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Global and public health and healthcare

Section edited by Shally Awasthi and Anne Lee

This section considers studies of healthcare policy, healthcare provision, and pediatric morbidity and mortality in developing nations.

Page 1 of 8

  1. Caring for adolescents living with HIV/AIDS (ALHIV) can be overwhelming due to their unique needs. Ghana is currently among nine countries in West and Central Africa contributing to 90% of new paediatric infec...

    Authors: Anna Hayfron-Benjamin, Dorcas Obiri-Yeboah, Yemah Mariama Bockarie, Ernestina Asiedua, Ibrahim Baidoo, Angela D. Akorsu and Stephen Ayisi-Addo

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:278

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) is a leading cause of neurodevelopmental disorders. Children in foster care or domestically adopted are at greater risk for FASD. The aim of this study was to determine t...

    Authors: Ariel Tenenbaum, Asaf Mandel, Talia Dor, Alon Sapir, Orly Sapir-Bodnaro, Pnina Hertz and Isaiah D. Wexler

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:275

    Content type: Research article

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  3. A great number of studies have concentrated on the influence of socioeconomic status with health outcomes, but little on how socioeconomic status affects social relationship in adolescents’ families, peers and...

    Authors: Jing Li, Jing Wang, Jia-yu Li, Sheng Qian, Rui-xia Jia, Ying-quan Wang, Jing-hong Liang and Yong Xu

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:271

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Kangaroo mother care (KMC) is an evidence-based and cost-effective intervention that could prevent severe complications for preterm babies, however it has not been widely adopted in China. In this study, we ai...

    Authors: Xin Liu, Zhankui Li, Xiaohui Chen, Bei Cao, Shaojie Yue, Changyi Yang, Qiongyu Liu, Chuanzhong Yang, Gengli Zhao and Qi Feng

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:260

    Content type: Research article

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  5. The objectives of present study were to examine the level of disagreement between self-reported and objective measurement of sensitization to common inhalant allergens, and to explore the potential risk factor...

    Authors: Qing Miao, Li Xiang, Hui Guan, Yongge Liu, Zhen Li, Yixin Ren and Wei Xu

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:259

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Sri Lanka has a high prevalence of β-thalassaemia major. Clinical management is complex and long-term and includes regular blood transfusion and iron chelation therapy. The economic burden of β-thalassaemia fo...

    Authors: Hamish Reed-Embleton, Savinda Arambepola, Simon Dixon, Behrouz Nezafat Maldonado, Anuja Premawardhena, Mahinda Arambepola, Jahangir A. M. Khan and Stephen Allen

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:257

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Health behaviours are shaped early in life and tend to occur in complex specific patterns. We aimed to characterise these patterns among Portuguese adolescents and their association with individual and context...

    Authors: Constança Soares dos Santos, João Picoito, Isabel Loureiro and Carla Nunes

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:247

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Anxiety disorders are common among children and adolescents. However, there is a paucity of up-to-date data on the prevalence and correlates of anxiety-related disorders among children and adolescents in the U...

    Authors: Nabeel Al-Yateem, Wegdan Bani issa, Rachel C. Rossiter, Arwa Al-Shujairi, Hadia Radwan, Manal Awad, Randa Fakhry and Ibrahim Mahmoud

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:245

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Diarrheal diseases are the second major cause of death among under-five children globally. It kills about 2.5 million people each year, with 60–70% of them being children under 5 years of age. It is also the s...

    Authors: Adugna Fenta, Kassahun Alemu and Dessie Abebaw Angaw

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:236

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Though effective treatment programs for severely malnourished children are available, mortality rate among children with acute malnutrition continue to rise and little is known about its long-term outcomes and...

    Authors: Eman Ramadan Ghazawy, Gihan Mohammed Bebars and Ehab Salah Eshak

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:233

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Stunting is a major public health issue in most of developing countries. Although, its worldwide prevalence is decreasing slowly but the number of stunted children is still rising in Pakistan. Stunting is high...

    Authors: Mahvish Ponum, Saadia Khan, Osman Hasan, Muhammad Tahir Mahmood, Asad Abbas, Mehwish Iftikhar and Reema Arshad

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:232

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Road Traffic Injuries (RTIs) are a leading cause of disabilities and mortalities in Iran. The occurrence of RTIs among children is increasing. This study aims are to assess RTIs among Iranian children and to d...

    Authors: Hesam Ghiasvand, Payam Roshanfekr, Delaram Ali, Hossein Malekafzali Ardakani, Amanda N. Stephens and Bahram Armoon

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:231

    Content type: Research article

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  13. The prevalence of food allergy (FA) has increased worldwide. In China, the prevalence of FA in infants and school-aged children is well known, but the prevalence in preschool children is unknown.

    Authors: Huan Dai, Fangmin Wang, Like Wang, Jinyi Wan, Qiangwei Xiang, Hui Zhang, Wei Zhao and Weixi Zhang

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:220

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Social skills are valid predictors for school readiness and subsequent school success. The federal state law for child day-care and preschools in Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania, a federal state in Germany, prov...

    Authors: Josefin Biermann, Marco Franze and Wolfgang Hoffmann

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:216

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Chronic malnutrition, often measured as stunted growth, is an understudied global health problem. Though poor nutritional intake has been linked to stunted growth, there is evidence suggesting environmental ex...

    Authors: Shanique Martin, Francis Mutuku, Julia Sessions, Justin Lee, Dunstan Mukoko, Indu Malhotra, Charles H. King and A. Desiree LaBeaud

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:208

    Content type: Research article

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  16. This study objective was to evaluate the prevalence of alcohol use disorder (AUD) and related factors (smoking, internet addiction, social anxiety, child abuse, and bullying) among a representative sample of L...

    Authors: Jennifer Hallit, Pascale Salameh, Chadia Haddad, Hala Sacre, Michel Soufia, Marwan Akel, Sahar Obeid, Rabih Hallit and Souheil Hallit

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:205

    Content type: Research article

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  17. The present study was conducted to jointly assess some specific factors related to body fat measures using a multivariate multilevel analysis in a representative sample of Iranian mid-adolescents.

    Authors: Marzieh Alamolhoda, Seyyed Taghi Heydari, Seyyed Mohammad Taghi Ayatollahi, Reza Tabrizi, Maryam Akbari and Arash Ardalan

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:191

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Severe respiratory distress is a leading cause of mortality among neonates in Malawi. Despite evidence on the safety, cost effectiveness and efficacy of bubble continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) in man...

    Authors: Sangwani Salimu, Mai-Lei Woo Kinshella, Marianne Vidler, Mwai Banda, Laura Newberry, Queen Dube, Elizabeth M. Molyneux, David M. Goldfarb, Kondwani Kawaza and Alinane Linda Nyondo-Mipando

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:180

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Despite increased understanding of Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs), very little advancement has been made in how ACEs are defined and conceptualized. The current objectives were to determine: 1) how well ...

    Authors: Tracie O. Afifi, Samantha Salmon, Isabel Garcés, Shannon Struck, Janique Fortier, Tamara Taillieu, Ashley Stewart-Tufescu, Gordon J. G. Asmundson, Jitender Sareen and Harriet L. MacMillan

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:178

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Many children and their families are affected by premature birth. Yet, little is known about their healthcare access and adverse family impact during early childhood. This study aimed to (1) examine difference...

    Authors: Olivia J. Lindly, Morgan K. Crossman, Amy M. Shui, Dennis Z. Kuo, Kristen M. Earl, Amber R. Kleven, James M. Perrin and Karen A. Kuhlthau

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:168

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Mental health disorders in the child and adolescent population are a pressing public health concern. Despite the high prevalence of psychopathology in this vulnerable population, the transition from Child and ...

    Authors: P. Santosh, L. Adams, F. Fiori, N. Davidović, G. de Girolamo, G. C. Dieleman, T. Franić, N. Heaney, K. Lievesley, J. Madan, A. Maras, M. Mastroianni, F. McNicholas, M. Paul, D. Purper-Ouakil, I. Sagar-Ouriaghli…

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:167

    Content type: Study protocol

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  22. Breastfeeding is associated with health benefits for both the mother and infant and is therefore important to support; moreover, parental leave is a beneficial factor for breastfeeding. The Swedish parental le...

    Authors: Maria Grandahl, Jenny Stern and Eva-Lotta Funkquist

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:159

    Content type: Research article

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  23. It is important for healthcare providers to pay attention to parents’ rearing style and children’s physical symptoms to promote a healthy quality of life among children with atopic dermatitis. We aimed to iden...

    Authors: Jeong Won Han and Hanna Lee

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:141

    Content type: Research article

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  24. A cluster of cases of unexplained multi-organ failure was reported in children at Bardnesville Junction Hospital (BJH), Monrovia, Liberia. Prior to admission, children’s caregivers reported antibiotic, antimal...

    Authors: Mohamad K. Haidar, Florian Vogt, Kensuke Takahashi, Fanny Henaff, Lisa Umphrey, Nikola Morton, Luke Bawo, Joseph Kerkula, Robin Ferner, Klaudia Porten and Frederic J. Baud

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:139

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Screening for elevated serum alanine aminotransferase (ALAT) can help identifying individuals at the risks of chronic and metabolic diseases, but blood collection is invasive and cannot be widely used for inve...

    Authors: Yu-Lan Ou, Yue-Rong Lai, Chao-Nan Jiang, Jing Zhang and Zan Ding

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:131

    Content type: Research article

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  26. The ‘Eat Right, Be Positive About Your Body and Live Actively’ (EPaL) intervention programme was developed to prevent overweight and disordered eating in Malaysian adolescents. This study aimed to evaluate the...

    Authors: Sharifah Intan Zainun Sharif Ishak, Yit Siew Chin, Mohd. Nasir Mohd. Taib, Yoke Mun Chan and Zalilah Mohd. Shariff

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:122

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Questionnaires to detect emotional and behavioral problems (EBP) in Preventive Child Healthcare (PCH) should be short which potentially affects validity and reliability. Simulation studies have shown that Comp...

    Authors: Meinou H. C. Theunissen, Marianne S. de Wolff, Jacqueline A. Deurloo, Anton G. C. Vogels and Sijmen A. Reijneveld

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:119

    Content type: Research article

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  28. 50% of Malagasy children have moderate to severe stunting. In 2016, a new 10 year National Nutrition Action Plan (PNAN III) was initiated to help address stunting and developmental delay. We report factors ass...

    Authors: Ann C. Miller, Andres Garchitorena, Faramalala Rabemananjara, Laura Cordier, Marius Randriamanambintsoa, Victor Rabeza, Hery-Tiana Rahaniraka Razanadrakoto, Ranaivozafindary Rakoto Ramakasoa, Olivier RamahefarisonTiana, Baolova Nathaline Ratsimbazafy, Mohammed Ali Ouenzar, Matthew H. Bonds and Lisy Ratsifandrihamanana

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:108

    Content type: Research article

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  29. To describe the incidence and management of gastrointestinal tract Buckyball magnets ingestions in a multicenter Chinese pediatric patient population, and discuss the preventive measures.

    Authors: Kai Wang, Dan Zhang, Xianling Li, Zengmeng Wang, Guangjun Hou, Xinjian Jia, Huizhong Niu, Shiqin Qi, Qingqiang Deng, Bin Jiang, Hongqiang Bian, Heying Yang and Yajun Chen

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:95

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Cow’s milk (CM) is the main food allergen for toddlers and infants. Presently, studies on CM specific immunoglobulin E (sIgE) sensitization and positive distribution of CM components ALA-, CAS-, and BLG-sIgE a...

    Authors: Huimin Huang, Wenting Luo, Nili Wei, Xueqing Liang, Peiyan Zheng, Haisheng Hu and Baoqing Sun

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:88

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Bleeding as an adverse event following immunization (AEFI) that is rarely reported in children, although it can be a parental concern. Bleeding episodes ranging in severity from mild to severe and defined as a...

    Authors: Susi Susanah, Eddy Fadlyana, Meita Dhamayanti, Rodman Tarigan, Eko Fuji Ariyanto, Yunisa Pamela, Yuzar I. B. Ismoetoto, Rita Verita Sri, Monika Hasna and Kusnandi Rusmil

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:82

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Urinary tract infection is one of the most common infectious diseases in children, which can lead to serious complications for a child. The purpose of this study was to investigate the impact of Theory Planned...

    Authors: Zahra Ahmadi, Mohsen Shamsi, Nasrin Roozbahani and Rahmatollah Moradzadeh

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:79

    Content type: Research article

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  33. The number of children requiring long-term home ventilation has consistently increased over the last 25 years. Given the growing population of children with complex care needs (CCNs), this was an important are...

    Authors: Maria Brenner, Miriam P. O’Shea, Philip Larkin and Jay Berry

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:71

    Content type: Research article

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  34. A key priority for learning during the early years of school is for children to develop skills in numeracy and literacy. Consequently, less time may be allocated in the curriculum to foster other important dev...

    Authors: Kirstin Macdonald, Nikki Milne, Robin Orr and Rodney Pope

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:69

    Content type: Research article

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  35. The methodology currently used for nutritional assessment of populations classifies children according to four conditions: eutrophy, wasting, stunting, and overweight. However, children can be stunted and wast...

    Authors: Haroldo da Silva Ferreira

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:65

    Content type: Technical advance

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  36. The Infant Mortality Rate (IMR) in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) remains the highest relatively to the rest of the world. In the past decade, the policy on reducing infant mortality in SSA was reinforced and both i...

    Authors: Paul Gatabazi, Sileshi Fanta Melesse and Shaun Ramroop

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:62

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Intrapartum-related hypoxic events are a major cause of morbidity and mortality in low resource countries. Neonates who receive proper resuscitation may go on to live otherwise healthy lives. However, even whe...

    Authors: Ayman Ali, Jacob Nudel, Curtis R. Heberle, Data Santorino, Kristian R. Olson and Chin Hur

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:46

    Content type: Research article

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  38. The first 28 days of aliveness are the biggest challenge mentioned for the continuity of life for children. In Ethiopia, despite a significant reduction in under-five mortality during the last 15 years, neonat...

    Authors: Alaka Adiso Limaso, Mesay Hailu Dangisso and Desalegn Tsegaw Hibstu

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:33

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Weight is critical for the medical management of infants; however, scales can be unavailable or inaccessible in some practice settings. We recently developed and validated a robust infant weight estimation met...

    Authors: Susan M. Abdel-Rahman, Ian M. Paul, Paula Delmore, Jia-Yuh Chen, Mary Mills and Rachel G. Greenberg

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:30

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Globally, the incidence of sleep-related infant mortality declined dramatically following the first public health campaigns seen internationally in the 1990s to reduce the risks of sudden infant death. However...

    Authors: Roni Cole, Jeanine Young, Lauren Kearney and John M. D. Thompson

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:27

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Obesity has been longitudinally associated with depression but only few studies take a life course approach. This longitudinal study investigates whether being overweight or obese at age 8 and 13 years is asso...

    Authors: Deborah Gibson-Smith, Thorhallur I. Halldorsson, Mariska Bot, Ingeborg A. Brouwer, Marjolein Visser, Inga Thorsdottir, Bryndis E. Birgisdottir, Vilmundur Gudnason, Gudny Eiriksdottir, Lenore J. Launer, Tamara B. Harris and Ingibjorg Gunnarsdottir

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:25

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Although there is high prevalence of obesity and other cardiovascular risk factors among Latin American adolescents, there is limited evidence on dietary intake and physical activity (PA) patterns in this popu...

    Authors: Gerson Luis de Moraes Ferrari, Irina Kovalskys, Mauro Fisberg, Georgina Gomez, Attilio Rigotti, Lilia Yadira Cortés Sanabria, Martha Cecilia Yépez García, Rossina Gabriella Pareja Torres, Marianella Herrera-Cuenca, Ioná Zalcman Zimberg, Viviana Guajardo, Michael Pratt, Agatha Nogueira Previdelli, Shaun Scholes, Carlos A. Celis-Morales and Dirceu Solé

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2020 20:24

    Content type: Research article

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