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Global and public health and healthcare

Section edited by Shally Awasthi and Anne Lee

This section considers studies of healthcare policy, healthcare provision, and pediatric morbidity and mortality in developing nations.

Page 1 of 7

  1. Content type: Research article

    Childhood obesity is often associated with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), the most common chronic liver disease in pediatrics.

    Authors: Susanne Greber-Platzer, Alexandra Thajer, Svenja Bohn, Annette Brunert, Felicitas Boerner, Wolfgang Siegfried, Andreas Artlich, Anja Moeckel, Hildegunde Waldecker-Krebs, Sophie Pauer and Reinhard W. Holl

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:332

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Early identification of children with motor difficulties, such as developmental coordination disorder (DCD), is essential. At present only a fraction of children with DCD are identified. The purpose of the stu...

    Authors: P. Asunta, H. Viholainen, T. Ahonen and P. Rintala

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:322

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  3. Content type: Research article

    To evaluate relationship between socio-economic environment and overweight in Madrid and Barcelona, adjusting for possible confounding factors.

    Authors: Romana Albaladejo, Rosa Villanueva, Paloma Astasio, Paloma Ortega, Juana Santos and Enrique Regidor

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:307

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Household air pollution from combustion of solid fuels for cooking and space heating is one of the most important risk factors of the global burden of disease. This study was aimed to determine the association...

    Authors: Nayomi Ranathunga, Priyantha Perera, Sumal Nandasena, Nalini Sathiakumar, Anuradhani Kasturiratne and Rajitha Wickremasinghe

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:306

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Acute undernutrition (wasting) is a condition in which a child becomes too thin for his or her height because of weight loss or failure to gain weight. Wasted children have greater risk of morbidity and mortal...

    Authors: Achenef Motbainor and Abeba Taye

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:300

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Given the limited information on parental health literacy measurements, the study aimed to develop and validate the Chinese Parental Health Literacy Questionnaire for caregivers of children 0 to 3 years old.

    Authors: Yan Zhang, Mu Li, Hong Jiang, Huijing Shi, Biao Xu, Salla Atkins and Xu Qian

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:293

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Functional constipation (FC) is a pediatric problem that is seen frequently. However, its prevalence in Asia remains undetermined. In this study we attempted to determine the prevalence, risk factors and thera...

    Authors: Anne Willemijn Walter, Anne Hovenkamp, Niranga Manjuri Devanarayana, Roshani Solanga, Shaman Rajindrajith and Marc Alexander Benninga

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:285

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Off-label drug use is widespread in pediatric drug treatment, and the implementation of guidelines on this topic remains challenging. The objective of this study was to evaluate current practice and awareness ...

    Authors: Mei Mei, Hong Xu, Libo Wang, Guoying Huang, Yonghao Gui and Xiaobo Zhang

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:281

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Growth and early development (ECD) are vital outcomes for children. This study aimed to examine the association between child growth and overall development in children aged 3 to 5 years in low- and middle-inc...

    Authors: Thach Duc Tran, Sara Holton, Hau Nguyen and Jane Fisher

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:276

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Oral diseases, such as dental caries, tooth wear, dental erosion and periodontal diseases are major health problems in many societies. The study aim was to explore the association between oral health related b...

    Authors: Lutango D. Simangwa, Anne N. Åstrøm, Anders Johansson, Irene K. Minja and Ann-Katrin Johansson

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:275

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  11. Content type: Research article

    High-risk patients in the pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) contribute substantially to PICU-mortality. Complex chronic conditions (CCCs) are associated with death. However, it is unknown whether CCCs also ...

    Authors: Carin W. Verlaat, Nina Wubben, Idse H. Visser, Jan A. Hazelzet, Johannes van der Hoeven, Joris Lemson and Mark van den Boogaard

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:274

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Research suggests that physical activity (PA) enhances cognitive performance and prevents stress-related impairments of higher order cognitive functions like working memory (WM) performance. The aim of the cur...

    Authors: Kathrin Wunsch, Maria Meier, Lea Ueberholz, Jana Strahler and Nadine Kasten

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:271

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Infants infected during pregnancy or while breastfeeding requires early HIV diagnosis at 6 weeks after birth to identify HIV infection and timely treatment. The objective of this work was to determine the prev...

    Authors: Mulu Lemlem Desta, Muthupandian Saravanan, Haftamu Hilekiros, Atsebaha Gebrekidan Kahsay, Nesredin Futwi Mohamed, Alefech Addisu Gezahegn and Bruno S. Lopes

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:257

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Although child mortality has decreased over the last several decades, neonatal mortality has declined less substantially. In South Asia, neonatal deaths account for the majority of all under-five deaths, calli...

    Authors: Lindsay Mallick, Jennifer Yourkavitch and Courtney Allen

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:248

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  15. Content type: Study protocol

    Environmental Enteropathy (EE), characterized by alterations in intestinal structure, function, and immune activation, is believed to be an important contributor to childhood undernutrition and its associated ...

    Authors: Najeeha T. Iqbal, Sana Syed, Kamran Sadiq, Marium N. Khan, Junaid Iqbal, Jennie Z. Ma, Fayaz Umrani, Sheraz Ahmed, Elizabeth A. Maier, Lee A. Denson, Yael Haberman, Monica M. McNeal, Kenneth D. R. Setchell, Xueheng Zhao, Shahida Qureshi, Lanlan Shen…

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:247

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Appropriate interpretation of a positive celiac antibody test by an ordering physician is important in order to institute proper management. We evaluated why children with an initial positive celiac serology w...

    Authors: Kathryn Potter, Lawrence de Koning, J. Decker Butzner and Dominica Gidrewicz

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:243

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Few prospective birth cohort studies are available on the effects of prenatal and early-life exposures on food allergy and eczema among Chinese children. The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of ...

    Authors: Xiao Gao, Yan Yan, Guangyu Zeng, Tingting Sha, Shiping Liu, Qiong He, Cheng Chen, Ling Li, Shiting Xiang, Hongyan Li, Shan Tan and Qiang Yan

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:239

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Unintentional child poisoning represents a significant public health problem across the globe, placing a substantial burden on health services emergency departments. Around the world, every year, thousands of ...

    Authors: Delba Fonseca Santos, Marysabel Pinto Telis Silveira, Aline Lins Camargo, Alicia Matijasevich, Iná Silva Santos, Aluísio J. D. Barros and Andréa Dâmaso Bertoldi

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:235

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  19. Content type: Research article

    The prevalence of pediatric allergic diseases has increased rapidly in the United States over the past few decades. Recent studies suggest an association between the increase in allergic disease and early dist...

    Authors: Jeffrey Ni, Hannah Friedman, Bridget C. Boyd, Andrew McGurn, Piotr Babinski, Talar Markossian and Lara R. Dugas

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:225

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Seeking healthcare in children is unique since parents decide upon the type and frequency of healthcare services accessed. Mothers/caregivers lower healthcare seeking behavior is one of the major reason for in...

    Authors: Nebiat Teshager Abegaz, Hailemariam Berhe and Gebremedhin Beedemariam Gebretekle

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:220

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Familial hypercholesterolemia (FH), the most frequent monogenetic hereditary disorder, is underdiagnosed and undertreated. Early identification of FH is essential because of the increased risk for premature ca...

    Authors: Alexandra Kreissl, Nina Walleczek, Pinky Rose Espina, Ulrike Hallwirth and Susanne Greber-Platzer

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:208

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Childhood vaccinations have been shown to be effective in protecting children against vaccine-preventable diseases. The systematic investigation of the causes of incomplete immunization is critical for the ful...

    Authors: Alemayehu Gonie Mekonnen, Alebachew Demelash Bayleyegn and Esubalew Tesfahun Ayele

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:198

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  23. Content type: Research article

    The short-term effects of particulate matter (PM) exposure on childhood asthma exacerbation and disease control rate is not thoroughly assessed in Chinese population yet. The previous toxic effects of PM expos...

    Authors: Jinzhun Wu, Taoling Zhong, Yu Zhu, Dandan Ge, Xiaoliang Lin and Qiyuan Li

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:194

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  24. Content type: Research article

    In response to multiple United Kingdom investigations and inquiries into the care of adults with learning disabilities, Mencap produced the Getting it Right Charter which campaigned for the appointment of a Le...

    Authors: Kate Oulton, Jo Wray, Angela Hassiotis, Charlotte Kenten, Jessica Russell, Irene Tuffrey-Wijne, Mark Whiting and Faith Gibson

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:192

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Despite the fact that several scabies outbreaks emerged in schools in Saudi Arabia in 2018, no study has investigated the risk of scabies recurrence among children in Saudi Arabia. This study aimed to estimate...

    Authors: Anwar E. Ahmed, Hoda Jradi, Doaa A. AlBuraikan, Bashayr I. ALMuqbil, Monirah A. Albaijan, Ali M. Al-Shehri and Hamdan AL-Jahdali

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:187

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Stunting in developing countries continues to be a major public health problem. Measuring head circumference (HC) during clinical anthropometric assessment can help predict stunting. The aim of this study was ...

    Authors: Kulandaipalayam Natarajan Sindhu, Prashanth Ramamurthy, Karthikeyan Ramanujam, Ankita Henry, Joseph Dian Bondu, Sushil Mathew John, Sudhir Babji, Beena Koshy, Anuradha Bose, Gagandeep Kang and Venkata Raghava Mohan

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:182

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  27. Content type: Case report

    Dog bite injuries are an ongoing concern in pediatrics. The majority of these occur in low- and middle-income countries where resources, especially subspecialty support services, are limited. Scrotal bites are...

    Authors: Edwin S. Palmer, Phitsavanh Saysamoneyeu, Jennifer M. Siu, Annkham Thammaseng and Indi Trehan

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:169

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  28. Content type: Research article

    2500 g has been used worldwide as the definition of low birthweight (LBW) for almost a century. While previous studies have used statistical approaches to define LBW cutoffs, a LBW definition using an outcome-...

    Authors: Malinee Laopaiboon, Pisake Lumbiganon, Siwanon Rattanakanokchai, Warut Chaiwong, João Paulo Souza, Joshua P. Vogel, Rintaro Mori and Ahmet Metin Gülmezoglu

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:166

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  29. Content type: Research article

    Non-supine infant sleep position is an important modifiable risk factor for sudden unexpected death in infancy. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of supine sleep position and associated factor...

    Authors: Bruna Gonçalves C. da Silva, Mariângela Freitas da Silveira, Paula Duarte de Oliveira, Marlos Rodrigues Domingues, Nelson Arns Neumann, Fernando C. Barros and Andréa Dâmaso Bertoldi

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:165

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  30. Content type: Research article

    Chronic suppurative otitis media (CSOM) causes preventable deafness and disproportionately affects children living in poverty. Our hypothesis was that health promotion in women’s groups would increase their kn...

    Authors: Susan Clarke, Robyn Richmond, Heather Worth, Rajendra Wagle and Andrew Hayen

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:163

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Unsettled infant behaviours are a common concern for parents internationally, and have been associated with maternal stress, reduced parenting confidence, and postnatal mental health problems among parents. Li...

    Authors: Linda Murray, Thach Tran, Vo Van Thang, Nicole McDonald, Sean Beggs and Jane Fisher

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:160

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  32. Content type: Research article

    Sedentary behaviour has become a growing public health concern. Currently, it is a common belief that screen time (SCT) is a key factor in high overall sedentary time (ST) and is often used as a primary outcom...

    Authors: Belinda Hoffmann, Susanne Kobel, Olivia Wartha, Sarah Kettner, Jens Dreyhaupt and Jürgen M. Steinacker

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:154

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  33. Content type: Research article

    Childhood unintentional injuries (UI) are common but continue to happen more often to children living in less advantaged socioeconomic circumstances (SEC). Our aim was to explore how early life factors mediate...

    Authors: M. Campbell, E. T. C. Lai, A. Pearce, E. Orton, D. Kendrick, S. Wickham and D. C. Taylor-Robinson

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:150

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  34. Content type: Research article

    It is still unclear if and at which trimester gestational weight gain is related to childhood adiposity. Thus we aimed to evaluate the association between trimester-specific gestational weight gain and body-fa...

    Authors: Wenyi Lu, Xi Zhang, Jiang Wu, Xiaomeng Mao, Xiuhua Shen, Qian Chen, Jun Zhang, Lisu Huang and Qingya Tang

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:139

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  35. Content type: Research article

    Transient elastography (TE) using FibroScan with M probe has been widely used in adults for controlled attenuation parameter (CAP) and liver stiffness measurement (LSM). In this study, we aimed to assess the f...

    Authors: Jing Zeng, Xi Zhang, Chao Sun, Qin Pan, Wen-Yi Lu, Qian Chen, Li-Su Huang and Jian-Gao Fan

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:129

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  36. Content type: Research article

    While ICF-CY-based models of care are promising avenues for improving participation of children with chronic health conditions, feasible and valid instruments to assess participation as an outcome in routine a...

    Authors: Freia De Bock, Catherin Bosle, Christine Graef, Johannes Oepen, Heike Philippi and Michael S. Urschitz

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:125

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  37. Content type: Research article

    Small-for-gestational-age (SGA) is associated with increased neonatal mortality and morbidity. In low and middle income countries an accurate gestational age is often not known, making the identification of SG...

    Authors: Cecilie Bøge Paulsen, Birgitte Bruun Nielsen, Omari Abdul Msemo, Sofie Lykke Møller, Josephine Roth Ekmann, Thor Grundtvig Theander, Ib Christian Bygbjerg, John Peter Andrea Lusingu, Daniel Thomas Remias Minja and Christentze Schmiegelow

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:120

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Undernutrition is an important public health indicator for monitoring nutritional status and survival. In spite of its importance, undernutrition is a significant problem health problem in many East African co...

    Authors: Kingsley E. Agho, Blessing J. Akombi, Akhi J. Ferdous, Irene Mbugua and Joseph K. Kamara

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:118

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  39. Content type: Research article

    As survivorship care plan (SCP) use among childhood cancer survivors and their families has not been extensively researched, we report on their experiences with receiving an SCP after the completion of therapy.

    Authors: Samantha T. Pannier, Karely Mann, Echo L. Warner, Stephanie Rosen, Akanksha Acharya, Claire Hacking, Cheryl Gerdy, Jennifer Wright, Yelena P. Wu and Anne C. Kirchhoff

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:111

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  40. Content type: Research article

    Despite being preventable, anaemia is a major public health problem that affects a sizable number of children under-five years globally and in Tanzania. This study examined the maternal factors associated with...

    Authors: Olaide O. Ojoniyi, Clifford O. Odimegwu, Emmanuel O. Olamijuwon and Joshua O. Akinyemi

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:89

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  41. Content type: Research article

    Although dysmenorrhea is not a life-threatening condition, it can cause a substantial burden on individuals and communities. There is no data on the prevalence of dysmenorrhea in Kuwait. This study aimed to es...

    Authors: Sharefah Al-Matouq, Hessah Al-Mutairi, Ohood Al-Mutairi, Fatima Abdulaziz, Dana Al-Basri, Mona Al-Enzi and Abdullah Al-Taiar

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:80

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  42. Content type: Research article

    Although renin-angiotensin II-aldosterone system inhibitor (RASI) use for renal protection is well-documented, adherence to RASI therapy in the pediatric population is unclear. This study aimed to evaluate pat...

    Authors: Chien-Ning Hsu, Shiou-Huei Huang and You-Lin Tain

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:64

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  43. Content type: Research article

    Newborn resuscitation is a life-saving intervention for birth asphyxia, a leading cause of neonatal mortality. Improving provider newborn resuscitation skills is critical for delivering quality care, but the r...

    Authors: Mary Drake, Dunstan R. Bishanga, Akwila Temu, Mustafa Njozi, Erica Thomas, Victor Mponzi, Lauren Arlington, Georgina Msemo, Mary Azayo, Allan Kairuki, Amunga R. Meda, Kahabi G. Isangula and Brett D. Nelson

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:51

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  44. Content type: Research article

    A number of region-specific validated triage systems exist; however very little is known about their performance in resource limited settings. We compare the local triage tool and internationally validated too...

    Authors: Nafsa R. Marombwa, Hendry R. Sawe, Upendo George, Said S. Kilindimo, Nanyori J. Lucumay, Kilalo M. Mjema, Juma A. Mfinanga and Ellen J. Weber

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:44

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  45. Content type: Research article

    The use of mobile touch screen devices, e.g. smartphones and tablet computers, has become increasingly prevalent among adolescents. However, little is known about how adolescents use these devices and potentia...

    Authors: Siao Hui Toh, Erin K. Howie, Pieter Coenen and Leon M. Straker

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:30

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  46. Content type: Research article

    Many newborn infants die from preventable causes in South Africa, often these deaths occur in district hospitals. A multipronged intervention aiming to improve quality of newborn care in district hospitals was...

    Authors: C. Horwood, L. Haskins, S. Phakathi and N. McKerrow

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:29

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  47. Content type: Research article

    Measuring the health-related quality of life (HRQoL) of adolescents, including those with cerebral palsy (CP) (the major cause of childhood physical disability worldwide) in Bangladesh is pertinent although th...

    Authors: Rosalie Power, Rahena Akhter, Mohammad Muhit, Sabrina Wadud, Eamin Heanoy, Tasneem Karim, Nadia Badawi and Gulam Khandaker

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:19

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  48. Content type: Research article

    Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) vaccine is effective in reducing the burden of Hib related diseases, but little is known about factors influencing the uptake of Hib vaccine. This study aimed to assess the upt...

    Authors: Ya Yang, Yingjian Wang, Dongjian Yang, Shurong Dong, Yu Yang, Xu Zhu, Yue Chen, Yibiao Zhou and Qingwu Jiang

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:8

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