and Edward Dompeling

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2018 18:19

    Content type: Research article

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  30. By 2020, the child population is projected to have more racial and ethnic minorities make up the majority of the populations and health care organizations will need to have a system in place that collects accu...

    Authors: Aswita Tan-McGrory, Caroline Bennett-AbuAyyash, Stephanie Gee, Kirk Dabney, John D. Cowden, Laura Williams, Sarah Rafton, Arie Nettles, Sonia Pagura, Laurens Holmes, Jane Goleman, LaVone Caldwell, James Page, Patricia Oceanic, Erika J. McMullen, Adriana Lopera…

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2018 18:18

    Content type: Research article

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  31. The majority of primary care physicians support integration of children’s oral health promotion and disease prevention into their practices but can experience challenges integrating oral health services into t...

    Authors: Christopher M. Shea, Kea Turner, B. Alex White, Ye Zhu and R. Gary Rozier

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2018 18:5

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Without improving the survival of newborns, meaningful reduction in under-five mortality is difficult. Most neonatal deaths are preventable when appropriate and timely care is sought. In Ethiopia, there is lac...

    Authors: Tariku Nigatu Bogale, Abebaw Gebeyehu Worku, Gashaw Andargie Bikis and Zemene Tigabu Kebede

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:216

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Children and adolescents dying from complex chronic conditions require paediatric palliative care. One aim of palliative care is to enable a home death if desired and well supported. However, there is little d...

    Authors: Ana Forjaz de Lacerda and Barbara Gomes

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:215

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Infant morbidity and mortality rates remain high in Indonesia, with acute respiratory illnesses (ARI) and diarrhea the leading two health problems in children under 5 years. We aimed to describe the nutritiona...

    Authors: V. Oktaria, K. J. Lee, J. E. Bines, E. Watts, C. D. Satria, J. Atthobari, H. Nirwati, C. D. Kirkwood, Y. Soenarto and M. H. Danchin

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:211

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Stunting continues to be a major public health problem in developing countries. It is one of the most important risk factors for morbidity and mortality during childhood. In Palestine, it is another health pro...

    Authors: Rima Rafiq El Kishawi, Kah Leng Soo, Yehia Awad Abed and Wan Abdul Manan Wan Muda

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:210

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Human Papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination coverage is below national goals in the United States. Research is needed to inform strategically designed interventions that target sociodemographic groups with underuti...

    Authors: Echo L. Warner, Qian Ding, Lisa M. Pappas, Kevin Henry and Deanna Kepka

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:200

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Epidemiological data on childhood disability are lacking in Low and Middle Income countries (LMICs) such as Malawi, hampering effective service planning and advocacy. The Key Informant Method (KIM) is an innov...

    Authors: Myroslava Tataryn, Sarah Polack, Linda Chokotho, Wakisa Mulwafu, Petros Kayange, Lena Morgon Banks, Christiane Noe, Chris Lavy and Hannah Kuper

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:198

    Content type: Research article

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    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Pediatrics 2018 18:92

  38. Vaccination is used worldwide to prevent infectious diseases. However, vaccination programmes in western countries face challenges in sustaining high coverage rates. The aim of this study was to explore how pa...

    Authors: Gitte Thybo Pihl, Helle Johannessen, Jette Ammentorp, Jane Schmidt Jensen and Poul-Erik Kofoed

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:194

    Content type: Research article

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  39. As care for preterm and low birth weight (LBW) infants improves in resource-limited settings, more infants are surviving the neonatal period. Preterm and (LBW) infants are at high-risk of nutritional and medic...

    Authors: Catherine M. Kirk, Jean Claude Uwamungu, Kim Wilson, Bethany L. Hedt-Gauthier, Neo Tapela, Peter Niyigena, Christian Rusangwa, Merab Nyishime, Evrard Nahimana, Fulgence Nkikabahizi, Christine Mutaganzwa, Eric Ngabireyimana, Francis Mutabazi and Hema Magge

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:191

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Scaling up neonatal care facilities in developing countries can improve survival of newborns. Recently, the only tertiary neonatal care facility in Suriname transitioned to a modern environment in which interv...

    Authors: Rens Zonneveld, Natanael Holband, Anna Bertolini, Francesca Bardi, Neirude P. A. Lissone, Peter H. Dijk, Frans B. Plötz and Amadu Juliana

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:189

    Content type: Research article

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  41. The influence of socio-economic determinants on choice of infant male circumcision provider is not known in areas with high population coverage such as rural Africa. The overall aim of this study was to determ...

    Authors: Thomas Gyan, Kimberley McAuley, Natalie Strobel, Sam Newton, Seth Owusu-Agyei and Karen Edmond

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:185

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Studies conducted mainly in high-income countries have shown that preterm births are associated with increased risk of behavioral problems and psychiatric disorders. The aim of this study was to assess the pre...

    Authors: Iná S. Santos, Fernando C. Barros, Tiago Munhoz and Alicia Matijasevich

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:184

    Content type: Research article

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  43. The extensive vaccination programme against swine flu resulted in an increased incidence of narcolepsy among children and adolescents. There is a need to explore if these young persons’ experiences have affect...

    Authors: Karin Blomberg, Agneta Anderzén Carlsson, Lars Hagberg, Östen Jonsson, Lena Leissner and Mats H. Eriksson

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:183

    Content type: Study protocol

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  44. Burundi is one of the poorest countries and is among the four countries with the highest prevalence of stunting (58%) among children aged less than 5 years. This situation undermines the economic growth of the...

    Authors: Sandra Nkurunziza, Bruno Meessen, Jean-Pierre Van geertruyden and Catherine Korachais

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:176

    Content type: Research article

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