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General pediatric medicine and surgery

This section considers studies of general medicine and surgical intervention in children and adolescents.

Page 7 of 11

  1. Febrile neutropenia (FNP) causes significant morbidity and mortality in children undergoing treatment for cancer. The development of clinical decision rules to help stratify risks in paediatric FNP patients an...

    Authors: Victoria Hemming, Adam D. Jakes, Geoff Shenton and Bob Phillips

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:2

    Content type: Research article

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  2. The objective of this study was to design and test the feasibility and impact of a community health worker (CHW) intervention for comorbid asthma and obesity.

    Authors: Molly A Martin, Steven K. Rothschild, Elizabeth Lynch, Katherine Kaufer Christoffel, Militza M. Pagán, Jose Luis Rodriguez, Anna Barnes, Kelly Karavolos, Antonieta Diaz, Lucretia M. Hoffman, Diana Plata and Sandra Villalpando

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2016 16:198

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Renal abscesses are relatively uncommon in children but may result in prolonged hospital stays and life-threatening events. We undertook this study to analyze the clinical spectrum of renal abscesses in childr...

    Authors: Chun-Yu Chen, Huang-Tsung Kuo, Yu-Jun Chang, Kang-Hsi Wu, Wen-Chieh Yang and Han-Ping Wu

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2016 16:189

    Content type: Research article

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  4. The intestinal microbiota influences metabolic, nutritional, and immunologic processes and has been associated with a broad range of adverse health outcomes including asthma, obesity and Type 2 diabetes. Early...

    Authors: Julia Simioni, Eileen K. Hutton, Elizabeth Gunn, Alison C. Holloway, Jennifer C. Stearns, Helen McDonald, Andrea Mousseau, Jonathan D. Schertzer, Elyanne M. Ratcliffe, Lehana Thabane, Michael G. Surette and Katherine M. Morrison

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2016 16:183

    Content type: Study protocol

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  5. Neurally Adjusted Ventilatory Assist (NAVA) is a mode of assisted mechanical ventilation that delivers inspiratory pressure proportionally to the electrical activity of the diaphragm. To date, no pediatric stu...

    Authors: Jean-Michel Liet, François Barrière, Bénédicte Gaillard-Le Roux, Pierre Bourgoin, Arnaud Legrand and Nicolas Joram

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2016 16:180

    Content type: Research article

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  6. There is a lack of understanding of the factors that influence independent mobility and participation in meaningful activities. The purpose of this study was to analyse physical factors influencing independent...

    Authors: Elisabet Rodby-Bousquet, Ginny Paleg, Jackie Casey, Alicja Wizert and Roslyn Livingstone

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2016 16:165

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Pneumonia plays an important role in children’s morbidity and mortality. In Brazil, epidemiological and social changes occurred concomitantly with the universal introduction of the 10-valent pneumococcal conju...

    Authors: Eduardo Jorge da Fonseca Lima, Maria Júlia Gonçalves Mello, Maria de Fátima Pessoa Militão de Albuquerque, Maria Isabella Londres Lopes, George Henrique Cordeiro Serra, Debora Ellen Pessoa Lima and Jailson Barros Correia

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2016 16:157

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Glycosylation patterns of serum proteins, such as α1-acid glycoprotein, are modified during an acute phase reaction. The response of acute Kawasaki disease (KD) patients to IVIG treatment has been linked to si...

    Authors: Margery A. Connelly, Chisato Shimizu, Deborah A. Winegar, Irina Shalaurova, Ray Pourfarzib, James D. Otvos, John T. Kanegaye, Adriana H. Tremoulet and Jane C. Burns

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2016 16:151

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Embryologically, duodenal atresia results from inadequate recanalisation and proliferation of gut epithelius in the 6th week of gestation, while apple-pee atresia of small bowel is a consequence of a vascular ...

    Authors: Radović V. Saša, Lazovic Ranko, Crnogorac Snezana, Banjac Lidija and Suhih Djordje

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2016 16:150

    Content type: Case report

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  10. Despite the poor independent test characteristics of the white blood cell count (WBC) and neutrophil count (NC) in identifying appendicitis, common clinical decision supports including the Pediatric Appendicit...

    Authors: Ijab Khanafer, Dori-Ann Martin, Tatum P. Mitra, Robin Eccles, Mary E. Brindle, Alberto Nettel-Aguirre and Graham C. Thompson

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2016 16:147

    Content type: Research article

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  11. There are many studies about the prognosis and possible predictive factors of mortality for pediatric allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) recipients requiring pediatric intensive care uni...

    Authors: Kang An, Ying Wang, Biru Li, Changying Luo, Jianmin Wang, Chengjuan Luo and Jing Chen

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2016 16:138

    Content type: Research article

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  12. The rates of childhood allergic conditions are changing, prompting the need for continued surveillance. Examination of healthcare provider-based diagnosis data is an important and lacking methodology needed to...

    Authors: David A. Hill, Robert W. Grundmeier, Gita Ram and Jonathan M. Spergel

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2016 16:133

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Compare the efficacy and safety of Plasma-Lyte A (PLA) versus 0.9 % sodium chloride (NaCl) intravenous (IV) fluid replacement in children with moderate to severe dehydration secondary to acute gastroenteritis ...

    Authors: Coburn H. Allen, Ran D. Goldman, Seema Bhatt, Harold K. Simon, Marc H. Gorelick, Philip R. Spandorfer, David M. Spiro, Sharon E. Mace, David W. Johnson, Eric A. Higginbotham, Hongyan Du, Brendan J. Smyth, Carol R. Schermer and Stuart L. Goldstein

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2016 16:117

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) is a rare, life-threatening disorder characterized by prolonged fever, cytopenia, hepatosplenomegaly, rash, icterus, and other neurological symptoms. Successful treatme...

    Authors: Hua Pan, Dong-ning Feng, Liang Song and Li-rong Sun

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2016 16:116

    Content type: Case report

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  15. Reportedly, administration of hypotonic fluids containing 30.8–74 mEq/L sodium with 5 % glucose may lead to serious hyponatremia or hyperglycemia. In Japan, hypotonic fluids containing 90 mEq/L sodium with 2.6...

    Authors: Kentaro Ouchi and Kazuna Sugiyama

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2016 16:112

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Kaposi’s sarcoma (KS), an endothelial neoplasm, is associated with human herpes virus (HHV) -8 infection. KS has four clinical sub-types: Mediterranean/classic, African/endemic, human immunodeficiency virus (H...

    Authors: Lika’a Fasih Y. Al-Kzayer, Peter Keizer, Farah T. Abdulraheem, Kenji Sano, Minoru Kamata, Kazuo Sakashita, Laith A. Y. Habbaba and Kenichi Koike

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2016 16:111

    Content type: Case report

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  17. Surgical stress initiates a series of host hormone, metabolism and immune responses, which predominantly affect the homeostatic mechanism of patients with major surgery. B7-H3 is a co-stimulatory molecule and ...

    Authors: Yan Li, Qing Yuan, Jie Huang, Yi Ping Li, Jian Pan, Xing Feng, Xue Guang Zhang, Jiang Huai Wang and Jian Wang

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2016 16:110

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Takotsubo cardiomyopathy (TC) is characterized by a transient decrease in ejection fraction and a reversible left ventricular dysfunction. The pathophysiology of TC is not completely understood. Heterogeneous ...

    Authors: Maria Debora De Pasquale, Angela Mastronuzzi, Luigi De Sio, Annalisa Serra, Chiara Grimaldi, Marcello Chinali and Ugo Giordano

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2016 16:99

    Content type: Case report

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  19. Medication errors cause a large number of adverse drug events with negative patient health outcomes and are a major public-health burden contributing to 18.7–56 % of all adverse drug events among hospitalized ...

    Authors: Mohammed Gebre Dedefo, Abraham Haileamlak Mitike and Mulugeta Tarekegn Angamo

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2016 16:81

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Celiac disease (CD) is increasing worldwide, which might be due to the changing environmental and lifestyle exposures. We aimed to explore how conditions related to maternity, delivery and the neonatal period ...

    Authors: Fredinah Namatovu, Cecilia Olsson, Marie Lindkvist, Anna Myléus, Ulf Högberg, Anneli Ivarsson and Olof Sandström

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2016 16:77

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Many clinicians have concerns about the safety of atopic dermatitis (AD) treatments, particularly in children requiring long-term daily maintenance therapy. Topical corticosteroids (TCS) have been widely used ...

    Authors: Elaine C. Siegfried, Jennifer C. Jaworski, Jennifer D. Kaiser and Adelaide A. Hebert

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2016 16:75

    Content type: Research article

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  22. To date, diagnosing food allergies in children still presents a diagnostic dilemma, leading to uncertainty concerning the definite diagnosis of peanut allergy, as well as to the need for strict diets and the p...

    Authors: Leonieke N. van Veen, Michiel Heron, Manou Batstra, Paul M. M. van Haard and Hans de Groot

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2016 16:74

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Rosai-Dorfman disease (RDD) is a rare form of histiocytosis characterized by histiocyte proliferation within lymph nodes and extranodal tissue. Here we report an unusual presentation of RDD in an Italian toddl...

    Authors: Francesco di Dio, Ilaria Mariotti, Elena Coccolini, Patrizia Bruzzi, Barbara Predieri and Lorenzo Iughetti

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2016 16:62

    Content type: Case report

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  24. Children with longstanding use of antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) are susceptible to developing low bone mineral density and an increased fracture risk. However, the literature regarding the effects of AEDs on grow...

    Authors: Chien-Ming Lin, Hueng-Chuen Fan, Tsu-Yi Chao, Der-Ming Chu, Chi-Chieh Lai, Chih-Chien Wang and Shyi-Jou Chen

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2016 16:61

    Content type: Research article

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  25. The impact of multiple tracheal intubation (TI) attempts on outcomes in critically ill children with acute respiratory failure is not known. The objective of our study is to determine the association between n...

    Authors: Jan Hau Lee, David A. Turner, Pradip Kamat, Sholeen Nett, Justine Shults, Vinay M. Nadkarni and Akira Nishisaki

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2016 16:58

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Few studies have evaluated the association between delivery by cesarean section (CS) and asthma, allergic rhinitis and chronic rhinitis and whether this association is different in children with and without a ...

    Authors: Heli Vieira Brandão, Graciete Oliveira Vieira, Tatiana de Oliveira Vieira, Paulo Augusto Camargos, Carlos Antonio de Souza Teles, Armênio Costa Guimarães, Alvaro Augusto Cruz and Constança Margarida Sampaio Cruz

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2016 16:57

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Acute gastroenteritis (AGE) is a leading cause of infectious morbidity in childhood. Clinical studies have implicated caesarean section, early birth and formula feeding in modifying normal gut microbiota devel...

    Authors: Jason P. Bentley, Judy M. Simpson, Jenny R. Bowen, Jonathan M. Morris, Christine L. Roberts and Natasha Nassar

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2016 16:55

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Childhood asthma is a global problem affecting the respiratory health of children. Physical activity (PA) plays a role in the relationship between asthma and respiratory health. We hypothesized that a low leve...

    Authors: Lene Lochte, Kim G. Nielsen, Poul Erik Petersen and Thomas A. E. Platts-Mills

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2016 16:50

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Retinoblastoma (Rb) is the most common intraocular tumor diagnosed in children in Brazil. However, detailed information is lacking regarding patient clinical demographics. This study aimed to determine the cli...

    Authors: Simone G. A. Selistre, Marcelo K. Maestri, Patricia Santos-Silva, Lavinia Schüler-Faccini, Luis S. P. Guimarães, Juliana Giacomazzi, Mario C. Evangelista Júnior and Patricia Ashton-Prolla

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2016 16:48

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Little is known about early life determinants of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). We examined associations of maternal pregnancy diabetes/glycosuria and pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI) with offsp...

    Authors: Sumaiya Patel, Debbie A. Lawlor, Mark Callaway, Corrie Macdonald-Wallis, Naveed Sattar and Abigail Fraser

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2016 16:47

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Rheumatic Heart Disease (RHD) remains a major cause of childhood acquired heart disease in developing countries. However reported echocardiographic features are limited to a few countries. This report is on th...

    Authors: Clovis Nkoke, Alain Lekoubou, Anastase Dzudie, Ahmadou Musa Jingi, Samuel Kingue, Alain Menanga and Andre Pascal Kengne

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2016 16:43

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Familial partial lipodystrophy of the Dunnigan type (FPLD 2) is a rare autosomal dominant disorder caused by the mutations of the lamin A/C gene leading to the defective adipogenesis, premature death of adipoc...

    Authors: Paulina Krawiec, Beata Mełges, Elżbieta Pac-Kożuchowska, Agnieszka Mroczkowska-Juchkiewicz and Kamila Czerska

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2016 16:38

    Content type: Case report

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  33. The mechanism that initiates the onset of puberty is largely unknown but the age of onset is mainly under genetic control and influenced by environmental factors including nutrition. Familial forms of constitu...

    Authors: Sarah Winter, Aldjia Ousidhoum, Kenneth McElreavey and Raja Brauner

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2016 16:37

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Seizures in up to one third of children with epilepsy may not be controlled by the first anti-epileptic drug (AED). In this study, we describe multiple AED usage in children attending a referral clinic in Ugan...

    Authors: Rita Atugonza, Angelina Kakooza-Mwesige, Samden Lhatoo, Mark Kaddumukasa, Levicatus Mugenyi, Martha Sajatovic, Elly Katabira and Richard Idro

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2016 16:34

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) is an autosomal-dominant tumor suppressor gene syndrome that is characterized by the development of distinctive benign tumors and malformations in multiple organ systems (N Eng...

    Authors: Noriko Motoki, Yuji Inaba, Satoshi Matsuzaki, Yohei Akazawa, Takafumi Nishimura, Tetsuhiro Fukuyama and Kenichi Koike

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2016 16:16

    Content type: Case report

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  36. Little is known about how the severity of injury changes with recurrent events of suspected non-accidental trauma (NAT). Our objective was to determine risk factors for escalating severity of injury in childre...

    Authors: Jonathan Thackeray, Peter C. Minneci, Jennifer N. Cooper, Jonathan I. Groner and Katherine J. Deans

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2016 16:8

    Content type: Research article

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  37. In pediatric hemophilia, caregivers are facing unique challenges to adherence and self-care in children and adolescents with hemophilia. Hemophilia treatment requires adequate prophylaxis and on-demand treatme...

    Authors: Sarah Bérubé, Florine Mouillard, Claudine Amesse and Serge Sultan

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2016 16:4

    Content type: Debate

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  38. Clinical assessment is the gold standard for diagnosis of bronchiolitis. To date, only one study found LUS (Lung Ultrasound) to be a valuable tool in the diagnosis of bronchiolitis. Aim of this study is to eva...

    Authors: Vincenzo Basile, Antonio Di Mauro, Egisto Scalini, Paolo Comes, Ignazio Lofù, Michael Mostert, Silvio Tafuri and Mariano M. Manzionna

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2015 15:63

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Body composition indicators provide a better guidance for growth and nutritional status of the infants. This study was designed to (1) measure the body composition of the Sri Lankan infants using a reference m...

    Authors: Thushari Bandara, Manjula Hettiarachchi, Chandrani Liyanage, Sujeewa Amarasena and William Wai-Lun Wong

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2015 15:52

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Indices predictive of adolescent central obesity include waist circumference (WC), waist-to-hip ratio (WHR) and waist-to-height ratio (WHtR). Such reference data are lacking for Greek adolescents. The aim of t...

    Authors: Flora Bacopoulou, Vasiliki Efthymiou, Georgios Landis, Anastasios Rentoumis and George P Chrousos

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2015 15:50

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Although adolescent spinal pain increases the risk for chronic back pain in adulthood, most adolescents can be regarded as healthy. The aim of the present study was to provide data on localization, intensity a...

    Authors: Brigitte Wirth and B Kim Humphreys

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2015 15:42

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Absence of the inferior vena cava is a rare vascular anomaly, which usually remains asymptomatic in childhood. It is recognized as the risk factor for deep venous thrombosis, since the collateral circulation d...

    Authors: Boleslaw Kalicki, Monika Sadecka, Agata Wawrzyniak, Piotr Kozinski, Miroslaw Dziekiewicz and Anna Jung

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2015 15:40

    Content type: Case report

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  43. Acute spontaneous neck haematoma is rare in children. This rare type of hematoma occurs abruptly without any preceding trauma or iatrogenic damage, making it very difficult to determine the cause precisely. We...

    Authors: Shimin Zhuang, Jin Ye and Jingjia Li

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2015 15:38

    Content type: Case report

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  44. Cyclic neutropenia is a rare disease. We report a 31-month-old girl with congenital cyclic neutropenia with a novel mutation in the ELANE gene who developed an acute necrotizing soft-tissue infection on her left ...

    Authors: Yoon Jung Boo, Myung Hyun Nam, Eun Hee Lee and Kuang Chul Lee

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2015 15:34

    Content type: Case report

    Published on: