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General pediatric medicine and surgery

This section considers studies of general medicine and surgical intervention in children and adolescents.

Page 6 of 11

  1. Toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN) is a rare life threatening dermatological disorder characterized by extensive epidermal detachment and erosion of mucous membranes. It is typically a side effect of some medica...

    Authors: Xavier Tchetnya, Calypse Asangbe Ngwasiri, Tiayah Munge and Leopold Ndemnge Aminde

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2018 18:108

    Content type: Case report

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  2. Emergency rescue lung resection is rarely performed to treat congenital lung cysts (CLCs) in neonates. Many reports have described fetal CLC treatment; however, prenatal predictors for postnatal respiratory fa...

    Authors: Chiyoe Shirota, Takahisa Tainaka, Toshiki Nakane, Yujiro Tanaka, Akinari Hinoki, Wataru Sumida, Naruhiko Murase, Kazuo Oshima, Kosuke Chiba, Ryo Shirotsuki and Hiroo Uchida

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2018 18:105

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Topical oestrogen and manual separation are the main treatments for labial adhesions. The aim was to evaluate treatment of labial adhesions and compare the outcome of topical oestrogen treatment with that of m...

    Authors: Ellen Wejde, Ann Nozohoor Ekmark and Pernilla Stenström

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2018 18:104

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Advances in perinatal care have markedly increased the prospects of survival for infants born extremely preterm (EP). The aim of this study was to investigate hospitalisation rates and respiratory morbidity fr...

    Authors: Kaia Skromme, Maria Vollsæter, Knut Øymar, Trond Markestad and Thomas Halvorsen

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2018 18:102

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Germ cell tumors (GCTs) in children are rare neoplasms with diverse pathological findings according to the site and age of presentation. The most common symptoms in children with mediastinal GCTs, which are no...

    Authors: Dong Keon Yon, Tae Keun Ahn, Dong Eun Shin, Gwang Il Kim and Moon Kyu Kim

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2018 18:97

    Content type: Case report

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  6. Early detection of and intervention in childhood adversity has powerful potential to improve the health and well-being of children. A systematic review was conducted to better understand the pediatric health o...

    Authors: Debora Lee Oh, Petra Jerman, Sara Silvério Marques, Kadiatou Koita, Sukhdip Kaur Purewal Boparai, Nadine Burke Harris and Monica Bucci

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2018 18:83

    Content type: Research article

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  7. To evaluate differences in laboratory parameters, clinical presentation, and incidence of coronary artery lesions (CAL) between children with neutropenic and non-neutropenic Kawasaki disease (KD).

    Authors: Zhenquan Wang, Fengfeng Weng, Chen Li, Hongying Shi, Zhangke Tang, Huixian Qiu, Yue’e He, Rongzhou Wu and Maoping Chu

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2018 18:76

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Temporalis muscle hypertrophy is a rare entity of masticatory muscle hypertrophy. All types of masticatory muscle hypertrophies have been documented of which temporalis muscle hypertrophy is one. Temporalis mu...

    Authors: Jagath C. Ranasinghe, Chandani Wickramasinghe and Ganganath Rodrigo

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2018 18:71

    Content type: Case report

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  9. Paediatric end-of-life care is challenging and requires a high level of professional expertise. It is important that healthcare teams have a thorough understanding of paediatric subspecialties and related knowled...

    Authors: Karin Zimmermann, Eva Cignacco, Sandra Engberg, Anne-Sylvie Ramelet, Nicolas von der Weid, Katri Eskola, Eva Bergstraesser, Marc Ansari, Christoph Aebi, Reta Baer, Maja Beck Popovic, Vera Bernet, Pierluigi Brazzola, Hans Ulrich Bucher, Regula Buder, Sandra Cagnazzo…

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2018 18:67

    Content type: Research article

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  10. In adults ERCP and endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) are standard methods of evaluating and treating many hepatopancreaticobiliary (HPB) conditions. HPB disease is being diagnosed with increasing frequency in childr...

    Authors: Margaret G. Keane, Mayur Kumar, Natascha Cieplik, Douglas Thorburn, Gavin J. Johnson, George J. Webster, Michael H. Chapman, Keith J. Lindley and Stephen P. Pereira

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2018 18:42

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Foot drop is a disabling clinical condition with multiplicity of causes, which requires detailed evaluation to identify the exact aetiology. Here, we report an extremely rare cause of foot drop in a child, whi...

    Authors: Chamara Jayamanne, Lakkumar Fernando and Sachith Mettananda

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2018 18:34

    Content type: Case report

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  12. Measuring rectal temperature in children is the gold standard, but ear or forehead measures are less traumatic and faster. The quality of non-invasive devices has improved but concerns remain whether they are ...

    Authors: Christian Backer Mogensen, Lena Wittenhoff, Gitte Fruerhøj and Stephen Hansen

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2018 18:15

    Content type: Research article

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  13. An estimated 11% of births occur preterm, and survival is improving. Early studies suggested an association between preterm birth and earlier puberty. Given the adverse outcomes associated with early puberty t...

    Authors: Evlyn James, Claire L. Wood, Harish Nair and Thomas C. Williams

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2018 18:3

    Content type: Research article

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  14. In the management of hypertonicity in children with cerebral palsy (CP), goals should be clearly identified in order to evaluate the effectiveness of botulinum toxin A (BoNT-A) treatment, specifically in non-a...

    Authors: Linda Nguyen, Ronit Mesterman and Jan Willem Gorter

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2018 18:1

    Content type: Research article

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  15. The medical literature reports differential decision-making for children with suspected physical abuse based on race and socioeconomic status. Differential evaluation may be related to differences of risk indi...

    Authors: Heather T. Keenan, Kristine A. Campbell, Kent Page, Lawrence J. Cook, Tyler Bardsley and Lenora M. Olson

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:214

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Peripheral venous catheterization (PVC) is frequently used in children. This procedure is not free from potential complications. Our purpose was to identify the types and incidences of PVC complications in chi...

    Authors: Rim Ben Abdelaziz, Habiba Hafsi, Hela Hajji, Hela Boudabous, Amel Ben Chehida, Ali Mrabet, Khadija Boussetta, Sihem Barsaoui, Azza Sammoud, Mourad Hamzaoui, Hatem Azzouz and Néji Tebib

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:208

    Content type: Research article

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    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Pediatrics 2018 18:307

  17. There is a need for data on children’s self-reported discomfort in clinical research, helping ethics committees to make their evaluation of discomfort described in study protocols evidence-based. Since there i...

    Authors: Mira S. Staphorst, Reinier Timman, Jan Passchier, Jan J. V. Busschbach, Johannes B. van Goudoever and Joke A. M. Hunfeld

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:199

    Content type: Research article

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  18. We analysed hospital admissions of a predominantly Aboriginal cohort of children in the remote Fitzroy Valley in Western Australia during the first 7 years of life.

    Authors: Philippa J. Dossetor, Alexandra L. C. Martiniuk, James P. Fitzpatrick, June Oscar, Maureen Carter, Rochelle Watkins, Elizabeth J. Elliott, Heather E. Jeffery and David Harley

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:195

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Sclerosing mesenteritis is a rare fibroinflammatory disorder of unknown etiology that primarily affects the mesentery of the small intestine during late adult life. Only about twenty pediatric cases have been ...

    Authors: Cui-ping Liang, Min Yang, Pei-Yu Chen, Lan-Lan Geng, Ding-You Li and Si-Tang Gong

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:179

    Content type: Case report

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  20. Children suffering from rheumatic disease are faced with multidimensional challenges that affect their quality of life and family dynamics. Symptom management and monitoring of the course of the disease over t...

    Authors: Anne-Sylvie Ramelet, Béatrice Fonjallaz, Laura Rio, Sandra Zoni, Pierluigi Ballabeni, Joachim Rapin, Christophe Gueniat and Michaël Hofer

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:168

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is the most common cause of liver disease in endemic areas such as South Korea. After HBV vaccination, hepatitis B surface antibody (HBsAb) titers gradually decrease. Trends i...

    Authors: Kyeong Hun Lee, Kyu Seok Shim, In Seok Lim, Soo Ahn Chae, Sin Weon Yun, Na Mi Lee, Young Bae Choi and Dae Yong Yi

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:164

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Convulsive status epilepticus (CSE) is the most common life-threatening childhood neurological emergency. Despite this, there is a lack of high quality evidence supporting medication use after first line benzo...

    Authors: Stuart R. Dalziel, Jeremy Furyk, Megan Bonisch, Ed Oakley, Meredith Borland, Jocelyn Neutze, Susan Donath, Cynthia Sharpe, Simon Harvey, Andrew Davidson, Simon Craig, Natalie Phillips, Shane George, Arjun Rao, Nicholas Cheng, Michael Zhang…

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:152

    Content type: Study protocol

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  23. Sound transmission is used in the diagnosis of hip dysplasia since the end of the 80’s. Aim of this study is to quantify the validity and reliability of electroacoustic probe for the diagnosis of hip dysplasia...

    Authors: Nicolas Padilla-Raygoza, Georgina Olvera-Villanueva, Silvia del Carmen Delgado-Sandoval, Teodoro Cordova-Fraga, Modesto Antonio Sosa-Aquino and Vicente Beltran-Campos

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:149

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Kawasaki disease (KD) is an acute systemic vasculitis that occurs in children and may lead to cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Progressive coronary dilatation for at least 2 months is associated with wo...

    Authors: Ming-Yu Liu, Hsin-Min Liu, Chia-Hui Wu, Chin-Hao Chang, Guan-Jr Huang, Chun-An Chen, Shuenn-Nan Chiu, Chun-Wei Lu, Ming-Tai Lin, Luan-Yin Chang, Jou-Kou Wang and Mei-Hwan Wu

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:139

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Critically ill children are those in need of immediate attention on arrival to an emergency room. The importance of glycemic level measurement as well as maintaining the patency of the airway, effective breath...

    Authors: Nwachinemere Davidson Uleanya, Elias Chikee Aniwada, Ikenna Chidiebele Nwokoye, Ikenna Kingsley Ndu and Christopher Bismarck Eke

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:126

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a common and severe complication during treatment of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). An important cause is the intensive use of asparaginase. Prospective cohort studies in w...

    Authors: Irene L. M. Klaassen, Mandy N. Lauw, Marianne D. van de Wetering, Bart J. Biemond, Saskia Middeldorp, Floor C. H. Abbink, Marc Bierings, D. Maroeska M. W. te Loo, Rob Pieters, Inge M. van der Sluis, Wim J. E. Tissing, C. Michel Zwaan and C. Heleen van Ommen

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:122

    Content type: Study protocol

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  27. Stem cell therapy has emerged as a promising method for improving motor function of patients with cerebral palsy. The aim of this study is to assess the safety and effectiveness of autologous bone marrow monon...

    Authors: Liem Thanh Nguyen, Anh Tuan Nguyen, Chinh Duy Vu, Doan V. Ngo and Anh V. Bui

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:104

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Kawasaki disease (KD) is an acute self-limited systemic vasculitis of unknown etiology. Intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) is an effective treatment and decreases the risk of cardiac complications to less than ...

    Authors: J. Sánchez-Manubens, A. Gelman, N. Franch, S. Teodoro, J. R. Palacios, N. Rudi, J. Rivera and J. Antón

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:102

    Content type: Case report

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  29. There is little evidence concerning the effect of sevoflurane in outpatient procedural sedation, especially in children. We hypothesised that the addition of sevoflurane to a sedation regimen improves children...

    Authors: Hugo Sérgio de Oliveira Gomes, Heloisa de Sousa Gomes, Joji Sado-Filho, Luciane Rezende Costa and Paulo Sucasas Costa

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:86

    Content type: Research article

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  30. The study was designed to determine if youth <16 years are at a greater risk of serious injuries related to all-terrain vehicle (ATV) use compared to older adolescents and adults.

    Authors: Lianne McLean, Kelly Russell, Steven McFaull, Lynne Warda, Milton Tenenbein and Jonathan McGavock

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:81

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Quantitative sensory testing (QST) is often used to measure children’s and adults’ detection- and pain thresholds in a quantitative manner. In children especially the Thermal Sensory Analyzer (TSA-II) is often...

    Authors: Gerbrich E. van den Bosch, Monique van Dijk, Dick Tibboel and Abraham J. Valkenburg

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:77

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Evaluation of the microcirculation in critically ill patients is usually done by means of indirect parameters. The aim of our study was to evaluate the functional state of the microcirculation by direct visual...

    Authors: Rafael González, Jorge López, Javier Urbano, María José Solana, Sarah Nicole Fernández, María José Santiago and Jesús López-Herce

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:75

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Long-term treatment with antibiotics containing pivalic acid may decrease serum carnitine concentration and can sometimes be associated with severe hypoglycemia and encephalopathy in infants. Little has been r...

    Authors: Masanori Ito, Mitsumasa Fukuda, Yuka Suzuki, Hiroyuki Wakamoto and Eiichi Ishii

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:73

    Content type: Case report

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  34. Orofacial clefts are usually isolated cases but can be associated with other congenital malformations that are either recognised or unrecognised syndromes. The reported prevalence and pattern of such associate...

    Authors: Kisito Nagalo, Isso Ouédraogo, Jean-Martin Laberge, Louise Caouette-Laberge and Jean Turgeon

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:72

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Several studies have reported that minimally invasive surgery (MIS) might be considered for resecting neuroblastomas without image-defined risk factors (IDRFs); however, there are no studies comparing the outc...

    Authors: Chiyoe Shirota, Takahisa Tainaka, Hiroo Uchida, Akinari Hinoki, Kosuke Chiba and Yujiro Tanaka

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:71

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Early vascular alteration, atherosclerosis and coronary artery disease have emerged as important cardiovascular complications among beta-thalassemia major (B-TM) patients. The aims of the current study were to...

    Authors: Laila M. Sherief, Osama Dawood, Adel Ali, Hanan S. Sherbiny, Naglaa M. Kamal, Mohamed Elshanshory, Osama Abd Alazez, Mohamed Abd Alhady, Mohamed Nour and Wesam A. Mokhtar

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:69

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Systematic reviews are key tools to enable decision making by healthcare providers and policymakers. Despite the availability of the evidence based Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic reviews and Meta-Analys...

    Authors: Mufiza Farid-Kapadia, Lisa Askie, Lisa Hartling, Despina Contopoulos-Ioannidis, Zulfiqar A. Bhutta, Roger Soll, David Moher and Martin Offringa

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:57

    Content type: Debate

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  38. Bell’s palsy or acute idiopathic lower motor neurone facial paralysis is characterized by sudden onset paralysis or weakness of the muscles to one side of the face controlled by the facial nerve. While there i...

    Authors: Franz E. Babl, Mark T. Mackay, Meredith L. Borland, David W. Herd, Amit Kochar, Jason Hort, Arjun Rao, John A. Cheek, Jeremy Furyk, Lisa Barrow, Shane George, Michael Zhang, Kaya Gardiner, Katherine J. Lee, Andrew Davidson, Robert Berkowitz…

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:53

    Content type: Study protocol

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  39. In many countries there are now detailed Child Death Review (CDR) processes following unexpected child deaths. CDR can lead to a fuller understanding of the causes for each child’s death but this potentially i...

    Authors: Joanna Garstang, Frances Griffiths and Peter Sidebotham

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:48

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Oral antipyretics are commonly used to treat pediatric patients who develop fevers. However, patients presenting to the emergency department or undergoing surgery are frequently unable to tolerate oral antipyr...

    Authors: Samia N. Khalil, Barry J. Hahn, Corrie E. Chumpitazi, Amy D. Rock, Byron A. Kaelin and Charles G. Macias

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:42

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Individuals with Down syndrome (DS) have increased mortality and are also at increased risk of celiac disease (CD). It is unknown if CD influences mortality in DS. In this study we examined the risk of death i...

    Authors: Jonas F. Ludvigsson, Benjamin Lebwohl, Peter H. R. Green, Wendy K. Chung and Karl Mårild

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:41

    Content type: Research article

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  42. The recreational use of trampolines is an increasingly popular activity among children and adolescents. Several studies reported about radiological findings in trampoline related injuries in children. The followi...

    Authors: E. Hauth, H. Jaeger, P. Luckey and M. Beer

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:27

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Bronchiolitis is a common respiratory illness of early childhood. For most children it is a mild self-limiting disease but a small number of children develop respiratory failure. Nasal continuous positive airw...

    Authors: H. Turnham, R. S. Agbeko, J. Furness, J. Pappachan, A. G. Sutcliffe and P. Ramnarayan

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:20

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Early diagnosis of food allergies (FA) is important for a favorable prognosis. This study aimed to determine the level of awareness of FA among pediatricians in Kuwait.

    Authors: Waleed Al-Herz, Khalid Husain, Ahmed Al-Khabaz, Mohamed A. A. Moussa and Fawaz Al-Refaee

    Citation: BMC Pediatrics 2017 17:11

    Content type: Research article

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