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Global and public health and healthcare

Section edited by Shally Awasthi and Anne Lee

This section considers studies of healthcare policy, healthcare provision, and pediatric morbidity and mortality in developing nations.

Page 1 of 9

  1. Strong evidence for a causal role of environmental factors in a congenital anomaly is still difficult to produce. The collection of statistical data is crucial for gaining a better understanding of the epidemi...

    Authors: Arthur Lauriot Dit Prevost, Michael Genin, Florent Occelli, René-Hilaire Priso, Remi Besson, Caroline Lanier and Dyuti Sharma

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:442

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Lead is a toxic metal that affects almost every organ in the body. Children are more susceptible to lead toxicity because they ingest non-food items (pica), have oral exploratory habits, absorb more substantia...

    Authors: Mahmoud Zardast, Seyedeh Samira Khorashadi-Zadeh, Samaneh Nakhaee, Alireza Amirabadizadeh and Omid Mehrpour

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:435

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Diaphragmatic dysfunction (DD) has a great negative impact on clinical outcomes, and it is a well-recognized complication in adult patients with critical illness. However, DD is largely unexplored in the critical...

    Authors: Yang Xue, Chun-Feng Yang, Yu Ao, Ji Qi and Fei-Yong Jia

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:422

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Accurate anthropometric measurements are essential for assessing nutritional status, monitoring child growth, and informing clinical care. We aimed to improve height measurements of hospitalized pediatrics pat...

    Authors: Priya M. Gupta, Emily Wieck, Joel Conkle, Kristina A. Betters, Anthony Cooley, Selena Yamasaki, Natasha Laibhen-Parkes and Parminder S. Suchdev

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:419

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Congenital heart defect is the leading malformation in China. There may have been changes in congenital heart defect incidence because of birth policy shift in China over past years. This study aimed to invest...

    Authors: Xiaohui Zhang, Yu Sun, Jiajun Zhu, Yuning Zhu and Liqian Qiu

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:416

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Children with cerebral palsy often exhibit an altered gait pattern; however, it is uncertain whether the use of an instrumented gait analysis in interdisciplinary interventions affects the perceived experience...

    Authors: Christina Esmann Fonvig, Helle Mätzke Rasmussen, Søren Overgaard and Anders Holsgaard-Larsen

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:411

    Content type: Research article

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  7. A responsive and well-functioning newborn referral system is a cornerstone to the continuum of child health care; however, health system and client-related barriers negatively impact the referral system. Due t...

    Authors: Alula M. Teklu, James A. Litch, Alemu Tesfahun, Eskinder Wolka, Berhe Dessalegn Tuamay, Hagos Gidey, Wondimye Ashenafi Cheru, Kirsten Senturia and Wendemaghen Gezahegn

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:409

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Parental nurturing expressed through love and affection is a broad concept that entails caring for children and their activities, encouraging them and praising their achievements. Lack of love and affection ma...

    Authors: Nouh Harsha, Luay Ziq, Margaret A. Lynch and Rita Giacaman

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:407

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Armed conflict is a significant social determinant of child health with nuanced effects. There is a dearth of knowledge on the public health issues facing vulnerable populations in conflict-stricken areas. The...

    Authors: Irene Ule Ngole Sumbele, Gillian Nkeudem Asoba, Rene Ning Teh, Samuel Metuge, Judith Kuoh Anchang-Kimbi and Theresa Nkuo-Akenji

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:396

    Content type: Research article

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  10. This study aims at determining the health-related quality of life (HRQOL) of children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) after the induction therapy, assessing the agreement between child self-reports and...

    Authors: Shohei Nakajima, Iori Sato, Takafumi Soejima, Katsuyoshi Koh, Motohiro Kato, Yasuhiro Okamoto, Toshihiko Imamura, Miho Maeda, Yasushi Ishida, Atsushi Manabe and Kiyoko Kamibeppu

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:390

    Content type: Research article

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  11. At present, there are few studies on the economic burden and medical treatment of children with asthma in China. Thus this study aimed to investigate the economic burden of medical treatment of children with a...

    Authors: Ping Wu, Baoping Xu, Adong Shen, Zonglin He, Casper J. P. Zhang, Wai-kit Ming and Kunling Shen

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:386

    Content type: Research article

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  12. To investigate the occurrence frequency, changing trends, and epidemiological distribution of unintentional suffocation in children under 5 years old.

    Authors: Fanjuan Kong, Lili Xiong, Aihua Wang, Donghua Xie, Jian He, Jinping Su, Kui Wu, Zhiyu Liu and Hua Wang

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:376

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Sudden unexpected infant death (SUID) - including sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) - continues to be a major contributor to infant mortality worldwide. Our objective was to analyse time trends and to identi...

    Authors: Jacqueline Müller-Nordhorn, Alice Schneider, Ulrike Grittner, Konrad Neumann, Thomas Keil, Stefan N. Willich and Sylvia Binting

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:377

    Content type: Research article

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  14. The greatest disease burden of sickle cell disease occurs early in life. Understanding factors that reduce disease related events in this period is therefore important. Hence, we assessed the impact of early c...

    Authors: Angela Edna Rankine-Mullings, Twila Mae Logan, Lesley-Gaye King, Colette Andrea Cunningham-Myrie, Clive Robert Scott and Jennifer Marcelle Knight-Madden

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:373

    Content type: Research article

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  15. To investigate the prevalence and patterns of breastfeeding at discharge and in the first six months of life in a high-risk fetal, neonatal and child referral center.

    Authors: Maíra Domingues Bernardes Silva, Raquel de Vasconcellos Carvalhaes de Oliveira, José Ueleres Braga, João Aprígio Guerra de Almeida and Enirtes Caetano Prates Melo

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:372

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Sibship size and structure have a significant association with overweight and obesity in children, but the relationship with thinness has not been fully studied and understood, especially in Asia. This study e...

    Authors: Tingting Yu, Chang Chen, Zhijuan Jin, You Yang, Yanrui Jiang, Li Hong, Xiaodan Yu, Hao Mei, Fan Jiang, Hong Huang, Shijian Liu and Xingming Jin

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:367

    Content type: Research article

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  17. There is significant disparity between the respiratory health of Indigenous and non-Indigenous Australian infants. There is no culturally accepted measure to collect respiratory health outcomes in Indigenous i...

    Authors: Sarah Perkes, Billie Bonevski, Joerg Mattes, Kerry Hall and Gillian S. Gould

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:368

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Newborn hearing screening (NHS) can reduce the economic and social burden of hearing impairment. To track the progress of the goal set by the National Program of Action for Child Development (NPACD) and to est...

    Authors: Xuelian Yuan, Kui Deng, Jun Zhu, Liangcheng Xiang, Yongna Yao, Qi Li, Xiaohong Li and Hanmin Liu

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:360

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Children with medical complexity (CMC) denotes the profile of a child with diverse acute and chronic conditions, making intensive use of the healthcare services and with special health and social needs. Previo...

    Authors: Neus Carrilero, Albert Dalmau-Bueno and Anna García-Altés

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:358

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Kangaroo Mother Care (KMC) is one of the interventions widely used in low-income countries to manage Low Birth Weight Infants (LBWIs), a global leading cause of neonatal and child mortality. LBWI largely contr...

    Authors: Christina T. Mathias, Solange Mianda and Themba G. Ginindza

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:355

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Currently, as the number of vaccinated children in Poland and throughout Europe is decreasing. Many factors impact on the rate vaccination and parents’ health behaviours may affect the frequency of vaccination...

    Authors: Jolanta Kraśnicka, Elżbieta Krajewska-Kułak, Krystyna Klimaszewska, Mateusz Cybulski, Andrzej Guzowski, Jolanta Lewko, Cecylia Łukaszuk, Krystyna Kowalczuk, Halina Doroszkiewicz, Anna Baranowska, Katarzyna Krajewska-Ferishah, Hanna Rolka and Wojciech Kułak

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:354

    Content type: Research article

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  22. The human foot is shaped throughout all life in a way that is individual for every human being. Footwear fitting in the process of foot development is the issue covered by a limited range of empirical studies....

    Authors: Ewa Puszczalowska-Lizis, Paulina Zarzyczna, Wioletta Mikulakova, Mariusz Migala and Slawomir Jandzis

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:349

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Testing for HIV at birth has the potential to identify infants infected in utero, and allows for the possibility of beginning treatment immediately after birth; point of care (POC) testing allows rapid return ...

    Authors: Emma Sacks, Philisiwe Khumalo, Bhekisisa Tsabedze, William Montgomery, Nobuhle Mthethwa, Bonisile Nhlabatsi, Thembie Masuku, Jennifer Cohn and Caspian Chouraya

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:347

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Advocacy regarding child health policy is a core tenet of pediatrics. Previous research has demonstrated that most pediatric providers believe collective advocacy and political involvement are essential aspect...

    Authors: Aditi Vasan, Polina Krass, Leah Seifu, Talia A. Hitt, Nadir Ijaz, Leonela Villegas, Kathryn Pallegedara, Sindhu Pandurangi, Morgan Congdon, Beth Rezet and Chén C. Kenyon

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:343

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Assessing the early development of children at a population level in educational settings, may be useful for public health and policy decision making. In this study, we evaluated the psychometric properties an...

    Authors: Sabine Georg, Catherin Bosle, Joachim E. Fischer and Freia De Bock

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:339

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Participation in organized sports is associated with higher physical activity (PA) levels in school-aged-children. Yet, little is known about PA determinants in preschool-aged-children. We examined association...

    Authors: Chu Chen, Fanny Sellberg, Viktor H. Ahlqvist, Martin Neovius, Filip Christiansen and Daniel Berglind

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:328

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Lower limb serial casting is commonly used therapeutically in paediatric clinical practice with some evidence to support its efficacy. This systematic review aimed to determine the effects of serial casting in...

    Authors: Nikki Milne, Michelle Miao and Emma Beattie

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:324

    Content type: Research article

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  28. With the importance of early childhood development more recognized by the international society, low-cost and cross-culturally comparable measures of early childhood development is in great demand, both in Chi...

    Authors: Jin Zhao, Sally Anne Brinkman, Yunting Zhang, Yingquan Song, Chunling Lu, Mary Eming Young, Yue Zhang, Patrick Ip, Wenjie Shan and Fan Jiang

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:323

    Content type: Research article

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  29. The clients’ willingness to accept (WTA) and willingness to pay (WTP) for a given good or service can help elicit the monetary value of that good or service. This study aims to assess the WTA and WTP of mother...

    Authors: Satar Rezaei, Abraha Woldemichael, Masoumeh Mirzaei, Shima Mohammadi and Behzad Karami Matin

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:307

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Angola is one of the southern African countries with the highest prevalence of anaemia. Identifying anaemia determinants is an important step for the design of evidence-based control strategies. In this study,...

    Authors: Cláudia Fançony, Ânia Soares, João Lavinha, Henrique Barros and Miguel Brito

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:298

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Several environmental factors favour the occurrence of acute respiratory disease, which is the main reason for paediatric consultations in our country (Colombia). Tobacco smoke is considered a significant envi...

    Authors: María Fernanda Tovar, Wendy Ortiz, María Alejandra Valderrama, Fabio Rodríguez, Oscar Gamboa, María José Maldonado and Sergio Iván Agudelo

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:296

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Childhood vaccinations are a vital preventive measure to reduce disease incidence and deaths among children. As a result, immunisation coverage against measles was a key indicator for monitoring the fourth Mil...

    Authors: Swati Srivastava, Jasmine Fledderjohann and Ashish Kumar Upadhyay

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:295

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Rapid weight gain (RWG) has been recognized as an important determinant of childhood obesity. This study aims to explore the RWG distribution among children at six-month intervals from birth to two years old a...

    Authors: Yi-Fan Li, Shio-Jean Lin and Tung-liang Chiang

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:293

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Pediatric burn injuries are a major cause of death and injury, occurring mainly in resource poor environments. Recovery from burns is widely reported to be constrained by physical, psychological, relationship ...

    Authors: Ashley Van Niekerk, Roxanne Jacobs, Nancy Hornsby, Robyn Singh-Adriaanse, Mathilde Sengoelge and Lucie Laflamme

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:289

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Poor compliance to highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) can result in the poor quality of life in children living with Human immunodeficiency virus/Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) because...

    Authors: Michael Lahai, Peter Bai James, Noel Nen’man Wannang, Haja Ramatulai Wurie, Sorie Conteh, Abdulai Jawo Bah and Mohamed Samai

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:286

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Viral respiratory infections (VRIs) are a frequent cause of hospitalization in children under 24 months of age. A history of prematurity or heart disease may be a risk factor for complications in patients hosp...

    Authors: Jessie N. Zurita-Cruz, Alejandro Gutierrez-Gonzalez, Leticia Manuel-Apolinar, José Esteban Fernández-Gárate, María Luisa Arellano-Flores, Roberto Alejandro Correa Gonzalez, Guillermo Vázquez-Rosales, Rocio Sanchez-Armas and Nelly Cisneros-González

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:285

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Despite its increasing clinical significance and diagnostic challenges, little is known about functional abdominal pain disorders (FAPDs) in Central-Eastern Europe. In this paper, the prevalence and potential ...

    Authors: János Major and Szilvia Ádám

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:281

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Caring for adolescents living with HIV/AIDS (ALHIV) can be overwhelming due to their unique needs. Ghana is currently among nine countries in West and Central Africa contributing to 90% of new paediatric infec...

    Authors: Anna Hayfron-Benjamin, Dorcas Obiri-Yeboah, Yemah Mariama Bockarie, Ernestina Asiedua, Ibrahim Baidoo, Angela D. Akorsu and Stephen Ayisi-Addo

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:278

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) is a leading cause of neurodevelopmental disorders. Children in foster care or domestically adopted are at greater risk for FASD. The aim of this study was to determine t...

    Authors: Ariel Tenenbaum, Asaf Mandel, Talia Dor, Alon Sapir, Orly Sapir-Bodnaro, Pnina Hertz and Isaiah D. Wexler

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:275

    Content type: Research article

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  40. A great number of studies have concentrated on the influence of socioeconomic status with health outcomes, but little on how socioeconomic status affects social relationship in adolescents’ families, peers and...

    Authors: Jing Li, Jing Wang, Jia-yu Li, Sheng Qian, Rui-xia Jia, Ying-quan Wang, Jing-hong Liang and Yong Xu

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:271

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Kangaroo mother care (KMC) is an evidence-based and cost-effective intervention that could prevent severe complications for preterm babies, however it has not been widely adopted in China. In this study, we ai...

    Authors: Xin Liu, Zhankui Li, Xiaohui Chen, Bei Cao, Shaojie Yue, Changyi Yang, Qiongyu Liu, Chuanzhong Yang, Gengli Zhao and Qi Feng

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:260

    Content type: Research article

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  42. The objectives of present study were to examine the level of disagreement between self-reported and objective measurement of sensitization to common inhalant allergens, and to explore the potential risk factor...

    Authors: Qing Miao, Li Xiang, Hui Guan, Yongge Liu, Zhen Li, Yixin Ren and Wei Xu

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:259

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Sri Lanka has a high prevalence of β-thalassaemia major. Clinical management is complex and long-term and includes regular blood transfusion and iron chelation therapy. The economic burden of β-thalassaemia fo...

    Authors: Hamish Reed-Embleton, Savinda Arambepola, Simon Dixon, Behrouz Nezafat Maldonado, Anuja Premawardhena, Mahinda Arambepola, Jahangir A. M. Khan and Stephen Allen

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:257

    Content type: Research article

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  44. To increase health and well-being in young children, it is important to acknowledge and promote the child’s sleep behaviour. However, there is a lack of brief, validated sleep screening instruments for childre...

    Authors: Charlotte Angelhoff, Peter Johansson, Erland Svensson and Anna Lena Sundell

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:253

    Content type: Research article

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    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:333

  45. Health behaviours are shaped early in life and tend to occur in complex specific patterns. We aimed to characterise these patterns among Portuguese adolescents and their association with individual and context...

    Authors: Constança Soares dos Santos, João Picoito, Isabel Loureiro and Carla Nunes

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:247

    Content type: Research article

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  46. Anxiety disorders are common among children and adolescents. However, there is a paucity of up-to-date data on the prevalence and correlates of anxiety-related disorders among children and adolescents in the U...

    Authors: Nabeel Al-Yateem, Wegdan Bani issa, Rachel C. Rossiter, Arwa Al-Shujairi, Hadia Radwan, Manal Awad, Randa Fakhry and Ibrahim Mahmoud

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:245

    Content type: Research article

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  47. Diarrheal diseases are the second major cause of death among under-five children globally. It kills about 2.5 million people each year, with 60–70% of them being children under 5 years of age. It is also the s...

    Authors: Adugna Fenta, Kassahun Alemu and Dessie Abebaw Angaw

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:236

    Content type: Research article

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  48. Stunting is a major public health issue in most of developing countries. Although, its worldwide prevalence is decreasing slowly but the number of stunted children is still rising in Pakistan. Stunting is high...

    Authors: Mahvish Ponum, Saadia Khan, Osman Hasan, Muhammad Tahir Mahmood, Asad Abbas, Mehwish Iftikhar and Reema Arshad

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:232

    Content type: Research article

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