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Global and public health and healthcare

Section edited by Shally Awasthi and Anne Lee

This section considers studies of healthcare policy, healthcare provision, and pediatric morbidity and mortality in developing nations.

Page 1 of 9

  1. Newborn hearing screening (NHS) can reduce the economic and social burden of hearing impairment. To track the progress of the goal set by the National Program of Action for Child Development (NPACD) and to est...

    Authors: Xuelian Yuan, Kui Deng, Jun Zhu, Liangcheng Xiang, Yongna Yao, Qi Li, Xiaohong Li and Hanmin Liu

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:360

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Children with medical complexity (CMC) denotes the profile of a child with diverse acute and chronic conditions, making intensive use of the healthcare services and with special health and social needs. Previo...

    Authors: Neus Carrilero, Albert Dalmau-Bueno and Anna García-Altés

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:358

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Kangaroo Mother Care (KMC) is one of the interventions widely used in low-income countries to manage Low Birth Weight Infants (LBWIs), a global leading cause of neonatal and child mortality. LBWI largely contr...

    Authors: Christina T. Mathias, Solange Mianda and Themba G. Ginindza

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:355

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Currently, as the number of vaccinated children in Poland and throughout Europe is decreasing. Many factors impact on the rate vaccination and parents’ health behaviours may affect the frequency of vaccination...

    Authors: Jolanta Kraśnicka, Elżbieta Krajewska-Kułak, Krystyna Klimaszewska, Mateusz Cybulski, Andrzej Guzowski, Jolanta Lewko, Cecylia Łukaszuk, Krystyna Kowalczuk, Halina Doroszkiewicz, Anna Baranowska, Katarzyna Krajewska-Ferishah, Hanna Rolka and Wojciech Kułak

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:354

    Content type: Research article

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  5. The human foot is shaped throughout all life in a way that is individual for every human being. Footwear fitting in the process of foot development is the issue covered by a limited range of empirical studies....

    Authors: Ewa Puszczalowska-Lizis, Paulina Zarzyczna, Wioletta Mikulakova, Mariusz Migala and Slawomir Jandzis

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:349

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Testing for HIV at birth has the potential to identify infants infected in utero, and allows for the possibility of beginning treatment immediately after birth; point of care (POC) testing allows rapid return ...

    Authors: Emma Sacks, Philisiwe Khumalo, Bhekisisa Tsabedze, William Montgomery, Nobuhle Mthethwa, Bonisile Nhlabatsi, Thembie Masuku, Jennifer Cohn and Caspian Chouraya

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:347

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Advocacy regarding child health policy is a core tenet of pediatrics. Previous research has demonstrated that most pediatric providers believe collective advocacy and political involvement are essential aspect...

    Authors: Aditi Vasan, Polina Krass, Leah Seifu, Talia A. Hitt, Nadir Ijaz, Leonela Villegas, Kathryn Pallegedara, Sindhu Pandurangi, Morgan Congdon, Beth Rezet and Chén C. Kenyon

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:343

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Assessing the early development of children at a population level in educational settings, may be useful for public health and policy decision making. In this study, we evaluated the psychometric properties an...

    Authors: Sabine Georg, Catherin Bosle, Joachim E. Fischer and Freia De Bock

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:339

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Participation in organized sports is associated with higher physical activity (PA) levels in school-aged-children. Yet, little is known about PA determinants in preschool-aged-children. We examined association...

    Authors: Chu Chen, Fanny Sellberg, Viktor H. Ahlqvist, Martin Neovius, Filip Christiansen and Daniel Berglind

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:328

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Lower limb serial casting is commonly used therapeutically in paediatric clinical practice with some evidence to support its efficacy. This systematic review aimed to determine the effects of serial casting in...

    Authors: Nikki Milne, Michelle Miao and Emma Beattie

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:324

    Content type: Research article

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  11. With the importance of early childhood development more recognized by the international society, low-cost and cross-culturally comparable measures of early childhood development is in great demand, both in Chi...

    Authors: Jin Zhao, Sally Anne Brinkman, Yunting Zhang, Yingquan Song, Chunling Lu, Mary Eming Young, Yue Zhang, Patrick Ip, Wenjie Shan and Fan Jiang

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:323

    Content type: Research article

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  12. The clients’ willingness to accept (WTA) and willingness to pay (WTP) for a given good or service can help elicit the monetary value of that good or service. This study aims to assess the WTA and WTP of mother...

    Authors: Satar Rezaei, Abraha Woldemichael, Masoumeh Mirzaei, Shima Mohammadi and Behzad Karami Matin

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:307

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Angola is one of the southern African countries with the highest prevalence of anaemia. Identifying anaemia determinants is an important step for the design of evidence-based control strategies. In this study,...

    Authors: Cláudia Fançony, Ânia Soares, João Lavinha, Henrique Barros and Miguel Brito

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:298

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Several environmental factors favour the occurrence of acute respiratory disease, which is the main reason for paediatric consultations in our country (Colombia). Tobacco smoke is considered a significant envi...

    Authors: María Fernanda Tovar, Wendy Ortiz, María Alejandra Valderrama, Fabio Rodríguez, Oscar Gamboa, María José Maldonado and Sergio Iván Agudelo

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:296

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Childhood vaccinations are a vital preventive measure to reduce disease incidence and deaths among children. As a result, immunisation coverage against measles was a key indicator for monitoring the fourth Mil...

    Authors: Swati Srivastava, Jasmine Fledderjohann and Ashish Kumar Upadhyay

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:295

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Rapid weight gain (RWG) has been recognized as an important determinant of childhood obesity. This study aims to explore the RWG distribution among children at six-month intervals from birth to two years old a...

    Authors: Yi-Fan Li, Shio-Jean Lin and Tung-liang Chiang

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:293

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Pediatric burn injuries are a major cause of death and injury, occurring mainly in resource poor environments. Recovery from burns is widely reported to be constrained by physical, psychological, relationship ...

    Authors: Ashley Van Niekerk, Roxanne Jacobs, Nancy Hornsby, Robyn Singh-Adriaanse, Mathilde Sengoelge and Lucie Laflamme

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:289

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Poor compliance to highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) can result in the poor quality of life in children living with Human immunodeficiency virus/Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) because...

    Authors: Michael Lahai, Peter Bai James, Noel Nen’man Wannang, Haja Ramatulai Wurie, Sorie Conteh, Abdulai Jawo Bah and Mohamed Samai

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:286

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Viral respiratory infections (VRIs) are a frequent cause of hospitalization in children under 24 months of age. A history of prematurity or heart disease may be a risk factor for complications in patients hosp...

    Authors: Jessie N. Zurita-Cruz, Alejandro Gutierrez-Gonzalez, Leticia Manuel-Apolinar, José Esteban Fernández-Gárate, María Luisa Arellano-Flores, Roberto Alejandro Correa Gonzalez, Guillermo Vázquez-Rosales, Rocio Sanchez-Armas and Nelly Cisneros-González

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:285

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Despite its increasing clinical significance and diagnostic challenges, little is known about functional abdominal pain disorders (FAPDs) in Central-Eastern Europe. In this paper, the prevalence and potential ...

    Authors: János Major and Szilvia Ádám

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:281

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Caring for adolescents living with HIV/AIDS (ALHIV) can be overwhelming due to their unique needs. Ghana is currently among nine countries in West and Central Africa contributing to 90% of new paediatric infec...

    Authors: Anna Hayfron-Benjamin, Dorcas Obiri-Yeboah, Yemah Mariama Bockarie, Ernestina Asiedua, Ibrahim Baidoo, Angela D. Akorsu and Stephen Ayisi-Addo

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:278

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) is a leading cause of neurodevelopmental disorders. Children in foster care or domestically adopted are at greater risk for FASD. The aim of this study was to determine t...

    Authors: Ariel Tenenbaum, Asaf Mandel, Talia Dor, Alon Sapir, Orly Sapir-Bodnaro, Pnina Hertz and Isaiah D. Wexler

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:275

    Content type: Research article

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  23. A great number of studies have concentrated on the influence of socioeconomic status with health outcomes, but little on how socioeconomic status affects social relationship in adolescents’ families, peers and...

    Authors: Jing Li, Jing Wang, Jia-yu Li, Sheng Qian, Rui-xia Jia, Ying-quan Wang, Jing-hong Liang and Yong Xu

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:271

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Kangaroo mother care (KMC) is an evidence-based and cost-effective intervention that could prevent severe complications for preterm babies, however it has not been widely adopted in China. In this study, we ai...

    Authors: Xin Liu, Zhankui Li, Xiaohui Chen, Bei Cao, Shaojie Yue, Changyi Yang, Qiongyu Liu, Chuanzhong Yang, Gengli Zhao and Qi Feng

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:260

    Content type: Research article

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  25. The objectives of present study were to examine the level of disagreement between self-reported and objective measurement of sensitization to common inhalant allergens, and to explore the potential risk factor...

    Authors: Qing Miao, Li Xiang, Hui Guan, Yongge Liu, Zhen Li, Yixin Ren and Wei Xu

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:259

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Sri Lanka has a high prevalence of β-thalassaemia major. Clinical management is complex and long-term and includes regular blood transfusion and iron chelation therapy. The economic burden of β-thalassaemia fo...

    Authors: Hamish Reed-Embleton, Savinda Arambepola, Simon Dixon, Behrouz Nezafat Maldonado, Anuja Premawardhena, Mahinda Arambepola, Jahangir A. M. Khan and Stephen Allen

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:257

    Content type: Research article

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  27. To increase health and well-being in young children, it is important to acknowledge and promote the child’s sleep behaviour. However, there is a lack of brief, validated sleep screening instruments for childre...

    Authors: Charlotte Angelhoff, Peter Johansson, Erland Svensson and Anna Lena Sundell

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:253

    Content type: Research article

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    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:333

  28. Health behaviours are shaped early in life and tend to occur in complex specific patterns. We aimed to characterise these patterns among Portuguese adolescents and their association with individual and context...

    Authors: Constança Soares dos Santos, João Picoito, Isabel Loureiro and Carla Nunes

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:247

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Anxiety disorders are common among children and adolescents. However, there is a paucity of up-to-date data on the prevalence and correlates of anxiety-related disorders among children and adolescents in the U...

    Authors: Nabeel Al-Yateem, Wegdan Bani issa, Rachel C. Rossiter, Arwa Al-Shujairi, Hadia Radwan, Manal Awad, Randa Fakhry and Ibrahim Mahmoud

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:245

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Diarrheal diseases are the second major cause of death among under-five children globally. It kills about 2.5 million people each year, with 60–70% of them being children under 5 years of age. It is also the s...

    Authors: Adugna Fenta, Kassahun Alemu and Dessie Abebaw Angaw

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:236

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Though effective treatment programs for severely malnourished children are available, mortality rate among children with acute malnutrition continue to rise and little is known about its long-term outcomes and...

    Authors: Eman Ramadan Ghazawy, Gihan Mohammed Bebars and Ehab Salah Eshak

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:233

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Stunting is a major public health issue in most of developing countries. Although, its worldwide prevalence is decreasing slowly but the number of stunted children is still rising in Pakistan. Stunting is high...

    Authors: Mahvish Ponum, Saadia Khan, Osman Hasan, Muhammad Tahir Mahmood, Asad Abbas, Mehwish Iftikhar and Reema Arshad

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:232

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Road Traffic Injuries (RTIs) are a leading cause of disabilities and mortalities in Iran. The occurrence of RTIs among children is increasing. This study aims are to assess RTIs among Iranian children and to d...

    Authors: Hesam Ghiasvand, Payam Roshanfekr, Delaram Ali, Hossein Malekafzali Ardakani, Amanda N. Stephens and Bahram Armoon

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:231

    Content type: Research article

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  34. The prevalence of food allergy (FA) has increased worldwide. In China, the prevalence of FA in infants and school-aged children is well known, but the prevalence in preschool children is unknown.

    Authors: Huan Dai, Fangmin Wang, Like Wang, Jinyi Wan, Qiangwei Xiang, Hui Zhang, Wei Zhao and Weixi Zhang

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:220

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Social skills are valid predictors for school readiness and subsequent school success. The federal state law for child day-care and preschools in Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania, a federal state in Germany, prov...

    Authors: Josefin Biermann, Marco Franze and Wolfgang Hoffmann

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:216

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Chronic malnutrition, often measured as stunted growth, is an understudied global health problem. Though poor nutritional intake has been linked to stunted growth, there is evidence suggesting environmental ex...

    Authors: Shanique Martin, Francis Mutuku, Julia Sessions, Justin Lee, Dunstan Mukoko, Indu Malhotra, Charles H. King and A. Desiree LaBeaud

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:208

    Content type: Research article

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  37. This study objective was to evaluate the prevalence of alcohol use disorder (AUD) and related factors (smoking, internet addiction, social anxiety, child abuse, and bullying) among a representative sample of L...

    Authors: Jennifer Hallit, Pascale Salameh, Chadia Haddad, Hala Sacre, Michel Soufia, Marwan Akel, Sahar Obeid, Rabih Hallit and Souheil Hallit

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:205

    Content type: Research article

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  38. The present study was conducted to jointly assess some specific factors related to body fat measures using a multivariate multilevel analysis in a representative sample of Iranian mid-adolescents.

    Authors: Marzieh Alamolhoda, Seyyed Taghi Heydari, Seyyed Mohammad Taghi Ayatollahi, Reza Tabrizi, Maryam Akbari and Arash Ardalan

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:191

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Severe respiratory distress is a leading cause of mortality among neonates in Malawi. Despite evidence on the safety, cost effectiveness and efficacy of bubble continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) in man...

    Authors: Sangwani Salimu, Mai-Lei Woo Kinshella, Marianne Vidler, Mwai Banda, Laura Newberry, Queen Dube, Elizabeth M. Molyneux, David M. Goldfarb, Kondwani Kawaza and Alinane Linda Nyondo-Mipando

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:180

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Despite increased understanding of Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs), very little advancement has been made in how ACEs are defined and conceptualized. The current objectives were to determine: 1) how well ...

    Authors: Tracie O. Afifi, Samantha Salmon, Isabel Garcés, Shannon Struck, Janique Fortier, Tamara Taillieu, Ashley Stewart-Tufescu, Gordon J. G. Asmundson, Jitender Sareen and Harriet L. MacMillan

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:178

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Many children and their families are affected by premature birth. Yet, little is known about their healthcare access and adverse family impact during early childhood. This study aimed to (1) examine difference...

    Authors: Olivia J. Lindly, Morgan K. Crossman, Amy M. Shui, Dennis Z. Kuo, Kristen M. Earl, Amber R. Kleven, James M. Perrin and Karen A. Kuhlthau

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:168

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Mental health disorders in the child and adolescent population are a pressing public health concern. Despite the high prevalence of psychopathology in this vulnerable population, the transition from Child and ...

    Authors: P. Santosh, L. Adams, F. Fiori, N. Davidović, G. de Girolamo, G. C. Dieleman, T. Franić, N. Heaney, K. Lievesley, J. Madan, A. Maras, M. Mastroianni, F. McNicholas, M. Paul, D. Purper-Ouakil, I. Sagar-Ouriaghli…

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:167

    Content type: Study protocol

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  43. Breastfeeding is associated with health benefits for both the mother and infant and is therefore important to support; moreover, parental leave is a beneficial factor for breastfeeding. The Swedish parental le...

    Authors: Maria Grandahl, Jenny Stern and Eva-Lotta Funkquist

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:159

    Content type: Research article

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  44. It is important for healthcare providers to pay attention to parents’ rearing style and children’s physical symptoms to promote a healthy quality of life among children with atopic dermatitis. We aimed to iden...

    Authors: Jeong Won Han and Hanna Lee

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:141

    Content type: Research article

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  45. A cluster of cases of unexplained multi-organ failure was reported in children at Bardnesville Junction Hospital (BJH), Monrovia, Liberia. Prior to admission, children’s caregivers reported antibiotic, antimal...

    Authors: Mohamad K. Haidar, Florian Vogt, Kensuke Takahashi, Fanny Henaff, Lisa Umphrey, Nikola Morton, Luke Bawo, Joseph Kerkula, Robin Ferner, Klaudia Porten and Frederic J. Baud

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:139

    Content type: Research article

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