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Global and public health and healthcare

Section edited by Shally Awasthi and Anne Lee

This section considers studies of healthcare policy, healthcare provision, and pediatric morbidity and mortality in developing nations.

Page 2 of 9

  1. Bleeding as an adverse event following immunization (AEFI) that is rarely reported in children, although it can be a parental concern. Bleeding episodes ranging in severity from mild to severe and defined as a...

    Authors: Susi Susanah, Eddy Fadlyana, Meita Dhamayanti, Rodman Tarigan, Eko Fuji Ariyanto, Yunisa Pamela, Yuzar I. B. Ismoetoto, Rita Verita Sri, Monika Hasna and Kusnandi Rusmil

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:82

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Urinary tract infection is one of the most common infectious diseases in children, which can lead to serious complications for a child. The purpose of this study was to investigate the impact of Theory Planned...

    Authors: Zahra Ahmadi, Mohsen Shamsi, Nasrin Roozbahani and Rahmatollah Moradzadeh

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:79

    Content type: Research article

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  3. The number of children requiring long-term home ventilation has consistently increased over the last 25 years. Given the growing population of children with complex care needs (CCNs), this was an important are...

    Authors: Maria Brenner, Miriam P. O’Shea, Philip Larkin and Jay Berry

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:71

    Content type: Research article

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  4. A key priority for learning during the early years of school is for children to develop skills in numeracy and literacy. Consequently, less time may be allocated in the curriculum to foster other important dev...

    Authors: Kirstin Macdonald, Nikki Milne, Robin Orr and Rodney Pope

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:69

    Content type: Research article

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  5. The methodology currently used for nutritional assessment of populations classifies children according to four conditions: eutrophy, wasting, stunting, and overweight. However, children can be stunted and wast...

    Authors: Haroldo da Silva Ferreira

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:65

    Content type: Technical advance

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  6. The Infant Mortality Rate (IMR) in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) remains the highest relatively to the rest of the world. In the past decade, the policy on reducing infant mortality in SSA was reinforced and both i...

    Authors: Paul Gatabazi, Sileshi Fanta Melesse and Shaun Ramroop

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:62

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Intrapartum-related hypoxic events are a major cause of morbidity and mortality in low resource countries. Neonates who receive proper resuscitation may go on to live otherwise healthy lives. However, even whe...

    Authors: Ayman Ali, Jacob Nudel, Curtis R. Heberle, Data Santorino, Kristian R. Olson and Chin Hur

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:46

    Content type: Research article

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  8. The first 28 days of aliveness are the biggest challenge mentioned for the continuity of life for children. In Ethiopia, despite a significant reduction in under-five mortality during the last 15 years, neonat...

    Authors: Alaka Adiso Limaso, Mesay Hailu Dangisso and Desalegn Tsegaw Hibstu

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:33

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Weight is critical for the medical management of infants; however, scales can be unavailable or inaccessible in some practice settings. We recently developed and validated a robust infant weight estimation met...

    Authors: Susan M. Abdel-Rahman, Ian M. Paul, Paula Delmore, Jia-Yuh Chen, Mary Mills and Rachel G. Greenberg

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:30

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Globally, the incidence of sleep-related infant mortality declined dramatically following the first public health campaigns seen internationally in the 1990s to reduce the risks of sudden infant death. However...

    Authors: Roni Cole, Jeanine Young, Lauren Kearney and John M. D. Thompson

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:27

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Obesity has been longitudinally associated with depression but only few studies take a life course approach. This longitudinal study investigates whether being overweight or obese at age 8 and 13 years is asso...

    Authors: Deborah Gibson-Smith, Thorhallur I. Halldorsson, Mariska Bot, Ingeborg A. Brouwer, Marjolein Visser, Inga Thorsdottir, Bryndis E. Birgisdottir, Vilmundur Gudnason, Gudny Eiriksdottir, Lenore J. Launer, Tamara B. Harris and Ingibjorg Gunnarsdottir

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:25

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Although there is high prevalence of obesity and other cardiovascular risk factors among Latin American adolescents, there is limited evidence on dietary intake and physical activity (PA) patterns in this popu...

    Authors: Gerson Luis de Moraes Ferrari, Irina Kovalskys, Mauro Fisberg, Georgina Gomez, Attilio Rigotti, Lilia Yadira Cortés Sanabria, Martha Cecilia Yépez García, Rossina Gabriella Pareja Torres, Marianella Herrera-Cuenca, Ioná Zalcman Zimberg, Viviana Guajardo, Michael Pratt, Agatha Nogueira Previdelli, Shaun Scholes, Carlos A. Celis-Morales and Dirceu Solé

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:24

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Lactobacillus spp. play a major role in the development of dental caries. Although effective methods are known for the prevention and management of dental caries, its prevalence of dental caries is increasing amo...

    Authors: Dawit Ademe, Desalegn Admassu and Senthilkumar Balakrishnan

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:18

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Pain is a common experience in adolescence, with up to 44% of adolescents reporting chronic pain. For a significant minority, severe pain becomes an ongoing disabling problem. Treatment of adolescent chronic p...

    Authors: Abbie Jordan, Fiona M. Begen, Lisa Austin, Rhiannon T. Edwards and Hannah Connell

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:6

    Content type: Research article

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  15. A healthy migrant effect on birth outcomes has been reported, however, whether this protective effect persists throughout childhood is unknown. The effect of urbanicity on child health among an immigrant popul...

    Authors: Ya-Ting Chang, Huei-Shyong Wang, Jia-Rou Liu, Chi-Nan Tseng, I-Jun Chou, Shue-Fen Luo, Chang-Fu Kuo and Lai-Chu See

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:514

    Content type: Research article

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  16. For every newborn who dies within the first month, as many as eight more suffer life-threatening complications but survive (termed ‘neonatal near-misses’ (NNM)). However, there is no universally agreed-upon de...

    Authors: Ashura Bakari, April J. Bell, Samuel A. Oppong, Yemah Bockarie, Priscilla Wobil, Gyikua Plange-Rhule, Bamenla Q. Goka, Cyril M. Engmann, Richard M. Adanu and Cheryl A. Moyer

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:509

    Content type: Research article

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  17. The aim of this study was to determine whether physical activity volume and intensity in mid-childhood and early adolescence were associated with cardiometabolic risk factors at 13.5 years.

    Authors: Sarah H. Kehoe, Ghattu V. Krishnaveni, Sargoor Veena, Krishnarajasagara N. Kiran, Samuel C. Karat, Asha Dhubey, Patsy Coakley and Caroline H. D. Fall

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:503

    Content type: Research article

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  18. There is a high global burden of neonatal mortality, with many newborn babies dying of preventable and treatable conditions, particularly in low and middle-income countries. Improving quality of newborn care c...

    Authors: Christiane Horwood, Lyn Haskins, Silondile Luthuli and Neil McKerrow

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:496

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Childhood obesity is rising in developed and developing countries, while childhood underweight is rising mainly in developing countries. Childhood underweight has been shown to increase a child’s risk of rapid...

    Authors: Saad Al-Lahham, Nidal Jaradat, Mohammad Altamimi, Ola Anabtawi, Alma Irshid, Malik AlQub, Majdi Dwikat, Fouad Nafaa, Lama Badran, Rawan Mohareb, Reema Haji, Tareq Aqqad, Sadeq Jayyab, Budour Abu Ghosh, Rina Taher and Hamzeh Al Zabadi

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:483

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Dental problems are the most prevalent chronic disease worldwide, with up to half of all kindergarten children having tooth decay. However, there is a lack of evidence of whether unaddressed dental needs (UDNs...

    Authors: Magdalena Janus, Caroline Reid-Westoby, Catherine Lee, Marni Brownell and Jonathon L. Maguire

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:481

    Content type: Research article

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  21. We have recognized 15 children with jSLE and the antecedent of IgA vasculitis (HSP). This association is not broadly present in the literature.

    Authors: Chiharu Murata, Ana Luisa Rodríguez-Lozano, Hayde Guadalupe Hernández-Huirache, Miriam Martínez-Pérez, Laura Andrea Rincón-Arenas, Esmeralda Nancy Jiménez-Polvo, Francisco Eduardo Rivas-Larrauri and Cecilia Solís-Galicia

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:461

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Despite being associated with health outcomes like abdominal adiposity, depression, anxiety, and cardiovascular disease risk among youth, largely, clinicians still do not adopt physical fitness testing. A clar...

    Authors: Toyin Ajisafe

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:458

    Content type: Research article

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  23. The mental health and quality of life in children with asthma have attracted widespread attention. This study focused on the evaluation of mental health conditions and their clinical characteristics in Chinese...

    Authors: Hao Zhou, Zhihe Chen, Weiqing Zhao, Ye Liu and Yuxia Cui

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:454

    Content type: Research article

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  24. In Germany, all preschoolers undergo a school entry examination (SEE). While most children are sufficiently served with standardized developmental tests only, for a small group of otherwise underserved childre...

    Authors: Amand Führer, Andreas Wienke, Snezhina Wiermann, Christine Gröger and Daniel Tiller

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:448

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Endotracheal tube (ETT) placement is a critical procedure for newborns that are unable to breathe. Inadvertent esophageal intubation can lead to oxygen deprivation and consequent permanent neurological impairm...

    Authors: Hasan S. Merali, Mark O. Tessaro, Khushboo Q. Ali, Shaun K. Morris, Sajid B. Soofi and Shabina Ariff

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:434

    Content type: Study protocol

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  26. The prevalence of overweight and obesity (OWOB) has stabilized in some countries, but a portion of children with high body mass index (BMI) may have become heavier. This study aimed to describe the distributio...

    Authors: Asborg A. Bjertnaes, Jacob H. Grundt, Petur B. Juliusson, Trond J. Markestad, Tor A. Strand and Mads N. Holten-Andersen

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:431

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Lifestyle modifications represent the first line of treatment in obesity management; however, many adolescents with obesity do not meet lifestyle recommendations. Given that adolescents are rarely consulted du...

    Authors: M. Kebbe, A. Perez, A. Buchholz, T.-L. F. McHugh, S. D. Scott, C. Richard, M. P. Dyson and G. D. C. Ball

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:418

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Mexico occupies one of the first places worldwide in childhood obesity. Its Mestizo and Indigenous communities present different levels of westernization which have triggered different epidemiological diseases...

    Authors: Paula Costa-Urrutia, Rafael Álvarez-Fariña, Carolina Abud, Valentina Franco-Trecu, Julián Esparza-Romero, Cruz Mónica López-Morales, Martha Eunice Rodríguez-Arellano, Jaime Valle Leal, Valentina Colistro and Julio Granados

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:401

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Acute seizures are common in pediatric cerebral malaria (CM), but usual care with phenobarbital risks respiratory suppression. We undertook studies of enteral levetiracetam (eLVT) to evaluate pharmacokinetics ...

    Authors: Gretchen L. Birbeck, Susan T. Herman, Edmund V. Capparelli, Fraction K. Dzinjalamala, Samah G. Abdel Baki, Macpherson Mallewa, Neema M. Toto, Douglas G. Postels, Joseph C. Gardiner, Terrie E. Taylor and Karl B. Seydel

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:399

    Content type: Research article

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  30. More research is needed about the association between physical activity (PA), sedentary behaviour (SB), and adiposity in preschoolers, particularly using more direct clinical measures of adiposity. Therefore, ...

    Authors: Amar Arhab, Nadine Messerli-Bürgy, Tanja H. Kakebeeke, Kerstin Stülb, Annina Zysset, Claudia S. Leeger-Aschmann, Einat A. Schmutz, Andrea H. Meyer, Simone Munsch, Susi Kriemler, Oskar G. Jenni and Jardena J. Puder

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:397

    Content type: Research article

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  31. The Canadian Hospitals Injury Reporting Prevention Program (CHIRPP) is a sentinel surveillance program that collects and analyzes data on injuries and poisonings of people presenting to emergency departments (...

    Authors: Aimée Campeau, Lil Tonmyr, Erik Gulbransen, Martine Hébert, Steven McFaull and Robin Skinner

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:393

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Maintaining neonatal resuscitation skills among health workers in low resource settings will require continuous quality improvement efforts. We aimed to evaluate the effect of skill drills and feedback on neon...

    Authors: Rejina Gurung, Abhishek Gurung, Avinash K. Sunny, Omkar Basnet, Shree Krishna Shrestha, Øystein Herwig Gomo, Helge Myklebust, Sakina Girnary and Ashish KC

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:387

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Diarrhea and acute respiratory infection (ARI) are major causes of child mortality. We aimed to identify risk factors associated with diarrhea and ARI among children under 2 years of age in rural northern Bang...

    Authors: Md Barkat Ullah, Malay K. Mridha, Charles D. Arnold, Susana L. Matias, Md Showkat A. Khan, Zakia Siddiqui, Mokbul Hossain, Rina Rani Paul and Kathryn G. Dewey

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:386

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  34. Although women working in the informal economy are a large and vulnerable group, little is known about infant feeding and childcare practices among these women. The aim of this study was to explore childcare p...

    Authors: Christiane Horwood, Lyn Haskins, Laura Alfers, Zandile Masango-Muzindutsi, Richard Dobson and Nigel Rollins

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:382

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Children with sickle cell anemia (SCA) are highly susceptible to stroke and other manifestations of pediatric cerebral vasculopathy. Detailed evaluations in sub-Saharan Africa are limited.

    Authors: Nancy S. Green, Deogratias Munube, Paul Bangirana, Linda Rosset Buluma, Bridget Kebirungi, Robert Opoka, Ezekiel Mupere, Philip Kasirye, Sarah Kiguli, Annet Birabwa, Michael S. Kawooya, Samson K. Lubowa, Rogers Sekibira, Edwards Kayongo, Heather Hume, Mitchell Elkind…

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:381

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Acute Respiratory infection accounts for 94,037000 disability adjusted life years and 1.9 million deaths worldwide. Acute respiratory infections is the most common causes of under-five illness and mortality. T...

    Authors: Sielu Alemayehu, Kalayou Kidanu, Tensay Kahsay and Mekuria Kassa

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:380

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Research on outcomes associated with lifestyle interventions serving pediatric populations in urban settings, where a majority have severe obesity, is scarce. This study assessed whether participation in a lif...

    Authors: Nagla S. Bayoumi, Elizabeth Helzner, Aimee Afable, Michael A. Joseph and Sarita Dhuper

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:378

    Content type: Research article

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  38. To evaluate the early growth (weight and length) of HIV-exposed uninfected (HEU) children from the prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) program in Guangdong ...

    Authors: Bing Li, Liu-ying Tang, Zhi-qiang Wang, Shuang Gao, Yun-tao Wu, Hao-li Xu and Yuan-zhu Ma

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:374

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Adult opioid use and neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS) are growing public health problems in the United States (U.S.). Our objective was to determine how opioid use disorder treatment access impacts the relat...

    Authors: Elizabeth R. Wolf, Sebastian T. Tong, Roy T. Sabo, Steven H. Woolf, Kassie Abbinanti, James Pecsok and Alex H. Krist

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:371

    Content type: Research article

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  40. The nonmedical use of prescribed medicines among adolescents has increased significantly in recent years. Our study was designed to describe the prevalence of the nonmedical use of tranquilizers, sedatives, an...

    Authors: Pilar Carrasco-Garrido, Isabel Jiménez-Trujillo, Valentín Hernández-Barrera, Nazaret Alonso-Fernández, Soledad García-Gómez-Heras and Domingo Palacios-Ceña

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:362

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Childhood obesity is often associated with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), the most common chronic liver disease in pediatrics.

    Authors: Susanne Greber-Platzer, Alexandra Thajer, Svenja Bohn, Annette Brunert, Felicitas Boerner, Wolfgang Siegfried, Andreas Artlich, Anja Moeckel, Hildegunde Waldecker-Krebs, Sophie Pauer and Reinhard W. Holl

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:332

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Early identification of children with motor difficulties, such as developmental coordination disorder (DCD), is essential. At present only a fraction of children with DCD are identified. The purpose of the stu...

    Authors: P. Asunta, H. Viholainen, T. Ahonen and P. Rintala

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:322

    Content type: Research article

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  43. To evaluate relationship between socio-economic environment and overweight in Madrid and Barcelona, adjusting for possible confounding factors.

    Authors: Romana Albaladejo, Rosa Villanueva, Paloma Astasio, Paloma Ortega, Juana Santos and Enrique Regidor

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:307

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Household air pollution from combustion of solid fuels for cooking and space heating is one of the most important risk factors of the global burden of disease. This study was aimed to determine the association...

    Authors: Nayomi Ranathunga, Priyantha Perera, Sumal Nandasena, Nalini Sathiakumar, Anuradhani Kasturiratne and Rajitha Wickremasinghe

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:306

    Content type: Research article

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  45. Acute undernutrition (wasting) is a condition in which a child becomes too thin for his or her height because of weight loss or failure to gain weight. Wasted children have greater risk of morbidity and mortal...

    Authors: Achenef Motbainor and Abeba Taye

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:300

    Content type: Research article

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  46. Given the limited information on parental health literacy measurements, the study aimed to develop and validate the Chinese Parental Health Literacy Questionnaire for caregivers of children 0 to 3 years old.

    Authors: Yan Zhang, Mu Li, Hong Jiang, Huijing Shi, Biao Xu, Salla Atkins and Xu Qian

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:293

    Content type: Research article

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  47. Functional constipation (FC) is a pediatric problem that is seen frequently. However, its prevalence in Asia remains undetermined. In this study we attempted to determine the prevalence, risk factors and thera...

    Authors: Anne Willemijn Walter, Anne Hovenkamp, Niranga Manjuri Devanarayana, Roshani Solanga, Shaman Rajindrajith and Marc Alexander Benninga

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:285

    Content type: Research article

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