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Global and public health and healthcare

Section edited by Shally Awasthi and Anne Lee

This section considers studies of healthcare policy, healthcare provision, and pediatric morbidity and mortality in developing nations.

Page 1 of 7

  1. Lactobacillus spp. play a major role in the development of dental caries. Although effective methods are known for the prevention and management of dental caries, its prevalence of dental caries is increasing amo...

    Authors: Dawit Ademe, Desalegn Admassu and Senthilkumar Balakrishnan

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:18

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  2. Pain is a common experience in adolescence, with up to 44% of adolescents reporting chronic pain. For a significant minority, severe pain becomes an ongoing disabling problem. Treatment of adolescent chronic p...

    Authors: Abbie Jordan, Fiona M. Begen, Lisa Austin, Rhiannon T. Edwards and Hannah Connell

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:6

    Content type: Research article

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  3. A healthy migrant effect on birth outcomes has been reported, however, whether this protective effect persists throughout childhood is unknown. The effect of urbanicity on child health among an immigrant popul...

    Authors: Ya-Ting Chang, Huei-Shyong Wang, Jia-Rou Liu, Chi-Nan Tseng, I-Jun Chou, Shue-Fen Luo, Chang-Fu Kuo and Lai-Chu See

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:514

    Content type: Research article

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  4. For every newborn who dies within the first month, as many as eight more suffer life-threatening complications but survive (termed ‘neonatal near-misses’ (NNM)). However, there is no universally agreed-upon de...

    Authors: Ashura Bakari, April J. Bell, Samuel A. Oppong, Yemah Bockarie, Priscilla Wobil, Gyikua Plange-Rhule, Bamenla Q. Goka, Cyril M. Engmann, Richard M. Adanu and Cheryl A. Moyer

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:509

    Content type: Research article

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  5. The aim of this study was to determine whether physical activity volume and intensity in mid-childhood and early adolescence were associated with cardiometabolic risk factors at 13.5 years.

    Authors: Sarah H. Kehoe, Ghattu V. Krishnaveni, Sargoor Veena, Krishnarajasagara N. Kiran, Samuel C. Karat, Asha Dhubey, Patsy Coakley and Caroline H. D. Fall

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:503

    Content type: Research article

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  6. There is a high global burden of neonatal mortality, with many newborn babies dying of preventable and treatable conditions, particularly in low and middle-income countries. Improving quality of newborn care c...

    Authors: Christiane Horwood, Lyn Haskins, Silondile Luthuli and Neil McKerrow

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:496

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Childhood obesity is rising in developed and developing countries, while childhood underweight is rising mainly in developing countries. Childhood underweight has been shown to increase a child’s risk of rapid...

    Authors: Saad Al-Lahham, Nidal Jaradat, Mohammad Altamimi, Ola Anabtawi, Alma Irshid, Malik AlQub, Majdi Dwikat, Fouad Nafaa, Lama Badran, Rawan Mohareb, Reema Haji, Tareq Aqqad, Sadeq Jayyab, Budour Abu Ghosh, Rina Taher and Hamzeh Al Zabadi

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:483

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  8. Dental problems are the most prevalent chronic disease worldwide, with up to half of all kindergarten children having tooth decay. However, there is a lack of evidence of whether unaddressed dental needs (UDNs...

    Authors: Magdalena Janus, Caroline Reid-Westoby, Catherine Lee, Marni Brownell and Jonathon L. Maguire

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:481

    Content type: Research article

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  9. We have recognized 15 children with jSLE and the antecedent of IgA vasculitis (HSP). This association is not broadly present in the literature.

    Authors: Chiharu Murata, Ana Luisa Rodríguez-Lozano, Hayde Guadalupe Hernández-Huirache, Miriam Martínez-Pérez, Laura Andrea Rincón-Arenas, Esmeralda Nancy Jiménez-Polvo, Francisco Eduardo Rivas-Larrauri and Cecilia Solís-Galicia

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:461

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Despite being associated with health outcomes like abdominal adiposity, depression, anxiety, and cardiovascular disease risk among youth, largely, clinicians still do not adopt physical fitness testing. A clar...

    Authors: Toyin Ajisafe

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:458

    Content type: Research article

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  11. The mental health and quality of life in children with asthma have attracted widespread attention. This study focused on the evaluation of mental health conditions and their clinical characteristics in Chinese...

    Authors: Hao Zhou, Zhihe Chen, Weiqing Zhao, Ye Liu and Yuxia Cui

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:454

    Content type: Research article

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  12. In Germany, all preschoolers undergo a school entry examination (SEE). While most children are sufficiently served with standardized developmental tests only, for a small group of otherwise underserved childre...

    Authors: Amand Führer, Andreas Wienke, Snezhina Wiermann, Christine Gröger and Daniel Tiller

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:448

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Endotracheal tube (ETT) placement is a critical procedure for newborns that are unable to breathe. Inadvertent esophageal intubation can lead to oxygen deprivation and consequent permanent neurological impairm...

    Authors: Hasan S. Merali, Mark O. Tessaro, Khushboo Q. Ali, Shaun K. Morris, Sajid B. Soofi and Shabina Ariff

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:434

    Content type: Study protocol

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  14. The prevalence of overweight and obesity (OWOB) has stabilized in some countries, but a portion of children with high body mass index (BMI) may have become heavier. This study aimed to describe the distributio...

    Authors: Asborg A. Bjertnaes, Jacob H. Grundt, Petur B. Juliusson, Trond J. Markestad, Tor A. Strand and Mads N. Holten-Andersen

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:431

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Lifestyle modifications represent the first line of treatment in obesity management; however, many adolescents with obesity do not meet lifestyle recommendations. Given that adolescents are rarely consulted du...

    Authors: M. Kebbe, A. Perez, A. Buchholz, T.-L. F. McHugh, S. D. Scott, C. Richard, M. P. Dyson and G. D. C. Ball

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:418

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Mexico occupies one of the first places worldwide in childhood obesity. Its Mestizo and Indigenous communities present different levels of westernization which have triggered different epidemiological diseases...

    Authors: Paula Costa-Urrutia, Rafael Álvarez-Fariña, Carolina Abud, Valentina Franco-Trecu, Julián Esparza-Romero, Cruz Mónica López-Morales, Martha Eunice Rodríguez-Arellano, Jaime Valle Leal, Valentina Colistro and Julio Granados

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:401

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Acute seizures are common in pediatric cerebral malaria (CM), but usual care with phenobarbital risks respiratory suppression. We undertook studies of enteral levetiracetam (eLVT) to evaluate pharmacokinetics ...

    Authors: Gretchen L. Birbeck, Susan T. Herman, Edmund V. Capparelli, Fraction K. Dzinjalamala, Samah G. Abdel Baki, Macpherson Mallewa, Neema M. Toto, Douglas G. Postels, Joseph C. Gardiner, Terrie E. Taylor and Karl B. Seydel

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:399

    Content type: Research article

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  18. More research is needed about the association between physical activity (PA), sedentary behaviour (SB), and adiposity in preschoolers, particularly using more direct clinical measures of adiposity. Therefore, ...

    Authors: Amar Arhab, Nadine Messerli-Bürgy, Tanja H. Kakebeeke, Kerstin Stülb, Annina Zysset, Claudia S. Leeger-Aschmann, Einat A. Schmutz, Andrea H. Meyer, Simone Munsch, Susi Kriemler, Oskar G. Jenni and Jardena J. Puder

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:397

    Content type: Research article

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  19. The Canadian Hospitals Injury Reporting Prevention Program (CHIRPP) is a sentinel surveillance program that collects and analyzes data on injuries and poisonings of people presenting to emergency departments (...

    Authors: Aimée Campeau, Lil Tonmyr, Erik Gulbransen, Martine Hébert, Steven McFaull and Robin Skinner

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:393

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Maintaining neonatal resuscitation skills among health workers in low resource settings will require continuous quality improvement efforts. We aimed to evaluate the effect of skill drills and feedback on neon...

    Authors: Rejina Gurung, Abhishek Gurung, Avinash K. Sunny, Omkar Basnet, Shree Krishna Shrestha, Øystein Herwig Gomo, Helge Myklebust, Sakina Girnary and Ashish KC

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:387

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Diarrhea and acute respiratory infection (ARI) are major causes of child mortality. We aimed to identify risk factors associated with diarrhea and ARI among children under 2 years of age in rural northern Bang...

    Authors: Md Barkat Ullah, Malay K. Mridha, Charles D. Arnold, Susana L. Matias, Md Showkat A. Khan, Zakia Siddiqui, Mokbul Hossain, Rina Rani Paul and Kathryn G. Dewey

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:386

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Although women working in the informal economy are a large and vulnerable group, little is known about infant feeding and childcare practices among these women. The aim of this study was to explore childcare p...

    Authors: Christiane Horwood, Lyn Haskins, Laura Alfers, Zandile Masango-Muzindutsi, Richard Dobson and Nigel Rollins

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:382

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Children with sickle cell anemia (SCA) are highly susceptible to stroke and other manifestations of pediatric cerebral vasculopathy. Detailed evaluations in sub-Saharan Africa are limited.

    Authors: Nancy S. Green, Deogratias Munube, Paul Bangirana, Linda Rosset Buluma, Bridget Kebirungi, Robert Opoka, Ezekiel Mupere, Philip Kasirye, Sarah Kiguli, Annet Birabwa, Michael S. Kawooya, Samson K. Lubowa, Rogers Sekibira, Edwards Kayongo, Heather Hume, Mitchell Elkind…

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:381

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Acute Respiratory infection accounts for 94,037000 disability adjusted life years and 1.9 million deaths worldwide. Acute respiratory infections is the most common causes of under-five illness and mortality. T...

    Authors: Sielu Alemayehu, Kalayou Kidanu, Tensay Kahsay and Mekuria Kassa

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:380

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Research on outcomes associated with lifestyle interventions serving pediatric populations in urban settings, where a majority have severe obesity, is scarce. This study assessed whether participation in a lif...

    Authors: Nagla S. Bayoumi, Elizabeth Helzner, Aimee Afable, Michael A. Joseph and Sarita Dhuper

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:378

    Content type: Research article

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  26. To evaluate the early growth (weight and length) of HIV-exposed uninfected (HEU) children from the prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) program in Guangdong ...

    Authors: Bing Li, Liu-ying Tang, Zhi-qiang Wang, Shuang Gao, Yun-tao Wu, Hao-li Xu and Yuan-zhu Ma

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:374

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  27. Adult opioid use and neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS) are growing public health problems in the United States (U.S.). Our objective was to determine how opioid use disorder treatment access impacts the relat...

    Authors: Elizabeth R. Wolf, Sebastian T. Tong, Roy T. Sabo, Steven H. Woolf, Kassie Abbinanti, James Pecsok and Alex H. Krist

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:371

    Content type: Research article

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  28. The nonmedical use of prescribed medicines among adolescents has increased significantly in recent years. Our study was designed to describe the prevalence of the nonmedical use of tranquilizers, sedatives, an...

    Authors: Pilar Carrasco-Garrido, Isabel Jiménez-Trujillo, Valentín Hernández-Barrera, Nazaret Alonso-Fernández, Soledad García-Gómez-Heras and Domingo Palacios-Ceña

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:362

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Childhood obesity is often associated with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), the most common chronic liver disease in pediatrics.

    Authors: Susanne Greber-Platzer, Alexandra Thajer, Svenja Bohn, Annette Brunert, Felicitas Boerner, Wolfgang Siegfried, Andreas Artlich, Anja Moeckel, Hildegunde Waldecker-Krebs, Sophie Pauer and Reinhard W. Holl

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:332

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Early identification of children with motor difficulties, such as developmental coordination disorder (DCD), is essential. At present only a fraction of children with DCD are identified. The purpose of the stu...

    Authors: P. Asunta, H. Viholainen, T. Ahonen and P. Rintala

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:322

    Content type: Research article

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  31. To evaluate relationship between socio-economic environment and overweight in Madrid and Barcelona, adjusting for possible confounding factors.

    Authors: Romana Albaladejo, Rosa Villanueva, Paloma Astasio, Paloma Ortega, Juana Santos and Enrique Regidor

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:307

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Household air pollution from combustion of solid fuels for cooking and space heating is one of the most important risk factors of the global burden of disease. This study was aimed to determine the association...

    Authors: Nayomi Ranathunga, Priyantha Perera, Sumal Nandasena, Nalini Sathiakumar, Anuradhani Kasturiratne and Rajitha Wickremasinghe

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:306

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  33. Acute undernutrition (wasting) is a condition in which a child becomes too thin for his or her height because of weight loss or failure to gain weight. Wasted children have greater risk of morbidity and mortal...

    Authors: Achenef Motbainor and Abeba Taye

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:300

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Given the limited information on parental health literacy measurements, the study aimed to develop and validate the Chinese Parental Health Literacy Questionnaire for caregivers of children 0 to 3 years old.

    Authors: Yan Zhang, Mu Li, Hong Jiang, Huijing Shi, Biao Xu, Salla Atkins and Xu Qian

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:293

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Functional constipation (FC) is a pediatric problem that is seen frequently. However, its prevalence in Asia remains undetermined. In this study we attempted to determine the prevalence, risk factors and thera...

    Authors: Anne Willemijn Walter, Anne Hovenkamp, Niranga Manjuri Devanarayana, Roshani Solanga, Shaman Rajindrajith and Marc Alexander Benninga

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:285

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Off-label drug use is widespread in pediatric drug treatment, and the implementation of guidelines on this topic remains challenging. The objective of this study was to evaluate current practice and awareness ...

    Authors: Mei Mei, Hong Xu, Libo Wang, Guoying Huang, Yonghao Gui and Xiaobo Zhang

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:281

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  37. Growth and early development (ECD) are vital outcomes for children. This study aimed to examine the association between child growth and overall development in children aged 3 to 5 years in low- and middle-inc...

    Authors: Thach Duc Tran, Sara Holton, Hau Nguyen and Jane Fisher

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:276

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  38. Oral diseases, such as dental caries, tooth wear, dental erosion and periodontal diseases are major health problems in many societies. The study aim was to explore the association between oral health related b...

    Authors: Lutango D. Simangwa, Anne N. Åstrøm, Anders Johansson, Irene K. Minja and Ann-Katrin Johansson

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:275

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  39. High-risk patients in the pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) contribute substantially to PICU-mortality. Complex chronic conditions (CCCs) are associated with death. However, it is unknown whether CCCs also ...

    Authors: Carin W. Verlaat, Nina Wubben, Idse H. Visser, Jan A. Hazelzet, Johannes van der Hoeven, Joris Lemson and Mark van den Boogaard

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:274

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Research suggests that physical activity (PA) enhances cognitive performance and prevents stress-related impairments of higher order cognitive functions like working memory (WM) performance. The aim of the cur...

    Authors: Kathrin Wunsch, Maria Meier, Lea Ueberholz, Jana Strahler and Nadine Kasten

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:271

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  41. Infants infected during pregnancy or while breastfeeding requires early HIV diagnosis at 6 weeks after birth to identify HIV infection and timely treatment. The objective of this work was to determine the prev...

    Authors: Mulu Lemlem Desta, Muthupandian Saravanan, Haftamu Hilekiros, Atsebaha Gebrekidan Kahsay, Nesredin Futwi Mohamed, Alefech Addisu Gezahegn and Bruno S. Lopes

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:257

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  42. Although child mortality has decreased over the last several decades, neonatal mortality has declined less substantially. In South Asia, neonatal deaths account for the majority of all under-five deaths, calli...

    Authors: Lindsay Mallick, Jennifer Yourkavitch and Courtney Allen

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:248

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  43. Environmental Enteropathy (EE), characterized by alterations in intestinal structure, function, and immune activation, is believed to be an important contributor to childhood undernutrition and its associated ...

    Authors: Najeeha T. Iqbal, Sana Syed, Kamran Sadiq, Marium N. Khan, Junaid Iqbal, Jennie Z. Ma, Fayaz Umrani, Sheraz Ahmed, Elizabeth A. Maier, Lee A. Denson, Yael Haberman, Monica M. McNeal, Kenneth D. R. Setchell, Xueheng Zhao, Shahida Qureshi, Lanlan Shen…

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:247

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  44. Appropriate interpretation of a positive celiac antibody test by an ordering physician is important in order to institute proper management. We evaluated why children with an initial positive celiac serology w...

    Authors: Kathryn Potter, Lawrence de Koning, J. Decker Butzner and Dominica Gidrewicz

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:243

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  45. Few prospective birth cohort studies are available on the effects of prenatal and early-life exposures on food allergy and eczema among Chinese children. The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of ...

    Authors: Xiao Gao, Yan Yan, Guangyu Zeng, Tingting Sha, Shiping Liu, Qiong He, Cheng Chen, Ling Li, Shiting Xiang, Hongyan Li, Shan Tan and Qiang Yan

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:239

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  46. Unintentional child poisoning represents a significant public health problem across the globe, placing a substantial burden on health services emergency departments. Around the world, every year, thousands of ...

    Authors: Delba Fonseca Santos, Marysabel Pinto Telis Silveira, Aline Lins Camargo, Alicia Matijasevich, Iná Silva Santos, Aluísio J. D. Barros and Andréa Dâmaso Bertoldi

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:235

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  47. The prevalence of pediatric allergic diseases has increased rapidly in the United States over the past few decades. Recent studies suggest an association between the increase in allergic disease and early dist...

    Authors: Jeffrey Ni, Hannah Friedman, Bridget C. Boyd, Andrew McGurn, Piotr Babinski, Talar Markossian and Lara R. Dugas

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:225

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  48. Seeking healthcare in children is unique since parents decide upon the type and frequency of healthcare services accessed. Mothers/caregivers lower healthcare seeking behavior is one of the major reason for in...

    Authors: Nebiat Teshager Abegaz, Hailemariam Berhe and Gebremedhin Beedemariam Gebretekle

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:220

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  49. Familial hypercholesterolemia (FH), the most frequent monogenetic hereditary disorder, is underdiagnosed and undertreated. Early identification of FH is essential because of the increased risk for premature ca...

    Authors: Alexandra Kreissl, Nina Walleczek, Pinky Rose Espina, Ulrike Hallwirth and Susanne Greber-Platzer

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2019 19:208

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

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