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Global and public health and healthcare

Section edited by Shally Awasthi and Anne Lee

This section considers studies of healthcare policy, healthcare provision, and pediatric morbidity and mortality in developing nations.

Page 1 of 10

  1. A family-centered care (FCC) parent participation program that ensures an infant is not separated from parents against their will was developed for the caring of their small or sick newborn at a neonatal inten...

    Authors: Arti Maria, James A. Litch, Maria Stepanchak, Enisha Sarin, Rashmi Wadhwa and Harish Kumar

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2021 21:171

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  2. Community misperception on newborn care and poor treatment of sick newborn attributes to neonatal death and illness severity. Misperceptions and malpractices regarding neonatal care and neonatal complications ...

    Authors: Abu Sayeed Md. Abdullah, Koustuv Dalal, Masuma Yasmin, Gainel Ussatayeva, Abdul Halim and Animesh Biswas

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2021 21:168

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Between 2014 and 2016, Brazil experienced a severe shortage in penicillin supply, resulting in a lack of treatment among some pregnant women and newborns with syphilis and the use of non-evidence-based regimen...

    Authors: Ana Fátima Braga Rocha, Maria Alix Leite Araújo, Melanie M. Taylor, Edna O. Kara and Nathalie Jeanne Nicole Broutet

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2021 21:166

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Weight for length z-score (WLZ) < − 3 is currently used to define severe acute malnutrition (SAM) among infants. However, this approach has important limitations for infants younger than 6 months of age as WLZ...

    Authors: Ranadip Chowdhury, Nitika, Tarun Shankar Choudhary, Sunita Taneja, Jose Martines, Nita Bhandari and Rajiv Bahl

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2021 21:158

    Content type: Research article

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  5. International literature clearly describes factors associated with problematic internet use, including substance dependence, online gambling, social impairment, and functional difficulties. Therefore, it was i...

    Authors: Joseph E. Dib, Chadia Haddad, Hala Sacre, Marwan Akel, Pascale Salameh, Sahar Obeid and Souheil Hallit

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2021 21:148

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Many HIV-infected African children gained access to antiretroviral treatment (ART) through expansion of PEPFAR programs since 2004 and introduction of “Test and Treat” WHO guidelines in 2015. As ART access inc...

    Authors: Phionah Kibalama Ssemambo, Mary Gorrethy Nalubega-Mboowa, Arthur Owora, Robert Serunjogi, Susan Kironde, Sarah Nakabuye, Francis Ssozi, Maria Nannyonga, Philippa Musoke and Linda Barlow-Mosha

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2021 21:139

    Content type: Research article

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  7. The prevalence of functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGIDs) in children, particularly from Asia, is largely unknown. There are not many studies done in Asia especially using the Rome IV criteria. The aim o...

    Authors: Ying Huang, Serene Yaling Tan, Panam Parikh, Vanitha Buthmanaban, Shaman Rajindrajith and Marc Alexander Benninga

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2021 21:131

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Organophosphates are one of the most common agents of poisoning in developing countries including Egypt. Due to lack of data about characteristics of organophosphates poisoning in our localities, we aimed to e...

    Authors: Khaled A. Abdel Baseer, Eman Fathala Gad and Yaser F. Abdel Raheem

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2021 21:98

    Content type: Research article

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  9. The emerging of psychological problems triggered by COVID-19 particularly in children have been extensively highlighted and emphasized, but original research in this respect is still lagging behind. Therefore,...

    Authors: Zhongren Ma, Sakinah Idris, Yinxia Zhang, Liu Zewen, Amaad Wali, Yunpeng Ji, Qiuwei Pan and Zulqarnain Baloch

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2021 21:95

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Rotavirus is considered the main causal factor of severe gastroenteritis among infants and children globally. The association with severe rotavirus infection is mostly worse among the least developed countries...

    Authors: James Atampiiga Avoka, Elvis J. Dun-Dery, Issah Seidu, Armel N. E. Abou, Paul Twene, Isaac Obeng Tandoh and Frederick Dun-Dery

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2021 21:88

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Every year an estimated 7.9 million babies are born with birth defect. Of these babies, more than 3 million die and 3.2 million have disability. Improving nationwide information on prevalence of birth defect, ...

    Authors: Prajwal Paudel, Avinash K. Sunny, Rejina Gurung, Abhishek Gurung, Honey Malla, Netra B. Rana, Nawaraj KC, Ram Narayan Chaudhary and Ashish KC

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2021 21:81

    Content type: Research article

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  12. The WHO’s Integrated Management of Childhood Illness (IMCI) has resulted in progress in addressing infant and child mortality. However, unmet needs of children continue to present a burden upon primary healthc...

    Authors: Robyn Curran, Jamie Murdoch, Max Bachmann, Eric Bateman, Ruth Cornick, Sandra Picken, Makhosazana Lungile Simelane and Lara Fairall

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2021 21:58

    Content type: Research article

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  13. The purpose of this study was to examine the influence of hand-forearm anthropometric dimensions on handgrip and pinch strengths among 7–18 years children and adolescents and to investigate the extent to which...

    Authors: Sajjad Rostamzadeh, Mahnaz Saremi, Shahram Vosoughi, Bruce Bradtmiller, Leila Janani, Ali Asghar Farshad and Fereshteh Taheri

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2021 21:39

    Content type: Research article

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  14. In most low-income countries, febrile-pediatric-cases are often treated empirically with accessible antibiotics without periodic epidemiological surveillance, susceptibility testing, or minimal lethal dose cal...

    Authors: Priyatam Khadka, Januka Thapaliya and Shovana Thapa

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2021 21:38

    Content type: Research article

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  15. In order to end the AIDS epidemic by 2030, there is a need to significantly reduce the rate of new infection among children and young adolescents. Identifying the correlates of testing behaviour is necessary t...

    Authors: Damilola Adetoro, Hadiza Khamofu, Titilope Badru, John Markson, Oluwasanmi Adedokun, Nana Sandah-Abubakar, Ibrahim Dafa, Mario Chen, Robert Chiegil and Kwasi Torpey

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2021 21:33

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Acute cough in children often causes discomfort to children and parents, reducing their quality of life. Despite the extensive utilization of over-the-counter remedies for cough, the efficacy of most of these ...

    Authors: Ilaria Carnevali, Rita La Paglia, Lara Pauletto, Floriana Raso, Marco Testa, Carmen Mannucci, Emanuela Elisa Sorbara and Gioacchino Calapai

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2021 21:29

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Evaluating blood pressure (BP) is one element for diagnosing and preventing disease in student populations. The objectives of this research were to (a) identify the range of height for measuring BP adjusted fo...

    Authors: Marco Cossio-Bolaños, Rubén Vidal-Espinoza, Felipe Castelli Correia de Campos, José Sulla-Torres, Wilbert Cossio-Bolaños, Cynthia Lee Andruske, Camilo Urra Albornoz and Rossana Gómez Campos

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2021 21:26

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Desert dust events in Mediterranean countries, originating mostly from the Sahara and Arabian deserts, have been linked to climate change and are associated with significant increase in mortality and hospital ...

    Authors: Panayiotis Kouis, Stefania I. Papatheodorou, Maria G. Kakkoura, Nicos Middleton, Emmanuel Galanakis, Eleni Michaelidi, Souzana Achilleos, Nikolaos Mihalopoulos, Marina Neophytou, Gerasimos Stamatelatos, Christos Kaniklides, Efstathios Revvas, Filippos Tymvios, Chrysanthos Savvides, Petros Koutrakis and Panayiotis K. Yiallouros

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2021 21:13

    Content type: Study protocol

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  19. Household air pollution exposure is linked with over 3.5 million premature deaths every year, ranking highest among environmental risk factors globally. Children are uniquely vulnerable and sensitive to the da...

    Authors: Mesafint Molla Adane, Getu Degu Alene, Seid Tiku Mereta and Kristina L. Wanyonyi

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2021 21:4

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  20. Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has impacted the provision of health services in all specialties. We aim to study the impact of COVID-19 on the utilization of pediatric hospital services including emergenc...

    Authors: Shu-Ling Chong, Jenifer Shui Lian Soo, John Carson Allen Jr, Sashikumar Ganapathy, Khai Pin Lee, Arif Tyebally, Chee Fu Yung, Koh Cheng Thoon, Yong Hong Ng, Jean Yin Oh, Oon Hoe Teoh, Yee Hui Mok and Yoke Hwee Chan

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:562

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Living at high latitudes is one of the risk factors for vitamin D deficiency in children. However, evidence on vitamin D improvement for this pediatric population to date is limited. This study aims at evaluat...

    Authors: Xuguang Zhang, Yanping Chen, Shanshan Jin, Xinxin Bi, Dongkai Chen, Dongmei Zhang, Li Liu, Hong Jing and Lixin Na

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:542

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Kangaroo mother care (KMC) is an effective intervention for preterm and low birth weight infants. Effective implementation of KMC relies on a multidisciplinary team centering on the newborn’s caregiver, who de...

    Authors: Alinane Linda Nyondo-Mipando, Mai-Lei Woo Kinshella, Sangwani Salimu, Brandina Chiwaya, Felix Chikoti, Lusungu Chirambo, Ephrida Mwaungulu, Mwai Banda, Laura Newberry, Jenala Njirammadzi, Tamanda Hiwa, Marianne Vidler, Queen Dube, Elizabeth Molyneux, Joseph Mfutso-Bengo, David M. Goldfarb…

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:541

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Early childhood is an age at risk of anaemia and its deleterious consequences. In Sudan, there is limited evidence on the prevalence and determinant of anaemia in under-five children. This study was conducted ...

    Authors: Khalid Abdelmutalab Elmardi, Ishag Adam, Elfatih Mohamed Malik, Abdalla Ahmed Ibrahim, Asma Hashim Elhassan, Hmooda Toto Kafy, Lubna Mohammed Nawai, Mujahid Sheikhedin Abdin and Stef Kremers

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:538

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  24. This study assessed health workers’ adherence to neonatal health protocols before and during the implementation of a mobile health (mHealth) clinical decision-making support system (mCDMSS) that sought to brid...

    Authors: Hannah Brown Amoakoh, Kerstin Klipstein-Grobusch, Irene Akua Agyepong, Mary Amoakoh-Coleman, Gbenga A. Kayode, J. B. Reitsma, Diederick E. Grobbee and Evelyn K. Ansah

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:534

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  25. Children and adolescents are becoming the most prolific users of smart technology (ST) devices due to the numerous advantages presented by these devices. However, the overuse of ST devices can have detrimental...

    Authors: Ali Jasem Buabbas, Madawi Anwar Al-Mass, Basma Awad Al-Tawari and Mohammad Abbas Buabbas

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:524

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  26. Both bullying victimization and perpetration were associated with depression, social phobia, physical and psychological child abuse and Internet addiction in Lebanon. The prevalence of bullying in Lebanon is a...

    Authors: Diana Malaeb, Emmanuelle Awad, Chadia Haddad, Pascale Salameh, Hala Sacre, Marwan Akel, Michel Soufia, Rabih Hallit, Sahar Obeid and Souheil Hallit

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:520

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Adults often have difficulty instilling eye drops in their own eyes, but little has been documented about the difficulties experienced by parents when administering eye drops to their young children, where the...

    Authors: Gloria C. Law, Alpaslan Bülbül, Christina J. Jones and Helen Smith

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:514

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  28. Knowledge of the prevailing infant care practices and their effects is important to inform practice and public programs. Infant massage is a traditional practice in India but remains less studied. This study w...

    Authors: Sarika Chaturvedi, Bharat Randive, Ashish Pathak, Sharad Agarkhedkar, Girish Tillu, Gary L. Darmstadt and Bhushan Patwardhan

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:512

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  29. Reports suggest that Latin American and Caribbean (LAC) countries have not reduced leukemia mortality compared to high-income countries. However, updated trends remain largely unknown in the region. Given that...

    Authors: J. Smith Torres-Roman, Bryan Valcarcel, Pedro Guerra-Canchari, Camila Alves Dos Santos, Isabelle Ribeiro Barbosa, Carlo La Vecchia, Katherine A. McGlynn and Dyego Leandro Bezerra de Souza

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:511

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Intellectual Disability (ID) is characterized by significant limitations that affect intellectual functioning, adaptive behavior, and practical skills which directly interfere with interpersonal relationships ...

    Authors: Luan Freitas Oliveira, Tiago Fernando Chaves, Nathacha Baretto, Gisele Rozone de Luca, Ingrid Tremel Barbato, Jorge Humberto Barbato Filho, Maristela Ocampos and Angelica Francesca Maris

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:506

    Content type: Research article

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  31. A child’s home and family environment plays a vital role in neuro-cognitive and emotional development. Assessment of a child’s home environment and social circumstances is an crucial part of holistic Paediatri...

    Authors: DJ Foley, JK Hannon, CS O’Gorman and AM Murphy

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:505

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  32. We sought to identify perceptions of neurorehabilitation challenges for paediatric cerebral malaria (CM) survivors post-hospital discharge at Queen Elizabeth Central Hospital (QECH) in Blantyre, Malawi.

    Authors: Alexandra Boubour, Sebastian Mboma, Tracy Võ, Gretchen L. Birbeck, Karl B. Seydel, Macpherson Mallewa, Dorothy Chinguo, Melissa Gladstone, Suraya Mohamed and Kiran T. Thakur

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:503

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  33. The concentration of under-5 child morbidity and mortality due to pneumonia in developing countries reflects the social inequities. This study aimed to map and assess the spatial risk for hospitalization due t...

    Authors: Juliana Coelho Pina, Luana Seles Alves, Luiz Henrique Arroyo, Ricardo Alexandre Arcêncio, Ellen Cristina Gondim, Maria Cândida de Carvalho Furtado and Débora Falleiros de Mello

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:502

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Stunting affects up to one-third of the children in low-to-middle income countries (LMICs) and has been correlated with decline in cognitive capacity and vaccine immunogenicity. Early identification of infants...

    Authors: Elizabeth Harrison, Sana Syed, Lubaina Ehsan, Najeeha T. Iqbal, Kamran Sadiq, Fayyaz Umrani, Sheraz Ahmed, Najeeb Rahman, Sadaf Jakhro, Jennie Z. Ma, Molly Hughes and S. Asad Ali

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:498

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Concepts such as participation and environment may differ across cultures. Consequently, to use a measure like the Participation and Environment Measure for Children and Youth (PEM-CY) in other than the origin...

    Authors: Beate Krieger, Christina Schulze, Jillian Boyd, Ruth Amann, Barbara Piškur, Anna Beurskens, Rachel Teplicky and Albine Moser

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:492

    Content type: Research article

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  36. The aim of the present study was to examine the influence of body mass index category, as well as of demographic and socioeconomic factors on the participation in organized physical activity (OPA) of schoolchi...

    Authors: Vilelmine Carayanni, Elpis Vlachopadopoulou, Dimitra Koutsouki, Gregory C. Bogdanis, Theodora Psaltopoulou, YannisManios, Feneli Karachaliou, Angelos Hatzakis and Stefanos Michalacos

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:491

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  37. Health-related quality of life (HQoL) indicators are considered valid measures of patient assessment in physical, mental and oral healthcare. This study aimed to examine the evidence on the relationship of ora...

    Authors: Ladan Fattah Moghaddam, Mario Vianna Vettore, Azadeh Bayani, Amir-Hossien Bayat, Elahe Ahounbar, Morteza Hemmat, Bahram Armoon and Yadolah Fakhri

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:489

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  38. The number of technology-dependent children (TDC) is increasing in South Korea, but available healthcare services after their discharge are poor. This study aimed to examine how TDC and caregivers live at home...

    Authors: Yu Hyeon Choi, Min Sun Kim, Cho Hee Kim, In Gyu Song, June Dong Park, Dong In Suh and Hyung-Ik Shin

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:486

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  39. Typhoid fever caused by Salmonella enteric serovar Typhi (S. Typhi) is a common cause of morbidity in the world. In 2017, 14.3 million cases of Typhoid and paratyphoid fever occurred globally. School age children...

    Authors: Bernie Endyarni Medise, Soedjatmiko Soedjatmiko, Hartono Gunardi, Rini Sekartini, Hindra Irawan Satari, Sri Rezeki Hadinegoro, Angga Wirahmadi, Mita Puspita, Rini Mulia Sari, Jae Seung Yang, Arijit Sil, Sushant Sahastrabuddhe and Novilia Sjafri Bachtiar

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:480

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  40. Good oral health (OH) is essential for physical, social, mental health, and overall quality of life. This study assessed the usefulness of the theory of planned behavior (TPB) in changing oral health-related b...

    Authors: Mahmood Karimy, Peter Higgs, Shaghaygh Solayman Abadi, Bahram Armoon, Marzieh Araban, Mohammad Reza Rouhani and Fereshteh Zamani-Alavijeh

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:476

    Content type: Research article

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  41. There is a great need in low- and middle- income countries for sound qualitative and monitoring tools assessing early childhood development outcomes. Although there are many instruments to measure the developm...

    Authors: Ying Li, Lei Tang, Yu Bai, Shuhang Zhao and Yaojiang Shi

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:475

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  42. To evaluate the effects of interventions on children’s and adolescents’ overall physical activity (PA) for boys and girls separately and to appraise the extent to which the studies haven taken sex/gender into ...

    Authors: Carolin Schulze, Yolanda Demetriou, Sandra Emmerling, Annegret Schlund, Susan P. Phillips, Lorri Puil, Stephanie E. Coen and Anne K. Reimers

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:473

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  43. Suicide is the leading cause of death among Japanese adolescents. However, knowledge gaps regarding contemporary demographics and factors associated with suicidality among Japanese adolescents are a major conc...

    Authors: Shinichiro Nagamitsu, Masakazu Mimaki, Kenshi Koyanagi, Natsuko Tokita, Yoriko Kobayashi, Ritsuko Hattori, Ryuta Ishii, Michiko Matsuoka, Yushiro Yamashita, Zentaro Yamagata, Takashi Igarashi and Paul E. Croarkin

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:467

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Globally, millions of children attend Outside School Hours Care. Children’s activity in this setting is critical to meeting daily physical activity recommendations. Guidelines are evidence-based statements int...

    Authors: Rosa Virgara, Lucy Lewis, Anna Phillips, Mandy Richardson and Carol Maher

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:463

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  45. The objective of the study was to identify areas of risk for the appearance of tuberculosis in children and their association with social inequalities in a municipality in southeastern Brazil.

    Authors: Yan Mathias Alves, Thaís Zamboni Berra, Luana Seles Alves, Ivaneliza Simionato de Assis, Marcos Augusto Moraes Arcoverde, Antonio Carlos Vieira Ramos, Luiz Henrique Arroyo, Laura Terenciani Campoy, Alexandre Tadashi Inomata Bruce, Felipe Lima dos Santos, Ludmilla Leidianne Limirio Souza, Juliane de Almeida Crispim and Ricardo Alexandre Arcêncio

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:462

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  46. Strong evidence for a causal role of environmental factors in a congenital anomaly is still difficult to produce. The collection of statistical data is crucial for gaining a better understanding of the epidemi...

    Authors: Arthur Lauriot Dit Prevost, Michael Genin, Florent Occelli, René-Hilaire Priso, Remi Besson, Caroline Lanier and Dyuti Sharma

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:442

    Content type: Research article

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  47. Lead is a toxic metal that affects almost every organ in the body. Children are more susceptible to lead toxicity because they ingest non-food items (pica), have oral exploratory habits, absorb more substantia...

    Authors: Mahmoud Zardast, Seyedeh Samira Khorashadi-Zadeh, Samaneh Nakhaee, Alireza Amirabadizadeh and Omid Mehrpour

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:435

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

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