Global and public health and healthcare

Section edited by Shally Awasthi and Anne Lee

This section considers studies of healthcare policy, healthcare provision, and pediatric morbidity and mortality in developing nations.

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  1. Research article

    The influence of socioeconomic factors on choice of infant male circumcision provider in rural Ghana; a community level population based study

    The influence of socio-economic determinants on choice of infant male circumcision provider is not known in areas with high population coverage such as rural Africa. The overall aim of this study was to determ...

    Thomas Gyan, Kimberley McAuley, Natalie Strobel, Sam Newton, Seth Owusu-Agyei and Karen Edmond

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:185

    Published on: 29 August 2017

  2. Study protocol

    Quality of life and trust among young people with narcolepsy and their families, after the Pandemrix® vaccination: protocol for a case-control study

    The extensive vaccination programme against swine flu resulted in an increased incidence of narcolepsy among children and adolescents. There is a need to explore if these young persons’ experiences have affect...

    Karin Blomberg, Agneta Anderzén Carlsson, Lars Hagberg, Östen Jonsson, Lena Leissner and Mats H. Eriksson

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:183

    Published on: 23 August 2017

  3. Research article

    Determinants of stunting and severe stunting among Burundian children aged 6-23 months: evidence from a national cross-sectional household survey, 2014

    Burundi is one of the poorest countries and is among the four countries with the highest prevalence of stunting (58%) among children aged less than 5 years. This situation undermines the economic growth of the...

    Sandra Nkurunziza, Bruno Meessen, Jean-Pierre Van geertruyden and Catherine Korachais

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:176

    Published on: 25 July 2017

  4. Research article

    Descriptive analysis of cochrane child-relevant systematic reviews: an update and comparison between 2009 and 2013

    Systematic reviews support health systems and clinical decision-making by identifying and summarizing all existing studies on a particular topic. In 2009, a comprehensive description of child-relevant systemat...

    Katelynn Crick, Denise Thomson, Ricardo M. Fernandes, Megan Nuspl, Dean T. Eurich, Brian H. Rowe and Lisa Hartling

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:155

    Published on: 11 July 2017

  5. Research article

    Validity of a family-centered approach for assessing infants’ social-emotional wellbeing and their developmental context: a prospective cohort study

    Family-centered care seems promising in preventive pediatrics, but evidence is lacking as to whether this type of care is also valid as a means to identify risks to infants’ social-emotional development. We ai...

    Margriet Hielkema, Andrea F. De Winter and Sijmen A. Reijneveld

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:148

    Published on: 15 June 2017

  6. Research article

    Exploring infant feeding practices: cross-sectional surveys of South Western Sydney, Singapore, and Ho Chi Minh City

    Infant feeding practices are known to influence the child’s long-term health. Studies have associated obesity and other diseases with reduced breastfeeding and early introduction of high calorie beverages (HCB...

    Timothy Yong Qun Leow, Andrew Ung, Shelley Qian, Jessie Thanh Nguyen, Yvonne An, Poonam Mudgil and John Whitehall

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:145

    Published on: 13 June 2017

  7. Research article

    Treatment outcome of children with persistent Diarrhoea admitted to an Urban Hospital, Dhaka during 2012–2013

    Despite availability of treatment guidelines, persistent diarrhoea (PD) has been a major contributor of diarrhoeal deaths in low and middle income countries. We evaluated the outcome of children under the age ...

    Mustafa Mahfuz, Mohammed Ashraful Alam, Shoeb Bin Islam, Nurun Nahar Naila, Mohammod Jobayer Chisti, Nur Haque Alam, Shafiqul Alam Sarker and Tahmeed Ahmed

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:142

    Published on: 12 June 2017

  8. Research article

    Perceptions of measles, pneumonia, and meningitis vaccines among caregivers in Shanghai, China, and the health belief model: a cross-sectional study

    In China, the measles vaccine is offered for free whereas the pneumococcal vaccine is a for-fee vaccine. This difference has the potential to influence how caregivers evaluate whether a vaccine is important or...

    Abram L. Wagner, Matthew L. Boulton, Xiaodong Sun, Bhramar Mukherjee, Zhuoying Huang, Irene A. Harmsen, Jia Ren and Brian J. Zikmund-Fisher

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:143

    Published on: 12 June 2017

  9. Research article

    Stool frequency recording in severe acute malnutrition (‘StoolSAM’); an agreement study comparing maternal recall versus direct observation using diapers

    Approximately 50% of the deaths of children under the age of 5 can be attributed to undernutrition, which also encompasses severe acute malnutrition (SAM). Diarrhoea is strongly associated with these deaths an...

    Wieger Voskuijl, Isabel Potani, Robert Bandsma, Anne Baan, Sarah White, Celine Bourdon and Marko Kerac

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:140

    Published on: 7 June 2017

  10. Research article

    Utilization of ultrasonography to detect developmental dysplasia of the hip: when reality turns selective screening into universal use

    Developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) occurs in 3–5 of 1000 live births and is associated with known risk factors. In most countries, formal practice for early detection of DDH entails the combination of ri...

    Rachel Wilf–Miron, Jacob Kuint, Ronit Peled, Asaf Cohen and Avi Porath

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:136

    Published on: 5 June 2017

  11. Research article

    Clinical and laboratory evaluation of new immigrant and refugee children arriving in Greece

    Migrant children are a population at risk for various health problems. Despite the increased inflow of migrants in Greece, data regarding their health assessment are lacking. This study aims to describe the cl...

    Ioanna D. Pavlopoulou, Marsela Tanaka, Stavroula Dikalioti, Evangelia Samoli, Pavlos Nisianakis, Olga D. Boleti and Konstantinos Tsoumakas

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:132

    Published on: 26 May 2017

  12. Research article

    Impact of preterm birth on infant mortality for newborns with congenital heart defects: The EPICARD population-based cohort study

    Congenital heart defects (CHD) and preterm birth (PTB) are major causes of infant mortality. However, limited data exist on risk of mortality associated with PTB for newborns with CHD. Our objective was to ass...

    Enora Laas, Nathalie Lelong, Pierre-Yves Ancel, Damien Bonnet, Lucile Houyel, Jean-François Magny, Thibaut Andrieu, François Goffinet and Babak Khoshnood

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:124

    Published on: 15 May 2017

  13. Research article

    Effectiveness of three commonly used transition phase diets in the inpatient management of children with severe acute malnutrition: a pilot randomized controlled trial in Malawi

    The case fatality rate of severely malnourished children during inpatient treatment is high and mortality is often associated with diarrhea. As intestinal carbohydrate absorption is impaired in severe acute ma...

    Christian J. Versloot, Wieger Voskuijl, Sara J. van Vliet, Meta van den Heuvel, Jane C. Carter, Ajib Phiri, Marko Kerac, Geert Tom Heikens, Patrick F. van Rheenen and Robert H. J. Bandsma

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:112

    Published on: 26 April 2017

  14. Research article

    Comparison of three different methods for risk adjustment in neonatal medicine

    Quality improvement in health care requires identification of areas in need of improvement by comparing processes and patient outcomes within and between health care providers. It is critical to adjust for dif...

    Mark Adams, Julia Braun, Hans Ulrich Bucher, Milo Alan Puhan, Dirk Bassler and Viktor Von Wyl

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:106

    Published on: 17 April 2017

  15. Research article

    Variation in and risk factors for paediatric inpatient all-cause mortality in a low income setting: data from an emerging clinical information network

    Hospital mortality data can inform planning for health interventions and may help optimize resource allocation if they are reliable and appropriately interpreted. However such data are often not available in l...

    David Gathara, Lucas Malla, Philip Ayieko, Stella Karuri, Rachel Nyamai, Grace Irimu, Michael Boele van Hensbroek, Elizabeth Allen and Mike English

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:99

    Published on: 5 April 2017

  16. Research article

    Improving feeding and growth of HIV-positive children through nutrition training of frontline health workers in Tanga, Tanzania

    Nutrition training can boost competence of health workers to improve children’s feeding practices. In this way, child undernutrition can be ameliorated in general populations. However, evidence is lacking on e...

    Bruno F. Sunguya, Linda B. Mlunde, David P. Urassa, Krishna C. Poudel, Omary S. Ubuguyu, Namala P. Mkopi, Germana H. Leyna, Anna T. Kessy, Keiko Nanishi, Akira Shibanuma, Junko Yasuoka and Masamine Jimba

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:94

    Published on: 4 April 2017

  17. Research article

    The quality of health services provided to remote dwelling aboriginal infants in the top end of northern Australia following health system changes: a qualitative analysis

    In Australia the health outcomes of remote dwelling Aboriginal infants are comparable to infants in developing countries. This research investigates service quality, from the clinicians’ perspective and as obs...

    Cathryn M. Josif, Sue Kruske, Sue V. Kildea and Lesley M. Barclay

    BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:93

    Published on: 31 March 2017

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