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Global and public health and healthcare

Section edited by Shally Awasthi and Anne Lee

This section considers studies of healthcare policy, healthcare provision, and pediatric morbidity and mortality in developing nations.

Page 1 of 10

  1. Children and adolescents are becoming the most prolific users of smart technology (ST) devices due to the numerous advantages presented by these devices. However, the overuse of ST devices can have detrimental...

    Authors: Ali Jasem Buabbas, Madawi Anwar Al-Mass, Basma Awad Al-Tawari and Mohammad Abbas Buabbas

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:524

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Both bullying victimization and perpetration were associated with depression, social phobia, physical and psychological child abuse and Internet addiction in Lebanon. The prevalence of bullying in Lebanon is a...

    Authors: Diana Malaeb, Emmanuelle Awad, Chadia Haddad, Pascale Salameh, Hala Sacre, Marwan Akel, Michel Soufia, Rabih Hallit, Sahar Obeid and Souheil Hallit

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:520

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Adults often have difficulty instilling eye drops in their own eyes, but little has been documented about the difficulties experienced by parents when administering eye drops to their young children, where the...

    Authors: Gloria C. Law, Alpaslan Bülbül, Christina J. Jones and Helen Smith

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:514

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Knowledge of the prevailing infant care practices and their effects is important to inform practice and public programs. Infant massage is a traditional practice in India but remains less studied. This study w...

    Authors: Sarika Chaturvedi, Bharat Randive, Ashish Pathak, Sharad Agarkhedkar, Girish Tillu, Gary L. Darmstadt and Bhushan Patwardhan

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:512

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Reports suggest that Latin American and Caribbean (LAC) countries have not reduced leukemia mortality compared to high-income countries. However, updated trends remain largely unknown in the region. Given that...

    Authors: J. Smith Torres-Roman, Bryan Valcarcel, Pedro Guerra-Canchari, Camila Alves Dos Santos, Isabelle Ribeiro Barbosa, Carlo La Vecchia, Katherine A. McGlynn and Dyego Leandro Bezerra de Souza

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:511

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Intellectual Disability (ID) is characterized by significant limitations that affect intellectual functioning, adaptive behavior, and practical skills which directly interfere with interpersonal relationships ...

    Authors: Luan Freitas Oliveira, Tiago Fernando Chaves, Nathacha Baretto, Gisele Rozone de Luca, Ingrid Tremel Barbato, Jorge Humberto Barbato Filho, Maristela Ocampos and Angelica Francesca Maris

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:506

    Content type: Research article

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  7. A child’s home and family environment plays a vital role in neuro-cognitive and emotional development. Assessment of a child’s home environment and social circumstances is an crucial part of holistic Paediatri...

    Authors: DJ Foley, JK Hannon, CS O’Gorman and AM Murphy

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:505

    Content type: Research article

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  8. We sought to identify perceptions of neurorehabilitation challenges for paediatric cerebral malaria (CM) survivors post-hospital discharge at Queen Elizabeth Central Hospital (QECH) in Blantyre, Malawi.

    Authors: Alexandra Boubour, Sebastian Mboma, Tracy Võ, Gretchen L. Birbeck, Karl B. Seydel, Macpherson Mallewa, Dorothy Chinguo, Melissa Gladstone, Suraya Mohamed and Kiran T. Thakur

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:503

    Content type: Research article

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  9. The concentration of under-5 child morbidity and mortality due to pneumonia in developing countries reflects the social inequities. This study aimed to map and assess the spatial risk for hospitalization due t...

    Authors: Juliana Coelho Pina, Luana Seles Alves, Luiz Henrique Arroyo, Ricardo Alexandre Arcêncio, Ellen Cristina Gondim, Maria Cândida de Carvalho Furtado and Débora Falleiros de Mello

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:502

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Stunting affects up to one-third of the children in low-to-middle income countries (LMICs) and has been correlated with decline in cognitive capacity and vaccine immunogenicity. Early identification of infants...

    Authors: Elizabeth Harrison, Sana Syed, Lubaina Ehsan, Najeeha T. Iqbal, Kamran Sadiq, Fayyaz Umrani, Sheraz Ahmed, Najeeb Rahman, Sadaf Jakhro, Jennie Z. Ma, Molly Hughes and S. Asad Ali

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:498

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Concepts such as participation and environment may differ across cultures. Consequently, to use a measure like the Participation and Environment Measure for Children and Youth (PEM-CY) in other than the origin...

    Authors: Beate Krieger, Christina Schulze, Jillian Boyd, Ruth Amann, Barbara Piškur, Anna Beurskens, Rachel Teplicky and Albine Moser

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:492

    Content type: Research article

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  12. The aim of the present study was to examine the influence of body mass index category, as well as of demographic and socioeconomic factors on the participation in organized physical activity (OPA) of schoolchi...

    Authors: Vilelmine Carayanni, Elpis Vlachopadopoulou, Dimitra Koutsouki, Gregory C. Bogdanis, Theodora Psaltopoulou, YannisManios, Feneli Karachaliou, Angelos Hatzakis and Stefanos Michalacos

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:491

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Health-related quality of life (HQoL) indicators are considered valid measures of patient assessment in physical, mental and oral healthcare. This study aimed to examine the evidence on the relationship of ora...

    Authors: Ladan Fattah Moghaddam, Mario Vianna Vettore, Azadeh Bayani, Amir-Hossien Bayat, Elahe Ahounbar, Morteza Hemmat, Bahram Armoon and Yadolah Fakhri

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:489

    Content type: Research article

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  14. The number of technology-dependent children (TDC) is increasing in South Korea, but available healthcare services after their discharge are poor. This study aimed to examine how TDC and caregivers live at home...

    Authors: Yu Hyeon Choi, Min Sun Kim, Cho Hee Kim, In Gyu Song, June Dong Park, Dong In Suh and Hyung-Ik Shin

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:486

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Typhoid fever caused by Salmonella enteric serovar Typhi (S. Typhi) is a common cause of morbidity in the world. In 2017, 14.3 million cases of Typhoid and paratyphoid fever occurred globally. School age children...

    Authors: Bernie Endyarni Medise, Soedjatmiko Soedjatmiko, Hartono Gunardi, Rini Sekartini, Hindra Irawan Satari, Sri Rezeki Hadinegoro, Angga Wirahmadi, Mita Puspita, Rini Mulia Sari, Jae Seung Yang, Arijit Sil, Sushant Sahastrabuddhe and Novilia Sjafri Bachtiar

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:480

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Good oral health (OH) is essential for physical, social, mental health, and overall quality of life. This study assessed the usefulness of the theory of planned behavior (TPB) in changing oral health-related b...

    Authors: Mahmood Karimy, Peter Higgs, Shaghaygh Solayman Abadi, Bahram Armoon, Marzieh Araban, Mohammad Reza Rouhani and Fereshteh Zamani-Alavijeh

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:476

    Content type: Research article

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  17. There is a great need in low- and middle- income countries for sound qualitative and monitoring tools assessing early childhood development outcomes. Although there are many instruments to measure the developm...

    Authors: Ying Li, Lei Tang, Yu Bai, Shuhang Zhao and Yaojiang Shi

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:475

    Content type: Research article

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  18. To evaluate the effects of interventions on children’s and adolescents’ overall physical activity (PA) for boys and girls separately and to appraise the extent to which the studies haven taken sex/gender into ...

    Authors: Carolin Schulze, Yolanda Demetriou, Sandra Emmerling, Annegret Schlund, Susan P. Phillips, Lorri Puil, Stephanie E. Coen and Anne K. Reimers

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:473

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Suicide is the leading cause of death among Japanese adolescents. However, knowledge gaps regarding contemporary demographics and factors associated with suicidality among Japanese adolescents are a major conc...

    Authors: Shinichiro Nagamitsu, Masakazu Mimaki, Kenshi Koyanagi, Natsuko Tokita, Yoriko Kobayashi, Ritsuko Hattori, Ryuta Ishii, Michiko Matsuoka, Yushiro Yamashita, Zentaro Yamagata, Takashi Igarashi and Paul E. Croarkin

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:467

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Globally, millions of children attend Outside School Hours Care. Children’s activity in this setting is critical to meeting daily physical activity recommendations. Guidelines are evidence-based statements int...

    Authors: Rosa Virgara, Lucy Lewis, Anna Phillips, Mandy Richardson and Carol Maher

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:463

    Content type: Research article

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  21. The objective of the study was to identify areas of risk for the appearance of tuberculosis in children and their association with social inequalities in a municipality in southeastern Brazil.

    Authors: Yan Mathias Alves, Thaís Zamboni Berra, Luana Seles Alves, Ivaneliza Simionato de Assis, Marcos Augusto Moraes Arcoverde, Antonio Carlos Vieira Ramos, Luiz Henrique Arroyo, Laura Terenciani Campoy, Alexandre Tadashi Inomata Bruce, Felipe Lima dos Santos, Ludmilla Leidianne Limirio Souza, Juliane de Almeida Crispim and Ricardo Alexandre Arcêncio

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:462

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Strong evidence for a causal role of environmental factors in a congenital anomaly is still difficult to produce. The collection of statistical data is crucial for gaining a better understanding of the epidemi...

    Authors: Arthur Lauriot Dit Prevost, Michael Genin, Florent Occelli, René-Hilaire Priso, Remi Besson, Caroline Lanier and Dyuti Sharma

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:442

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Lead is a toxic metal that affects almost every organ in the body. Children are more susceptible to lead toxicity because they ingest non-food items (pica), have oral exploratory habits, absorb more substantia...

    Authors: Mahmoud Zardast, Seyedeh Samira Khorashadi-Zadeh, Samaneh Nakhaee, Alireza Amirabadizadeh and Omid Mehrpour

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:435

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Diaphragmatic dysfunction (DD) has a great negative impact on clinical outcomes, and it is a well-recognized complication in adult patients with critical illness. However, DD is largely unexplored in the critical...

    Authors: Yang Xue, Chun-Feng Yang, Yu Ao, Ji Qi and Fei-Yong Jia

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:422

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Accurate anthropometric measurements are essential for assessing nutritional status, monitoring child growth, and informing clinical care. We aimed to improve height measurements of hospitalized pediatrics pat...

    Authors: Priya M. Gupta, Emily Wieck, Joel Conkle, Kristina A. Betters, Anthony Cooley, Selena Yamasaki, Natasha Laibhen-Parkes and Parminder S. Suchdev

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:419

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Congenital heart defect is the leading malformation in China. There may have been changes in congenital heart defect incidence because of birth policy shift in China over past years. This study aimed to invest...

    Authors: Xiaohui Zhang, Yu Sun, Jiajun Zhu, Yuning Zhu and Liqian Qiu

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:416

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Children with cerebral palsy often exhibit an altered gait pattern; however, it is uncertain whether the use of an instrumented gait analysis in interdisciplinary interventions affects the perceived experience...

    Authors: Christina Esmann Fonvig, Helle Mätzke Rasmussen, Søren Overgaard and Anders Holsgaard-Larsen

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:411

    Content type: Research article

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  28. A responsive and well-functioning newborn referral system is a cornerstone to the continuum of child health care; however, health system and client-related barriers negatively impact the referral system. Due t...

    Authors: Alula M. Teklu, James A. Litch, Alemu Tesfahun, Eskinder Wolka, Berhe Dessalegn Tuamay, Hagos Gidey, Wondimye Ashenafi Cheru, Kirsten Senturia and Wendemaghen Gezahegn

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:409

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Parental nurturing expressed through love and affection is a broad concept that entails caring for children and their activities, encouraging them and praising their achievements. Lack of love and affection ma...

    Authors: Nouh Harsha, Luay Ziq, Margaret A. Lynch and Rita Giacaman

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:407

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Armed conflict is a significant social determinant of child health with nuanced effects. There is a dearth of knowledge on the public health issues facing vulnerable populations in conflict-stricken areas. The...

    Authors: Irene Ule Ngole Sumbele, Gillian Nkeudem Asoba, Rene Ning Teh, Samuel Metuge, Judith Kuoh Anchang-Kimbi and Theresa Nkuo-Akenji

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:396

    Content type: Research article

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  31. This study aims at determining the health-related quality of life (HRQOL) of children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) after the induction therapy, assessing the agreement between child self-reports and...

    Authors: Shohei Nakajima, Iori Sato, Takafumi Soejima, Katsuyoshi Koh, Motohiro Kato, Yasuhiro Okamoto, Toshihiko Imamura, Miho Maeda, Yasushi Ishida, Atsushi Manabe and Kiyoko Kamibeppu

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:390

    Content type: Research article

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  32. At present, there are few studies on the economic burden and medical treatment of children with asthma in China. Thus this study aimed to investigate the economic burden of medical treatment of children with a...

    Authors: Ping Wu, Baoping Xu, Adong Shen, Zonglin He, Casper J. P. Zhang, Wai-kit Ming and Kunling Shen

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:386

    Content type: Research article

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  33. To investigate the occurrence frequency, changing trends, and epidemiological distribution of unintentional suffocation in children under 5 years old.

    Authors: Fanjuan Kong, Lili Xiong, Aihua Wang, Donghua Xie, Jian He, Jinping Su, Kui Wu, Zhiyu Liu and Hua Wang

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:376

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Sudden unexpected infant death (SUID) - including sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) - continues to be a major contributor to infant mortality worldwide. Our objective was to analyse time trends and to identi...

    Authors: Jacqueline Müller-Nordhorn, Alice Schneider, Ulrike Grittner, Konrad Neumann, Thomas Keil, Stefan N. Willich and Sylvia Binting

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:377

    Content type: Research article

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  35. The greatest disease burden of sickle cell disease occurs early in life. Understanding factors that reduce disease related events in this period is therefore important. Hence, we assessed the impact of early c...

    Authors: Angela Edna Rankine-Mullings, Twila Mae Logan, Lesley-Gaye King, Colette Andrea Cunningham-Myrie, Clive Robert Scott and Jennifer Marcelle Knight-Madden

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:373

    Content type: Research article

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  36. To investigate the prevalence and patterns of breastfeeding at discharge and in the first six months of life in a high-risk fetal, neonatal and child referral center.

    Authors: Maíra Domingues Bernardes Silva, Raquel de Vasconcellos Carvalhaes de Oliveira, José Ueleres Braga, João Aprígio Guerra de Almeida and Enirtes Caetano Prates Melo

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:372

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Sibship size and structure have a significant association with overweight and obesity in children, but the relationship with thinness has not been fully studied and understood, especially in Asia. This study e...

    Authors: Tingting Yu, Chang Chen, Zhijuan Jin, You Yang, Yanrui Jiang, Li Hong, Xiaodan Yu, Hao Mei, Fan Jiang, Hong Huang, Shijian Liu and Xingming Jin

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:367

    Content type: Research article

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  38. There is significant disparity between the respiratory health of Indigenous and non-Indigenous Australian infants. There is no culturally accepted measure to collect respiratory health outcomes in Indigenous i...

    Authors: Sarah Perkes, Billie Bonevski, Joerg Mattes, Kerry Hall and Gillian S. Gould

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:368

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Newborn hearing screening (NHS) can reduce the economic and social burden of hearing impairment. To track the progress of the goal set by the National Program of Action for Child Development (NPACD) and to est...

    Authors: Xuelian Yuan, Kui Deng, Jun Zhu, Liangcheng Xiang, Yongna Yao, Qi Li, Xiaohong Li and Hanmin Liu

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:360

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Children with medical complexity (CMC) denotes the profile of a child with diverse acute and chronic conditions, making intensive use of the healthcare services and with special health and social needs. Previo...

    Authors: Neus Carrilero, Albert Dalmau-Bueno and Anna García-Altés

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:358

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Kangaroo Mother Care (KMC) is one of the interventions widely used in low-income countries to manage Low Birth Weight Infants (LBWIs), a global leading cause of neonatal and child mortality. LBWI largely contr...

    Authors: Christina T. Mathias, Solange Mianda and Themba G. Ginindza

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:355

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Currently, as the number of vaccinated children in Poland and throughout Europe is decreasing. Many factors impact on the rate vaccination and parents’ health behaviours may affect the frequency of vaccination...

    Authors: Jolanta Kraśnicka, Elżbieta Krajewska-Kułak, Krystyna Klimaszewska, Mateusz Cybulski, Andrzej Guzowski, Jolanta Lewko, Cecylia Łukaszuk, Krystyna Kowalczuk, Halina Doroszkiewicz, Anna Baranowska, Katarzyna Krajewska-Ferishah, Hanna Rolka and Wojciech Kułak

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:354

    Content type: Research article

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  43. The human foot is shaped throughout all life in a way that is individual for every human being. Footwear fitting in the process of foot development is the issue covered by a limited range of empirical studies....

    Authors: Ewa Puszczalowska-Lizis, Paulina Zarzyczna, Wioletta Mikulakova, Mariusz Migala and Slawomir Jandzis

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:349

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Testing for HIV at birth has the potential to identify infants infected in utero, and allows for the possibility of beginning treatment immediately after birth; point of care (POC) testing allows rapid return ...

    Authors: Emma Sacks, Philisiwe Khumalo, Bhekisisa Tsabedze, William Montgomery, Nobuhle Mthethwa, Bonisile Nhlabatsi, Thembie Masuku, Jennifer Cohn and Caspian Chouraya

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:347

    Content type: Research article

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  45. Advocacy regarding child health policy is a core tenet of pediatrics. Previous research has demonstrated that most pediatric providers believe collective advocacy and political involvement are essential aspect...

    Authors: Aditi Vasan, Polina Krass, Leah Seifu, Talia A. Hitt, Nadir Ijaz, Leonela Villegas, Kathryn Pallegedara, Sindhu Pandurangi, Morgan Congdon, Beth Rezet and Chén C. Kenyon

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:343

    Content type: Research article

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  46. Assessing the early development of children at a population level in educational settings, may be useful for public health and policy decision making. In this study, we evaluated the psychometric properties an...

    Authors: Sabine Georg, Catherin Bosle, Joachim E. Fischer and Freia De Bock

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:339

    Content type: Research article

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  47. Participation in organized sports is associated with higher physical activity (PA) levels in school-aged-children. Yet, little is known about PA determinants in preschool-aged-children. We examined association...

    Authors: Chu Chen, Fanny Sellberg, Viktor H. Ahlqvist, Martin Neovius, Filip Christiansen and Daniel Berglind

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:328

    Content type: Research article

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  48. Lower limb serial casting is commonly used therapeutically in paediatric clinical practice with some evidence to support its efficacy. This systematic review aimed to determine the effects of serial casting in...

    Authors: Nikki Milne, Michelle Miao and Emma Beattie

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:324

    Content type: Research article

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  49. With the importance of early childhood development more recognized by the international society, low-cost and cross-culturally comparable measures of early childhood development is in great demand, both in Chi...

    Authors: Jin Zhao, Sally Anne Brinkman, Yunting Zhang, Yingquan Song, Chunling Lu, Mary Eming Young, Yue Zhang, Patrick Ip, Wenjie Shan and Fan Jiang

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:323

    Content type: Research article

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