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Global and public health and healthcare

Section edited by Shally Awasthi and Anne Lee

This section considers studies of healthcare policy, healthcare provision, and pediatric morbidity and mortality in developing nations.

Page 3 of 9

  1. Off-label drug use is widespread in pediatric drug treatment, and the implementation of guidelines on this topic remains challenging. The objective of this study was to evaluate current practice and awareness ...

    Authors: Mei Mei, Hong Xu, Libo Wang, Guoying Huang, Yonghao Gui and Xiaobo Zhang

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:281

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Growth and early development (ECD) are vital outcomes for children. This study aimed to examine the association between child growth and overall development in children aged 3 to 5 years in low- and middle-inc...

    Authors: Thach Duc Tran, Sara Holton, Hau Nguyen and Jane Fisher

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:276

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Oral diseases, such as dental caries, tooth wear, dental erosion and periodontal diseases are major health problems in many societies. The study aim was to explore the association between oral health related b...

    Authors: Lutango D. Simangwa, Anne N. Åstrøm, Anders Johansson, Irene K. Minja and Ann-Katrin Johansson

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:275

    Content type: Research article

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  4. High-risk patients in the pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) contribute substantially to PICU-mortality. Complex chronic conditions (CCCs) are associated with death. However, it is unknown whether CCCs also ...

    Authors: Carin W. Verlaat, Nina Wubben, Idse H. Visser, Jan A. Hazelzet, Johannes van der Hoeven, Joris Lemson and Mark van den Boogaard

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:274

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Research suggests that physical activity (PA) enhances cognitive performance and prevents stress-related impairments of higher order cognitive functions like working memory (WM) performance. The aim of the cur...

    Authors: Kathrin Wunsch, Maria Meier, Lea Ueberholz, Jana Strahler and Nadine Kasten

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:271

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Infants infected during pregnancy or while breastfeeding requires early HIV diagnosis at 6 weeks after birth to identify HIV infection and timely treatment. The objective of this work was to determine the prev...

    Authors: Mulu Lemlem Desta, Muthupandian Saravanan, Haftamu Hilekiros, Atsebaha Gebrekidan Kahsay, Nesredin Futwi Mohamed, Alefech Addisu Gezahegn and Bruno S. Lopes

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:257

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Although child mortality has decreased over the last several decades, neonatal mortality has declined less substantially. In South Asia, neonatal deaths account for the majority of all under-five deaths, calli...

    Authors: Lindsay Mallick, Jennifer Yourkavitch and Courtney Allen

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:248

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Environmental Enteropathy (EE), characterized by alterations in intestinal structure, function, and immune activation, is believed to be an important contributor to childhood undernutrition and its associated ...

    Authors: Najeeha T. Iqbal, Sana Syed, Kamran Sadiq, Marium N. Khan, Junaid Iqbal, Jennie Z. Ma, Fayaz Umrani, Sheraz Ahmed, Elizabeth A. Maier, Lee A. Denson, Yael Haberman, Monica M. McNeal, Kenneth D. R. Setchell, Xueheng Zhao, Shahida Qureshi, Lanlan Shen…

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:247

    Content type: Study protocol

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  9. Appropriate interpretation of a positive celiac antibody test by an ordering physician is important in order to institute proper management. We evaluated why children with an initial positive celiac serology w...

    Authors: Kathryn Potter, Lawrence de Koning, J. Decker Butzner and Dominica Gidrewicz

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:243

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Few prospective birth cohort studies are available on the effects of prenatal and early-life exposures on food allergy and eczema among Chinese children. The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of ...

    Authors: Xiao Gao, Yan Yan, Guangyu Zeng, Tingting Sha, Shiping Liu, Qiong He, Cheng Chen, Ling Li, Shiting Xiang, Hongyan Li, Shan Tan and Qiang Yan

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:239

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Unintentional child poisoning represents a significant public health problem across the globe, placing a substantial burden on health services emergency departments. Around the world, every year, thousands of ...

    Authors: Delba Fonseca Santos, Marysabel Pinto Telis Silveira, Aline Lins Camargo, Alicia Matijasevich, Iná Silva Santos, Aluísio J. D. Barros and Andréa Dâmaso Bertoldi

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:235

    Content type: Research article

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  12. The prevalence of pediatric allergic diseases has increased rapidly in the United States over the past few decades. Recent studies suggest an association between the increase in allergic disease and early dist...

    Authors: Jeffrey Ni, Hannah Friedman, Bridget C. Boyd, Andrew McGurn, Piotr Babinski, Talar Markossian and Lara R. Dugas

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:225

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Seeking healthcare in children is unique since parents decide upon the type and frequency of healthcare services accessed. Mothers/caregivers lower healthcare seeking behavior is one of the major reason for in...

    Authors: Nebiat Teshager Abegaz, Hailemariam Berhe and Gebremedhin Beedemariam Gebretekle

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:220

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Familial hypercholesterolemia (FH), the most frequent monogenetic hereditary disorder, is underdiagnosed and undertreated. Early identification of FH is essential because of the increased risk for premature ca...

    Authors: Alexandra Kreissl, Nina Walleczek, Pinky Rose Espina, Ulrike Hallwirth and Susanne Greber-Platzer

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:208

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Childhood vaccinations have been shown to be effective in protecting children against vaccine-preventable diseases. The systematic investigation of the causes of incomplete immunization is critical for the ful...

    Authors: Alemayehu Gonie Mekonnen, Alebachew Demelash Bayleyegn and Esubalew Tesfahun Ayele

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:198

    Content type: Research article

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  16. The short-term effects of particulate matter (PM) exposure on childhood asthma exacerbation and disease control rate is not thoroughly assessed in Chinese population yet. The previous toxic effects of PM expos...

    Authors: Jinzhun Wu, Taoling Zhong, Yu Zhu, Dandan Ge, Xiaoliang Lin and Qiyuan Li

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:194

    Content type: Research article

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  17. In response to multiple United Kingdom investigations and inquiries into the care of adults with learning disabilities, Mencap produced the Getting it Right Charter which campaigned for the appointment of a Le...

    Authors: Kate Oulton, Jo Wray, Angela Hassiotis, Charlotte Kenten, Jessica Russell, Irene Tuffrey-Wijne, Mark Whiting and Faith Gibson

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:192

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Despite the fact that several scabies outbreaks emerged in schools in Saudi Arabia in 2018, no study has investigated the risk of scabies recurrence among children in Saudi Arabia. This study aimed to estimate...

    Authors: Anwar E. Ahmed, Hoda Jradi, Doaa A. AlBuraikan, Bashayr I. ALMuqbil, Monirah A. Albaijan, Ali M. Al-Shehri and Hamdan AL-Jahdali

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:187

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Stunting in developing countries continues to be a major public health problem. Measuring head circumference (HC) during clinical anthropometric assessment can help predict stunting. The aim of this study was ...

    Authors: Kulandaipalayam Natarajan Sindhu, Prashanth Ramamurthy, Karthikeyan Ramanujam, Ankita Henry, Joseph Dian Bondu, Sushil Mathew John, Sudhir Babji, Beena Koshy, Anuradha Bose, Gagandeep Kang and Venkata Raghava Mohan

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:182

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Dog bite injuries are an ongoing concern in pediatrics. The majority of these occur in low- and middle-income countries where resources, especially subspecialty support services, are limited. Scrotal bites are...

    Authors: Edwin S. Palmer, Phitsavanh Saysamoneyeu, Jennifer M. Siu, Annkham Thammaseng and Indi Trehan

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:169

    Content type: Case report

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  21. 2500 g has been used worldwide as the definition of low birthweight (LBW) for almost a century. While previous studies have used statistical approaches to define LBW cutoffs, a LBW definition using an outcome-...

    Authors: Malinee Laopaiboon, Pisake Lumbiganon, Siwanon Rattanakanokchai, Warut Chaiwong, João Paulo Souza, Joshua P. Vogel, Rintaro Mori and Ahmet Metin Gülmezoglu

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:166

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Non-supine infant sleep position is an important modifiable risk factor for sudden unexpected death in infancy. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of supine sleep position and associated factor...

    Authors: Bruna Gonçalves C. da Silva, Mariângela Freitas da Silveira, Paula Duarte de Oliveira, Marlos Rodrigues Domingues, Nelson Arns Neumann, Fernando C. Barros and Andréa Dâmaso Bertoldi

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:165

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Chronic suppurative otitis media (CSOM) causes preventable deafness and disproportionately affects children living in poverty. Our hypothesis was that health promotion in women’s groups would increase their kn...

    Authors: Susan Clarke, Robyn Richmond, Heather Worth, Rajendra Wagle and Andrew Hayen

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:163

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Unsettled infant behaviours are a common concern for parents internationally, and have been associated with maternal stress, reduced parenting confidence, and postnatal mental health problems among parents. Li...

    Authors: Linda Murray, Thach Tran, Vo Van Thang, Nicole McDonald, Sean Beggs and Jane Fisher

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:160

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Sedentary behaviour has become a growing public health concern. Currently, it is a common belief that screen time (SCT) is a key factor in high overall sedentary time (ST) and is often used as a primary outcom...

    Authors: Belinda Hoffmann, Susanne Kobel, Olivia Wartha, Sarah Kettner, Jens Dreyhaupt and Jürgen M. Steinacker

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:154

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Childhood unintentional injuries (UI) are common but continue to happen more often to children living in less advantaged socioeconomic circumstances (SEC). Our aim was to explore how early life factors mediate...

    Authors: M. Campbell, E. T. C. Lai, A. Pearce, E. Orton, D. Kendrick, S. Wickham and D. C. Taylor-Robinson

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:150

    Content type: Research article

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  27. It is still unclear if and at which trimester gestational weight gain is related to childhood adiposity. Thus we aimed to evaluate the association between trimester-specific gestational weight gain and body-fa...

    Authors: Wenyi Lu, Xi Zhang, Jiang Wu, Xiaomeng Mao, Xiuhua Shen, Qian Chen, Jun Zhang, Lisu Huang and Qingya Tang

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:139

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Transient elastography (TE) using FibroScan with M probe has been widely used in adults for controlled attenuation parameter (CAP) and liver stiffness measurement (LSM). In this study, we aimed to assess the f...

    Authors: Jing Zeng, Xi Zhang, Chao Sun, Qin Pan, Wen-Yi Lu, Qian Chen, Li-Su Huang and Jian-Gao Fan

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:129

    Content type: Research article

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  29. While ICF-CY-based models of care are promising avenues for improving participation of children with chronic health conditions, feasible and valid instruments to assess participation as an outcome in routine a...

    Authors: Freia De Bock, Catherin Bosle, Christine Graef, Johannes Oepen, Heike Philippi and Michael S. Urschitz

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:125

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Small-for-gestational-age (SGA) is associated with increased neonatal mortality and morbidity. In low and middle income countries an accurate gestational age is often not known, making the identification of SG...

    Authors: Cecilie Bøge Paulsen, Birgitte Bruun Nielsen, Omari Abdul Msemo, Sofie Lykke Møller, Josephine Roth Ekmann, Thor Grundtvig Theander, Ib Christian Bygbjerg, John Peter Andrea Lusingu, Daniel Thomas Remias Minja and Christentze Schmiegelow

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:120

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Undernutrition is an important public health indicator for monitoring nutritional status and survival. In spite of its importance, undernutrition is a significant problem health problem in many East African co...

    Authors: Kingsley E. Agho, Blessing J. Akombi, Akhi J. Ferdous, Irene Mbugua and Joseph K. Kamara

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:118

    Content type: Research article

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  32. As survivorship care plan (SCP) use among childhood cancer survivors and their families has not been extensively researched, we report on their experiences with receiving an SCP after the completion of therapy.

    Authors: Samantha T. Pannier, Karely Mann, Echo L. Warner, Stephanie Rosen, Akanksha Acharya, Claire Hacking, Cheryl Gerdy, Jennifer Wright, Yelena P. Wu and Anne C. Kirchhoff

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:111

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Despite being preventable, anaemia is a major public health problem that affects a sizable number of children under-five years globally and in Tanzania. This study examined the maternal factors associated with...

    Authors: Olaide O. Ojoniyi, Clifford O. Odimegwu, Emmanuel O. Olamijuwon and Joshua O. Akinyemi

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:89

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Although dysmenorrhea is not a life-threatening condition, it can cause a substantial burden on individuals and communities. There is no data on the prevalence of dysmenorrhea in Kuwait. This study aimed to es...

    Authors: Sharefah Al-Matouq, Hessah Al-Mutairi, Ohood Al-Mutairi, Fatima Abdulaziz, Dana Al-Basri, Mona Al-Enzi and Abdullah Al-Taiar

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:80

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Although renin-angiotensin II-aldosterone system inhibitor (RASI) use for renal protection is well-documented, adherence to RASI therapy in the pediatric population is unclear. This study aimed to evaluate pat...

    Authors: Chien-Ning Hsu, Shiou-Huei Huang and You-Lin Tain

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:64

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Newborn resuscitation is a life-saving intervention for birth asphyxia, a leading cause of neonatal mortality. Improving provider newborn resuscitation skills is critical for delivering quality care, but the r...

    Authors: Mary Drake, Dunstan R. Bishanga, Akwila Temu, Mustafa Njozi, Erica Thomas, Victor Mponzi, Lauren Arlington, Georgina Msemo, Mary Azayo, Allan Kairuki, Amunga R. Meda, Kahabi G. Isangula and Brett D. Nelson

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:51

    Content type: Research article

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  37. A number of region-specific validated triage systems exist; however very little is known about their performance in resource limited settings. We compare the local triage tool and internationally validated too...

    Authors: Nafsa R. Marombwa, Hendry R. Sawe, Upendo George, Said S. Kilindimo, Nanyori J. Lucumay, Kilalo M. Mjema, Juma A. Mfinanga and Ellen J. Weber

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:44

    Content type: Research article

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  38. The use of mobile touch screen devices, e.g. smartphones and tablet computers, has become increasingly prevalent among adolescents. However, little is known about how adolescents use these devices and potentia...

    Authors: Siao Hui Toh, Erin K. Howie, Pieter Coenen and Leon M. Straker

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:30

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Many newborn infants die from preventable causes in South Africa, often these deaths occur in district hospitals. A multipronged intervention aiming to improve quality of newborn care in district hospitals was...

    Authors: C. Horwood, L. Haskins, S. Phakathi and N. McKerrow

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:29

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Measuring the health-related quality of life (HRQoL) of adolescents, including those with cerebral palsy (CP) (the major cause of childhood physical disability worldwide) in Bangladesh is pertinent although th...

    Authors: Rosalie Power, Rahena Akhter, Mohammad Muhit, Sabrina Wadud, Eamin Heanoy, Tasneem Karim, Nadia Badawi and Gulam Khandaker

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:19

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Adolescent communication with parents is paramount to reduce sexual health problems. Currently, there is a shortage of information on adolescent-parent communication in Ethiopia in general and study area in pa...

    Authors: Samuel Kusheta, Belay Bancha, Yitagesu Habtu, Degefa Helamo and Samuel Yohannes

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:9

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) vaccine is effective in reducing the burden of Hib related diseases, but little is known about factors influencing the uptake of Hib vaccine. This study aimed to assess the upt...

    Authors: Ya Yang, Yingjian Wang, Dongjian Yang, Shurong Dong, Yu Yang, Xu Zhu, Yue Chen, Yibiao Zhou and Qingwu Jiang

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:8

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Admissions of infants in England have increased substantially but there is little evidence whether this is across the first year or predominately in neonates; and for all or for specific causes. We aimed to ch...

    Authors: Eleanor Jones, Beck Taylor, Gavin Rudge, Christine MacArthur, Deepthi Jyothish, Doug Simkiss and Carole Cummins

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2018 18:390

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Research suggests that an immigrant paradox exists where those who were not born in the United States (1st generation) have significantly better health than those who were born in the U.S. (2nd generation or more...

    Authors: Anna E. Epperson, Jan L. Wallander, Marc N. Elliott and Mark A. Schuster

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2018 18:379

    Content type: Research article

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  45. Infectious diseases in children living in resource-limited settings are often presumptively managed on the basis of clinical signs and symptoms. Malaria is an exception. However, the interpretation of clinical...

    Authors: Francois Kiemde, Massa dit Achille Bonko, Marc Christian Tahita, Palpouguini Lompo, Halidou Tinto, Petra F. Mens, Henk D. F. H. Schallig and Michael Boele van Hensbroek

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2018 18:370

    Content type: Research article

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  46. Disclosure of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) to infected older children and adolescents is essential for both personal health maintenance and HIV prevention within the larger population. Non-disclosure of ...

    Authors: Anna Hayfron-Benjamin, Dorcas Obiri-Yeboah, Stephen Ayisi-Addo, Peter Mate Siakwa and Sylvia Mupepi

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2018 18:365

    Content type: Research article

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  47. Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (CPAP) is a form of non-invasive ventilatory support which is increasingly used in low- and middle-income countries to treat neonates with acute respiratory distress. Howeve...

    Authors: Juan Emmanuel Dewez, Harish Chellani, Sushma Nangia, Katrin Metsis, Helen Smith, Matthews Mathai and Nynke van den Broek

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2018 18:347

    Content type: Research article

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  48. Previous studies have found a relationship between cesarean section delivery and adverse outcomes in the offspring, partially attributing these findings to differential development of immunity in infants deliv...

    Authors: Tamala Gondwe, Kalpana Betha, G. N. Kusneniwar, Clareann H. Bunker, Gong Tang, Hyagriv Simhan, P. S. Reddy and Catherine L. Haggerty

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2018 18:346

    Content type: Research article

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