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Global and public health and healthcare

Section edited by Shally Awasthi and Anne Lee

This section considers studies of healthcare policy, healthcare provision, and pediatric morbidity and mortality in developing nations.

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  1. Every year, nearly one million deaths occur due to suboptimal breastfeeding. If universally practiced, exclusive breastfeeding alone prevents 11.6% of all under 5 deaths. Among strategies to improve exclusive ...

    Authors: Archana Patel, Priyanka Kuhite, Amrita Puranik, Samreen Sadaf Khan, Jitesh Borkar and Leena Dhande

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2018 18:337

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Physical activity (PA) is associated with reduced hospitalisations and maintenance of lung function in patients with Cystic Fibrosis (CF). PA is therefore recommended as part of standard care. Despite this, th...

    Authors: James Shelley, Stuart J Fairclough, Zoe R Knowles, Kevin W Southern, Pamela McCormack, Ellen A Dawson, Lee E F Graves and Claire Hanlon

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2018 18:335

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Childhood obesity continues to be a significant public health issue worldwide. Recent national studies in Spain show a stable picture. However, prevalence and trends differ by socio-economic status, age, and r...

    Authors: José-Juan Sánchez-Cruz, I de Ruiter, J J Jiménez-Moleón, Ll García and Maria-Jose Sánchez

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2018 18:322

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Medication administration error is a medication error that occurs while administering a medication to a patient. A variety of factors make pediatrics more susceptible to medication errors and its consequences....

    Authors: Zeray Baraki, Mebrahtu Abay, Lidiya Tsegay, Hadgu Gerensea, Awoke Kebede and Hafte Teklay

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2018 18:321

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Children and adolescents still lag behind adults in accessing antiretroviral therapy (ART), which is largely due to their limited access to HIV testing services. This study compares the acceptability, feasibil...

    Authors: Habakkuk Azinyui Yumo, Christopher Kuaban, Rogers Awoh Ajeh, Akindeh Mbuh Nji, Denis Nash, Anastos Kathryn, Marcus Beissner and Thomas Loescher

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2018 18:309

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Exposure to air pollutants has been related to preterm birth, but little evidence can be available for PM2.5, O3 and CO in China. This study aimed to investigate the short-term effect of exposure to air pollutant...

    Authors: Wen-Yuan Liu, Zhe-Bin Yu, Hai-Yan Qiu, Jian-Bing Wang, Xue-Yu Chen and Kun Chen

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2018 18:305

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Although breastfeeding duration in New Zealand’s indigenous Māori is shorter than in non-Māori, we know little about barriers or motivators of breastfeeding in this community. The aim of this analysis was to i...

    Authors: Kathy M. Manhire, Sheila M. Williams, David Tipene-Leach, Sally A. Baddock, Sally Abel, Angeline Tangiora, Raymond Jones and Barry J. Taylor

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2018 18:299

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Economically disadvantaged families receive care in both clinical and community settings, but this care is rarely coordinated and can result in conflicting educational messaging. WEE Baby Care is a pragmatic r...

    Authors: Jennifer S. Savage, Samantha M. R. Kling, Adam Cook, Lindsey Hess, Shawnee Lutcher, Michele Marini, Jacob Mowery, Shannon Hayward, Sandra Hassink, Jennifer Franceschelli Hosterman, Ian M. Paul, Chris Seiler and Lisa Bailey-Davis

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2018 18:293

    Content type: Study protocol

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  9. Globally, neonatal mortality accounts for nearly half of under-five mortality, and intrapartum related events are a leading cause. Despite the rise in neonatal resuscitation (NR) training programs in low- and ...

    Authors: Brennan Vail, Melissa C. Morgan, Hilary Spindler, Amelia Christmas, Susanna R. Cohen and Dilys M. Walker

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2018 18:291

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Community Acquired Pneumonia (CAP) is the leading cause of childhood morbidity and mortality worldwide including India. Many of these deaths can be averted by creating awareness in community about early sympto...

    Authors: Shally Awasthi, Tuhina Verma, Monica Agarwal and Chandra Mani Pandey

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2018 18:279

    Content type: Study protocol

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  11. Care of children living with HIV comprises various issues, some considered challenging. One of the challenging areas is the serostatus disclosure to HIV-positive children. This study describes the current situ...

    Authors: Shinya Tsuzuki, Naoko Ishikawa, Hideki Miyamoto, Christopher Dube, Nangana Kayama, Janet Watala and Albert Mwango

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2018 18:272

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Ethiopia has made significant progress in reducing child mortality but newborn mortality has stagnated at around 29 deaths per 1000 births. The Maternal Health in Ethiopia Partnership (MaNHEP) was a 3.5-year i...

    Authors: Y. Amare, S. Paul and L. M. Sibley

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2018 18:265

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Childhood obesity is one of the most challenging public health issues of twenty-first century. While we know that there is an increase in prevalence of childhood and adolescence obesity, incidence studies must...

    Authors: Maryam Barzin, Shayan Aryannezhad, Sara Serahati, Akram Beikyazdi, Fereidoun Azizi, Majid Valizadeh, Maryam Ziadlou and Farhad Hosseinpanah

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2018 18:245

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Pediatric non-adherence to antiretroviral therapy (ART), loss to follow-up, and HIV drug resistance (HIVDR) are challenges to achieving UNAIDS’ targets of 90% of those diagnosed HIV-positive receiving treatmen...

    Authors: Nanlesta A. Pilgrim, Jerry Okal, James Matheka, Irene Mukui and Samuel Kalibala

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2018 18:243

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Acute respiratory tract infections contribute significantly to morbidity and mortality among young children in resource-poor countries. However, studies on the viral aetiology of acute respiratory infections, ...

    Authors: Temitayo Famoroti, Wilbert Sibanda and Thumbi Ndung’u

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2018 18:240

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Children initially hospitalized with severe anaemia in Africa are at high risk of readmission or death within 6 months after discharge. No intervention strategy specifically protects children during the post-d...

    Authors: Thandile Gondwe, Bjarne Robberstad, Mavuto Mukaka, Siri Lange, Bjørn Blomberg and Kamija Phiri

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2018 18:238

    Content type: Study protocol

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  17. It was unclear how and to what extent the “Child Care” intervention (CCI) in rural Primary Health Care Program affected the prevalence of childhood diarrhea in rural western China.

    Authors: Wenlong Gao, Guirong Li, Xiaoning Liu and Hong Yan

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2018 18:228

    Content type: Research article

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  18. HIV infection in a family may affect optimum child development. Our hypothesis is that child development outcomes among HIV-exposed infants will be improved through a complex early childhood stimulation (ECS) ...

    Authors: R. Chingono, H. Mebrahtu, Z. Mupambireyi, V. Simms, H. A. Weiss, P. Ndlovu, F. Charasika, M. Tomlinson, L.D. Cluver, F. M. Cowan and L. Sherr

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2018 18:222

    Content type: Study protocol

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  19. Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is complicated disease and increasing worldwide. Previously, many studies of NALFD prevalences have used alanine aminotransferase (ALT) of > 40 U/L to define NAFLD, al...

    Authors: Yunkoo Kang, Sowon Park, Seung Kim and Hong Koh

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2018 18:215

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Whilst hypocalcemic complications from vitamin D deficiency are considered rare in high-income countries, they are highly prevalent among Black, Asian and Minority Ethnic (BAME) group with darker skin. To date...

    Authors: Suma Uday, Nadja Fratzl-Zelman, Paul Roschger, Klaus Klaushofer, Ashish Chikermane, Vrinda Saraff, Ted Tulchinsky, Tom D. Thacher, Tamas Marton and Wolfgang Högler

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2018 18:183

    Content type: Case report

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  21. Measuring adolescents’ preferences for health states can play an important role in evaluating the delivery of pediatric healthcare. However, formal evaluation of the common direct preference elicitation method...

    Authors: R. Trafford Crump, Ryan Lau, Elizabeth Cox, Gillian Currie and Julie Panepinto

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2018 18:199

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Preterm birth leads to multiple morbidities affecting the health of a child. Lack of information on the health impact of prematurity hinders the possibility of any effective public health interventions in this...

    Authors: Hemali Jayakody, Upul Senarath and Deepika Attygalle

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2018 18:193

    Content type: Research article

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  23. In 2008, the prevalence of overweight and obesity among children in Bonaire was twice as high as the prevalence in northern Europe but comparable to that of other Caribbean islands and the United States. The a...

    Authors: Joana Kist-van Holthe, Tirza Blom, Laura Melchers, Alcira Janga-Jansen, Tahirih van Kanten, Marian Luinstra-Passchier, Teatske Altenburg, Remy HiraSing and Mai Chinapaw

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2018 18:168

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Food allergy affects up to 8% of children in the U.S. There is minimal research to date on food allergy policies that are currently in place in schools and the opinions of parents of children with food allergy...

    Authors: S. Shahzad Mustafa, Anne F. Russell, Olga Kagan, Lauren M. Kao, Diane V. Houdek, Bridget M. Smith, Julie Wang and Ruchi S. Gupta

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2018 18:164

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Opioid dependence is a major health concern across the world and does also occur in adolescents. While opioid substitution treatment (OST) has been thoroughly evaluated in adult populations, very few studies h...

    Authors: Bobby P. Smyth, Khalifa Elmusharaf and Walter Cullen

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2018 18:151

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Although antenatal iron supplementation is beneficial to mothers, its impact on the neurodevelopment of offspring is controversial. A systematic review and meta-analysis was undertaken to assess whether routin...

    Authors: C. Jayasinghe, R. Polson, H. C. van Woerden and P. Wilson

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2018 18:150

    Content type: Research article

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  27. The Essential Medicines List for Children (EMLc) was developed by the World Health Organization (WHO) to assist member countries to achieve Millennium Development Goals (MDG). The Government of Mongolia has ad...

    Authors: Gereltuya Dorj, Bruce Sunderland, Tsetsegmaa Sanjjav, Gantuya Dorj and Byambatsogt Gendenragchaa

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2018 18:149

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Minor Recurrent Aphthous Stomatitis (RAS) represents a disease which is very difficult to prevent. This case-control study focused on possible associations between minor Recurrent Aphthous Stomatitis in childr...

    Authors: S. Tecco, S. Sciara, G. Pantaleo, A. Nota, A. Visone, S. Germani, E. Polizzi and E. F. Gherlone

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2018 18:136

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Proopiomelanocortin (POMC), melanocortin 4 receptor (MC4R), and hepatocyte nuclear factor 4 alpha (HNF4A) are closely associated with weight gain and metabolic traits. In a previous study, we demonstrated asso...

    Authors: Eun Jin Kwon, Young-Ah You, Bohyun Park, Eun Hee Ha, Hae Soon Kim, Hyesook Park and Young Ju Kim

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2018 18:121

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Developing age-appropriate medications remains a challenge in particular for the population of infants and toddlers, as they are not able to reliably self-report if they would accept and consequently take an o...

    Authors: Joern Blume, Ana Lorena Ruano, Siri Wang, Debra J. Jackson, Thorkild Tylleskär and Liv Inger Strand

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2018 18:117

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Rotavirus is the leading cause of severe diarrhea in young children and infants worldwide, representing a heavy public health burden. Limited information is available regarding the impact of rotavirus gastroen...

    Authors: Gunta Laizane, Anda Kivite, Inese Stars, Marita Cikovska, Ilze Grope and Dace Gardovska

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2018 18:114

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Mandatory newborn screening for metabolic disorders has not been implemented in most parts of China. Newborn mortality and morbidity could be markedly reduced by early diagnosis and treatment of inborn errors ...

    Authors: Chi-Ju Yang, Na Wei, Ming Li, Kun Xie, Jian-Qiu Li, Cheng-Gang Huang, Yong-Sheng Xiao, Wen-Hua Liu and Xi-Gui Chen

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2018 18:110

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Dengue fever is a re-emerging viral disease commonly occurring in tropical and subtropical areas. The clinical features and abnormal laboratory test results of dengue infection are similar to those of other fe...

    Authors: Khansoudaphone Phakhounthong, Pimwadee Chaovalit, Podjanee Jittamala, Stuart D. Blacksell, Michael J. Carter, Paul Turner, Kheng Chheng, Soeung Sona, Varun Kumar, Nicholas P. J. Day, Lisa J. White and Wirichada Pan-ngum

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2018 18:109

    Content type: Technical advance

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  34. Iron deficiency (ID) is the most common micronutrient deficiency worldwide, with potentially severe consequences on child neurodevelopment. Though exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) is recommended for 6 months, bre...

    Authors: Rachel M. Burke, Paulina A. Rebolledo, Anna M. Aceituno, Rita Revollo, Volga Iñiguez, Mitchel Klein, Carolyn Drews-Botsch, Juan S. Leon and Parminder S. Suchdev

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2018 18:107

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Low birth weight (LBW) remains a leading global cause of childhood morbidity and mortality. This study leverages a large national survey to determine current prevalence and socioeconomic, demographic and heath...

    Authors: Jahidur Rahman Khan, Md. Mazharul Islam, Nabil Awan and Olav Muurlink

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2018 18:100

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Maintaining and building healthy bones during the lifetime requires a complicated interaction between a number of physiological and lifestyle factors. Our goal of this study was to analyze the association betw...

    Authors: Marco Cossio-Bolaños, Cynthia Lee-Andruske, Miguel de Arruda, Cristian Luarte-Rocha, Alejandro Almonacid-Fierro and Rossana Gómez-Campos

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2018 18:96

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Death audits have been used to describe pediatric mortality in under-resourced settings, where record keeping is often a challenge. This information provides the cornerstone for the foundation of quality impro...

    Authors: Elizabeth Fitzgerald, Rachel Mlotha-Mitole, Emily J. Ciccone, Alyssa E. Tilly, Jennie M. Montijo, Hans-Joerg Lang and Michelle Eckerle

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2018 18:75

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Children with chronic health conditions have better health-related outcomes when their care is managed in a personalised and coordinated way. However, increased demand on Australian ambulatory care hospital se...

    Authors: Thuy Thanh Frakking, John Waugh, Hsien-Jin Teoh, Doug Shelton, Susan Moloney, Donna Ward, Michael David, Matthew Barber, Hannah Carter, Sharon Mickan and Kelly Weir

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2018 18:72

    Content type: Study protocol

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  39. Evidence of 24-months survival in the frame of prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) cascade-care is scare from routine programs in sub-Saharan African (SSA) settings. Specifically, data on infant...

    Authors: Anne Esther Njom Nlend, Annie Carole Nga Motaze, Arsene Sandie and Joseph Fokam

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2018 18:69

    Content type: Research article

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  40. In Africa, a high proportion of children are at risk for developmental delay. Early interventions are known to improve outcomes, but they are not routinely available. The Rwandan Ministry of Health with Partne...

    Authors: Scheilla Bayitondere, Francois Biziyaremye, Catherine M. Kirk, Hema Magge, Katrina Hann, Kim Wilson, Christine Mutaganzwa, Eric Ngabireyimana, Fulgence Nkikabahizi, Evelyne Shema, David B. Tugizimana and Ann C. Miller

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2018 18:65

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Whilst the burden of non-communicable diseases is increasing in developing countries, little data is available on blood pressure among Tanzanian children. This study aimed at determining the blood pressure pro...

    Authors: Alfa J. Muhihi, Marina A. Njelekela, Rose N. M. Mpembeni, Bikolimana G. Muhihi, Amani Anaeli, Omary Chillo, Sulende Kubhoja, Benjamin Lujani, Mwanamkuu Maghembe and Davis Ngarashi

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2018 18:54

    Content type: Research article

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