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Global and public health and healthcare

Section edited by Shally Awasthi and Anne Lee

This section considers studies of healthcare policy, healthcare provision, and pediatric morbidity and mortality in developing nations.

Page 1 of 6

  1. Content type: Research article

    The prevalence of pediatric allergic diseases has increased rapidly in the United States over the past few decades. Recent studies suggest an association between the increase in allergic disease and early dist...

    Authors: Jeffrey Ni, Hannah Friedman, Bridget C. Boyd, Andrew McGurn, Piotr Babinski, Talar Markossian and Lara R. Dugas

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:225

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Seeking healthcare in children is unique since parents decide upon the type and frequency of healthcare services accessed. Mothers/caregivers lower healthcare seeking behavior is one of the major reason for in...

    Authors: Nebiat Teshager Abegaz, Hailemariam Berhe and Gebremedhin Beedemariam Gebretekle

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:220

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Familial hypercholesterolemia (FH), the most frequent monogenetic hereditary disorder, is underdiagnosed and undertreated. Early identification of FH is essential because of the increased risk for premature ca...

    Authors: Alexandra Kreissl, Nina Walleczek, Pinky Rose Espina, Ulrike Hallwirth and Susanne Greber-Platzer

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:208

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Childhood vaccinations have been shown to be effective in protecting children against vaccine-preventable diseases. The systematic investigation of the causes of incomplete immunization is critical for the ful...

    Authors: Alemayehu Gonie Mekonnen, Alebachew Demelash Bayleyegn and Esubalew Tesfahun Ayele

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:198

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  5. Content type: Research article

    The short-term effects of particulate matter (PM) exposure on childhood asthma exacerbation and disease control rate is not thoroughly assessed in Chinese population yet. The previous toxic effects of PM expos...

    Authors: Jinzhun Wu, Taoling Zhong, Yu Zhu, Dandan Ge, Xiaoliang Lin and Qiyuan Li

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:194

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  6. Content type: Research article

    In response to multiple United Kingdom investigations and inquiries into the care of adults with learning disabilities, Mencap produced the Getting it Right Charter which campaigned for the appointment of a Le...

    Authors: Kate Oulton, Jo Wray, Angela Hassiotis, Charlotte Kenten, Jessica Russell, Irene Tuffrey-Wijne, Mark Whiting and Faith Gibson

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:192

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Despite the fact that several scabies outbreaks emerged in schools in Saudi Arabia in 2018, no study has investigated the risk of scabies recurrence among children in Saudi Arabia. This study aimed to estimate...

    Authors: Anwar E. Ahmed, Hoda Jradi, Doaa A. AlBuraikan, Bashayr I. ALMuqbil, Monirah A. Albaijan, Ali M. Al-Shehri and Hamdan AL-Jahdali

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:187

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Stunting in developing countries continues to be a major public health problem. Measuring head circumference (HC) during clinical anthropometric assessment can help predict stunting. The aim of this study was ...

    Authors: Kulandaipalayam Natarajan Sindhu, Prashanth Ramamurthy, Karthikeyan Ramanujam, Ankita Henry, Joseph Dian Bondu, Sushil Mathew John, Sudhir Babji, Beena Koshy, Anuradha Bose, Gagandeep Kang and Venkata Raghava Mohan

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:182

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  9. Content type: Case report

    Dog bite injuries are an ongoing concern in pediatrics. The majority of these occur in low- and middle-income countries where resources, especially subspecialty support services, are limited. Scrotal bites are...

    Authors: Edwin S. Palmer, Phitsavanh Saysamoneyeu, Jennifer M. Siu, Annkham Thammaseng and Indi Trehan

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:169

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  10. Content type: Research article

    2500 g has been used worldwide as the definition of low birthweight (LBW) for almost a century. While previous studies have used statistical approaches to define LBW cutoffs, a LBW definition using an outcome-...

    Authors: Malinee Laopaiboon, Pisake Lumbiganon, Siwanon Rattanakanokchai, Warut Chaiwong, João Paulo Souza, Joshua P. Vogel, Rintaro Mori and Ahmet Metin Gülmezoglu

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:166

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Non-supine infant sleep position is an important modifiable risk factor for sudden unexpected death in infancy. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of supine sleep position and associated factor...

    Authors: Bruna Gonçalves C. da Silva, Mariângela Freitas da Silveira, Paula Duarte de Oliveira, Marlos Rodrigues Domingues, Nelson Arns Neumann, Fernando C. Barros and Andréa Dâmaso Bertoldi

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:165

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Chronic suppurative otitis media (CSOM) causes preventable deafness and disproportionately affects children living in poverty. Our hypothesis was that health promotion in women’s groups would increase their kn...

    Authors: Susan Clarke, Robyn Richmond, Heather Worth, Rajendra Wagle and Andrew Hayen

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:163

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Unsettled infant behaviours are a common concern for parents internationally, and have been associated with maternal stress, reduced parenting confidence, and postnatal mental health problems among parents. Li...

    Authors: Linda Murray, Thach Tran, Vo Van Thang, Nicole McDonald, Sean Beggs and Jane Fisher

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:160

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Sedentary behaviour has become a growing public health concern. Currently, it is a common belief that screen time (SCT) is a key factor in high overall sedentary time (ST) and is often used as a primary outcom...

    Authors: Belinda Hoffmann, Susanne Kobel, Olivia Wartha, Sarah Kettner, Jens Dreyhaupt and Jürgen M. Steinacker

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:154

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Childhood unintentional injuries (UI) are common but continue to happen more often to children living in less advantaged socioeconomic circumstances (SEC). Our aim was to explore how early life factors mediate...

    Authors: M. Campbell, E. T. C. Lai, A. Pearce, E. Orton, D. Kendrick, S. Wickham and D. C. Taylor-Robinson

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:150

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  16. Content type: Research article

    It is still unclear if and at which trimester gestational weight gain is related to childhood adiposity. Thus we aimed to evaluate the association between trimester-specific gestational weight gain and body-fa...

    Authors: Wenyi Lu, Xi Zhang, Jiang Wu, Xiaomeng Mao, Xiuhua Shen, Qian Chen, Jun Zhang, Lisu Huang and Qingya Tang

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:139

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Transient elastography (TE) using FibroScan with M probe has been widely used in adults for controlled attenuation parameter (CAP) and liver stiffness measurement (LSM). In this study, we aimed to assess the f...

    Authors: Jing Zeng, Xi Zhang, Chao Sun, Qin Pan, Wen-Yi Lu, Qian Chen, Li-Su Huang and Jian-Gao Fan

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:129

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  18. Content type: Research article

    While ICF-CY-based models of care are promising avenues for improving participation of children with chronic health conditions, feasible and valid instruments to assess participation as an outcome in routine a...

    Authors: Freia De Bock, Catherin Bosle, Christine Graef, Johannes Oepen, Heike Philippi and Michael S. Urschitz

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:125

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Small-for-gestational-age (SGA) is associated with increased neonatal mortality and morbidity. In low and middle income countries an accurate gestational age is often not known, making the identification of SG...

    Authors: Cecilie Bøge Paulsen, Birgitte Bruun Nielsen, Omari Abdul Msemo, Sofie Lykke Møller, Josephine Roth Ekmann, Thor Grundtvig Theander, Ib Christian Bygbjerg, John Peter Andrea Lusingu, Daniel Thomas Remias Minja and Christentze Schmiegelow

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:120

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Undernutrition is an important public health indicator for monitoring nutritional status and survival. In spite of its importance, undernutrition is a significant problem health problem in many East African co...

    Authors: Kingsley E. Agho, Blessing J. Akombi, Akhi J. Ferdous, Irene Mbugua and Joseph K. Kamara

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:118

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  21. Content type: Research article

    As survivorship care plan (SCP) use among childhood cancer survivors and their families has not been extensively researched, we report on their experiences with receiving an SCP after the completion of therapy.

    Authors: Samantha T. Pannier, Karely Mann, Echo L. Warner, Stephanie Rosen, Akanksha Acharya, Claire Hacking, Cheryl Gerdy, Jennifer Wright, Yelena P. Wu and Anne C. Kirchhoff

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:111

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Despite being preventable, anaemia is a major public health problem that affects a sizable number of children under-five years globally and in Tanzania. This study examined the maternal factors associated with...

    Authors: Olaide O. Ojoniyi, Clifford O. Odimegwu, Emmanuel O. Olamijuwon and Joshua O. Akinyemi

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:89

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  23. Content type: Research article

    Although dysmenorrhea is not a life-threatening condition, it can cause a substantial burden on individuals and communities. There is no data on the prevalence of dysmenorrhea in Kuwait. This study aimed to es...

    Authors: Sharefah Al-Matouq, Hessah Al-Mutairi, Ohood Al-Mutairi, Fatima Abdulaziz, Dana Al-Basri, Mona Al-Enzi and Abdullah Al-Taiar

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:80

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Although renin-angiotensin II-aldosterone system inhibitor (RASI) use for renal protection is well-documented, adherence to RASI therapy in the pediatric population is unclear. This study aimed to evaluate pat...

    Authors: Chien-Ning Hsu, Shiou-Huei Huang and You-Lin Tain

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:64

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Newborn resuscitation is a life-saving intervention for birth asphyxia, a leading cause of neonatal mortality. Improving provider newborn resuscitation skills is critical for delivering quality care, but the r...

    Authors: Mary Drake, Dunstan R. Bishanga, Akwila Temu, Mustafa Njozi, Erica Thomas, Victor Mponzi, Lauren Arlington, Georgina Msemo, Mary Azayo, Allan Kairuki, Amunga R. Meda, Kahabi G. Isangula and Brett D. Nelson

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:51

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  26. Content type: Research article

    A number of region-specific validated triage systems exist; however very little is known about their performance in resource limited settings. We compare the local triage tool and internationally validated too...

    Authors: Nafsa R. Marombwa, Hendry R. Sawe, Upendo George, Said S. Kilindimo, Nanyori J. Lucumay, Kilalo M. Mjema, Juma A. Mfinanga and Ellen J. Weber

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:44

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  27. Content type: Research article

    The use of mobile touch screen devices, e.g. smartphones and tablet computers, has become increasingly prevalent among adolescents. However, little is known about how adolescents use these devices and potentia...

    Authors: Siao Hui Toh, Erin K. Howie, Pieter Coenen and Leon M. Straker

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:30

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Many newborn infants die from preventable causes in South Africa, often these deaths occur in district hospitals. A multipronged intervention aiming to improve quality of newborn care in district hospitals was...

    Authors: C. Horwood, L. Haskins, S. Phakathi and N. McKerrow

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:29

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  29. Content type: Research article

    Measuring the health-related quality of life (HRQoL) of adolescents, including those with cerebral palsy (CP) (the major cause of childhood physical disability worldwide) in Bangladesh is pertinent although th...

    Authors: Rosalie Power, Rahena Akhter, Mohammad Muhit, Sabrina Wadud, Eamin Heanoy, Tasneem Karim, Nadia Badawi and Gulam Khandaker

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:19

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  30. Content type: Research article

    Adolescent communication with parents is paramount to reduce sexual health problems. Currently, there is a shortage of information on adolescent-parent communication in Ethiopia in general and study area in pa...

    Authors: Samuel Kusheta, Belay Bancha, Yitagesu Habtu, Degefa Helamo and Samuel Yohannes

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:9

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) vaccine is effective in reducing the burden of Hib related diseases, but little is known about factors influencing the uptake of Hib vaccine. This study aimed to assess the upt...

    Authors: Ya Yang, Yingjian Wang, Dongjian Yang, Shurong Dong, Yu Yang, Xu Zhu, Yue Chen, Yibiao Zhou and Qingwu Jiang

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:8

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  32. Content type: Research article

    Admissions of infants in England have increased substantially but there is little evidence whether this is across the first year or predominately in neonates; and for all or for specific causes. We aimed to ch...

    Authors: Eleanor Jones, Beck Taylor, Gavin Rudge, Christine MacArthur, Deepthi Jyothish, Doug Simkiss and Carole Cummins

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2018 18:390

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  33. Content type: Research article

    Research suggests that an immigrant paradox exists where those who were not born in the United States (1st generation) have significantly better health than those who were born in the U.S. (2nd generation or more...

    Authors: Anna E. Epperson, Jan L. Wallander, Marc N. Elliott and Mark A. Schuster

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2018 18:379

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  34. Content type: Research article

    Infectious diseases in children living in resource-limited settings are often presumptively managed on the basis of clinical signs and symptoms. Malaria is an exception. However, the interpretation of clinical...

    Authors: Francois Kiemde, Massa dit Achille Bonko, Marc Christian Tahita, Palpouguini Lompo, Halidou Tinto, Petra F. Mens, Henk D. F. H. Schallig and Michael Boele van Hensbroek

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2018 18:370

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  35. Content type: Research article

    Disclosure of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) to infected older children and adolescents is essential for both personal health maintenance and HIV prevention within the larger population. Non-disclosure of ...

    Authors: Anna Hayfron-Benjamin, Dorcas Obiri-Yeboah, Stephen Ayisi-Addo, Peter Mate Siakwa and Sylvia Mupepi

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2018 18:365

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  36. Content type: Research article

    Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (CPAP) is a form of non-invasive ventilatory support which is increasingly used in low- and middle-income countries to treat neonates with acute respiratory distress. Howeve...

    Authors: Juan Emmanuel Dewez, Harish Chellani, Sushma Nangia, Katrin Metsis, Helen Smith, Matthews Mathai and Nynke van den Broek

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2018 18:347

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  37. Content type: Research article

    Previous studies have found a relationship between cesarean section delivery and adverse outcomes in the offspring, partially attributing these findings to differential development of immunity in infants deliv...

    Authors: Tamala Gondwe, Kalpana Betha, G. N. Kusneniwar, Clareann H. Bunker, Gong Tang, Hyagriv Simhan, P. S. Reddy and Catherine L. Haggerty

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2018 18:346

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Every year, nearly one million deaths occur due to suboptimal breastfeeding. If universally practiced, exclusive breastfeeding alone prevents 11.6% of all under 5 deaths. Among strategies to improve exclusive ...

    Authors: Archana Patel, Priyanka Kuhite, Amrita Puranik, Samreen Sadaf Khan, Jitesh Borkar and Leena Dhande

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2018 18:337

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  39. Content type: Research article

    Physical activity (PA) is associated with reduced hospitalisations and maintenance of lung function in patients with Cystic Fibrosis (CF). PA is therefore recommended as part of standard care. Despite this, th...

    Authors: James Shelley, Stuart J Fairclough, Zoe R Knowles, Kevin W Southern, Pamela McCormack, Ellen A Dawson, Lee E F Graves and Claire Hanlon

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2018 18:335

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  40. Content type: Research article

    Childhood obesity continues to be a significant public health issue worldwide. Recent national studies in Spain show a stable picture. However, prevalence and trends differ by socio-economic status, age, and r...

    Authors: José-Juan Sánchez-Cruz, I de Ruiter, J J Jiménez-Moleón, Ll García and Maria-Jose Sánchez

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2018 18:322

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  41. Content type: Research article

    Medication administration error is a medication error that occurs while administering a medication to a patient. A variety of factors make pediatrics more susceptible to medication errors and its consequences....

    Authors: Zeray Baraki, Mebrahtu Abay, Lidiya Tsegay, Hadgu Gerensea, Awoke Kebede and Hafte Teklay

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2018 18:321

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  42. Content type: Research article

    Children and adolescents still lag behind adults in accessing antiretroviral therapy (ART), which is largely due to their limited access to HIV testing services. This study compares the acceptability, feasibil...

    Authors: Habakkuk Azinyui Yumo, Christopher Kuaban, Rogers Awoh Ajeh, Akindeh Mbuh Nji, Denis Nash, Anastos Kathryn, Marcus Beissner and Thomas Loescher

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2018 18:309

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  43. Content type: Research article

    Exposure to air pollutants has been related to preterm birth, but little evidence can be available for PM2.5, O3 and CO in China. This study aimed to investigate the short-term effect of exposure to air pollutant...

    Authors: Wen-Yuan Liu, Zhe-Bin Yu, Hai-Yan Qiu, Jian-Bing Wang, Xue-Yu Chen and Kun Chen

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2018 18:305

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  44. Content type: Research article

    Although breastfeeding duration in New Zealand’s indigenous Māori is shorter than in non-Māori, we know little about barriers or motivators of breastfeeding in this community. The aim of this analysis was to i...

    Authors: Kathy M. Manhire, Sheila M. Williams, David Tipene-Leach, Sally A. Baddock, Sally Abel, Angeline Tangiora, Raymond Jones and Barry J. Taylor

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2018 18:299

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  45. Content type: Study protocol

    Economically disadvantaged families receive care in both clinical and community settings, but this care is rarely coordinated and can result in conflicting educational messaging. WEE Baby Care is a pragmatic r...

    Authors: Jennifer S. Savage, Samantha M. R. Kling, Adam Cook, Lindsey Hess, Shawnee Lutcher, Michele Marini, Jacob Mowery, Shannon Hayward, Sandra Hassink, Jennifer Franceschelli Hosterman, Ian M. Paul, Chris Seiler and Lisa Bailey-Davis

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2018 18:293

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  46. Content type: Research article

    Globally, neonatal mortality accounts for nearly half of under-five mortality, and intrapartum related events are a leading cause. Despite the rise in neonatal resuscitation (NR) training programs in low- and ...

    Authors: Brennan Vail, Melissa C. Morgan, Hilary Spindler, Amelia Christmas, Susanna R. Cohen and Dilys M. Walker

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2018 18:291

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