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Global and public health and healthcare

Section edited by Shally Awasthi and Anne Lee

This section considers studies of healthcare policy, healthcare provision, and pediatric morbidity and mortality in developing nations.

Page 1 of 10

  1. Oxygen therapy is a lifesaving treatment, however, in Ethiopia, oxygen is not readily available in many healthcare facilities. In 2015, the Federal Ministry of Health launched a national roadmap to increase ac...

    Authors: Habtamu Seyoum Tolla, Yigeremu Abebe Asemere, Alebel Yaregal Desale, Dinkineh Bikila Woyessa, Zinabie Feleke Fekadu, Alemayehu Berhanu Belete, Audrey Battu and Felix Lam

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2021 21:451

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Neonatal mortality remains unacceptably high. Many studies successful at reducing neonatal mortality have failed to realise similar gains at scale. Effective implementation and scale-up of interventions design...

    Authors: Kaajal Patel, Sopheakneary Say, Daly Leng, Manila Prak, Koung Lo, Mavuto Mukaka, Arthur Riedel and Claudia Turner

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2021 21:390

    Content type: Study protocol

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  3. Research has highlighted the need for evidence-based interventions to improve paediatric advance care planning (pACP) in adolescents with cancer. Although adolescents express the desire and ability to share th...

    Authors: Anne van Driessche, Aline De Vleminck, Joni Gilissen, Marijke C. Kars, Jutte van der Werff ten Bosch, Luc Deliens, Joachim Cohen and Kim Beernaert

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2021 21:376

    Content type: Study protocol

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  4. Although previous studies have shown the relationship between different parental factors and children’s blood pressure status, there is limited data on the cumulative effect of these factors. Considering paren...

    Authors: Parisa Amiri, Marjan Rezaei, Sara Jalali-Farahani, Mehrdad Karimi, Leila Cheraghi, Romina Esbati and Fereidoun Azizi

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2021 21:352

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Eczema is a chronic inflammatory disease associated with impaired quality of life. We identified indoor environmental risk factors, to provide strong evidence for the prevention and control of eczema in presch...

    Authors: Haonan Shi, Guangsheng Wan, Tingting Wang, Jia Zhu, Lan Jiang, Shaowei Ma, Jian Yao, Zhe Yin, Murizhati Maimaiti and Huijuan Dong

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2021 21:347

    Content type: Research article

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  6. In Finland, school doctors examine all children at predetermined ages in addition to annual health checks by school nurses. This study explored the association of study questionnaire-assessed need for and scho...

    Authors: Kirsi Nikander, Elina Hermanson, Tero Vahlberg, Minna Kaila, Tuire Sannisto and Silja Kosola

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2021 21:346

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Malnutrition is the most common cause of mortality and morbidity of children in low and middle income countries including Ethiopia and household wealth index shares the highest contribution. Thus, in this stud...

    Authors: Demeke Lakew Workie and Lijalem Melie Tesfaw

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2021 21:332

    Content type: Research article

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  8. The COVID-19 outbreak has resulted in governments implementing disease containment measures such as school closures, social distancing, and home quarantine.

    Authors: G. Segre, R. Campi, F. Scarpellini, A. Clavenna, M. Zanetti, M. Cartabia and M. Bonati

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2021 21:231

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Children’s voices are seldom heard in process evaluations concerning health promotion programmes. A Healthy School Start Plus (HSSP) is a parental support programme, conducted in Sweden, with the aim of promot...

    Authors: Mahnoush Etminan Malek, Gisela Nyberg, Liselotte Schäfer Elinder, Emma Patterson and Åsa Norman

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2021 21:228

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Presently, 1 in 4 Lebanese adolescents is involved in bullying, with 12% being perpetrators. In Lebanon, around 90% of bullying incidents occur in schools. Given the lack of studies tackling bullying perpetrat...

    Authors: Emmanuelle Awad, Chadia Haddad, Hala Sacre, Rabih Hallit, Michel Soufia, Pascale Salameh, Sahar Obeid and Souheil Hallit

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2021 21:204

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Child malnutrition is a huge health problem having multifaceted consequences for child survival and long-term well-being. Although, several studies investigated stunting, underweight, and wasting in low- and m...

    Authors: Lijalem Melie Tesfaw and Haile Mekonnen Fenta

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2021 21:193

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Delayed diagnosis of congenital heart disease (CHD) causes significant morbidity and mortality. We aimed to determine the proportion of delayed diagnosis of CHD and factors related to the delayed diagnosis.

    Authors: Indah K. Murni, Muhammad Taufik Wirawan, Linda Patmasari, Esta R. Sativa, Nadya Arafuri, Sasmito Nugroho and Noormanto

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2021 21:191

    Content type: Research article

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  13. A family-centered care (FCC) parent participation program that ensures an infant is not separated from parents against their will was developed for the caring of their small or sick newborn at a neonatal inten...

    Authors: Arti Maria, James A. Litch, Maria Stepanchak, Enisha Sarin, Rashmi Wadhwa and Harish Kumar

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2021 21:171

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Community misperception on newborn care and poor treatment of sick newborn attributes to neonatal death and illness severity. Misperceptions and malpractices regarding neonatal care and neonatal complications ...

    Authors: Abu Sayeed Md. Abdullah, Koustuv Dalal, Masuma Yasmin, Gainel Ussatayeva, Abdul Halim and Animesh Biswas

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2021 21:168

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Between 2014 and 2016, Brazil experienced a severe shortage in penicillin supply, resulting in a lack of treatment among some pregnant women and newborns with syphilis and the use of non-evidence-based regimen...

    Authors: Ana Fátima Braga Rocha, Maria Alix Leite Araújo, Melanie M. Taylor, Edna O. Kara and Nathalie Jeanne Nicole Broutet

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2021 21:166

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Weight for length z-score (WLZ) < − 3 is currently used to define severe acute malnutrition (SAM) among infants. However, this approach has important limitations for infants younger than 6 months of age as WLZ...

    Authors: Ranadip Chowdhury, Nitika, Tarun Shankar Choudhary, Sunita Taneja, Jose Martines, Nita Bhandari and Rajiv Bahl

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2021 21:158

    Content type: Research article

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  17. International literature clearly describes factors associated with problematic internet use, including substance dependence, online gambling, social impairment, and functional difficulties. Therefore, it was i...

    Authors: Joseph E. Dib, Chadia Haddad, Hala Sacre, Marwan Akel, Pascale Salameh, Sahar Obeid and Souheil Hallit

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2021 21:148

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Many HIV-infected African children gained access to antiretroviral treatment (ART) through expansion of PEPFAR programs since 2004 and introduction of “Test and Treat” WHO guidelines in 2015. As ART access inc...

    Authors: Phionah Kibalama Ssemambo, Mary Gorrethy Nalubega-Mboowa, Arthur Owora, Robert Serunjogi, Susan Kironde, Sarah Nakabuye, Francis Ssozi, Maria Nannyonga, Philippa Musoke and Linda Barlow-Mosha

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2021 21:139

    Content type: Research article

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  19. The prevalence of functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGIDs) in children, particularly from Asia, is largely unknown. There are not many studies done in Asia especially using the Rome IV criteria. The aim o...

    Authors: Ying Huang, Serene Yaling Tan, Panam Parikh, Vanitha Buthmanaban, Shaman Rajindrajith and Marc Alexander Benninga

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2021 21:131

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Organophosphates are one of the most common agents of poisoning in developing countries including Egypt. Due to lack of data about characteristics of organophosphates poisoning in our localities, we aimed to e...

    Authors: Khaled A. Abdel Baseer, Eman Fathala Gad and Yaser F. Abdel Raheem

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2021 21:98

    Content type: Research article

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  21. The emerging of psychological problems triggered by COVID-19 particularly in children have been extensively highlighted and emphasized, but original research in this respect is still lagging behind. Therefore,...

    Authors: Zhongren Ma, Sakinah Idris, Yinxia Zhang, Liu Zewen, Amaad Wali, Yunpeng Ji, Qiuwei Pan and Zulqarnain Baloch

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2021 21:95

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Rotavirus is considered the main causal factor of severe gastroenteritis among infants and children globally. The association with severe rotavirus infection is mostly worse among the least developed countries...

    Authors: James Atampiiga Avoka, Elvis J. Dun-Dery, Issah Seidu, Armel N. E. Abou, Paul Twene, Isaac Obeng Tandoh and Frederick Dun-Dery

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2021 21:88

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Every year an estimated 7.9 million babies are born with birth defect. Of these babies, more than 3 million die and 3.2 million have disability. Improving nationwide information on prevalence of birth defect, ...

    Authors: Prajwal Paudel, Avinash K. Sunny, Rejina Gurung, Abhishek Gurung, Honey Malla, Netra B. Rana, Nawaraj KC, Ram Narayan Chaudhary and Ashish KC

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2021 21:81

    Content type: Research article

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  24. The WHO’s Integrated Management of Childhood Illness (IMCI) has resulted in progress in addressing infant and child mortality. However, unmet needs of children continue to present a burden upon primary healthc...

    Authors: Robyn Curran, Jamie Murdoch, Max Bachmann, Eric Bateman, Ruth Cornick, Sandra Picken, Makhosazana Lungile Simelane and Lara Fairall

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2021 21:58

    Content type: Research article

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  25. The purpose of this study was to examine the influence of hand-forearm anthropometric dimensions on handgrip and pinch strengths among 7–18 years children and adolescents and to investigate the extent to which...

    Authors: Sajjad Rostamzadeh, Mahnaz Saremi, Shahram Vosoughi, Bruce Bradtmiller, Leila Janani, Ali Asghar Farshad and Fereshteh Taheri

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2021 21:39

    Content type: Research article

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  26. In most low-income countries, febrile-pediatric-cases are often treated empirically with accessible antibiotics without periodic epidemiological surveillance, susceptibility testing, or minimal lethal dose cal...

    Authors: Priyatam Khadka, Januka Thapaliya and Shovana Thapa

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2021 21:38

    Content type: Research article

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  27. In order to end the AIDS epidemic by 2030, there is a need to significantly reduce the rate of new infection among children and young adolescents. Identifying the correlates of testing behaviour is necessary t...

    Authors: Damilola Adetoro, Hadiza Khamofu, Titilope Badru, John Markson, Oluwasanmi Adedokun, Nana Sandah-Abubakar, Ibrahim Dafa, Mario Chen, Robert Chiegil and Kwasi Torpey

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2021 21:33

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Acute cough in children often causes discomfort to children and parents, reducing their quality of life. Despite the extensive utilization of over-the-counter remedies for cough, the efficacy of most of these ...

    Authors: Ilaria Carnevali, Rita La Paglia, Lara Pauletto, Floriana Raso, Marco Testa, Carmen Mannucci, Emanuela Elisa Sorbara and Gioacchino Calapai

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2021 21:29

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Evaluating blood pressure (BP) is one element for diagnosing and preventing disease in student populations. The objectives of this research were to (a) identify the range of height for measuring BP adjusted fo...

    Authors: Marco Cossio-Bolaños, Rubén Vidal-Espinoza, Felipe Castelli Correia de Campos, José Sulla-Torres, Wilbert Cossio-Bolaños, Cynthia Lee Andruske, Camilo Urra Albornoz and Rossana Gómez Campos

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2021 21:26

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Desert dust events in Mediterranean countries, originating mostly from the Sahara and Arabian deserts, have been linked to climate change and are associated with significant increase in mortality and hospital ...

    Authors: Panayiotis Kouis, Stefania I. Papatheodorou, Maria G. Kakkoura, Nicos Middleton, Emmanuel Galanakis, Eleni Michaelidi, Souzana Achilleos, Nikolaos Mihalopoulos, Marina Neophytou, Gerasimos Stamatelatos, Christos Kaniklides, Efstathios Revvas, Filippos Tymvios, Chrysanthos Savvides, Petros Koutrakis and Panayiotis K. Yiallouros

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2021 21:13

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  31. Household air pollution exposure is linked with over 3.5 million premature deaths every year, ranking highest among environmental risk factors globally. Children are uniquely vulnerable and sensitive to the da...

    Authors: Mesafint Molla Adane, Getu Degu Alene, Seid Tiku Mereta and Kristina L. Wanyonyi

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2021 21:4

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  32. Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has impacted the provision of health services in all specialties. We aim to study the impact of COVID-19 on the utilization of pediatric hospital services including emergenc...

    Authors: Shu-Ling Chong, Jenifer Shui Lian Soo, John Carson Allen Jr, Sashikumar Ganapathy, Khai Pin Lee, Arif Tyebally, Chee Fu Yung, Koh Cheng Thoon, Yong Hong Ng, Jean Yin Oh, Oon Hoe Teoh, Yee Hui Mok and Yoke Hwee Chan

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:562

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  33. Living at high latitudes is one of the risk factors for vitamin D deficiency in children. However, evidence on vitamin D improvement for this pediatric population to date is limited. This study aims at evaluat...

    Authors: Xuguang Zhang, Yanping Chen, Shanshan Jin, Xinxin Bi, Dongkai Chen, Dongmei Zhang, Li Liu, Hong Jing and Lixin Na

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:542

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  34. Kangaroo mother care (KMC) is an effective intervention for preterm and low birth weight infants. Effective implementation of KMC relies on a multidisciplinary team centering on the newborn’s caregiver, who de...

    Authors: Alinane Linda Nyondo-Mipando, Mai-Lei Woo Kinshella, Sangwani Salimu, Brandina Chiwaya, Felix Chikoti, Lusungu Chirambo, Ephrida Mwaungulu, Mwai Banda, Laura Newberry, Jenala Njirammadzi, Tamanda Hiwa, Marianne Vidler, Queen Dube, Elizabeth Molyneux, Joseph Mfutso-Bengo, David M. Goldfarb…

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:541

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  35. Early childhood is an age at risk of anaemia and its deleterious consequences. In Sudan, there is limited evidence on the prevalence and determinant of anaemia in under-five children. This study was conducted ...

    Authors: Khalid Abdelmutalab Elmardi, Ishag Adam, Elfatih Mohamed Malik, Abdalla Ahmed Ibrahim, Asma Hashim Elhassan, Hmooda Toto Kafy, Lubna Mohammed Nawai, Mujahid Sheikhedin Abdin and Stef Kremers

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:538

    Content type: Research article

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  36. This study assessed health workers’ adherence to neonatal health protocols before and during the implementation of a mobile health (mHealth) clinical decision-making support system (mCDMSS) that sought to brid...

    Authors: Hannah Brown Amoakoh, Kerstin Klipstein-Grobusch, Irene Akua Agyepong, Mary Amoakoh-Coleman, Gbenga A. Kayode, J. B. Reitsma, Diederick E. Grobbee and Evelyn K. Ansah

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:534

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  37. Children and adolescents are becoming the most prolific users of smart technology (ST) devices due to the numerous advantages presented by these devices. However, the overuse of ST devices can have detrimental...

    Authors: Ali Jasem Buabbas, Madawi Anwar Al-Mass, Basma Awad Al-Tawari and Mohammad Abbas Buabbas

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:524

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  38. Both bullying victimization and perpetration were associated with depression, social phobia, physical and psychological child abuse and Internet addiction in Lebanon. The prevalence of bullying in Lebanon is a...

    Authors: Diana Malaeb, Emmanuelle Awad, Chadia Haddad, Pascale Salameh, Hala Sacre, Marwan Akel, Michel Soufia, Rabih Hallit, Sahar Obeid and Souheil Hallit

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:520

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  39. Adults often have difficulty instilling eye drops in their own eyes, but little has been documented about the difficulties experienced by parents when administering eye drops to their young children, where the...

    Authors: Gloria C. Law, Alpaslan Bülbül, Christina J. Jones and Helen Smith

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:514

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  40. Knowledge of the prevailing infant care practices and their effects is important to inform practice and public programs. Infant massage is a traditional practice in India but remains less studied. This study w...

    Authors: Sarika Chaturvedi, Bharat Randive, Ashish Pathak, Sharad Agarkhedkar, Girish Tillu, Gary L. Darmstadt and Bhushan Patwardhan

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:512

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  41. Reports suggest that Latin American and Caribbean (LAC) countries have not reduced leukemia mortality compared to high-income countries. However, updated trends remain largely unknown in the region. Given that...

    Authors: J. Smith Torres-Roman, Bryan Valcarcel, Pedro Guerra-Canchari, Camila Alves Dos Santos, Isabelle Ribeiro Barbosa, Carlo La Vecchia, Katherine A. McGlynn and Dyego Leandro Bezerra de Souza

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:511

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Intellectual Disability (ID) is characterized by significant limitations that affect intellectual functioning, adaptive behavior, and practical skills which directly interfere with interpersonal relationships ...

    Authors: Luan Freitas Oliveira, Tiago Fernando Chaves, Nathacha Baretto, Gisele Rozone de Luca, Ingrid Tremel Barbato, Jorge Humberto Barbato Filho, Maristela Ocampos and Angelica Francesca Maris

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:506

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  43. A child’s home and family environment plays a vital role in neuro-cognitive and emotional development. Assessment of a child’s home environment and social circumstances is an crucial part of holistic Paediatri...

    Authors: DJ Foley, JK Hannon, CS O’Gorman and AM Murphy

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:505

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  44. The concentration of under-5 child morbidity and mortality due to pneumonia in developing countries reflects the social inequities. This study aimed to map and assess the spatial risk for hospitalization due t...

    Authors: Juliana Coelho Pina, Luana Seles Alves, Luiz Henrique Arroyo, Ricardo Alexandre Arcêncio, Ellen Cristina Gondim, Maria Cândida de Carvalho Furtado and Débora Falleiros de Mello

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:502

    Content type: Research article

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